Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry (J PROSTHET DENT )

Publisher: Elsevier


The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, now in its 47th year, continues to be a highly respected and trusted resource. With changes made to the Journal in 1997, readers now receive a publication that includes more clinical information and expanded use of color. The Journal is the official publication for 29 leading U.S. and international prosthodontic organizations and is the leading professional journal devoted exclusively to prosthetic and restorative dentistry. It features timely, original articles on the newest techniques, dental materials, and research findings. Color photos illustrate many step-by-step procedures. The Journal serves prosthodontists and dentists in advanced practice. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry ranks in the top 17% of the 4,625 scientific journals most frequently cited ( Science Citation Index ).

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  • Website
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, The website
  • Other titles
    Journal of prosthetic dentistry (Online), The journal of prosthetic dentistry
  • ISSN
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  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
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    • Voluntary deposit by author of pre-print allowed on Institutions open scholarly website and pre-print servers
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and publisher exists
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PMC after 12 months
    • Authors who are required to deposit in subject repositories may also use Sponsorship Option
    • Pre-print can not be deposited for The Lancet
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Statement of problem The mechanical properties of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) make it an ideal material for fixed dental prostheses; however, insufficient information is available about the cementation of these restorations. Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the retention strength of differently pretreated and conditioned PEEK crowns luted to dental abutments. Material and methods Human teeth were prepared in a standardized manner, and PEEK crowns were milled (N=160, n=10 per group) and conditioned as follows: airborne-particle abrasion, sulfuric etching, piranha etching, and no conditioning. These groups were divided into adhesive systems:, Signum PEEK Bond, Ambarino P60, and no adhesive and luted to dentin abutments. After water storage (60 days) and thermocycling (5000 cycles, 5°C/55°C), the retention strength of the crowns was determined with a pull-off test, and failure types were classified. The data were analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis, 1-way ANOVA, and χ2 test (α=.05). Results Crowns that were unconditioned and piranha etched and/or adhesively untreated or pretreated with Ambarino P60 had the lowest retention strength. The highest values were found for the airborne-particle abrasion and sulfuric etched groups and/or crowns adhesively pretreated with Signum PEEK Bond and Composite resin cement that remained on dentin was observed more frequently for unconditioned groups in combination with Ambarino P60 and no adhesive pretreatment. Mixed failure types were found more frequently in the airborne-particle abrasion group in combination with, Signum PEEK Bond, and no adhesive pretreatment, in the sulfuric acid etched group combined with Ambarino P60 and no adhesive pretreatment, and after the piranha acid pretreatment in combination with or Signum PEEK Bond. Conclusions The adhesion of the tested PEEK crowns to dentin was satisfactory after treatment with airborne-particle abrasion or etching with sulfuric acid and/or when additional adhesive systems such as or Signum PEEK Bond were used.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) can be used as a framework material for fixed dental prostheses. However, information about the durable bond to veneering resins is still scarce. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of chemical treatments of PEEK on tensile bond strength (TBS) to veneering resins with special emphasis on surface free energy (SFE) and surface roughness (SR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven-hundred fifty PEEK specimens were fabricated and divided into the following 3 pretreatment groups (n=250/group): etching with sulfuric acid for 60 seconds, etching with piranha acid for 30 seconds, and an unetched control. After pretreatment, SFE was determined by using contact angle measurements and SR with a profilometer (n=10/group). The topography of pretreated PEEK surfaces was examined with scanning electron microscopy. Remaining specimens (n=240 per group) were conditioned with or Signum PEEK Bond, or were left untreated as the control group. Half of each group was veneered with Sinfony or VITA VM LC (n=40/group), and TBS was measured after storage in distilled water at 37°C for either 24 hours or 60 days. Data were analyzed by 4-way and 1-way ANOVA followed by the Scheffé post hoc test and chi-square test (α=.05). RESULTS: PEEK specimens etched with sulfuric acid resulted in higher SFE and SR than specimens without pretreatment or etching with piranha acid. Etching with sulfuric acid or piranha acid led to no general recommendations with respect to TBS. Conditioning with or Signum PEEK Bond significantly increased the TBS (P<.001). PEEK veneered with Sinfony showed significantly higher TBS values than those veneered with VITA VM LC (P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Sufficient TBS for bonding to veneering resin can only be achieved when additional adhesive materials were applied.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Prosthetic rehabilitation of phthisis bulbi defects is the only treatment option for cosmetic rehabilitation of patients with such defects. Currently, there is no treatment-based classification for prosthetic rehabilitation of patients with phthisis bulbi. Phthisical ocular defects and/or prosthetic rehabilitation were evaluated in an attempt to establish prosthetic guidelines that could be organized into a classification system. Fifty patients who received rehabilitation for phthisis bulbi were reviewed. Phthisis bulbi defects were divided into 4 classes. All the patients had rehabilitation, depending upon the class to which they were assigned. The aim of this treatment-oriented classification system was to organize and define the complex nature of the restorative decision-making process for patients with phthisis bulbi.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 06/2014; 111(6):525-528.
  • Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 01/2014; 111:373-379.
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    ABSTRACT: Statement of problem Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) generated restorations are gaining popularity. However, limited clinical evidence is available for single-unit posterior CAD/CAM restorations fabricated with established and newer crown materials. Purpose The purpose of this clinical study was to assess the restoration quality of and gingival response to CAD/CAM fabricated posterior single-tooth restorations with different processing technologies. Material and methods Twenty-two individuals in need of posterior complete coverage crowns were recruited under an institutional review board approved protocol. Teeth were randomized to 1 of 3 groups: metal ceramic, lithium disilicate, and monolithic zirconia. An unprepared or minimally restored tooth on the contralateral side was chosen as a control tooth for gingival measurements with each participant. Teeth were prepared and scanned intraorally by 1 of 3 experienced practitioners. A total of 32 restorations were digitally designed and fabricated with either milling technology or rapid-prototype printing and casting with conventional porcelain application. Restorations were evaluated with modified United States Public Health Service criteria for contour, marginal adaptation, occlusion, and shade. Gingival crevicular fluid volume and bleeding on probing were recorded preoperatively, at 1-month and 6-month postcementation visits. Polyvinyl siloxane impressions were made of the buccal margin of cemented restorations and evaluated with microcomputed tomography to assess marginal adaptation (horizontal discrepancy). The Mantel Haenszel row mean score was used to assess whether the crown systems differed with respect to the modified United States Public Health Service criteria. Linear mixed models were used to assess whether the average gingival volumes were affected by the explanatory variables (crown system, tooth status [treated vs control], or visit). A generalized estimating equation approach was used to assess whether bleeding on probing was affected by the explanatory variables. One-way ANOVA was used to assess marginal discrepancy values among the crown systems (α=.05 for all tests). Results Twelve metal ceramic, 10 lithium disilicate, and 10 zirconia restorations were fabricated for 22 participants. Zirconia restorations were significantly different from the other 2 crown systems (P<.001) with respect to occlusion. No occlusal adjustment was needed on 80% of the zirconia restorations. The average gingival crevicular fluid volumes did not differ among crown systems, between treated and control groups, or over time. The average horizontal marginal discrepancy was significantly different between lithium disilicate and zirconia crowns (P=.027), with zirconia crowns having the least amount of horizontal marginal discrepancy. Conclusions Given the small sample size and limitations of this study, CAD/CAM-generated restorations for posterior teeth made from different materials had acceptable clinical results.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Statement of problem. Surface roughness and irregularities are important properties of dental investment materials that can affect the fit of a restoration. Whether setting under air pressure affects the surface irregularities of gypsum-bonded and phosphate-bonded investment materials is unknown. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of air pressure on the pore size and surface irregularities of investment materials immediately after pouring. Material and methods. Three dental investments, 1 gypsum-bonded investment and 2 phosphate-bonded investments, were investigated. They were vacuum mixed according to the manufacturers’ recommendations, then poured into a ringless casting system. The prepared specimens were divided into 2 groups: 1 bench setting and the other placed in a pressure pot at 172 kPa. After 45 minutes of setting, the rings were removed and the investments were cut at a right angle to the long axis with a diamond disk. The surfaces of the investments were steam cleaned, dried with an air spray, and observed with a stereomicroscope. A profilometer was used to evaluate the surface roughness (mm) of the castings. The number of surface pores was counted for 8 specimens from each group and the means and standard deviations were reported. Two-way ANOVA was used to compare the data. Results. Specimens that set under atmospheric air pressure had a significantly higher number of pores than specimens that set under increased pressure (P<.05). No statistically significant differences for surface roughness were found (P1⁄4.078). Also, no significant difference was observed among the 3 different types of materials tested (P>.05). Conclusion. Specimens set under positive pressure in a pressure chamber presented fewer surface bubbles than specimens set under atmospheric pressure. Positive pressure is effective and, therefore, is recommended for both gypsum-bonded and phosphate-bonded investment materials.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Statement of problem Polymeric computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) blocks exhibit various advantages in contrast to conventionally processed resin restorations. However, the influence of connector dimensions on resin fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) has not yet been investigated. Purpose This study evaluated the impact of connector cross-sectional area (CSA) on the fracture load of 3-unit CAD/CAM FDPs and compared this with conventionally fabricated ones. Material and methods Anatomically shaped 3-unit FDPs with the CSAs of 6, 9, 12, and 16 mm2 (N=240, n=15 per material and per CSA) were fabricated from the following CAD/CAM materials: artBloc Temp (AT), TelioCAD (TC), CAD-Temp (CT), and one conventional resin material, CronMix K (CMK) as the control group. The fracture load was tested and the data were analyzed with 2-way ANOVA, 1-way ANOVA, the Scheffé post hoc test, and Weibull statistics (α=05). Results CMK showed the significant lowest values for all CSAs followed by CT, except for the 12 mm2 connector (P<.001). The CAD/CAM FDPs exhibited a significant increase in fracture load with the increase of CSA (P<.001). Conventionally fabricated FDPs presented an increase of values up to the CSA of 12 mm2. For TC, the shape increased with a larger CSA. The other materials exhibited no tendencies in this regard. Among the 12 mm2 groups, AT exhibited the highest shape value (19.1), and among the 16 mm2 groups, TC showed the highest shape value (17.0). The CMK FDPs with a CSA of 16 mm2 showed almost half as high a shape parameter (6.4) than the other three CSAs. Conclusions CAD/CAM resin FDPs revealed significantly higher fracture load values than conventionally fabricated FDPs and showed a significant increase in fracture load with the increase of the CSA.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 10/2013; 110(4):288-295.
  • Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 01/2012; 107:373-379.
  • Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 01/2012; 107:373-379.
  • Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 01/2011; 105:108-114.
  • Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 01/2011; 105(2):80-82.
  • Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 01/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: The altered-cast procedure is a definite step toward the preservation of the remaining oral structures. It will provide better removable partial denture service to patients. The technique for the altered-cast procedure has been described. This technique produces the following results:1. Remarkable stability in the denture base region of distal extension removable partial dentures.2. A positive occlusion which will be maintained for long periods of time.3. Reduced stress on abutment teeth from unfavorable forces.4. Reduced numbers of postinsertion adjustments.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 01/2010;
  • Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 01/2009; 102:378-384.
  • Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 08/2008; 100(1):A13-4.

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