Journal of Plasma Physics (J PLASMA PHYS )

Publisher: Cambridge University Press


Journal of Plasma Physics publishes primary research articles in plasma physics both theoretical and experimental and its applications. Basic topics include the fundamental physics of plasmas ionization kinetic theory particle orbits stochastic dynamics wave propagation solitons stability shock waves transport heating and diagnostics. Applications include fusion laboratory plasmas and communications devices laser plasmas technological plasmas space physics and astrophysics.

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    Journal of plasma physics
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Cambridge University Press

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Publications in this journal

  • Journal of Plasma Physics 10/2013; 79(5).
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    ABSTRACT: Using the multi-fluid model of plasmas, we have analytically obtained a generalized Bohm criterion in the plasma, including hot electrons and multiply charged ions, and have numerically examined its validity. The new Bohm-sheath criterion shows that increasing the charge number of positive ions and decreasing the charge number of negative ions would increase the minimum ion speed that is required for the Bohm criterion to satisfy.
    Journal of Plasma Physics 06/2013; 79(03):267-271.
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, the theoretical analysis regarding potential structure on the inertial electrostatic confinement fusion devices has been carried out. Negatively biased grid as cathode placed at the center of the device surrounded by anode is assumed. The device is an ion-injection system and electrons may be emitted from the surface of the cathode. So the existence of both ion and electron currents inside the cathode is considered. Dependence of radial potential well structure on some important parameters as the spreads in the normalized total and angular electron and ion energies, the ratio of ion circulating current to electron circulating current, ion perveance, and grid transparency are investigated by solving Poisson equation.
    Journal of Plasma Physics 06/2013; 79(03):295-303.
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    ABSTRACT: Time-dependent cylindrical and spherical dust-acoustic (DA) solitary and shock waves propagating in a strongly coupled dusty plasmas (containing strongly correlated negatively charged dust grains and weakly correlated adiabatic electrons and ions) are investigated. It is shown that cylindrical and spherical DA solitary and shock waves exist with negative potential, and that the strong correlation between the charged dust grains is a source of dissipation, and is responsible for the formation of cylindrical or spherical DA shock structures. It is also shown that the effects of a non-planar geometry (cylindrical and spherical) significantly modify the basic features (e.g. amplitude, width, speed, etc.) of DA solitary and shock waves. The implications of our results in laboratory experiments are briefly discussed.
    Journal of Plasma Physics 06/2013; 79(03):249-255.
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    ABSTRACT: Supersonic plasma flow around an object large compared with the Debye distance is treated using an isothermal gas dynamics model. The case of (initially) subsonic flow has been studied previously using this model, the motivation then being the use of Langmuir probes. In supersonic plasma flow Mach cones describing weak discontinuities rather than shock waves are predicted. A comparison has been made with particle-in-cell simulations carried out by Willis et al. (Willis, C. T. N., Allen, J. E., Coppins, M. and Bacharis, M. 2011 Phys. Rev. E, 84, 046410), where such Mach cones are observed. Other features cannot be explained by the isothermal gas dynamics model, these include the appearance, at high supersonic velocities, of an ion-free region downstream.
    Journal of Plasma Physics 06/2013; 79(03):315-319.
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    ABSTRACT: The propagation of a localized beam (cloud) of hot electrons and generation of Langmuir waves are investigated using numerical simulation of the quasi-linear equations in the presence of collisional effects for electrons and beam-driven Langmuir waves. It is found that inclusion of the collisional damping of Langmuir waves has remarkable effects on the evolution of the electron distribution function and the spectral density of Langmuir waves, while the effect of collision term for electrons is almost negligible. It is also found that in the presence of collisional damping of Langmuir waves, the relaxation of the beam distribution function in velocity space is retarded and the Langmuir waves are strongly suppressed. The average propagation velocity of the beam is not constant and is larger when collisional damping of Langmuir waves is considered. The collisional damping for electrons does not affect the upper boundary of the plateau but the collisional damping of Langmuir waves pushes it towards small velocities. It is also found that the local velocity of the beam and its width decrease when the collisional damping of Langmuir waves is included.
    Journal of Plasma Physics 06/2013; 79(03):239-248.
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    ABSTRACT: High-speed imaging is a powerful tool for studying dusty plasmas. The recorded trajectories of dust particles can provide direct information about the physical processes involved in dust-plasma and dust–dust interactions. A review of some experiments and their imaging techniques employed for tracking dust particles immersed in low-ionized gases and in high-density plasma jets is presented. Digital cameras are used to record the motion of slow or hypervelocity dust particles dragged by plasma jets, or to evidence single or collective dust particle oscillations and vibrations in the plasma sheath.
    Journal of Plasma Physics 06/2013; 79(03):273-285.
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    ABSTRACT: An attempt is made to explain dark energy and dark matter of the expanding universe in terms of the zero point vacuum energy. This analysis is mainly limited to later stages of an observable nearly flat universe. It is based on a revised formulation of the spectral distribution of the zero point energy, for an ensemble in a defined statistical equilibrium having finite total energy density. The steady and dynamic states are studied for a spherical cloud of zero point energy photons. The ‘antigravitational’ force due to its pressure gradient then represents dark energy, and its gravitational force due to the energy density represents dark matter. Four fundamental results come out of the theory. First, the lack of emitted radiation becomes reconcilable with the concepts of dark energy and dark matter. Second, the crucial coincidence problem of equal orders of magnitude of mass density and vacuum energy density cannot be explained by the cosmological constant, but is resolved by the present variable concepts, which originate from the same photon gas balance. Third, the present approach becomes reconcilable with cosmical dimensions and with the radius of the observable universe. Fourth, the deduced acceleration of the expansion agrees with the observed one. In addition, mass polarity of a generalized gravitation law for matter and antimatter is proposed as a source of dark flow.
    Journal of Plasma Physics 06/2013; 79(03):327-334.
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    ABSTRACT: The paper considers the erosion mechanism of operation of nano- and microsecond plasma opening switches (POSs). For this purpose, postulates of the well-known erosion model of the POS operation are reviewed and some remarks on its individual statements are discussed. A voltage scaling for a nanosecond switch with rarefied plasma (~1013 cm−3) is derived. It is shown that the peak voltage across the nanosecond switch on its opening is proportional to the switch conduction current. The formation of an erosion gap in a microsecond switch with high-density plasma (~1015 cm−3) is put to phenomenological analysis and a voltage scaling for the switch is obtained. It is found that in the microsecond switch, unlike the nanosecond switch, the peak voltage is inversely proportional to the switch conduction current.
    Journal of Plasma Physics 06/2013; 79(03):321-326.
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    ABSTRACT: The head-on collision between two magneto-acoustic solitons in spin-1/2 fermionic quantum plasma is studied in the framework of the model proposed by Marklund et al. (Marklund, M., Eliasson, B. and Shukla, P. K. 2007 Phys. Rev. E. 76, 067401). The extended Poincare–Lighthill–Kuo method is used to obtain the phase shifts and the trajectories during the head-on collision of two solitons. The effect of the Zeeman energy for different speeds of the waves, the effect of the total mass density of the charged plasma particles for different strengths of magnetic field, the effect of the speed of the wave for different values of the Zeeman energy, and that of the ratio of the sound speed to Alfven speed for different values of Zeeman energ on the phase shift are studied. It is observed that the phase shifts are significantly affected in all the cases. The most interesting observation of this paper is that the phase shifts increase as well as decrease, and also they may be positive as well as negative depending upon the domain of the chosen parameters.
    Journal of Plasma Physics 06/2013; 79(03):305-310.
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    ABSTRACT: The basic features of the nonlinear waves, which are associated with positive ion dynamics and dust charge fluctuation, have been investigated by employing the reductive perturbation method in a dusty electronegative plasma containing Boltzmann electrons, vortex-like negative ions, mobile positive ions, and charge fluctuating stationary dust (negatively charged). It has been observed that the basic features of the nonlinear waves (viz. amplitude, width, speed, etc.) in the plasma system under consideration have been significantly modified by the trapping parameter (introduced for vortex-like distribution of negative ions). The implications of the results (obtained from this investigation) in space and laboratory experiments have been briefly discussed.
    Journal of Plasma Physics 04/2013; 79(02):233-238.
  • Journal of Plasma Physics 04/2013; 79(02):119-.
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    ABSTRACT: Properties of dust-ion-acoustic shock waves (DIASWs) in an unmagnetized dusty plasma (containing inertial ions, Maxwellian electrons with two distinctive temperatures and negatively charged immobile dust) are investigated. The hydrodynamic equation for inertial ions has been used to derive the Burgers equation. The effects of two-electron-temperature and ion kinematic viscosity, which are found to significantly modify the basic features of the DIASWs, are discussed.
    Journal of Plasma Physics 04/2013; 79(02):215-219.
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of the electrostatic confinement potential on electron number densities and electron temperatures under bi-Maxwellian approximation for electron distribution function has been studied in an electrostatically plugged multi-dipole argon plasma system. Electrostatic plugging is implemented by biasing the electrically isolated multi-dipole magnetic cage. Experimental results show that the density ratio (N) and temperature ratio (T) of the two electron groups can be controlled by changing the voltage applied to the magnetic cage. Out of the two groups of electrons, one group has the cold electrons, which are plasma electrons produced by the ionization process, and the other group has the hot primary electrons.
    Journal of Plasma Physics 04/2013; 79(02):153-161.

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