Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers

Journal description

The Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient contains studies furthering our knowledge of the economic and social history of the Ancient Near East, the World of Islam, and South, Southeast, and East Asia by economic and social historians, historians of law and administration, philologists, ethnographers, anthropologists, archaeologists, theoretical sociologists, and other social scientists. Chronologically, the journal extends over the period from ancient times until the beginning of the nineteenth century. Published since 1958, the Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient has established itself as the principal journal in its field. It is commonly agreed that the Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient is unsurpassed in quality.

Current impact factor: 0.07

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2009 Impact Factor 0.029

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life -
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient website
Other titles Journal of the economic and social history of the Orient, Journal of the economic and social history of the Orient, Journal de lʹhistoire économique et sociale de l'Orient, JESHO
ISSN 0022-4995
OCLC 6009613
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Brill Academic Publishers

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print can only be deposited after acceptance for peer-review
    • Author's post-print and Publisher's version/PDF on author's personal website
    • Author's post-print on institutional website or institutional repository
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Published source must be acknowledged
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper reviews the history of local professional associations in Morocco under the French Protectorate and focuses on the period of Vichy rule in the colony (1940-1942). It examines the partial application of corporatism in Morocco as Vichy's preferred method of professional organization, which was expected to turn local attention away from a perceived nationalism to a seemingly benign economic activity. By investigating a local corporatist association operating in those years, this paper shows that the corporatist project unwittingly turned into a nationalist one not of its own making. The paper further examines the relationships between economy, colonialism, nationalism, racism, and Muslim-Jewish relations in Morocco during the Vichy period.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(4):453-489. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341380
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    ABSTRACT: This article seeks to reopen the argument regarding the economic structure of the Mughal Empire. The field saw vigorous debate in the 1980s and 1990s, followed by a stalemate. I seek to move beyond this impasse, first by studying British efforts at implementing a neo-Mughal tax system. This retrospective exhibits the practical difficulties that make it unlikely that the Mughals ever fully implemented their program. I then deploy underused Marathi sources to see what well-informed contemporaries guessed about the real working of the empire and analyze the effects of regimes of power in the creation and survival of the information that constitutes our evidence. I end by connecting key aspects of my structural analysis with the expansion of international trade and with India's political economy in the transition to British rule.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(4):532-575. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341382

  • Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(4):607-609. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341384
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    ABSTRACT: In the middle of the nineteenth century, a wave of anti-Christian violence broke out in Ottoman Syria. Prevailing interpretations tie this social turmoil to the region's sudden integration into the modern world economy, further aggravated by state reforms that upset long-standing political hierarchies. This paper argues that the origins of these disturbances lay not in the penetration of the modern world economy but in the extended political crisis that shook the Ottoman Empire during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Sectarian tensions therefore need to be seen, at their root, as political reactions to the slow disintegration of the early-modern political order. In its timing and causes, this Ottoman experience helps to highlight a broader "sectarian turn" that overtook many other parts of Eurasia in the same period.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(4):490-531. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341381
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    ABSTRACT: The study of flight provides insight into life at the bottom of society during the Third Dynasty of Ur (c. 2100-2000 bce). Examples of individual rebellion and its consequences display the perspectives of members of non-elite and elite, advancing Adams's conclusion (2010, §6.1) that the boundaries between slaves and other lower-stratum individuals were fluid and poorly defined. This study also references the earliest known attestation of the concept of reform through detainment.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(4):576-605. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341383
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    ABSTRACT: Brahman Sanskrit intellectuals enjoyed a century of relations with the Mughal elite. Nonetheless, such cross-cultural connections feature only sporadically in Persian chronicles, and Brahmans rarely elaborated on their imperial links in Sanskrit texts. In this essay I analyze a major exception to the Brahmanical silence on their Mughal connections, the Kavi¯ndracandrodaya ("Moonrise of Kavi¯ndra"). More than seventy Brahmans penned the poetry and prose of this Sanskrit work that celebrates Kavi¯ndra¯ca¯rya's successful attempt to persuade Emperor Shah Jahan to rescind taxes on Hindu pilgrims to Benares and Prayag (Allahabad). I argue that the Kavi¯ndracandrodaya constituted an act of selective remembrance in the Sanskrit tradition of cross-cultural encounters in Mughal India. This enshrined memory was, however, hardly a uniform vision. The work's many authors demonstrate the limits and points of contestation among early moderns regarding how to formulate social and historical commentaries in Sanskrit on imperial relations.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(4):419-452. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341379
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    ABSTRACT: The archaeological and numismatic evidence for Roman trade in the Indian Ocean from the Augustan annexation of Egypt up to the early third century CE shows that the most intense period of contact and exchange was in the late first century CE. The arguments presented here challenge two major positions, which assert either a peak during the Julio-Claudian period or a continuing intensity of contact until at least the late second century CE.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(3):362-418. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341378
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    ABSTRACT: Studies of imperial courts tend to focus on the ruler and the direct line of succession, which was crucial for the survival of the dynasty. Where succession was patrilineal, princes therefore generally received more attention than their sisters. A group that is invariably overlooked altogether consists of the husbands of these princesses, despite the fact that they too were part of the extended imperial household. The Ottoman Empire was no exception. This article attempts to redress that imbalance by examining various aspects of the Ottoman son-in-law, including recruitment, social status, reputations, careers, and reception history.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(3):327-361. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341377
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    ABSTRACT: Since the nineteenth century, Buddhists residing in the present-day nations of Myanmar, Thailand, and Sri Lanka have thought of themselves as participants in a shared southern Asian Buddhist world characterized by a long and continuous history of integration across the Bay of Bengal region, dating at least to the third century BCE reign of the Indic King Asoka. Recently, scholars of Buddhism and historians of the region have begun to develop a more historically variegated account of Buddhism in South and Southeast Asia, using epigraphic, art historical, and archaeological evidence, as well as new interpretations of Buddhist chronicle texts.1 This paper examines three historical episodes in the eleventh- to fifteenth-century history of Sri Lankan- Southeast Asian Buddhist connections attested by epigraphic and Buddhist chronicle accounts. These indicate changes in regional Buddhist monastic connectivity during the period 1000-1500, which were due to new patterns of mobility related to changing conditions of trade and to an altered political ecosystem in maritime southern Asia.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(3):237-266. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341374
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    ABSTRACT: At several locations in the Mongolian steppe, the archaeological remains of large enclosure walls have been found in association with structures and ceramics related to the Mongol and Khitan-Liao empires. These structures are probably the remains of infrastructure built to support large-scale extraction of livestock from the pastoralist population in Mongolia between the ninth and fourteenth centuries. This may be evidence of little-documented taxation policies of steppe states during this period, the scale of the production of resource surplus from the steppe, and examples of state-structured pastoralist landscapes and the state itself in the everyday experience of medieval herders.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(3):267-292. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341375
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    ABSTRACT: The Bahrāmī Safavids, a relatively unknown collateral branch of the Safavid dynasty, active in Iran from 1517 to 1593, played a crucial role in dynastic developments in Safavid Iran. This essay examines the dynastic developments of the Safavid rulers and their contemporaries to argue that they embarked on a process of dynastic centralization, presenting themselves increasingly as the only holder of dynastic power, at the expense of their male relatives. The persistence of the Bahrāmī branch illuminates how this process took shape in Iran and how dynastic developments among neighbouring Central Asian dynasties influenced the fate of the Safavid collaterals.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 07/2015; 58(3):293-326. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341376
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    ABSTRACT: This article examines Ottoman imperial and provincial relationships with Bedouin tribes living along the Hijaz Telegraph Line route. Using the construction of the Hijaz Telegraph Line as a case study, it demonstrates how anti-Bedouin rhetoric was strategically employed to justify actions policies recommended by provincial powers determined to block the imperial government’s plans to build a link between the Hijaz and Istanbul. It also shows how sabotage of the telegraph lines carried out by some Bedouin tribesmen was often instigated by oppressive measures put in place by the same provincial powers. Overall, it argues for the necessity of understanding the context in which rhetorical tools were employed when historians analyze rhetoric for the purpose of drawing conclusion about the nature of Ottoman imperial rule along the empire’s frontiers at the end of the nineteenth century.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):75-104. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341373
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    ABSTRACT: How did the era of colonial divide-and-rule in the Arab East—the creation of the new mandates of Great Britain and France—appear to the Bedouin communities who lived through it? This article examines this important period of change from the perspective of a prominent Bedouin sheikh, Fahd Ibn Hadhdhāl of the ʿAmārāt (ʿAnaza). Moving between the southern and western frontiers of Iraq, the ʿAmārāt have seldom been the focus of historical enquiry, but their attempts to navigate the disturbed interwar landscape offer a window onto the changing prospects for Bedouin groups across the Arab East. Building on a close reading of colonial sources, the article reveals how important social, economic, and political dynamics of Bedouin life persisted to shape relations within the new mandates, as the ʿAmārāt, their sheikh, and the young colonial state all jostled for influence and authority.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):163-199. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341369
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    ABSTRACT: This article examines petitions sent to Istanbul at the end of the nineteenth century by Bedouin groups from the kazas (subdistricts) of Jaffa and Gaza, on Palestine’s central and southern coast. The Bedouins’ use of the petition process shows that many of them, especially those who had gone through a process of sedentarization, played according to the rules prevailing among the urban and rural populations in their vicinity. Their petitions also demonstrate vividly the extent to which they were involved in city politics and social life. Bedouins confidently put forward claims to landownership based on their own legal interpretation of their rights and, at times, even adopted the dominant discourse on good governance.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):135-162. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341368
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    ABSTRACT: Contemporary Bedouin-related publications about tribal groups reveal a persistent interest in lineages. This article places this phenomenon within the larger framework of Bedouin self-representation and explores the nature and specific uses of the complex and polysemic notion of nasab in treatises and speech. The ambiguity resulting from a tension between the pragmatic context of local articulation and circumstantial (re-)definition and the ideological significance, purportedly unchangeable and defined character and moral value of nasab is reflected in historical and modern discourses as well as in pervasive references to tribal groups as being defined by nasab. The particular concomitance of practical and ideological aspects is the reason for the lasting impact of this notion, as its structure allows for the negotiation of both political issues and individual and collective identities. The publications considered here, mostly from Syria, Jordan, and Iraq, vary between an affirmative stance that often seeks to define prestigious lineages and an attempt to balance the obvious uncertainties of the data with an interest in establishing the identity of tribal groups and narratives referring to descent. As Bedouin lore puts it, the concept of belonging defined by origins in terms of agnatic descent (nasab) is challenged, and sometimes superseded, by the affinity established through locality and cohabitation.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):56-74. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341371
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    ABSTRACT: Environmental history provides a perspective from which we can deepen our understanding of the past because it examines the relationships of people with their material surroundings and the effects of those relationships on the individual as well as the societal level. It is a perspective that holds particular promise for the social and political history of arid and marginal zones, as it contributes to our understanding of the reason some groups are more successful than others in coping with the same environmental stresses. Historians working on the early modern Arab East have only recently engaged with the lively field of global environmental history. After presenting a brief overview of some strands of this research, this article illustrates the potential of this approach by looking closely at a series of conflicts involving Bedouin and other power groups in the southern parts of Bilād al-Shām around the middle of the eighteenth century.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):21-55. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341372
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    ABSTRACT: This article examines the roles of Bedouin in the implementation of late Ottoman regulations that aimed to create an intrusive system for managing animals as property. Using material of the central archives, the article outlines relevant regulations and amendments, showing how communications between central officials and provincial bureaucrats in regions with nomadic populations contributed to the process of lawmaking. It then presents an analysis of sharīʿa court records from the district of Salt, in southeastern Syria, arguing that Bedouin both participated in implementing this system at the district level and challenged its parameters, especially with regard to taxation of their livestock property.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):105-134. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341367
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    ABSTRACT: Drawing on archival research, ethnographic fieldwork in Syria in the 2000s, and texts published in print and on the Internet, this article investigates how social and collective identities in Syria’s tribal milieu have been negotiated through interactions between different social actors during the period of the French Mandate (1920-46) and the decade 2001-11. By scrutinizing administrative distinctions between “nomadic” and “semi-sedentary tribes”, or “Bedouin” and “Shawaya”, adopted during the Mandate, the article explores how notions of social order, which were partly informed by stereotypical imaginations of the Bedouin, have shaped local politics and influenced social dynamics in northern Syria. The article also traces how the experiences of the Mandate years resonate in articulations of social and political identity in Syria around the beginning of the twenty-first century. Taking inspiration from Judith Butler’s exposition of the performative constitution of gender identities, it is suggested that the constitution of tribal identities in Syria, too, can productively be regarded as a performative process.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 04/2015; 58(1-2):200-235. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341370
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    ABSTRACT: By a consideration of geography and environment, this essay raises questions about migration, settlement, and state formation in the Ganga plain from the first millennium BCE to the early second millennium CE. It asks why Indo-Aryan speakers continued to migrate from north-western parts of South Asia towards the Ganga plain during the first millennium BCE and precisely what route they followed. To understand better these largely misunderstood historical problems related to migration and settlement, the essay casts doubt on the utility of geographers’ tripartite division of the Ganga plain, proposing instead a division based on aridity and rainfall. Such a division helps explain why the transitional zone between the drier and the more humid areas of the Ganga plain became the linchpin of migratory movements, state formation, and urban development since at least the first millennium BCE.
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 11/2014; 57(4):587-527. DOI:10.1163/15685209-12341359