Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers

Journal description

The Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient contains studies furthering our knowledge of the economic and social history of the Ancient Near East, the World of Islam, and South, Southeast, and East Asia by economic and social historians, historians of law and administration, philologists, ethnographers, anthropologists, archaeologists, theoretical sociologists, and other social scientists. Chronologically, the journal extends over the period from ancient times until the beginning of the nineteenth century. Published since 1958, the Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient has established itself as the principal journal in its field. It is commonly agreed that the Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient is unsurpassed in quality.

Current impact factor: 0.07

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2009 Impact Factor 0.029

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life -
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient website
Other titles Journal of the economic and social history of the Orient, Journal of the economic and social history of the Orient, Journal de lʹhistoire économique et sociale de l'Orient, JESHO
ISSN 0022-4995
OCLC 6009613
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Brill Academic Publishers

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print can only be deposited after acceptance for peer-review
    • Author's post-print and Publisher's version/PDF on author's personal website
    • Author's post-print on institutional website or institutional repository
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Published source must be acknowledged
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(4):576-605. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341383
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    ABSTRACT: The archaeological and numismatic evidence for Roman trade in the Indian Ocean from the Augustan annexation of Egypt up to the early third century CE shows that the most intense period of contact and exchange was in the late first century CE. The arguments presented here challenge two major positions, which assert either a peak during the Julio-Claudian period or a continuing intensity of contact until at least the late second century CE.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(3):362-418. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341378
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    ABSTRACT: Studies of imperial courts tend to focus on the ruler and the direct line of succession, which was crucial for the survival of the dynasty. Where succession was patrilineal, princes therefore generally received more attention than their sisters. A group that is invariably overlooked altogether consists of the husbands of these princesses, despite the fact that they too were part of the extended imperial household. The Ottoman Empire was no exception. This article attempts to redress that imbalance by examining various aspects of the Ottoman son-in-law, including recruitment, social status, reputations, careers, and reception history.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(3):327-361. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341377
  • Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(3):237-266. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341374
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    ABSTRACT: At several locations in the Mongolian steppe, the archaeological remains of large enclosure walls have been found in association with structures and ceramics related to the Mongol and Khitan-Liao empires. These structures are probably the remains of infrastructure built to support large-scale extraction of livestock from the pastoralist population in Mongolia between the ninth and fourteenth centuries. This may be evidence of little-documented taxation policies of steppe states during this period, the scale of the production of resource surplus from the steppe, and examples of state-structured pastoralist landscapes and the state itself in the everyday experience of medieval herders.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(3):267-292. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341375
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    ABSTRACT: The Bahrāmī Safavids, a relatively unknown collateral branch of the Safavid dynasty, active in Iran from 1517 to 1593, played a crucial role in dynastic developments in Safavid Iran. This essay examines the dynastic developments of the Safavid rulers and their contemporaries to argue that they embarked on a process of dynastic centralization, presenting themselves increasingly as the only holder of dynastic power, at the expense of their male relatives. The persistence of the Bahrāmī branch illuminates how this process took shape in Iran and how dynastic developments among neighbouring Central Asian dynasties influenced the fate of the Safavid collaterals.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(3):293-326. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341376
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    ABSTRACT: This article examines Ottoman imperial and provincial relationships with Bedouin tribes living along the Hijaz Telegraph Line route. Using the construction of the Hijaz Telegraph Line as a case study, it demonstrates how anti-Bedouin rhetoric was strategically employed to justify actions policies recommended by provincial powers determined to block the imperial government’s plans to build a link between the Hijaz and Istanbul. It also shows how sabotage of the telegraph lines carried out by some Bedouin tribesmen was often instigated by oppressive measures put in place by the same provincial powers. Overall, it argues for the necessity of understanding the context in which rhetorical tools were employed when historians analyze rhetoric for the purpose of drawing conclusion about the nature of Ottoman imperial rule along the empire’s frontiers at the end of the nineteenth century.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):75-104. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341373
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    ABSTRACT: How did the era of colonial divide-and-rule in the Arab East—the creation of the new mandates of Great Britain and France—appear to the Bedouin communities who lived through it? This article examines this important period of change from the perspective of a prominent Bedouin sheikh, Fahd Ibn Hadhdhāl of the ʿAmārāt (ʿAnaza). Moving between the southern and western frontiers of Iraq, the ʿAmārāt have seldom been the focus of historical enquiry, but their attempts to navigate the disturbed interwar landscape offer a window onto the changing prospects for Bedouin groups across the Arab East. Building on a close reading of colonial sources, the article reveals how important social, economic, and political dynamics of Bedouin life persisted to shape relations within the new mandates, as the ʿAmārāt, their sheikh, and the young colonial state all jostled for influence and authority.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):163-199. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341369
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    ABSTRACT: This article examines petitions sent to Istanbul at the end of the nineteenth century by Bedouin groups from the kazas (subdistricts) of Jaffa and Gaza, on Palestine’s central and southern coast. The Bedouins’ use of the petition process shows that many of them, especially those who had gone through a process of sedentarization, played according to the rules prevailing among the urban and rural populations in their vicinity. Their petitions also demonstrate vividly the extent to which they were involved in city politics and social life. Bedouins confidently put forward claims to landownership based on their own legal interpretation of their rights and, at times, even adopted the dominant discourse on good governance.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):135-162. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341368
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper we argue that historians of the eastern Arab lands (Ar. al-mashriq al-ʿarabī) should turn their attention to the Bedouins for two main reasons. First, the societies in the Arab East cannot be adequately understood without a full evaluation of their Bedouin component, especially outside urban areas. Second, studying the Bedouins can open new perspectives on important debates in Middle Eastern historiography. The paper further contends that the arid lands of the Arab East still need to be explored as a historical region with its own distinct patterns of regional connectivity and political organisation. Finally, we highlight environmental history and the study of emic categories as promising avenues for future research on this region.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):1-19. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341366
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    ABSTRACT: This article examines the roles of Bedouin in the implementation of late Ottoman regulations that aimed to create an intrusive system for managing animals as property. Using material of the central archives, the article outlines relevant regulations and amendments, showing how communications between central officials and provincial bureaucrats in regions with nomadic populations contributed to the process of lawmaking. It then presents an analysis of sharīʿa court records from the district of Salt, in southeastern Syria, arguing that Bedouin both participated in implementing this system at the district level and challenged its parameters, especially with regard to taxation of their livestock property.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):105-134. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341367
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    ABSTRACT: Contemporary Bedouin-related publications about tribal groups reveal a persistent interest in lineages. This article places this phenomenon within the larger framework of Bedouin self-representation and explores the nature and specific uses of the complex and polysemic notion of nasab in treatises and speech. The ambiguity resulting from a tension between the pragmatic context of local articulation and circumstantial (re-)definition and the ideological significance, purportedly unchangeable and defined character and moral value of nasab is reflected in historical and modern discourses as well as in pervasive references to tribal groups as being defined by nasab. The particular concomitance of practical and ideological aspects is the reason for the lasting impact of this notion, as its structure allows for the negotiation of both political issues and individual and collective identities. The publications considered here, mostly from Syria, Jordan, and Iraq, vary between an affirmative stance that often seeks to define prestigious lineages and an attempt to balance the obvious uncertainties of the data with an interest in establishing the identity of tribal groups and narratives referring to descent. As Bedouin lore puts it, the concept of belonging defined by origins in terms of agnatic descent (nasab) is challenged, and sometimes superseded, by the affinity established through locality and cohabitation.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):56-74. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341371
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    ABSTRACT: Drawing on archival research, ethnographic fieldwork in Syria in the 2000s, and texts published in print and on the Internet, this article investigates how social and collective identities in Syria’s tribal milieu have been negotiated through interactions between different social actors during the period of the French Mandate (1920-46) and the decade 2001-11. By scrutinizing administrative distinctions between “nomadic” and “semi-sedentary tribes”, or “Bedouin” and “Shawaya”, adopted during the Mandate, the article explores how notions of social order, which were partly informed by stereotypical imaginations of the Bedouin, have shaped local politics and influenced social dynamics in northern Syria. The article also traces how the experiences of the Mandate years resonate in articulations of social and political identity in Syria around the beginning of the twenty-first century. Taking inspiration from Judith Butler’s exposition of the performative constitution of gender identities, it is suggested that the constitution of tribal identities in Syria, too, can productively be regarded as a performative process.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):200-235. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341370
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    ABSTRACT: Environmental history provides a perspective from which we can deepen our understanding of the past because it examines the relationships of people with their material surroundings and the effects of those relationships on the individual as well as the societal level. It is a perspective that holds particular promise for the social and political history of arid and marginal zones, as it contributes to our understanding of the reason some groups are more successful than others in coping with the same environmental stresses. Historians working on the early modern Arab East have only recently engaged with the lively field of global environmental history. After presenting a brief overview of some strands of this research, this article illustrates the potential of this approach by looking closely at a series of conflicts involving Bedouin and other power groups in the southern parts of Bilād al-Shām around the middle of the eighteenth century.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):21-55. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341372
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    ABSTRACT: By a consideration of geography and environment, this essay raises questions about migration, settlement, and state formation in the Ganga plain from the first millennium BCE to the early second millennium CE. It asks why Indo-Aryan speakers continued to migrate from north-western parts of South Asia towards the Ganga plain during the first millennium BCE and precisely what route they followed. To understand better these largely misunderstood historical problems related to migration and settlement, the essay casts doubt on the utility of geographers’ tripartite division of the Ganga plain, proposing instead a division based on aridity and rainfall. Such a division helps explain why the transitional zone between the drier and the more humid areas of the Ganga plain became the linchpin of migratory movements, state formation, and urban development since at least the first millennium BCE.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 11/2014; 57(4):587-527. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341359
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    ABSTRACT: Based on a comprehensive database of livestock frequencies and mortality profiles and on high-resolution relative chronologies, we examined synchronically and diachronically conventional assumptions regarding animal husbandry in the southern Levant in the Late Bronze and Iron Ages and arrived at the following conclusions: 1) A recent study suggests that animal economy in these periods was based on strategies of survival and self-sufficiency. We counter this claim and demonstrate how local self-sufficiency was replaced by specialized economies beginning in Iron Age iib. 2) Contrary to past assumptions, we argue that changes in animal-husbandry strategies were dictated by historical factors rather than by environmental ones. The main shift in livestock husbandry reflects enhanced social complexity during a period of transformation in the territorial-political system from local kingdoms to imperial rule.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 11/2014; 57(5):703-744. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341362;jsessionid=1jc4lh0rk4svu.x-brill-live-02
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    ABSTRACT: The analysis of 523 probate inventories, of men and women, raʿayā and ʿaskar, from 1680 to 1717, allows us to appraise the value in specie of each patrimony. Approximately 10 % of the Damascene inheritances are in specie and are held by only one third of the population: by men more than women, by ʿaskar more than the subjects. The most frequently present currency is the silver Dutch ecu; the other currencies are in gold except the ryāl: the bunduqī or yaldız is the Venetian ducat which is of higher value and more stable; the majar, the Hungarian ducat; the Ottoman sharīfī in gold.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 06/2014; 57(3):423-442. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341354
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    ABSTRACT: Khidma (Ar., literally “service”) denotes the binding subordination of a slave or free-born noble to a lord, master, or patron—often the ruling sultan, but sometimes lesser figures—involving mutual obligations and mutual loyalty. This article studies this relationship and the ceremonies by which it was concluded in eastern Iran in the twelfth century, on the level of political thinking and, as far as possible, of political practice.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 06/2014; 57(3):392-422. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341353
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    ABSTRACT: This essay traces the use of the term Qizilbāsh in select literature in Persian produced during the approximate period 1490-1700. The survey indicates that the term became the standard name given to devotee-soldiers of the Ṣafavid dynasty only gradually over the sixteenth century. Moreover, the term acquired symbolic meanings and direct connection to the time of Shaykh Ḥaydar (d. 1488) and Shāh Ismāʿīl (d. 1524) only in the seventeenth century. The material presented here argues for reading Persian chronicles and other sources with careful attention to their rhetorical qualities and the contexts in which they were produced.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 06/2014; 57(3):364-391. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341352
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    ABSTRACT: Net income per capita in rural Wuxi did not change linearly from the 1840s to the 1940s. It tripled from the 1860s-80s and then retreated to approximately the level of the 1840s by the 1930s-40s. The sharp fluctuation was caused mainly by changes in population and household economic structure, as agricultural yields changed little. Development of the industrial and urban economy partially offset declining income in sericulture in the 1920s-40s by employing rural laborers, but raising the net income per capita to the late-nineteenth-century level would have required the threefold growth of the Jiangnan industrial and urban economy, which was unlikely.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 06/2014; 57(3):291-325. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341350