Journal of Motor Behavior (J MOTOR BEHAV)

Publisher: Helen Dwight Reid Educational Foundation, Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

Journal description

Journal of Motor Behavior is devoted to an understanding of the basic processes and mechanisms underlying motor control, learning, and development. The journal publishes articles from such diverse disciplines as biomechanics, kinesiology, movement disorders, neuroscience, psychology, and rehabilitation. A wide variety of articles report empirical findings, mathematical and computational models, and new theories and theoretical perspectives, as well as methodological and technological developments. Review articles and invited articles by recognized authorities also appear.

Current impact factor: 1.41

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.406
2012 Impact Factor 1.042
2011 Impact Factor 1.638
2010 Impact Factor 1.65
2009 Impact Factor 1.596
2008 Impact Factor 1.037
2007 Impact Factor 1.318
2006 Impact Factor 1.45
2005 Impact Factor 1.706
2004 Impact Factor 1.754
2003 Impact Factor 1.576
2002 Impact Factor 1.549
2001 Impact Factor 1.343
2000 Impact Factor 1.141
1999 Impact Factor 1.062
1998 Impact Factor 1.046
1997 Impact Factor 1.109

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.80
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.21
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.60
Website Journal of Motor Behavior website
Other titles Journal of motor behavior, JMB
ISSN 0022-2895
OCLC 1783382
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Taylor & Francis (Routledge)'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Treadmill locomotion can be characterized by consistent step-to-step kinematics despite the redundant degrees of freedom. The authors investigated the effect of disrupting the crural fascia in decerebrate cats to determine if the crural fascia contributed to kinematic variability and propulsion in the limb. Crural fasciotomy resulted in statistically significant decreases in velocity and acceleration in the joint angles during level walking, before, during, and after paw-off, particularly at the ankle. A further finding was an increase in variance of the limb segment trajectories in the frontal plane. The crural fascia therefore provides force transmission and reduction in kinematic variability to the limb during locomotion.
    Journal of Motor Behavior 06/2014; DOI:10.1080/00222895.2014.914885
  • Journal of Motor Behavior 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Fitts’ law is an information-theoretic view of human motor behavior developed from Shannon’s Theorem 17, a fundamental theorem of communications systems. Using data from Fitts’ original experiments, we demonstrate that Fitts’ choice of an equation that deviates slightly from the underlying principle is perhaps unfounded, and that the relationship is improved by using an exact adaptation of Shannon’s equation.
    Journal of Motor Behavior 08/2013; 21(3):323-330. DOI:10.1080/00222895.1989.10735486
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    ABSTRACT: It is proposed that the human motor system is organized to use hard-ware and/or software non-linear oscillator mechanisms, the output of these oscillators being responsible for driving the limbs via signals to muscle groups. Following earlier theoretical development, it is argued that these muscle groupings act as a unit and themselves are likely to behave as a non-linear system. The attributes of non-linear oscillators are many, and they are potentially significant for the explanation of motor behavior. This paper reviews and presents recent experiments that investigated the properties of muscular aftercontraction. The basic finding shows that subsequent to a period of moderate strain against a fixed surface the treated limb exhibits prolonged involuntary molar oscillations in the plane of the treatment. These results provide for the presence of driving oscillator mechanisms in the human motor apparatus. The mechanisms show generality of action in that directed attention can lead to oscillation of untreated limbs. Overall, the experiments showed that the movements exhibited the mutual interaction, synchronization, and preservation of phase relationships that are fundamental properties of non-linear oscillators. The picture that emerges is that these mechanisms can drive involuntary movements that are richly patterned: like slow versions of voluntary movements. The aftercontraction phenomenon proves to be an excellent tool for research on the oscillatory substrate of human motor organization.
    Journal of Motor Behavior 08/2013; 18(2):117-145. DOI:10.1080/00222895.1986.10735374
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    ABSTRACT: A serious challenge to Hull’s (1943) theory of reminiscence and intertrial-interval effects is posed by the current contention that reactive inhibition (IR) must be task-specific since it does not seem to transfer from one task to another. This notion was examined within the framework of a practice-rest paradigm in which three control groups were given 20 1-min trials on a principal task with intertrial intervals of 0, 5, and 70 sec, respectively, while two experimental groups practiced alternately on the principal task and a secondary task known to produce evidence for IR. The two secondary tasks varied in their similarities to the principal task. Additional control groups were used to assess the magnitude of habit transfer effects. The total sample consisted of 70 males and 70 females whose modal age was 18 yr. With habit transfer effects controlled, results showed clearly that work effects transferred from the alternate tasks to the main task without regard for differences in similarity. Thus, the task-specificity hypothesis was not supported.
    Journal of Motor Behavior 08/2013; 9(4):293-300. DOI:10.1080/00222895.1977.10735121
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    ABSTRACT: The study of sign languages provides a promising vehicle for investigating language production because the movements of the articulators in sign are directly observable. Movement of the hands and arms is an essential element not only in the lexical structure of American Sign Language (ASL), but most strikingly, in the grammatical structure of ASL: It is in patterned changes of the movement of signs that many grammatical attributes are represented. The “phonological„ (formational) structure of movement in ASL surely reflects in part constraints on the channel through which it is conveyed. We evaluate the relation between one neuromotor constraint on movement–regulation of final position rather than of movement amplitude–and the phonological structure of movement in ASL. We combine three-dimensional measurements of ASL movements with linguistic analyses of the distinctiveness and predictability of the final position (location) versus the amplitude (length). We show that final position, not movement amplitude, is distinctive in the language and that a phonological rule in ASL predicts variation in movement amplitude–a development which may reflect a neuromuscular constraint on the articulatory mechanism through which the language is conveyed.
    Journal of Motor Behavior 08/2013; 15(1):2-18. DOI:10.1080/00222895.1983.10735285
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    ABSTRACT: Experiments using rapid-positioning movements in humans, where the subject is suddenly and unexpectedly provided with a change in the load characteristics of the limb, are described. Taken together, the pattern of results supports a mass-spring model of unidirectional limb action, where the limb moves to a position defined by the relative tensions in the agonist and antagonist. As well, various results provide evidence contrary to predictions from an impulse-timing viewpoint, where the motor program times the onset of impulses to the musculature, and against a feedback-processing viewpoint, where limb position is defined by minimizing positioning error indicated by feedback. The evidence suggests that the role of phasing in motor programs may be different for unidirectional actions on the one hand and multi-directional and/or multi-component actions on the other.
    Journal of Motor Behavior 08/2013; 12(2):149-161. DOI:10.1080/00222895.1980.10735215
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    ABSTRACT: If slow positioning movements are governed only by a recognition process (e.g., Schmidt, 1975) then subject’s performance should be independent of the mode of response (active versus passive). Two groups learned a criterion movement under either active or passive conditions following which KR was withdrawn. Although no differences were apparent on acquisition trials, active-group performance deteriorated dramatically during KR withdrawal while passive-group performance remained stable. These results suggest that recall and recognition are potentially separable in slow movements on the basis of the information available to the performer.
    Journal of Motor Behavior 08/2013; 10(1):69-76. DOI:10.1080/00222895.1978.10735137
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    ABSTRACT: The cerebellum not only receives extensive proprioceptive input from the periphery but also has bidirectional monosynaptic connections with the hypothalamus. This latter structure, in turn, is reciprocally interconnected with brainstem visceral centers that also project to the cerebellum. Through these connections, information derived from somatic receptors that arrives at the cerebellum can directly influence visceral centers and circuits. It is suggested that the visceral responses seen during locomotor activity can be continuously monitored and partially regulated through such connections.
    Journal of Motor Behavior 08/2013; 21(4):518-525. DOI:10.1080/00222895.1989.10735497
  • Journal of Motor Behavior 08/2013; 21(2):157-162. DOI:10.1080/00222895.1989.10735473
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    ABSTRACT: Actors must determine whether the properties of the surface layout are sufficient to meet their specific requirements for performing an action. Warren’s (1984) study of bipedal stair climbing has demonstrated the significance of intrinsic, body-scaled measures of environmental properties for defining perceptual categories relevant to action. Whereas the absolute measure of the perceptual boundary between “climbable” and “not climbable” varied according to the actor’s size and mass, the perceived boundary was a constant proportion of each actor’s leg length. Our current study examined the perceived maximum seat height (SHmax) for the act of sitting. Experiment 1 delineated the range of surface heights that were perceived to afford sitting on. When expressed as a function of each person’s leg length (L), SHmax was remarkably stable across individuals. Unexpectedly, it was quite close to the maximum riser height determined by Warren. Experiment 2 examined whether this similarity reflected a common biodynamic requirement, since climbing and sitting require actors to lift their center of gravity above the surface of support. Perceived critical heights were obtained for both acts using the same methods and apparatus. The perceived maximum heights for each act were virtually identical. These findings are consistent with the possibility that the information used in determining critical action boundaries is already scaled with reference to some physical dimension of the actor.
    Journal of Motor Behavior 08/2013; 19(3):367-384. DOI:10.1080/00222895.1987.10735418
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    ABSTRACT: The difference between the Henry “memory-drum” theory and our version is that ours includes an additional assumption that, after programming has occurred, the resultant representation can be stored in short-term memory. Otherwise, the essential ideas are the same in the two theories. Implications of the presently available data for the distinction between the theories are discussed. Regardless of how one evaluates our added assumption, it is clear that the essential insight of the Henry theory has fared very well in the 20 yr since the theory first appeared in print.
    Journal of Motor Behavior 08/2013; 12(2):169-171. DOI:10.1080/00222895.1980.10735217
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    ABSTRACT: There is considerable evidence to document the case that the preferred hand is demonstrably superior for a number of manual tasks, although the mechanisms underlying this effect are less clear. Two perspectives have been dominant; one that emphasizes differential efficiency of feedback processing and one that suggests that asymmetries are a function of increased variability of output for the nonpreferred hand. This review considers the mediating effect of the complexity of the visual space in which aimed movements occur. Some inconsistencies may be resolved by noting the superiority of the right cerebral hemisphere for manipulation of spatial relationships. A multilevel, transactional perspective, which must then be adopted, may accommodate both feedback processing and motor output variability.
    Journal of Motor Behavior 08/2013; 21(1):38-47. DOI:10.1080/00222895.1989.10735463