The Journal of Agricultural Science (J AGR SCI)

Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)

Journal description

The Journal of Agricultural Science publishes papers concerned with the advance of agriculture and the use of land resources throughout the world. It publishes original scientific work related to strategic and applied studies in all aspects of agricultural science including agronomy; crop physiology crop protection breeding genetics and pathology; soil science; animal nutrition physiology and genetics; and the mathematical and statistical methods used in experimentation and data analysis. The journal also publishes book reviews and invited short reviews of scientific topics of current agricultural relevance.

Current impact factor: 1.16

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 0.653
2013 Impact Factor 2.891
2012 Impact Factor 2.878
2011 Impact Factor 2.041
2010 Impact Factor 1.418
2009 Impact Factor 1.658
2008 Impact Factor 1.471
2007 Impact Factor 1.093
2006 Impact Factor 0.861
2005 Impact Factor 0.636
2004 Impact Factor 0.541
2003 Impact Factor 0.596
2002 Impact Factor 0.463
2001 Impact Factor 0.58
2000 Impact Factor 0.673
1999 Impact Factor 0.743
1998 Impact Factor 0.65
1997 Impact Factor 0.701
1996 Impact Factor 0.619
1995 Impact Factor 0.581
1994 Impact Factor 0.621
1993 Impact Factor 0.457
1992 Impact Factor 0.617

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.42
Cited half-life 4.00
Immediacy index 0.15
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.12
Website Journal of Agricultural Science, The website
Other titles Journal of agricultural science (Online)
ISSN 0021-8596
OCLC 43802228
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Cambridge University Press (CUP)

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's Pre-print on author's personal website, departmental website, social media websites, institutional repository, non-commercial subject-based repositories, such as PubMed Central, Europe PMC or arXiv
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website on acceptance of publication
    • Author's post-print on departmental website, institutional repository, non-commercial subject-based repositories, such as PubMed Central, Europe PMC or arXiv, after a 6 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published abstract may be deposited
    • Pre-print to record acceptance for publication
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged with set statement
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher last reviewed on 07/10/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Cambridge University Press (CUP)'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The type and processing of cereals for beef cattle are key factors to maximize performance without increasing the risk of ruminal acidosis. The current work studied the effect of grinding (G) or dry-rolling (R) the cereals in a concentrate based on maize (M) or barley (B) on the rumen environment of eight 6-month-old Holstein calves, which received either M or B for 70 days, offered as G and R in two consecutive periods. Daily feed intake pattern, rumen fermentation traits, total rumen bacteria and relative proportions of Streptococcus bovis and Selenomonas ruminantium were characterized twice in each period at 0, 4 and 8 h after feeding. Dry-rolling promoted a 0·25 reduction of concentrate intake during the first 4 h after feeding. Neither cereal type nor its processing form promoted differences in ruminal fermentation at 0 and 4 h; however, 8 h after feeding R cereals resulted in higher rumen pH (6·17 v. 5·71) and lower concentration of lactic acid (88·1 v. 156 mg/l) and volatile fatty acids (only in diet B, 118 v. 164 m m /l) compared with G. Little effect of dietary factors in the target rumen microorganisms were observed. The more balanced fermentation observed with R cereals may be explained by the lower concentrate intake promoted during the first 4 h, coupled with a more difficult access of bacterial enzymes to their starch, thus reducing its fermentation rate. Therefore, feeding dry-rolled cereals may be useful to reduce the risk of acidosis by regulating the intake pattern of the concentrate and/or its fermentation rate.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 11/2015; DOI:10.1017/S0021859615000969
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    ABSTRACT: Cassava ( Manihot esculenta Crantz) is an economically important root crop in Thailand, which is ranked the world's top cassava exporting country. Production of cassava can be hampered by several pathogens and pests. Cassava anthracnose disease (CAD) is an important disease caused by the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. manihotis . The pathogen causes severe stem damage resulting in yield reductions and lack of stem cuttings available for planting. Molecular studies of cassava response to CAD will provide useful information for cassava breeders to develop new varieties with resistance to the disease. The current study aimed to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) and DNA markers associated with resistance to CAD. A total of 200 lines of two F 1 mapping populations were generated by reciprocal crosses between the varieties Huabong60 and Hanatee. The F 1 samples were genotyped based on simple sequence repeat (SSR) and expressed sequence tag-SSR markers and a genetic linkage map was constructed using the JoinMap ® /version3·0 program. The results showed that the map consisted of 512 marker loci distributed on 24 linkage groups with a map length of 1771·9 centimorgan (cM) and a mean interval between markers of 5·7 cM. The genetic linkage map was integrated with phenotypic data for the response to CAD infection generated by a detached leaf assay test. A total of three QTL underlying the trait were identified on three linkage groups using the MapQTL ® /version4·0 program. Those DNA markers linked to the QTL that showed high statistically significant values with the CAD resistance trait were identified for gene annotation analysis and 23 candidate resistance genes to CAD infection were identified.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 11/2015; DOI:10.1017/S0021859615001057
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    ABSTRACT: An experiment was performed to determine the effect of triterpenoid saponins from powdered root of Saponaria officinalis L. (SO) on some blood metabolic parameters and hormone concentrations in dairy cows. Three dairy Polish Holstein-Friesian cows were used in the experiment in a 3 × 3 Latin Square arrangement. Animals were fed twice a day with a control diet and two experimental diets – a diet supplemented with either 440 or 660 g/d of the powdered S. officinalis root (SO1 and SO2, respectively). Each of the three experimental cycles lasted for 26 days, including a 23-day adaptation period and a 3-day sample collection period. Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein from 24th to 26th day of the experiment. Total high-density lipoproteins cholesterol (HDL) and low-density lipoproteins cholesterol (LDL), as well as triglycerides, free fatty acids (FFA) and glucose, were assayed in serum. Fatty acid composition in the blood was also analysed. Moreover, concentrations of insulin, glucagon, leptin, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) were measured. It was demonstrated that total and HDL-cholesterol concentrations were significantly elevated in the blood of cows treated with experimental diets; however, LDL-cholesterol remained unchanged. No concentrations of triglycerides, FFA or glucose were influenced by saponins. Two fatty acids (C16 : 0 and C16 : 1 c9 ) were markedly reduced when SO was used, while C18 : 1 t11 decreased with increasing levels of SO. The significant increase of C20 : 4 n-6 in animals treated with SO was observed. Both saponin diets resulted in a slight increase in insulin concentration and the SO2 diet evoked an emphatic rise of glucagon concentration. The concentration of T3 also increased after consumption of the experimental diet. The current study shows for the first time that triterpenoid saponins from S. officinalis can alter blood parameters in ruminants. These effects seem to result from saponin-induced changes in the rumen.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 11/2015; DOI:10.1017/S0021859615001070
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of the current study were to compare and model feed intake responses to ambient temperature across species and to assess opportunities to use cross-species (CS) data to parameterize models when species-specific (SS) data were limited. Literature searches were conducted to identify studies reporting intake during thermal stress compared with thermoneutral (TN) conditions. The resulting data set comprised 614 treatment means from 108 studies on livestock responses to thermal stress. An analysis of variance was conducted with the CS data set to identify the effects of species, temperature and species by temperature interactions on intake as (fractional feed intake; FFI). Four models were derived from the CS data set and root mean squared prediction error (RMSPE) and concordance correlation coefficients (CCC) of these models were compared with models of the same form derived from SS data sets. Models used explanatory variables for (1) duration of exposure; (2) mean temperature; (3) minimum and maximum temperatures; or (4) difference between minimum and maximum temperatures. An additional model accounting for temperature and stage of production was derived from the SS data. Analysis of variance demonstrated that the species by temperature interaction did not have a significant effect on FFI. Across species, intake decreased with temperature. Notably, all species demonstrated a constant decrease in intake across the TN zone indicating the previous assumption of constant intake during thermoneutrality may be not fully valid. When compared on a SS basis, SS-derived models had marginally lower RMSPE and higher CCC when compared with models derived from the CS data sets. The model fit with production data had the lowest RMSPE and highest CCC within the study. When compared over temperature ranges with minimal data available in some species (e.g., cold stress), using CS models often resulted in decreased RMSPE and improved CCC when compared with SS models. Although fitting models based on SS data allows for incorporating unique covariates, like level of production, fitting responses based on CS data can help to improve model estimates when knowledge gaps exist.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 11/2015; DOI:10.1017/S0021859615001033
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    ABSTRACT: The present study explored the optimal long-term seed renewal strategy for malting barley for use either of farm-saved seed (FSS) or commercially certified seed (CCS). The dynamic optimization problem was solved by a dynamic programming routine with known parameters for one-period returns and transition equations. The model parameters represented Finnish farm-level returns and costs, as well as genetic improvements in barley yield potential. The results suggested that there is a farm-level economic incentive not to use CCS every year, despite the higher yield potential of CCS compared with FSS. The simulations highlighted the reasons behind the observed yield gap between genetic improvements in yield potential and attained yields at the farm scale.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 11/2015; DOI:10.1017/S0021859615001021
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the current study was to quantify the response of pasture to phosphorus (P) fertilizer application and legume introduction, by measuring herbage yield, nitrogen (N) and P content, and weight gain of calves in native pastures of Uruguay. Quantitative relationships between pasture characteristics and post-weaning daily live weight gain (DLWG) were also examined. The treatments studied were native grassland (NG) and improved pasture, oversown with Lotus corniculatus L. and Trifolium repens L. with annual applications of either 13 and 26 kg P/ha. From 1996 to 2001 the treatments were evaluated each year with a new group of calves. Total herbage yields of the oversown pastures were not always higher than NG in the initial years, but legume production increased, although without significant differences between P rates on legume or total yield. This was also reflected in the N and P status of the swards. In the last 2 years legume proportion had declined to <0·1, but total herbage yield was significantly higher in the improved pastures. The average DLWG over the 6 years of measurements were 0·319, 0·478 and 0·586 kg/day for NG, P1 and P2, respectively, with average total live weight gain increased 1·8- and 2·5-fold by the legume introduction and annual addition of 13 and 26 kg P/ha, respectively. The study demonstrated that the evaluation of pasture response to P application should not be limited to assessing forage yield increase. Phosphorus availability in the herbage was a better predictor of animal performance than pasture yield. The study highlights that the benefits of oversowing and fertilizer inputs are short-lived, as withholding of fertilizer in the last 2 years resulted in a loss of sown legumes and decline in animal production.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 11/2015; DOI:10.1017/S002185961500101X
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    ABSTRACT: The herbicide chlorsulfuron is commonly applied to cereals and may persist in alkaline soil long enough to damage subsequent sensitive crops. Sewage water, a potential source of the heavy metal cadmium (Cd), is used to irrigate agricultural soils in many developing countries. The current work evaluated the effects of the residual herbicide chlorsulfuron and Cd on maize seedlings, with particular attention to the mechanism of their action on plant growth. Maize seeds were planted in soil that had been sprayed with chlorsulfuron and Cd, after which residues in both seedlings and the soil were measured. The chlorsulfuron dose was correlated with the amount of residue found in seedlings but not in the soil. In all, 39 metabolites were identified in seedlings using the Automated Mass spectral Deconvolution and Identification System software program and the retention index method. The combination of chlorsulfuron and Cd significantly reduced multiple metabolites in the shikimate pathway, malic acid and citric acid production in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and lactic acid, glucose, aspartic acid, asparagine and 3-glycerophosphoric acid production. In addition, chlorsulfuron caused an increase in multiple amino acids, including tyrosine, methionine and asparagine, and a marked decrease in caffeic and cinnamic acids (the secondary metabolites derived from the shikimate pathway and galactose). Finally, chlorsulfuron and Cd stress markedly increased shikimate acid, decreased 3-glycerophosphoric acid and caused negative correlations between the amounts of phenylalanine and tyrosine and those of quinic- and cinnamic-acid. In conclusion, chlorsulfuron and Cd did not have a synergistic effect on maize seedlings; rather, the combination of these pollutants had an antagonistic effect on some amino acids.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 11/2015; DOI:10.1017/S0021859615000970
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    ABSTRACT: Silage maize variety testing systems usually evaluate new varieties within properly defined maturity groups; within a maturity group, all varieties are harvested on a single harvest date. In a small country like Belgium where growing conditions are similar across the maize growing areas, all tested silage maize varieties, comprising different maturity groups, are harvested on a single date. Under this testing system, only few varieties are harvested at the physiological stage where they theoretically show their optimal performance. In the current research, eight silage maize varieties were monitored from 25 to 40% whole-crop dry matter (DM) content at three locations in Belgium during the period 2007–2009. The optimal harvest date was calculated as the date where whole-crop DM yield, ear DM yield and organic matter digestibility were maximal. The variety rank at the optimal harvest date was compared with the variety rank at any studied single harvest date. Harvest dates where the variety rank was not statistically different to the rank at the optimal harvest date were pooled in a ‘harvest window’. Based on the current data, the harvest window comprised a flexible harvest period of about 14 days. It was therefore concluded that applying a single harvest date is scientifically justified for the ranking of silage maize varieties in Belgium, when the whole-crop DM content is between 28·1 and 40·6% with a maximum difference of 7·2% between all compared varieties.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 10/2015; DOI:10.1017/S0021859615000994
  • B. ZHANG · Q. GAO · S. XU · L. MA · C. TIAN ·
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    ABSTRACT: A field study was carried out to examine the response of microbial communities of a clay loam soil to long-term (30 years) effects of residue return and fertilization. The experimental design was a split-plot arrangement of treatments, consisting of three residue treatments (crop residues returned at rates of 0, 2500 and 5000 kg/ha) in combination with eight fertilization treatments (control, no fertilizer; N, mineral nitrogen (N) fertilizer; P, mineral phosphorus (P) fertilizer; K, mineral potassium (K) fertilizer; NP, mineral NP fertilizer; NK, mineral NK fertilizer; PK, mineral PK fertilizer; and NPK, mineral NPK fertilizer). Soil microbial communities were characterized by phospholipid fatty acid analysis. Results indicated that the more crop residues were returned, the lower ratio of fungi to bacteria was observed. However, soil microbial biomass was only found to be significantly higher in plots with residues returned at a rate of 5000 kg/ha but not 2500 kg/ha. This suggested there was a threshold for microbial biomass to increase under residue return for the clay loam soil studied. The fertilization effect on soil microbial biomass gradually decreased with increases in the amount of crop residues returned. A significant composition change was observed under N fertilization. Structural equation modelling indicated that soil microbial communities were influenced directly by residue return and indirectly by residue-induced change in ratio of carbon to N and fertilization-induced change in soil pH.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 10/2015; DOI:10.1017/S0021859615001008
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    ABSTRACT: Grazing season length (GSL) on grassland farms with ruminant production systems can influence farm economics, livestock disease transmission, environmental impact, milk and meat quality, and consumer choice. Bioclimatic variables are biologically meaningful climate variables that may enable predictions of the impact of future climate change on GSL on European farms. The present study investigated the spatial relationship between current GSL (months) measured by EUROSTAT on dairy, beef and sheep farms in 706, 774 and 878 regions, respectively, and bioclimatic variables. A stepwise multiple regression model revealed a highly significant association between observed GSL and bioclimatic variables across Europe. Mean GSL was positively associated with the mean temperature of the coldest quarter and isothermality, and negatively associated with precipitation in the wettest month. Extrapolating these relationships to future climate change scenarios, most European countries were predicted to have a net increase in GSL with the increase being largest (up to 2·5 months) in the north-east of Europe. However, there were also predictions of increased variability between regions and decreases in GSL of up to 1·5 months in some areas such as the west of France, the south-west of Norway and the west coast of Britain. The study quantified and mapped the potential impact of climate change on GSL for dairy, beef and sheep farms across Europe.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 10/2015; DOI:10.1017/S0021859615000830
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    ABSTRACT: Understanding the physiological mechanisms of biomass accumulation and partitioning in the grain, and the nitrogen (N) uptake associated with different plant densities and N management strategies, is essential for achieving both high yield and N use efficiency (NUE) in maize plants. A field experiment was conducted in 2013 and 2014, using five rates of N application and three plant densities (6·0, 7·5 and 9·0 plants/m 2 ) in Quzhou County on the North China Plain (NCP). The objective was to evaluate whether higher plant density can produce more biomass allocated to the grain to achieve higher grain yield and to determine the optimal N management strategies for different plant densities. The highest grain yield and NUE were achieved in the 7·5 plants/m 2 treatment; both the sub-optimal (6·0 plants/m 2 ) and supra-optimal (9·0 plants/m 2 ) plant densities resulted in diminished yield and NUE. Compared to 6·0 plants/m 2 , the 7·5 plants/m 2 treatment displayed higher biomass accumulation during the grain-filling period and also exhibited more biomass allocated to kernels with similar total biomass accumulation compared with the 9·0 plants/m 2 treatment, which contributed to its higher grain yield. The N uptake in the 7·5 plants/m 2 treatment was similar to that in the 9·0 plants/m 2 treatment up to pre-silking. However, the post-silking N uptake of the 7·5 plants/m 2 treatment was 66·4 kg/ha, which was 29·1% higher than that of the 9·0 plants/m 2 treatment. Furthermore, the highest maize grain yield was achieved in the 0·7 × optimal N rate (ONR × 0·7), ONR and ONR × 1·3 treatments for 6·0, 7·5 and 9·0 plants/m 2 , respectively, which suggests that different N management strategies are needed for different plant densities. In conclusion, selecting a planting density of 7·5 plants/m 2 with an in-season root zone N management is a potentially effective strategy for achieving high grain yield and high NUE for maize production on the NCP.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 09/2015; DOI:10.1017/S0021859615000854
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    ABSTRACT: Nitrogen (N) supply is essential for achieving high grain yield in maize production, but excessive N application can lead to lodging risks and potential yield loss. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of ethephon application under different N fertilizer rates in reducing maize lodging. Field experiments were conducted to determine the interactive effects of ethephon (0 and 180 g/ha) and N rate (0, 75, 150 and 225 kg N/ha) on the morphological and chemical characteristics of basal internode and yield across two summer maize-growing seasons (2011/12) in Wuqiao of the North China Plain. Findings showed that ethephon significantly increased the maximum diameter of the 7th to 14th internodes, and decreased the internode lengths, which led to a decrease in plant and ear heights under different N rates. Significant ethephon × N interaction effects were observed on the diameter and length of internode, dry weight per unit internode length and breaking resistance. Ethephon significantly increased N, cellulose and hemicellulose contents of the basal internode, but cellulose and hemicellulose contents decreased as the rate of N application increased. Internode diameter, dry weight per unit internode length, and N content of the basal internode were significantly positively correlated with breaking resistance. Ethephon significantly increased grain yield and harvest index in 2011, but not in 2012. Grain yield and above-ground biomass were increased with increasing N application in both growing seasons, showing linear and quadratic responses. These results suggested that ethephon could increase stalk strength by improving the morphological and chemical characteristics of the basal internode, and maintain high yield and biomass under high N rates.
    The Journal of Agricultural Science 09/2015; -1:1-18. DOI:10.1017/S0021859615000829