Journal of Biomechanics (J BIOMECH)

Publisher: University of Michigan. Highway Safety Research Institute; American Society of Biomechanics; European Society of Biomechanics; International Society of Biomechanics; Japanese Society for Clinical Biomechanics and Related Research; All authors, Elsevier

Journal description

The Journal of Biomechanics publishes reports of original and substantial findings using the principles of mechanics to explore biological problems. Analytical, as well as experimental papers may be submitted. Substantially new techniques not testing some explicit hypothesis or reporting original observations may be considered for Technical Notes. The criteria for acceptance of manuscripts include excellence, novelty, significance, clarity, conciseness and interest to the readership. Papers published in the journal may cover a wide range of topics in biomechanics, including, but not limited to: Fundamental Topics - Dynamics of the musculoskeletal system, mechanics of hard and soft tissues, mechanics of muscles, mechanics of bone remodelling, mechanics of implant-tissue interfaces, mechanisms of cells. Cardiovascular and Respiratory Biomechanics - Mechanics of blood flow, air flow, mechanics of the soft tissues, flow-tissue or flow-prosthesis interactions. Dental Biomechanics - Design and analysis of dental prostheses, mechanics of chewing. Injury Biomechanics - Mechanics of impact, dynamics of man-machine interaction. Orthopedic Biomechanics - Mechanics of fracture and fracture fixation, mechanics of implants and implant fixation, mechanics of bones and joints. Rehabilitation Biomechanics - Analyses of gait, mechanics of prosthetics and orthotics. Sports Biomechanics - Mechanical analyses of sports performance. Cell Biomechanics - Relationship of mechanical environment to cells and tissue responses.The journal is affiliated to the American Society of Biomechanics, the International Society of Biomechanics. and the European Society of Biomechanics. The journal is featured in 'Biomechanics World Wide'.

Current impact factor: 2.50

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.496
2012 Impact Factor 2.716
2011 Impact Factor 2.434
2010 Impact Factor 2.463
2009 Impact Factor 2.657
2008 Impact Factor 2.784
2007 Impact Factor 2.897
2006 Impact Factor 2.542
2005 Impact Factor 2.364
2004 Impact Factor 1.911
2003 Impact Factor 2.005
2002 Impact Factor 1.889
2001 Impact Factor 1.856
2000 Impact Factor 1.474
1999 Impact Factor 1.536
1998 Impact Factor 1.484
1997 Impact Factor 1.461
1996 Impact Factor 1.512
1995 Impact Factor 1.302
1994 Impact Factor 1.548
1993 Impact Factor 1.058
1992 Impact Factor 1.02

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.03
Cited half-life 9.10
Immediacy index 0.33
Eigenfactor 0.04
Article influence 0.92
Website Journal of Biomechanics website
Other titles Journal of biomechanics
ISSN 0021-9290
OCLC 1754470
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A physics-based computational model of neonatal Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) following treatment with the Pavlik Harness (PV) was developed to obtain muscle force contribution in order to elucidate biomechanical factors influencing the reduction of dislocated hips. Clinical observation suggests that reduction occurs in deep sleep involving passive muscle action. Consequently, a set of five (5) adductor muscles were identified as mediators of reduction using the PV. A Fung/Hill-type model was used to characterize muscle response. Four grades (1-4) of dislocation were considered, with one (1) being a low subluxation and four (4) a severe dislocation. A three-dimensional model of the pelvis-femur lower limb of a representative 10 week-old female was generated based on CT-scans with the aid of anthropomorphic scaling of anatomical landmarks.
    Journal of Biomechanics 04/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.03.031
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    ABSTRACT: Dentin is the main supporting structure of teeth, but its mechanical properties may be adversely affected by pathological demineralization. The purposes of this study were to develop a quantitative approach to characterize the viscoelastic properties of dentin after de- and re-mineralization, and to examine the elastic properties using a nanoindentation creep test. Dentin specimens were prepared to receive both micro- and nanoindentation tests at wet and dry states. These tests were repeatedly performed after demineralization (1% citric acid for 3 days) and remineralization (artificial saliva immersion for 28 days). The nanoindentation test was executed in a creep mode, and the resulting displacement-time responses were disintegrated into primary (transient) and secondary (viscous) creep. The structural changes and mineral densities of dentin were also examined under SEM and microCT, respectively. The results showed that demineralization removed superficial minerals of dentin to the depth of 400 μm, and affected its micro- and nanohardness, especially in the hydrate state. Remineralization only repaired the minerals at the surface layer, and partially recovered the nanohardness. Both the primary the secondary creep increased in the demineralized dentin, while the hydration further enhanced creep deformation of untreated and remineralized dentin. Remineralization reduced the primary creep of dentin, but did not effectively increase the viscosity. In conclusion, water plasticization increases the transient and viscous creep strains of demineralized dentin and reduces load sustainability. The nanoindentation creep test is capable of analyzing the elastic and viscoelastic properties of dentin, and reveals crucial information about creep responses.
    Journal of Biomechanics 04/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.01.034
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to characterize the overall in-plane and basic coupled motion of a cadaveric human thoracic spine with intact true ribs. Researchers are becoming increasingly interested in the thoracic spine due to both the high prevalence of injury and pain in the region and also innovative surgical techniques that utilize the rib cage. Computational models can be useful tools to predict loading patterns and understand effects of surgical procedures or medical devices, but they are often limited by insufficient cadaveric input data. In this study, pure moments to ±5 Nm were applied in flexion-extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation to seven human cadaveric thoracic spine specimens (T1-T12) with intact true ribs to determine symmetry of in-plane motion, differences in neutral and elastic zone motion and stiffness, and significance of out-of-plane rotations and translations. Results showed that lateral bending and axial rotation exhibited symmetric motion, neutral and elastic zone motion and stiffness values were significantly different for all modes of bending (p<0.05), and out-of-plane rotations and translations were greater than zero for most rotations and translations. Overall in-plane rotations were 7.7°±3.4° in flexion, 9.6°±3.7° in extension, 23.3°±8.4° in lateral bending, and 26.3°±12.2°in axial rotation. Results of this study could provide inputs or validation comparisons for computational models. Future studies should characterize coupled motion patterns and local and regional level biomechanics of cadaveric human thoracic spines with intact true ribs.
    Journal of Biomechanics 04/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.03.021
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical interventions are used to manage severe complications of heart valve diseases and to prevent the eventual rupture of an aortic aneurysm. Soft-tissue allografts, xenografts, and prosthetic grafts are used in these interventions; however, there are pre-surgical difficulties and post-surgical complications in using these grafts. One of these is the rupture potential of cryopreserved allografts at the time of transplantation and/or after the thawing process for the cryopreserved tissue. Moreover, a number of clinical observations report the patency of prosthetic grafts and aneurysm of cryopreserved allografts after the transplantation. This work aims to study the effect of cryopreservation on the resistance of arterial tissue to crack growth and propagation; we examined the biomechanical parameters which could be used in designing more efficient prosthetic grafts. Investigation of the toughness properties can also be helpful to understand the failure mechanisms of pathological arterial tissues. The toughness and biaxial tensile properties of the post-cryopreserved and fresh arteries have been examined.
    Journal of Biomechanics 04/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.03.033
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    ABSTRACT: Motivated by collapse of blood vessels for both healthy and diseased situations under various circumstances in human body, we have performed computational studies on an incompressible viscous fluid past a rigid channel with part of its upper wall being replaced by a deformable beam. The Navier-Stokes equations governing the fluid flow is solved by a multi-block lattice Boltzmann method and the structural equation governing the elastic beam motion by a finite difference method. The mutual coupling of the fluid and solid is realized by the momentum exchange scheme. The present study focuses on the influences of the dimensionless parameters controlling the fluid-structure system on the collapse and self-excited oscillation of the beam and fluid dynamics downstream. The major conclusions obtained in this study are described as follows. The self-excited oscillation can be intrigued by application of an external pressure on the elastic portion of the channel and the part of the beam having the largest deformation tends to occur always towards the end portion of the deformable wall. The blood pressure and wall shear stress undergo significant variations near the portion of the greatest oscillation. The stretching motion has the most contribution to the total potential elastic energy of the oscillating beam.
    Journal of Biomechanics 04/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.04.011
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    ABSTRACT: Fast and accurate measurements of the kinetics and deformation of the heart during cardiac surgery can be useful for assessing the best strategies for the protection of the myocardium. While measurements based on ultrasonic technology such as the transesophageal echocardiography are rapidly developing in this direction, also other analysis methods based on optical imaging have been developed within the recent decade. The improved quality of digital cameras and increased computational power of personal computers have led to the development of deformation analysis method known as Digital Image Correlation (DIC). This paper presents preliminary results on the application of the DIC technique on analysing of the movement and deformation of the myocardial movement during a cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. The results show that the natural pattern of the heart should be sufficient for DIC, but better and more accurate results could be obtained with improved contrast conditions. DIC has a potential to be used as a sensitive tool for the surgeon to monitor the cardiac function. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Biomechanics 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.03.015
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    ABSTRACT: Appropriate mechanical function of the uterine cervix is critical for maintaining a pregnancy to term so that the fetus can develop fully. At the end of pregnancy, however, the cervix must allow delivery, which requires it to markedly soften, shorten and dilate. There are multiple pathways to spontaneous preterm birth, the leading global cause of death in children less than 5 years old, but all culminate in premature cervical change, because that is the last step in the final common pathway to delivery. The mechanisms underlying premature cervical change in pregnancy are poorly understood, and therefore current clinical protocols to assess preterm birth risk are limited to surrogate markers of mechanical function, such as sonographically measured cervical length. This is what motivates us to study the cervix, for which we propose investigating clinical cervical function in parallel with a quantitative engineering evaluation of its structural function. We aspire to develop a common translational language, as well as generate a rigorous integrated clinical-engineering framework for assessing cervical mechanical function at the cellular to organ level. In this review, we embark on that challenge by describing the current landscape of clinical, biochemical, and engineering concepts associated with the mechanical function of the cervix during pregnancy. Our goal is to use this common platform to inspire novel approaches to delineate normal and abnormal cervical function in pregnancy. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Journal of Biomechanics 03/2015; 153. DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.02.065
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    ABSTRACT: Prosthetic liners and sockets insulate the residual limb, causing excessive sweating and concomitant skin maceration. When coupled with atypical loading conditions, further dermatologic problems can arise. This can significantly reduce the quality of life of an amputee patient. Improving the design of the prosthetic socket has been proposed as a means of reestablishing a normal thermal environment around the residual limb. In this study, a prosthetic socket was modified by incorporating a helical cooling channel within the socket wall using additive manufacturing techniques. Two sockets were modeled: a control socket, and a modified socket containing a 0.48cm diameter cooling channel. Computer simulations and bench-top testing were used to assess the design׳s ability to create a greater temperature differential across the socket wall. A greater temperature drop across the socket wall suggested that the socket could provide cooling benefits to the residual limb by allowing for heat to be drawn away from the limb. The temperature difference across the socket wall was calculated for both sockets in each aspect of the study. Both socket type (p=0.002) and location on the socket (p=0.014) were statistically significant factors affecting the temperature difference between inner and outer socket walls. Compared with the control socket, the modified socket containing a helical cooling channel exhibited greater temperature differences across its wall of 11.1°C and 6.4°C in the computer simulations and bench-top testing, respectively. This finding suggested that socket modifications, such as the cooling channel presented, could provide a beneficial cooling effect to an amputee patient׳s residual limb. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Biomechanics 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.02.048
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    ABSTRACT: Scaled generic musculoskeletal models are commonly used to drive dynamic simulations of motions. It is however, acknowledged that not accounting for variability in musculoskeletal geometry and musculotendon parameters may confound the simulation results, even when analysing control subjects. This study documents the three-dimensional anatomical variability of musculotendon origins and insertions of 33 lower limb muscles determined based on magnetic resonance imaging in six subjects. This anatomical variability was compared to the musculotendon point location in a generic musculoskeletal model. Furthermore, the sensitivity of muscle forces during gait, calculated using static optimization, to perturbations of the musculotendon point location was analyzed with a generic model. More specific, a probabilistic approach was used: for each analyzed musculotendon point, the three-dimensional location was re-sampled with a uniform Latin hypercube method within the anatomical variability and the static optimization problem was then re-solved for all perturbations. We found that musculotendon point locations in the generic model showed only variable correspondences with the anatomical variability. The anatomical variability of musculotendon point location did affect the calculated muscle forces: muscles most sensitive to perturbations within the anatomical variability are iliacus and psoas. Perturbation of the gluteus medius anterior, iliacus and psoas induces the largest concomitant changes in muscle forces of the unperturbed muscles. Therefore, when creating subject-specific musculoskeletal models, these attachment points should be defined accurately. In addition, the size of the anatomical variability of the musculotendon point location was not related to the sensitivity of the calculated muscle forces.
    Journal of Biomechanics 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.02.052
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    ABSTRACT: The physical mechanism that drives blood flow in the valveless tubular embryonic heart is still debatable whether it is peristaltic flow or valveless dynamic suction. Previous studies of valveless pumping were concerned with either the role of the excitation parameters or the mechanisms that generate the unidirectional outflow. In this study, a dimensionless one-dimensional (1D) analysis of the valveless pumping due to local excitation at an asymmetric longitudinal location was performed for non-uniform thick-wall elastic tubes, including tubes with local bulging and tapering. A general tube law that accounts for wall thicknesses was implemented for describing the physically realistic dynamics of the tube and the two-step MacCormack algorithm was utilized for the numerical analysis. A comprehensive analysis was conducted to explore the affecting roles of the system (e.g., tube geometry) and the working (e.g., Strouhal number and flow friction parameter) parameters on the net outflow of the pump. The maximal positive net outflow in all the tested cases always occurred when the natural Strouhal number was about π. Flow reversals were observed only for relatively low friction parameters. A local bulging at the site of excitation and thick walls contributed to larger outflows, while tube tapering reduced the net outflow. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Biomechanics 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.03.001
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    ABSTRACT: The chondroprotective success of meniscal transplantation is variable. Poorly controlled factors such as a geometrical mismatch of the implant may be partly responsible. Clinical data, animal studies and cadaver experiments suggest that smaller transplants perform better than oversized, but clear evidence is lacking. The hypothesis of this study is that smaller menisci outperform larger ones because they distribute stresses more effectively at those particular locations that receive the highest loads. Consequently, collagen in the adjacent cartilage is protected from damage due to overstraining. Experimentally it is not possible to measure load distribution and collagen strain inside articular cartilage (AC). Therefore, a numerical model was used to determine the mechanical conditions throughout the depth of the AC. Meniscus implants with different sizes and mechanical properties were evaluated. These were compared with healthy and with meniscectomized joints. To account for the time-dependent behavior 600s of loading was simulated; results were visualized after 1s and 600s. Simulations showed that AC's strains strongly depended on implant size and loading duration. They depended less on the stiffness of the implant material. With an oversized implant, collagen strains were particularly large in the femoral AC initially and further increased upon sustained loading. The severest compressive strains occurred after sustained loading in the meniscectomized joint. Strains with an undersized meniscus were comparable to a perfectly sized implant. In conclusion, these results support the hypothesis that an undersized implant may outperform an oversized one because it distributes stresses better in the most intensely loaded joint area. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Biomechanics 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.02.063
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    Journal of Biomechanics 02/2015; 48(4). DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.01.001
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    ABSTRACT: In many animals, sperm flagella exhibit primarily planar waveforms. An isolated sperm with a planar flagellar beat in a three-dimensional unbounded fluid domain would remain in a plane. However, because sperm must navigate through complex, three-dimensional confined spaces along with other sperm, forces that bend or move the flagellum out of its current beat plane develop. Here we present an extension of previous models of an elastic sperm flagellar filament whose shape change is driven by the pursuit of a preferred curvature wave. In particular, we extend the energy of the generalized elastica to include a term that penalizes out-of-plane motion. We are now able to study the interaction of free-swimmers in a 3D Stokes flow that do not start out beating in the same plane. We demonstrate the three-dimensional nature of swimming behavior as neighboring sperm swim close to each other and affect each others' trajectories via fluid-structure coupling. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Biomechanics 02/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.01.050
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    ABSTRACT: The meniscus plays a critical biomechanical role in the knee, providing load support, joint stability, and congruity. Importantly, growing evidence indicates that the mechanobiologic response of meniscal cells plays a critical role in the physiologic, pathologic, and repair responses of the meniscus. Here we review experimental and theoretical studies that have begun to directly measure the biomechanical effects of joint loading on the meniscus under physiologic and pathologic conditions, showing that the menisci are exposed to high contact stresses, resulting in a complex and nonuniform stress-strain environment within the tissue. By combining microscale measurements of the mechanical properties of meniscal cells and their pericellular and extracellular matrix regions, theoretical and experimental models indicate that the cells in the meniscus are exposed to a complex and inhomogeneous environment of stress, strain, fluid pressure, fluid flow, and a variety of physicochemical factors. Studies across a range of culture systems from isolated cells to tissues have revealed that the biological response of meniscal cells is directly influenced by physical factors, such as tension, compression, and hydrostatic pressure. In addition, these studies have provided new insights into the mechanotransduction mechanisms by which physical signals are converted into metabolic or pro/anti-inflammatory responses. Taken together, these in vivo and in vitro studies show that mechanical factors play an important role in the health, degeneration, and regeneration of the meniscus. A more thorough understanding of the mechanobiologic responses of the meniscus will hopefully lead to therapeutic approaches to prevent degeneration and enhance repair of the meniscus. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Biomechanics 02/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.02.008