The Indian journal of surgery (Indian J Surg )

Publisher: Association of Surgeons of India

Description

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  • 5-year impact
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  • Other titles
    Indian journal of surgery (Online)
  • ISSN
    0019-5650
  • OCLC
    60648639
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Appendicitis is a common surgical abdominal disease with various presentations. Its diagnosis may be obscured by asymptomatic congenital anatomical anomalies like midgut malrotation. Midgut malrotation is a rare fetal anomaly resulting from incomplete or failure of midgut rotation and fixation. It is mostly presented with bowel obstruction or volvulus in early life. Presentation in adult is rare. Here, we report an elderly patient presented with left lower abdominal pain and urinary tract infection. Abdominal computed tomography revealed left-sided appendicitis with non-rotational-type midgut malrotation. Clinicians should bear in mind the possibility of underlying midgut malrotation, as appendicitis could be the first presentation of this rare congenital condition.
    The Indian journal of surgery 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to present the challenges faced in the management of multiple impacted foreign bodies, needles, and screws from the penile and bulbar urethra. A young man presented with complaint of a hard perineal swelling and passage of metallic nails per urethra. Pelvic radiograph revealed multiple foreign bodies (nails) in the penile and bulbar urethra. Successful cystoscopic removal of 11 foreign bodies comprising four large metallic screws and seven nail-like large sewing needles was done in two sessions. The most prevalent motivation for self-insertion of urethral foreign bodies is autoerotism/psychological impairment. Appropriate surgical technique guided by physical examination/ imaging with endoscopic removal is often successful, depending on the object’s physical attributes and morphology while minimizing urothelial trauma and preserving voiding and erectile function. Follow-up cystourethroscopy is important for diagnosing any complications and urothelial injuries.
    The Indian journal of surgery 10/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Congenital cystic dilation of the biliary duct is defined as choledochal cyst (CDC). CDC presenting with the classical triad of abdominal pain, lump, and jaundice is seen in only 6 % cases. Cyst excision with hepaticojejunostomy is the standard treatment worldwide. We hereby report five cases of CDC with unusual presentations (gastric outlet obstruction, cyst perforation, giant cystolithiasis, giant cyst, and mixed type) and discuss the challenges faced during the diagnosis and perioperative management of these cases.
    The Indian journal of surgery 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Traumatic abdominal wall hernia after blunt trauma is a rare entity. They can easily be overlooked in patients who have multiple trauma, as its signs and symptoms may be variable due to the presence of multiple injuries. Imaging with computed tomography or ultrasound confirms the diagnosis as well as identifying any associated injuries. Although surgery is the standard treatment for traumatic abdominal wall hernias, there is no consensus on the early or late repair of the defect. Some authors recommend early surgical intervention in order to avoid the risk of intra-abdominal organ injury, incarceration, and strangulation. In this study, we report our experience in three cases, which did not involve emergency surgery. Long-term outcome is successful. Elective hernia repair may be safe and feasible in stable patients.
    The Indian journal of surgery 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Tracheotomy is commonly performed for the management of upper airway compromise. Trauma and head and neck cancers are the most frequent indications. The objective of this study was to share our experience with tracheotomy performed for a broad range of malignancies including but not limited to head and neck cancer. This study is a retrospective case series of patients who underwent tracheotomy from January 2004 to June 2012 at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Lahore, Pakistan. A total of 130 patients were included in the study. Patient demographics, indications for tracheotomy, underlying malignancy, and duration of follow-up were assessed. Main indications were elective (prolonged intubation and/or as a prerequisite for head and neck cancer surgery) and emergency (stridor). Outcome was assessed on a basis of successful decannulation and complications related to tracheotomy. Indications for tracheotomy were elective in 55 (44.7 %) and emergent in 75 (55.3 %) patients. Most common underlying malignancy was leukemia/lymphoma in 38 (29.2 %) patients. There were seven (5.3 %) complications in emergency tracheotomies including bleeding in three, emphysema in two, and dislodgement and infection in one patient each. In the elective setting, three (2.3 %) complications were observed with dislodgement in one and stomal stenosis in two patients. Decannulation was successfully carried out in 23 (18 %) patients. Median follow-up of patients was 1 month (range 0–86). No tracheotomy-related mortality was observed. Tracheotomy was performed with relative safety in cancer patients, but low rate of successful decannulation predominantly due to persistent nature of disease.
    The Indian journal of surgery 04/2014;
  • The Indian journal of surgery 01/2014;
  • The Indian journal of surgery 01/2014;
  • The Indian journal of surgery 11/2013;
  • The Indian journal of surgery 10/2013;
  • The Indian journal of surgery 08/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract: Primary hyperparathyroidism is a disease commonly seen in patients above 60 years of age. It is the most common cause of asymptomatic or symptomatic hypercalcemia, usually found incidentally on routine check-ups Surgical treatment is the only definitive treatment of choice in the symptomatic patient; however, it can also be employed in asymptomatic patients. First described in 1925, bilateral neck exploration is the gold standard of treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism. The recent interest in minimally invasive surgeries has led to better and improved techniques of neck exploration with improved cosmetic results and lesser chances of transient or permanent hypoparathyroidism due to inadvertent removal of normally functioning parathyroid tissue. These include unilateral neck explorations, minimally invasive parathyroidectomies and minimally invasive radioguided parathyroidectomy. The intact parathyroid hormone assays have greatly added to the detection of normal and abnormal functioning glands, hence better surgical outcomes.
    The Indian journal of surgery 03/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The pedicle of the anterolateral thigh flap is formed by the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery. Recently, an oblique branch of lateral circumflex femoral artery was described by Wei et al., which can also be used as an alternative to the descending branch. We describe a case in which both the pedicles were used to create two free flaps (twin flaps) from the same thigh for post tumour reconstruction of breast.
    The Indian journal of surgery 03/2013;
  • The Indian journal of surgery 01/2013;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Brachial plexus avulsion results from excessive stretching and can occur secondary to motor vehicle accidents, mainly in motorcyclists. In a 28-year-old man with panavulsive brachial plexus palsy, we describe an alternative technique to repair brachial plexus avulsion and to stabilize and preserve shoulder function by transferring the contralateral spinal accessory nerve to the suprascapular nerve. We observed positive clinical and electromyographic results in sternocleidomastoid, trapezius, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, pectoralis, triceps, and biceps, with good outcome and prognosis for shoulder function at 12 months after surgery. This technique provides a unique opportunity for patients suffering from severe brachial plexus injuries and lacking enough donor nerves to obtain shoulder stability and mobility while avoiding bone fusion and preserving functionality of the contralateral shoulder with favorable postoperative outcomes.
    The Indian journal of surgery 01/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of appendicitis is based on clinical picture. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse variation of outcomes and impact of increasing use of radiological investigations and laparoscopy over a 5-year period. A retrospective audit of appendicectomies over the last 5 years (01 January 2007–31 December 2011) was conducted. The negative appendicectomy rate (NAR), perforation rate and complication rate were used as outcome endpoints. A statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the difference in outcomes with surgical approach and use of radiology. One thousand fifty-five appendicectomies were performed in this period. The NAR was 22.65 % (21 % for open and 28 % for laparoscopic) and perforation rate was 14 %. There was no statistically significant difference in NAR with the use of ultrasound (P 0.3814) but there was a significant reduction in NAR with the use of computed tomography (CT) (P <0.0001). Intra-abdominal abscess (2.3 %) and wound infection (1.4 %) were the common complications with the former being higher with laparoscopy and the latter with open appendicectomy. Over 5 years, there were no significant changes in appendicectomy outcomes. The impact of diagnostic imaging on NAR varies with age, gender and the use of CT. CT can significantly reduce the negative appendicectomy rate in equivocal presentations. Complication rates vary with surgical approach.
    The Indian journal of surgery 01/2013;