Injury Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Institute of Accident Surgery, Elsevier

Journal description

Injury is an established, internationally renowned academic journal focusing on the rapidly evolving fields of trauma and accident surgery. The journal encourages the exchange of information among all members of the accident and emergency trauma team. Topics covered by Injury include trauma systems and management; surgical procedures; epidemiological studies; surgery (of all tissues); resuscitation; biomechanics; rehabilitation; anaesthesia; radiology and wound management. Regular features include original research papers; review papers; case reports; book reviews; ideas and innovations detailing novel and effective solutions to surgical problems; calendar of courses and worldwide meetings. The journal publishes a series of special supplements documenting the work of AO/ASIF Research, Development and Clinical Studies.

Current impact factor: 2.46

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.462
2012 Impact Factor 1.931
2011 Impact Factor 1.975
2010 Impact Factor 2.269
2009 Impact Factor 2.383
2008 Impact Factor 1.946
2007 Impact Factor 1.509
2006 Impact Factor 1.067
2005 Impact Factor 0.919
2004 Impact Factor 0.742
2003 Impact Factor 0.511
2002 Impact Factor 0.408
2001 Impact Factor 0.39
2000 Impact Factor 0.363
1999 Impact Factor 0.261
1998 Impact Factor 0.326
1997 Impact Factor 0.257
1996 Impact Factor 0.326
1995 Impact Factor 0.146
1994 Impact Factor 0.128
1993 Impact Factor 0.134
1992 Impact Factor 0.254

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.35
Cited half-life 6.70
Immediacy index 0.33
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.68
Website Injury website
Other titles Injury
ISSN 0020-1383
OCLC 1715915
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Globally, injury is the fourth major cause of death and the third leading contributor to Disability Adjusted Life Years lost due to health conditions, with the greatest burden borne by low-middle income countries (LMICs) where injury data is scarce. In the absence of effective vital registration systems, mortuaries have been shown to provide an alternative source of cause of death information for practitioners and policy makers to establish strategic injury prevention policies and programs. This evaluation sought to assess the feasibility of implementing a standardised fatal injury data collection process to systematically collect relevant fatal injury data from mortuaries. The process evaluation is described. A manual including a one page data collection form, coding guide, data dictionary, data entry and analysis program was developed through World Health Organization and Monash University Australia collaboration, with technical advice from an International Advisory Group. The data collection component was piloted in multiple mortuaries, in five LMICs (Egypt, India, Sri-Lanka, Tanzania and Zambia). Process evaluation was based on a questionnaire completed by each country's Principal Investigator. Questionnaires were completed for data collections in urban and rural mortuaries between September 2010 and February 2011. Of the 1795 reported fatal injury cases registered in the participating mortuaries, road traffic injury accounted for the highest proportion of cases, ranging from 22% to 87%. Other causes included burns, poisoning, drowning and falls. Positive system attributes were feasibility, acceptability, usefulness, timeliness, and simplicity and data field completeness. Some limitations included short duration of the pilot studies, limited injury data collector training and apparent underreporting of cases to the medico-legal system or mortuaries. The mortuary has been shown to be a potential data source for identifying injury deaths and their circumstances and monitoring injury trends and risk factors in LMICs. However, further piloting is needed, including in rural areas and training of forensic pathologists and data-recorders to overcome some of the difficulties experienced in the pilot countries. The key to attracting ongoing funding and support from governments and donors in LMICs for fatal injury surveillance lies in further demonstrating the usefulness of collected data. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Injury 06/2015; 18. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.06.005
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    ABSTRACT: This case describes a 46 year-old lady with an -dislocation. The patient complained of severe, increasing pain in the foot, made worse by passive dorsiflexion of the toes. Due to the severity of pain we urgently decompressed this patient's foot with a two incision, dorsal foot fasciotomy.
    Injury 06/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.06.006
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    ABSTRACT: There is a substantial concern among spine surgeons that healthcare reform efforts will alter the processes through which spinal care is delivered and decrease overall quality. We used the Statewide Inpatient Dataset for Massachusetts to evaluate changes in hospital processes and quality of care for patients with cervical fractures following the implementation of health reform. This was a pre-post retrospective analysis of patients (n=9,387) treated for cervical fractures in Massachusetts between 2003-2006 and 2008-2010. Changes in hospital processes (surgical intervention, length of stay (LOS) and environment of care) and quality of care (mortality, complications, reoperation and failure to rescue (FTR)) were the outcomes of interest. FTR is a quality measure that evaluates a hospital's capacity to avoid mortality following the occurrence of a sentinel complication. Patients treated between 2003 and 2006 were considered the pre-reform group. The post-reform cohort consisted of those treated from 2008 to 2010. Baseline differences between cohorts were evaluated using chi-square or Mann-Whitney U tests. Unadjusted comparisons between the dependent variables and the onset of healthcare reform were performed, followed by regression techniques that adjusted for differences in case-mix and whether a surgical intervention was performed. Multivariable logistic regression was used for categorical variables and negative binomial regression was employed for continuous variables. The rates of surgical intervention remained unchanged pre- and post-reform (p=0.25). Hospital length of stay (RC: -0.18, 95% CI: -0.22, -0.14) and the FTR rate following surveillance insensitive complications (OR: 0.49, 95% CI: 0.25, 0.94) were significantly reduced following health reform. Post-reform, academic centers experienced a 22% reduction in mortality (95% CI: 0.61, 0.99) a 40% decrease in FTR (95% CI: 0.40, 0.89), a 30% decrease in surveillance insensitive complications (95% CI: 0.51, 0.96) and a 67% reduction in FTR after surveillance insensitive morbidity (95% CI: 0.11, 0.94). In the period following Massachusetts healthcare reform, significant improvements were noted in hospital process and quality measures around the care of patients with cervical spine fractures. Such findings were particularly robust among academic centers. These results may forecast changes in the delivery of spine surgical care following other health reform initiatives. Level of Evidence III. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Injury 05/2015; 33. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.05.044
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    ABSTRACT: Achilles tendon ruptures are becoming more common. Complications after open or minimally invasive surgery are: recurrent rupture (2-8%), wound breakdown, deep infections, granuloma, and fistulas. The authors expose their experience with a personal technique. In 8 patients with acute rupture of Achilles tendon the surgery was performed at least 25 days after trauma. Clinical exam and MR demonstrated in all case a total lesion of tendon. After a posterolateral skin incision the tendon stumps were debrided and suture in end-to-end fashion. A tendon flap was harvested from the proximal part of the tendon, in order to protect and reinforce the suture itself. A plaster cast was applied for 3 weeks and the patients started the rehabilitation protocol. After 4 months all patients returned to pre-injury daily activities. The mean follow up was 13 months (ranged between 6 and 24 months). No major complications occurred. The posterolateral skin incision, not above the tendon, preserves the vascularity of the soft tissues, allows identifying and not accidentally injuring the sural nerve, and prevents the cutaneous scar is overlapped the tendon. In this way is favoured physiological tendon sliding. The preparation of the flap tendon does not weaken the overall strength of the tendon and protects the tendon suture. The tension on sutured stumps is less than being spread over a larger area. In our sample of 8 patients the absence of short-and long-term complications and the rapid functional recovery after surgery suggest that the technique used is safe and effective. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Injury 05/2015; 117. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.05.014
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    ABSTRACT: Current literatures describe good clinical outcomes of acute displaced fracture of clavicle treated with minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO). But, there are little comparative data of the outcomes between open plating and MIPO techniques. We compared the outcomes of open plating and MIPO for treatment of acute displaced clavicular shaft fractures. The author performed a retrospective review on a consecutive series of patients with clavicular shaft fracture who underwent open plating or MIPO. Fourteen patients were treated with open plating with interfragmentary screw fixation, and 19 were treated with the MIPO technique without exposing a fracture site itself. A superior plating method was applied to both groups. Patient demographics, clinical outcomes using Constant score and University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score, operation time, union rate, complications, and radiographic evaluation were evaluated. There were no statistically significant differences in the demographic data, including patient's variables (age, gender, involved side, smoking, alcohol, and diabetic status) and fracture characteristics (trauma mechanism, distribution of fracture type, presence of polytrauma, and time from trauma to surgery) between the two groups. Mean operation time was 87.5min in open plating and 77.2min in MIPO (p=0.129). The mean time to union was 15.7 weeks in patients who underwent open plating and 16.8 weeks in patients who underwent MIPO (p=0.427). Although there was no significant difference, nonunion developed 1 case in MIPO while none was in open plating. Four patients in open plating had skin numbness (none in MIPO, p=0.024). There was no significant difference in the Constant score and UCLA score of the two surgical methods. This study showed that both open plating with interfragmentary screw fixation (Open plating) and minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) are equally effective and safe treatment methods for acute displaced clavicle shaft fracture. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Injury 05/2015; 19. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.05.038
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoporotic posterior ring fractures of the pelvis are common injuries in the elderly, but the treatment of these fractures still remains controversial. Percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation is one surgical option if conservative treatment cannot provide sufficient pain reduction. The aim of this study is to provide short-term results of elderly patients with percutaneous screw fixation. 30 patients with posterior ring fractures were treated between 12/2009 and 01/2014 with percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation. Patients' mean age was 78.4 years. Concerning short-term outcome, we focused on initial pain level and postoperative pain reduction together with intra- and postoperative complications. The average hospital stay was 23.7 days, with surgical treatment performed after an average of 9.2 days. 90% of our patients were female. All 30 patients had a lower level of pain at discharge compared with admission or immediately prior to surgery. The difference in pain level at admission compared with the pain level upon discharge showed a mean reduction from 6.8 to 1.8 with a statistically significant change (P≤0.001). 24 of 30 patients had no registered complications, one screw malpositioning with postoperative nerve irritation occurred. Conventional percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation is a successful operative treatment for elderly patients with persistent lower back pain after unstable posterior ring fractures of the pelvis. Intra- and postoperative complications are rare, so this treatment can be regarded as a safe procedure. IV (retrospective study). Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Injury 05/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.04.036
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    ABSTRACT: Tibial plateau fractures account for approximately 1% of all fractures. They usually occur after a direct high-energy trauma. Despite adequate treatment, these fractures can result in malalignment and secondary osteoarthritis (OA). Research concerning long-term functional outcome is limited. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate mid- to long-term functional outcome of surgically treated tibial plateau fractures. The secondary aim was to investigate whether radiological characteristics of OA one year after surgery are predictive of functional outcome at follow-up.
    Injury 05/2015; 294. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.05.035
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    ABSTRACT: Morbidity and mortality from intentional and unintentional injury accounts for a high burden of disease in low- and middle-income countries. In addition to prevention measures, interventions that increase healthcare capacity to manage injuries may be an effective way to decrease morbidity and mortality. A trauma curriculum tailored to low-resource settings was implemented in Managua, Nicaragua utilising traditional didactic methods and novel low-cost simulation methods. Knowledge gain in attending and senior residents was subsequently assessed by using pre- and post-written tests, and by scoring pre- and post-simulation scenarios.
    Injury 05/2015; 380. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.05.021
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    ABSTRACT: It has been well recognised that a deficit of numbers and function of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) cells (Treg) is attributed to the development of autoimmune diseases and inflammatory diseases; additionally, IL-17-producing cells (Th17) have a pro-inflammatory role. The balance between Th17 and Treg may be essential for maintaining immune homeostasis and has long been thought as one of the important factors in the development/prevention of autoimmune diseases and inflammatory diseases. In our previous research, we explored that cytokines (IL-17) and the balance of Treg/Th17 had a significant relevance with tissue (lung) inflammation and injury in acute-phase after multiple-trauma. To more verify whether an imbalance of Treg/Th17 is characteristic of rats suffering from multiple trauma. Using IL-17 monoclonal antibody (IL-17mAb)-treated multiple-trauma rat, we tested the pathogenic role of IL-17 in the development of multiple-trauma. Rat models were treated respectively with IL-17mAb or rat IgG 2A isotype control or phosphate-buffered solution after model was established. Normal rats only received anaesthesia and cannulation were taken as sham. Rats in each group were killed respectively at the end of 1h, 4h, 8h after injection. Collected serum and lung samples for assessment dynamically of MPO, IL-17, IL-6, and TGF-β-mRNA, and cytokine (IL-17, IL-6, TGF-β) and lung tissue for pulmonary histological analysis. Neutralisation of IL-17 with anti-IL-17 can decrease serum IL-17 level and the IL-17-mRNA transcript level in lung, and ameliorate tissue inflammatory, defer disease course. Our data suggest that IL-17 is crucially involved in the pathogenesis of multiple-trauma in rat, IL-17 inhibition might ameliorate the lung inflammation in acute-phase after multiple-trauma. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Injury 05/2015; 94. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.05.016
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of geriatric ankle fractures will undoubtedly increase as the population continues to grow. Many geriatric patients struggle to function independently after such injury and often require placement into nursing homes. The morbidity and mortality associated with nursing homes is well documented within the field of orthopaedic surgery. However, there is currently no study examining the mortality associated with nursing home placement following hospitalization for an ankle fracture. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if geriatric patients admitted to nursing homes following an ankle fracture experience elevated mortality rates.
    Injury 05/2015; 51. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.05.020
  • Injury 05/2015; 46. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.05.012
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    ABSTRACT: Fractures of the proximal tibial epiphysis are not commonly seen and most often occur in young male adolescents. In this article four cases of tuberosity fractures will be discussed. Also the pathophysiology, classification, and treatment of these fractures will be outlined. An additional modification of the Watson-Jones classification will be suggested by the authors.
    Injury 05/2015; 41. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.05.039
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, several cases of clinical failure have been reported for the Proximal Femoral Locking Compression Plate (PF-LCP). The current study was designed to explore biomechanically the underlying mechanism and to determine whether the observed failure was due to technical error on insertion or to implant design. A foam block model simulating an unstable intertrochanteric fracture was created for 3 study groups with 6 specimens each. Group C was correctly instrumented according to the manufacturer's guidelines. In Group P and Group A, the first or second proximal screw was placed with a posterior or anterior off-axis orientation by 2° measured in the transversal plane, respectively. Each construct was cyclically tested until failure using a test setup and protocol simulating complex axial and torsional loading. Radiographs were taken prior to and after the tests. Force, number of cycles to failure and failure mode were compared. A screw deviation of 2° from the nominal axis led to significantly earlier construct failure in Group P and Group A in comparison to Group C. The failure mode was characterised by loosening of the off-axis screw due to disengagement with the plate, resulting in loss of construct stiffness and varus collapse of the fracture. In our biomechanical test setup, the clinical failure modes observed with the PF-LCP were reproducible. A screw deviation of 2° from the nominal axis consistently led to the failure. This highlights how crucial is the accurate placement of locking screws in the proximal femur. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Injury 05/2015; 34. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.05.034
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    ABSTRACT: Selected patients in traumatic cardiac arrest may benefit from pre-hospital thoracotomy. Pre-hospital care physicians rarely have surgical training and the procedure is rarely performed in most European systems. Limited data exists to inform teaching and training for this procedure. We set out to run a pilot study to determine the time required to perform a thoracotomy and the a priori defined complication rate. We adapted an existing system operating procedure requiring four instruments (Plaster-of-Paris shears, dressing scissors, non-toothed forceps, scalpel) for this study. We identified a convenience sample of surgically trained and non-surgically trained participants. All received a training package including a lecture, practical demonstration and cadaver experience. Time to perform the procedure, anatomical accuracy and a priori complication rates were assessed. The mean total time for the clamshell thoracotomy from thoracic incision to delivery of the heart was 167s (02:47min:sec). There was no statistical difference in the time to complete the procedure or complication rate among surgeons, non-surgeons and students. The complication rate dropped from 36% in the first attempt to 7% in the second attempt but this was not statistically significant. This is a pilot study and small numbers of participants arguably saw it underpowered to define differences between study groups. Clamshell thoracotomy can be taught using cadaver models. In this simulated environment, the procedure may be performed rapidly with minimum equipment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Injury 05/2015; 19. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2015.05.045