Injury Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Institute of Accident Surgery, Elsevier

Journal description

Injury is an established, internationally renowned academic journal focusing on the rapidly evolving fields of trauma and accident surgery. The journal encourages the exchange of information among all members of the accident and emergency trauma team. Topics covered by Injury include trauma systems and management; surgical procedures; epidemiological studies; surgery (of all tissues); resuscitation; biomechanics; rehabilitation; anaesthesia; radiology and wound management. Regular features include original research papers; review papers; case reports; book reviews; ideas and innovations detailing novel and effective solutions to surgical problems; calendar of courses and worldwide meetings. The journal publishes a series of special supplements documenting the work of AO/ASIF Research, Development and Clinical Studies.

Current impact factor: 2.14

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 2.137
2013 Impact Factor 2.462
2012 Impact Factor 1.931
2011 Impact Factor 1.975
2010 Impact Factor 2.269
2009 Impact Factor 2.383
2008 Impact Factor 1.946
2007 Impact Factor 1.509
2006 Impact Factor 1.067
2005 Impact Factor 0.919
2004 Impact Factor 0.742
2003 Impact Factor 0.511
2002 Impact Factor 0.408
2001 Impact Factor 0.39
2000 Impact Factor 0.363
1999 Impact Factor 0.261
1998 Impact Factor 0.326
1997 Impact Factor 0.257
1996 Impact Factor 0.326
1995 Impact Factor 0.146
1994 Impact Factor 0.128
1993 Impact Factor 0.134
1992 Impact Factor 0.254

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.49
Cited half-life 6.80
Immediacy index 0.40
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.73
Website Injury website
Other titles Injury
ISSN 0020-1383
OCLC 1715915
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Surgical site infections (SSI) are nosocomial infections that cause considerable problems in orthopaedic surgery. Antibiotic prophylaxis can be used to reduce the risk for SSI. There is no universal antibiotic that can be recommended for prophylaxis in terms of coverage of all possible pathogens because of antibiotic resistance, and there are no universal recommendations for different types of patients in terms of injury type, selected operation and risk factors for development of SSI. The aim of this study was to analyse the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis in surgical treatment (ORIF) of closed lower limb fractures in young, healthy patients. Patients and methods: Patient details were collected from the patient histories. Inclusion criteria for participants were age 20-30 years, not suffering from any type of chronic disease or state that may affect postoperative infection and ISS≤9. Antibiotic prophylaxis use and outcome (SSI) were compared between two groups of patients. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Fisher's exact test and t-test for proportions. Results: A total of 347 patients with closed lower limb fractures treated with ORIF met the inclusion criteria. There were 290 male and 57 female patients, with an average age of 24.47 years. Prophylactic antibiotics were given to 242 patients (69.74%); 2g ceftriaxone was administered to 88.02% of the patients who received antibiotic prophylaxis. Ten patients developed postoperative infection (eight out of 242 with antibiotic prophylaxis and two out of 105 without antibiotic prophylaxis). The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (Fisher's exact test, P=0.749). Conclusion: Antibiotic prophylaxis was ineffective in preventing SSI in patients with no risk factors for SSI who were undergoing ORIF for closed lower limb fractures.
    Injury 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.10.038
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Road traffic injuries are a major cause of death in the emergency room. The goal of this study was to highlight the demographic pattern of road traffic-related deaths in the accident and emergency room of a regional trauma centre. This was a 5-year retrospective study in which road traffic-related cases of emergency room mortality between June 2009 and June 2014 were reviewed. A total of 33 road traffic crash-related deaths occurred during this period with a male-to-female ratio of 2.3:1. Most of these patients were pedestrians with severe injuries involving two or more Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) coded regions. The mean time between injury and presentation in the first trauma facility was 112.1 (±55.4) min, and between presentation in the emergency room and death was 410 (±645) min. Mangled lower extremity, bilateral long bone lower limb fractures, pelvic injuries, blunt injuries to the chest and abdomen, and cranial fossae fractures were the common injury pattern. Median ISS and NISS in these patients were 22 (interquartile range [IQR] = 11) and 25 (IQR = 17), respectively. Severe injuries, delayed presentation, multiple referrals and delayed resuscitative measures contribute to road traffic crash-related mortality.
    Injury 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.10.065
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic shoulder dislocations are extremely rare. The goal of this retrospective study was to describe the epidemiology of chronic shoulder dislocation in our environment and to evaluate the outcome of treatment. Bio-demographic data and injury details were retrieved from case files. Definitive method of reduction and stabilisation and duration of follow-up care were also noted. Nine cases of subcoracoid anterior chronic shoulder dislocation were seen during the 6-year period of the study. Seven (78%) of these patients were male and two (22%) were female. The mean age was 42 (±17.5) years. The common mechanisms of injury were road traffic crash in four patients (44%), domestic falls in four patients (44%) and dislocation while getting out of bed in one patient (12%). None of the patients had neurovascular deficit at presentation. Five patients were managed operatively and four were managed non-operatively. Mean follow-up was 8 months (range 6–12 months). Clinical evaluation by Rowe shoulder score revealed that operated cases had significantly higher mean rank scores than non-operated cases using the Mann-Whitney U test. Two operated cases were graded fair and three poor. All cases managed non-operatively had poor outcome grades. Meticulous attempt at soft tissue repair and early supervised physiotherapy can contribute to a favourable outcome.
    Injury 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.10.064
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Trauma hip fractures in elderly patients are associated with high postoperative long-term morbidity and mortality and premature death. The high mortality in these patients can be explained by various factors, including the fracture itself; the preoperative poor condition and comorbidities of these patients; the influence of stressors, such as surgery and type of anaesthesia, on the patient's condition; and the postoperative development of major complications, such as cardiac failure, pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, deep venous thrombosis and acute renal failure. Thus, the Surgical Apgar Score (SAS) could be a valuable tool for objective risk stratification of patients immediately after surgery, and to enable patients with higher risk to receive postoperative ICU care and good management both during and after the hospital stay. Methods: The SAS was calculated retrospectively from the handwritten anaesthesia records of 43 trauma hip fracture patients treated operatively in the University Hospital Centre Zagreb over a 1-year period. The primary endpoints were the 30-days major postoperative complications and mortality, length of the ICU and hospital stay, and 6-months major complications development. Statistical analysis was applied to compare SAS with the patients' perioperative variables. Results: A SAS≤4 in the trauma hip fracture patients was a significant predictor for the 30-days major postoperative complications with 80% specificity (95% CI: 0.587-0.864, p=0.0111). However, the SAS was not significant in the prediction of 30-days mortality (95% CI: 0.468-0.771, p=0.2238) and 6-months mortality (95% CI: 0.497-0.795, p=0.3997) as primary endpoints in the hip fracture surgery patients. Conclusion: The SAS shows how intraoperative events affect postoperative outcomes. Calculating the SAS in the operating theatre provides immediate, reliable, real-time feedback information about patient postoperative risk. The results of this study indicate that all trauma hip fracture patients with SAS≤4 should go to the ICU postoperatively and should be under intensive surveillance both during the hospital stay and after hospital discharge.
    Injury 11/2015; 46(11):2089-2292. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.10.051

  • Injury 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.10.059
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The appropriate indications for Resuscitative Thoracotomy (RT) are still debated in the literature and various guidelines have been proposed. This study aimed to evaluate whether Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines for RT were applied correctly and to evaluate the proportion of deceased patients with potentially reversible thoracic lesions (PRTL). Methods: The database at the Department of Forensic Medicine at Copenhagen University was queried for autopsy cases with thoracic lesions indicated by the SNOMED autopsy coding system. Patients were included if thoracic lesions were caused by a traumatic event with trauma team activation. Patient cases were blinded for any surgical intervention and evaluated independently by two reviewers for indications or contraindications for RT as determined by the ATLS guidelines. Second, autopsy reports were evaluated for the presence of PRTL. Results: Sixty-seven patients met the inclusion criteria. Two were excluded due to insufficient data. The overall agreement with guidelines was 86% and 77% for blunt and penetrating trauma, respectively. For patients submitted to RT the overall agreement with guidelines was 63% being 45% and 74% for blunt and penetrating trauma, respectively. For patients who did not undergo RT the agreement with guidelines was 100%. In all cases where RT was performed in agreement between guidelines and the clinical decision the autopsy reports showed PRTL in 16 (84%) patients. In cases of non-agreement PRTL were found in 9 (82%) patients. Conclusions: Agreement with ATLS guidelines for RT was 63% for intervention and 100% for non-intervention in deceased patients with thoracic trauma. Agreement was higher for penetrating trauma than for blunt trauma. The adherence to guidelines did not improve the ability to predict autopsy findings of PRTL. Although the study has methodical limitations it represents a novel approach to the evaluation of the clinical use of RT guidelines.
    Injury 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.10.034
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Despite modern advances in fracture care, deep (implant-related) infection remains a problem in the treatment of tibia fractures. There is some evidence that antibiotic-coated implants are beneficial in the prevention of this sometimes devastating complication. In the following study we describe our results using a gentamicin-coated intramedullary tibia nail (Expert Tibia Nail (ETN) PROtect™) for the surgical treatment of complex open tibia fracture and revision cases. Materials and methods: We describe the outcome of patients treated between January 2012 and September 2013, using a gentamicin-coated intramedullary tibia nail. Treatment indications included acute, Gustilo grade II-III, open tibia fractures or closed tibia fractures with long-term external fixation prior to intramedullary nailing and complex tibia fracture revision cases with a mean of three prior surgical interventions. Outcome parameters in this study were deep infection and nonunion. Results: In total, 16 consecutive patients with 16 tibia fractures were treated with a gentamicin-coated intramedullary nail. The overall patient population was subdivided into two groups. The first group consisted of 11 patients (68.8%) with acute fractures who were treated with a gentamicin-coated intramedullary nail. The second group consisted of 5 complex revision cases (31.2%). In our patient population no deep infections could be noted after the treatment with a gentamicin-coated tibia nail. Nonunion was diagnosed in 4 patients (25.0%), 1 of these was a revision case. Conclusions: Musculoskeletal complications place a cost burden on total healthcare expenditure. Better understanding of the epidemiology and pathogenesis is essential because this can lead to prevention rather than treatment strategies. The purpose of the study was to evaluate a gentamicin-coated tibia nail in the prevention of deep (implant-related) infection. In our patient population no deep infections occurred after placement of the gentamicin-coated nail. Following this study and literature data, antibiotic-coated implants seem a potential option for prevention of deep infection in trauma patients. In the future this statement needs to be confirmed by large randomised clinical trials.
    Injury 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.09.028
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on an unusual case of a penetrating injury from a bar from a metal grille from a hurling face protector. The bar impaled the patient's thumb after a collision with a patient. The bar was surgically removed in theatre with minimal injury. The authors highlight the need to ensure that helmets and face protectors are regularly checked, particularly ensuring that the bars have not become detached.
    Injury 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.10.028
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Open reduction and internal fixation is one established method for treatment of displaced fractures of the proximal humerus. However, the timing of surgery and its effect on complications have not yet been investigated in the literature. Hence, aim of this study was to analyze the occurrence of complication following locked plating of proximal humeral fractures when surgery was delayed in comparison to early intervention. Methods Between February 2002 and November 2010, 497 patients with displaced proximal humeral fractures were treated by open reduction and locked plating. 329 patients were available for follow-up with a minimum of 12 months after surgery. Outcome analysis included radiographic evidence of loss of fixation (>10° of secondary displacement), screw-cutout and avascular head necrosis. Outcomes were analyzed with regards to age, gender and fracture pattern and were compared between time intervals in which the primary surgery had been conducted; early intervention (<48h), timely scheduled for surgery (3–5 days) and delayed intervention (>5 days). Results Of 329 patients (68.4% women; median age at time of surgery: 69.9 years, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 68.2, 71.2) the median time between fracture incident and surgical intervention was 3.2 days (95%CI: 3.1, 3.3). Surgery was performed in a 2-part fracture at a median of 3.3 days (95%CI: 3.2, 3.4) after trauma, in a 3-part fracture after 3.3 days (95%CI: 3.1, 3.4), in a 4-part fracture 2.9 days (95%CI: 2.8, 3.0), in head split type fracture 2.2 days (95%CI: 2.0, 2.4) and in dislocation type fracture 0.8 days after trauma (95%CI: 0.7, 0.9, p = 0.40). Loss of fixation was observed in 12.8% (n = 42 patients), of which in 4.9% (n = 16) screw cutout was evident and in 6.8% of cases (n = 20) avascular head necrosis was diagnosed. Patients in which complication was observed were treated at median 2.5 days after trauma (95% CI, 1.8, 3.2), in comparison, patients without evidence of complications were treated at a median of 3.2 days (95% CI, 2.8–3.8, p = 0.35). The odds ratio regarding occurrence of complications for patients treated <48 hours was 0,924, for patients in which surgery was performed 3–5 days after the incident the odds ratio was 0,836 and in patients treated > 5 days the odds ratio was 1,637. Conclusions Loss of fixation following open reduction and internal fixation of proximal humeral fractures was not more frequently observed when surgery was performed 3–5 days after the incident in comparison to early intervention (<48h). However, a delay of intervention > 5 days is related to significant increase of complications. Thus, if open reduction and internal fixation is indicated, reconstruction of the proximal humerus should be performed within 5 days of the fracture event. In head split and dislocated fracture types anatomic reconstruction completed within 48h from the incident may be beneficial with regards to risk of avascular necrosis.
    Injury 10/2015; Volume 46(Supplement 4):58-62. DOI:10.1016/S0020-1383(15)30019-X
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this biomechanical study was to analyse the influence of plate and screw positioning on peri-implant failure in dual plate osteosynthesis. We hypothesized that screw positioning rather than plate configuration influences the risk of peri-implant fractures. Twenty macerated humerus specimens were available. 5 groups of 4 were built according to specimen size. Locking dual plates (Medartis, Switzerland) were randomly applied to the distal humerus of the specimens in 4 types of configuration: Bending forces were applied using a universal testing machine until peri-implant fracture occurred. Mean failure loads for respective configuration types were as follows: P1: 428.7 (±84.2) N, A1: 410.0 (±54.7) N, A0: 297.8 (±48.3) N, P0: 261.0 (±65.0) N. Configurations with positioning of the most proximal screws at different levels (P1, A1) reached significantly higher failure loads when compared to screw placement at the same level (P0, A0) (0.01≤p≤0.03). Altering the plate configuration did not significantly influence failure loads (0.34≤p≤0.58). The results of this study suggest that placement of the most proximal screws rather than the configuration of the plates is critical regarding the predetermined risk of peri-implant failure in dual plate osteosynthesis of the distal humerus. Varying levels of the outermost screws of corresponding double plates seem to be crucial to avoid complications related to the osteosynthesis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Injury 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.08.015