Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry (J PROSTHET DENT)

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, now in its 47th year, continues to be a highly respected and trusted resource. With changes made to the Journal in 1997, readers now receive a publication that includes more clinical information and expanded use of color. The Journal is the official publication for 29 leading U.S. and international prosthodontic organizations and is the leading professional journal devoted exclusively to prosthetic and restorative dentistry. It features timely, original articles on the newest techniques, dental materials, and research findings. Color photos illustrate many step-by-step procedures. The Journal serves prosthodontists and dentists in advanced practice. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry ranks in the top 17% of the 4,625 scientific journals most frequently cited ( Science Citation Index ).

Current impact factor: 1.42

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.419
2012 Impact Factor 1.724
2011 Impact Factor 1.324
2010 Impact Factor 1.309
2009 Impact Factor 1.215
2008 Impact Factor 1.139
2007 Impact Factor 1.009
2006 Impact Factor 0.879
2005 Impact Factor 0.748
2004 Impact Factor 0.735
2003 Impact Factor 0.527
2002 Impact Factor 0.568
2001 Impact Factor 0.71
2000 Impact Factor 0.787
1999 Impact Factor 0.767
1998 Impact Factor 0.829
1997 Impact Factor 0.642
1996 Impact Factor 0.775
1995 Impact Factor 0.718
1994 Impact Factor 0.534
1993 Impact Factor 0.327
1992 Impact Factor 0.521

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.10
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.07
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.54
Website Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, The website
Other titles Journal of prosthetic dentistry (Online), The journal of prosthetic dentistry
ISSN 0022-3913
OCLC 38234820
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Malignant tumors in the nasal region may be treated by means of invasive surgical procedures, with large facial losses. Nasal prostheses, retained by osseointegrated facial implants, instead of plastic surgery, will, in most patients, offer good biomechanical and cosmetic results. This clinical report describes the prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient with nasal cancer who had the entire nasal vestibule removed in a single-stage surgical procedure in order to shorten the rehabilitation time. The nasal prosthesis was built on a 3-magnet bar and was made of platinum silicone with intrinsic pigmentation, thereby restoring the patient’s appearance and self-esteem. The authors concluded that single-stage implants may reduce the rehabilitation time to as little as 1 month, and the correct use of materials and techniques may significantly improve the nasal prosthesis.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 05/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2015.02.027
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: During the insertion appointment, the practitioner is often faced with the need to adjust ceramic surfaces to fit a restoration to the adjacent or opposing dentition and soft tissues. The purpose of this study was to assess the ceramic surface smoothness achieved with various commercially available ceramic polishing kits on different commonly used ceramic systems. The reliability of the cost of a polishing kit as an indicator of improved surface smoothness was assessed. A total of 350 ceramic surfaces representing 5 commonly available ceramic systems (IPS Empress Esthetic, IPS e.max Press, Cergo Kiss, Vita PM 9, Imagine PressX) were treated with 5 types of ceramic polishing systems (Cerapreshine, 94006C, Ceramiste, Optrafine, Zenostar) by following the manufacturers' guidelines. The surface roughness was measured with a profilometer (Taylor Hobson; Precision Taylor Hobson Ltd). The effects of ceramic systems and polishing kits of interest on surface roughness were analyzed by 2-way ANOVA, paired t test, and Bonferroni corrected significance level. The ceramic systems and polishing kits statistically affected surface roughness (P<.001).The polishing kit Zenostar on IPS e.max Press created the smoothest ceramic surface. No correlation could be established between the high cost of the polishing kit and low surface roughness. None of the commonly used ceramic polishing kits could create a surface smoother than that of glazed ceramic (P<.001). The inclusion of a diamond polishing paste step is recommended to improve surface smoothness (P<.001). The cost of ceramic polishing kits is not recommended as a reliable indicator of better performance of ceramic polishing kits (P>.30). Copyright © 2015 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 03/2015; In press corrected proof(6). DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2014.12.007
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Factors associated with implant periodontal disease of zirconia restorations such as surface roughness remain largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate how airborne-particle abrasion before sintering affects roughness and bacterial adhesion on the surface of zirconia. Thirty presintered zirconia specimens were divided into 6 groups of 5 after being polished with silicon carbide paper (1200 grit). A different surface treatment was applied to each group (no treatment [group Ct] and 120-μm alumina abrasion for 5, 8, 10, 12, and 15 seconds [A5s, A8s, A10s, A12s, and A15s]), and the specimens were then densely sintered. The mean centric linear roughness (Ra) was measured, and the 3D measurement of surface roughness (3D roughness) was determined. The number of colony forming units (CFUs) of Streptococcus mutans adhering to the surface was also examined. One-way ANOVA was used for data analysis (α=.05). Airborne-particle abrasion before sintering significantly increased surface roughness. Group A8s, A10s, A12s, and A15s showed statistically significant higher CFU/mL than did group A5s (P<.05). No difference was found in CFU/mL between group Ct and A5s (P=.230). Airborne-particle abrasion before sintering is a useful method of increasing the surface roughness of zirconia. Ra < 0.58 μm is necessary to inhibit the adherence of S. mutans to zirconia. Copyright © 2015 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 03/2015; 113(5). DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2014.12.012
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Limited information is available on how to treat the surface of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM)-derived implant abutments made of yttria tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP). The purpose of this study was to assess and compare 4 different standardized polishing protocols of dental zirconia with a standard handpiece and abrasives and to identify a standardized protocol to obtain a surface roughness of Ra=0.2 μm on dental Y-TZP. Forty specimens of Y-TZP were produced and finished with 4 different polishing protocols with standard dental abrasives. Protocol Co used a coarse rubber abrasive, protocol Me used the rubber abrasive of protocol Co plus a medium rubber abrasive, protocol Fi used the polishing sequences of protocol Me plus a fine rubber abrasive, and protocol UF used protocol Me plus ultrafine high-gloss polishing. Ten machined titanium disks served as control (C). Roughness measurement and scanning electron microscopy was performed for each specimen and tested for differences with ANOVA with Bonferroni correction and the Student t test (α=.05). In the zirconia groups, Co (Ra 0.29 ±0.38 μm) showed significantly higher Ra values than Me (Ra 0.22 ±0.38 μm; P=.003), Fi (Ra 0.17 ±0.37 μm; P<.001), and UF (Ra 0.07 ±0.06 μm; P<.001). UF showed the significantly lowest Ra values of all zirconia groups (Co and Me: P<.001, Fi: P=.002). Differences between Me and Fi were not significant (P=.116). Comparison of the 4 zirconia surfaces to the control group (C; Ra=0.17 ±0.03) revealed significant differences for Co (P<.001) and UF (P=.006) but not Me (P=1.000) and Fi (P=.055). In comparison with the literature-based optimal roughness of Ra=0.2 μm, significant differences were found for Co, Fi, and UF (P<.05), but not for Me (P=.117). However, the machined titanium surface (C) also showed significantly smoother Ra values than 0.2 μm (P<.05, Student t test). A roughness of Ra=0.2 μm on zirconia can be achieved by following protocol Me, whereas a roughness comparable to machined titanium is present after protocol Fi. Copyright © 2015 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 03/2015; 113(5). DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2014.12.005
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: How the configuration of the NobelActive internal conical connection affects implant impressions is uncertain. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect in vitro of closed and open tray impression techniques for NobelActive implants placed at various angulations. Six NobelActive implants were placed in a master maxillary cast as follows: 0 degrees of angulation to a line drawn perpendicular to the occlusal plane in the first molar area, 15 degrees of angulation to a line drawn perpendicular to the occlusal plane in the first premolar area, and 30 degrees of angulation to a line drawn perpendicular to the occlusal plane in the lateral incisor area. Twelve open tray and 12 closed tray impressions were made. Occlusal, lateral, and frontal view photographs of the resulting casts were used to measure the linear and angular displacement of implant analogs. Statistical analysis was performed with a factorial analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by the Tukey HSD test (α=.05). No significant difference was found in the impressions made of NobelActive implants with the open or closed tray technique (linear displacement: F=0.93, P=.34; angular displacement: F=2.09, P=.15). In addition, implant angulation (0, 15, or 30 degrees) had no effect on the linear or angular displacement of impressions (linear displacement: F=2.72, P=.07; angular displacement: F=0.86, P=.43). Finally, no significant interaction was found between impression technique and implant angulation on NobelActive implants (F=0.25, P=.77; F=1.60, P=.20). Within the limitations of this study, impression technique (open vs closed tray) and implant angulation (0, 15, and 30 degrees) had no significant effect on in vitro impressions of NobelActive implants. Copyright © 2015 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 03/2015; 113(5). DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2014.10.009
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Denture adhesives have been the objective of scientific research for over half a century. Although they are used by denture wearers worldwide, investigations of their effectiveness and biocompatibility have led to controversial conclusions. The purpose of this study was to review the literature data with regard to the effectiveness and biocompatibility of denture adhesives as well as the attitudes of both patients and dental professionals toward these materials. An electronic search of English peer-reviewed dental literature in the Medline database was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and biocompatibility of denture adhesives. There was no limitation in publication year, so the search included all the available scientific evidence included in that particular database until March 2014. Specific inclusion criteria were used for the selection of the appropriate articles. A manual search of the citations of the obtained articles followed to extend the electronic search. A full text review was carried out for only 32 articles. Of the 32 articles, 21 examined the efficacy of denture adhesives in terms of retention and stability and masticatory performance, 6 evaluated the issue of the biocompatibility of denture adhesives, and 5 presented the attitudes of either professionals or patients toward these materials. The majority of clinical studies supported the fact that denture adhesives enhance the retention, stability, and masticatory performance of a removable prosthesis. In terms of biocompatibility, long-term in vivo studies to investigate potential harmful effects were lacking. Patients are satisfied with denture adhesives that meet their needs. Copyright © 2015 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 03/2015; 113(5). DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2014.11.001
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To prevent screw loosening, a clear understanding of the factors influencing secure preload is necessary. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of coefficient of friction and tightening speed on screw tightening based on energy distribution method with exact geometric modeling and finite element analysis. To simulate the proper boundary conditions of the screw tightening process, the supporting bone of an implant was considered. The exact geometry of the implant complex, including the Straumann dental implant, direct crown attachment, and abutment screw were modeled with Solidworks software. Abutment screw/implant and implant/bone interfaces were designed as spiral thread helixes. The screw-tightening process was simulated with Abaqus software, and to achieve the target torque, an angular displacement was applied to the abutment screw head at different coefficients of friction and tightening speeds. The values of torque, preload, energy distribution, elastic energy, and efficiency were obtained at the target torque of 35 Ncm. Additionally, the torque distribution ratio and preload simulated values were compared to theoretically predicted values. Upon reducing the coefficient of friction and enhancing the tightening speed, the angle of turn increased at the target torque. As the angle of turn increased, the elastic energy and preload also increased. Additionally, by increasing the coefficient of friction, the frictional dissipation energy increased but the efficiency decreased, whereas the increase in tightening speed insignificantly affected efficiency. The results of this study indicate that the coefficient of friction is the most influential factor on efficiency. Increasing the tightening speed lowered the response rate to the frictional resistance, thus diminishing the coefficient of friction and slightly increasing the preload. Increasing the tightening speed has the same result as reducing the coefficient of friction. Copyright © 2015 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2014.09.021
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: When aggressive cancer is surgically treated, the extent of the lesion dictates the amount of tissue excised. The removal of extensive amounts of tissue, including crucial landmarks, complicates prosthesis design. This clinical report details the rehabilitation of a patient who had a total maxillectomy coupled with extensive surgical removal of the midface. With the aid of computer-generated implant placement, a large computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing milled titanium framework, a Hader bar, and magnetic keepers, a successful implant retained definitive obturator and facial prosthesis were fabricated that satisfied both esthetic and functional needs. Copyright © 2015 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 03/2015; 113(5). DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2014.09.029
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Clinical procedures and laboratory processing techniques inevitably induce stress in the implant/abutment/prosthesis system and may have negative effects when different numbers of implants are used. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the tension on the abutments of implant-supported fixed prostheses and to determine the effect of the application of an esthetic veneer (acrylic resin) and the number of abutments (5 or 4). Four palladium-silver alloy cast bars were fabricated to simulate implant-supported fixed complete prostheses. Strain gauges were fixed on the abutments to measure the tension before and after the application of the esthetic veneer. The values of tension were measured in models with 5 or 4 abutments. Data were analyzed with a repeated measures ANOVA. No statistically significant differences were found for the main factors (esthetic veneer, P=.22; number of abutments, P=.14) despite the large effect size. The results of this study suggest that the tension in the abutments of an implant-supported fixed prosthesis is not affected by the application of acrylic resin veneering or by reducing the number of abutments. Copyright © 2015 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 03/2015; 113(4). DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2014.10.006
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A fundamental problem in fully understanding the dynamic nature of screw loosening is lack of recognition of the entire process of screw tightening and retightening. The purpose of this study was to explain the dynamic nature of abutment screw retightening by using finite element methods to investigate the effect of the coefficient of friction and retightening on the settling effect. Precise computer models were designed of a Straumann dental implant, a directly attached crown, an abutment screw, and the bone surrounding the implant. All threaded interfaces were designed with a spiral thread helix with a specific coefficient of static and kinetic friction, and the surfaces were characterized as fine, regular, and rough. Abaqus software was used for dynamic simulation, which involved applying rotational displacement to the abutment screw and torque controlling during the steps of tightening, relaxation, retightening, and second relaxation and at different coefficients of friction. The obtained torque and preload values were compared to the predicted values. When surfaces changed from fine to rough, the remaining torque and preload decreased, and the settling effect increased. Upon retightening, the remaining torque and preload increased, and the settling effect also decreased. The reduction of the coefficient of friction contributes to increases in the preload and decreases in the settling effect. Retightening reduced the settling effect and had an insignificant effect on the preload. At high coefficients of friction, the retightening effect was intensified. Copyright © 2015 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2014.09.017
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several biomaterials and techniques have been reported for socket grafting and alveolar ridge preservation. However, the evidence for clinical and histologic outcomes for socket grafting with different types of materials in flapless extraction is not clear. The purpose of this systematic review was to analyze the outcomes of a socket grafting procedure performed with flapless extraction of teeth in order to determine which graft material results in the least loss of socket dimensions, the maximum amount of vital bone, the least remnant graft material, and the least amount of connective tissue after a minimum of 12 weeks of healing. Secondary outcomes, including the predictability of regenerating deficient buccal bone, necessity of barrier membranes, and coverage with autogenous soft tissue graft, were also evaluated. An electronic search for articles in the English-language literature was performed independently by multiple investigators using a systematic search process with the PubMed search engine. After applying predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria, the final list of randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) for flapless extraction and socket grafting was analyzed to derive results for the various objectives of the study. The initial electronic search resulted in 2898 titles. The systematic application of inclusion and exclusion criteria resulted in 32 RCTs studying 1354 sockets, which addressed the clinical and histologic outcomes of flapless extraction with socket grafting and provided dimensional and histologic information at or beyond the 12-week reentry period. From these RCTs, the mean loss of buccolingual width at the ridge crest was lowest for xenografts (1.3 mm), followed by allografts (1.63 mm), alloplasts (2.13 mm), and sockets without any socket grafting (2.79 mm). Only 3 studies reported on loss of width at 3 mm below the ridge crest. The mean loss of buccal wall height from the ridge crest was lowest for xenografts (0.57 mm) and allografts (0.58 mm), followed by alloplasts (0.77 mm) and sockets without any grafting (1.74 mm). The mean histologic outcomes at or beyond the 12-week reentry period revealed the highest vital bone content for sockets grafted with alloplasts (45.53%), followed by sockets with no graft material (41.07%), xenografts (35.72%), and allografts (29.93%). The amount of remnant graft material was highest for sockets grafted with allografts (21.75%), followed by xenografts (19.3%) and alloplasts (13.67%). The highest connective tissue content at the time of reentry was seen for sockets with no grafting (52.53%), followed by allografts (51.03%), xenografts (44.42%), and alloplast (38.39%). Data for new and emerging biomaterials such as cell therapy and tissue regenerative materials were not amenable to calculations because of biomaterial heterogeneity and small sample sizes. After flapless extraction of teeth, and using a minimum healing period of 12 weeks as a temporal measure, xenografts and allografts resulted in the least loss of socket dimensions compared to alloplasts or sockets with no grafting. Histologic outcomes after a minimum of 12 weeks of healing showed that sockets grafted with alloplasts had the maximum amount of vital bone and the least amount of remnant graft material and remnant connective tissue. There is a limited but emerging body of evidence for the predictable regeneration of deficient buccal bone with socket grafting materials, need for barrier membranes, use of tissue engineering, and use of autogenous soft tissue grafts from the palate to cover the socket. Copyright © 2015 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 03/2015; 113(5). DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2014.12.009
  • Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 03/2015; 113(4):350-351. DOI:10.1016/j.prosdent.2014.11.002