Indian Journal of Cancer (Indian J Canc )

Publisher: Indian Cancer Society, Medknow Publications

Description

Medknow Publications on behalf of Indian Cancer Society

  • Impact factor
    1.13
  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
    5.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.00
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.00
  • Website
    Indian Journal of Cancer website
  • Other titles
    Indian journal of cancer, Indian j can
  • ISSN
    0019-509X
  • OCLC
    53093471
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Medknow Publications

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Non-commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Gutkha and pan masala contain harmful and carcinogenic chemicals. Hence, Maharashtra Government banned their manufacture, storage, distribution and sale on 19 th July 2012 for a year. Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the impact of the ban on gutkha and pan masala on its users and vendors. Materials and Methods: A cross- sectional study was conducted among gutkha and/or pan masala users and tobacco vendors in the selected area of Mumbai city, 4-6 months after the implementation of the ban. The parameters studied included knowledge regarding the ban, usage or discontinuation of use of the banned products, product availability, withdrawal symptoms among quitters, etc., Results: A total of 68 users and five tobacco vendors were enrolled in this study. Although all users were aware about the ban on gutkha, very few knew about the ban on pan masala. Only 5.9% of users knew that currently the ban had been declared for only 1 year. Electronic media was the main source of information regarding the ban as reported by 45.6% users. All users and vendors were in favor of the ban. After the ban, 23.53% gutkha users quit their habit while 55.88% reduced their gutkha consumption. Non-availability of gutkha was the most important reason stated by the gutkha users for quitting or reducing the consumption. In spite of the ban, gutkha is still available in the market, but at an increased cost or in a different form. Conclusion: Nearly 23.53% of gutkha users have quit their habit post-ban despite its availability through illegal sources.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 04/2014; 51(2):129-132.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Proteomics is increasingly employed in both neurological and oncological research, and applied widely in every area of neuroscience research including brain cancer. Astrocytomas are the most common glioma and can occur in most parts of the brain and occasionally in the spinal cord. Patients with high-grade astrocytomas have a life expectancy of <1 year even after surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Materials and Methods: We extracted proteins from tumors and normal brain tissues and then evaluated the protein purity by Bradford test and spectrophotometry method. In this study, we separated proteins by the two-dimensional (2DG) gel electrophoresis method, and the spots were analyzed and compared using statistical data. Results: On each analytical 2D gel, an average of 800 spots was observed. In this study, 164 spots exhibited up-regulation of expression level, whereas the remaining 179 spots decreased in astrocytoma tumor relative to normal tissue. Results demonstrate that functional clustering and principal component analysis (PCA) has considerable merits in aiding the interpretation of proteomic data. Proteomics is a powerful tool in identifying multiple proteins that are altered following a neuropharmacological intervention in a disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Conclusion: 2-D gel and cluster analysis have important roles in the diagnostic management of astrocytoma patients, providing insight into tumor biology. The application of proteomics to CNS research has invariably been very successful in yielding large amounts of data.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 04/2014; 51(2):159-162.
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is defined by the lack of expression of the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER 2)/neu. It has been identified as an independent poor prognostic factor for survival. The aim of this study was to compare the clinico-pathological characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with TNBC and non-TNBC. Materials and Methods: We carried out an analysis of 706 patients with invasive breast cancer between January 2007 and December 2011 in whom information on the status of ER, PR, and HER2/neu were available. Results: One hundred and fifty-five patients (21.9%) patients had TNBC. Patients with TNBC had a significantly lower median age [46.2 vs. 49.8 years; P = 0.005, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.98 to 2.38] and a higher proportion of high-grade tumors as compared to the non-TNBC group (43 vs. 24%; P < 0.0001). After a median follow-up of 30 months, the three-year relapse-free survival (RFS) was significantly lower in the TNBC group (76 vs. 64%; log rank P = 0.002). Three-year overall survival (OS) was lower in the TNBC group but not statistically significant. Age <49 years, higher nodal stage, and larger tumor size (>5 cm) were associated with poor outcome. Conclusion: TNBC is significantly associated with younger age and high-grade tumors and constitutes 21.9% of all breast cancers in our institute. Triple negativity was a significantly poor prognostic factor for RFS but not OS.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 04/2014; 51(2):163-166.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Use of any treatment modality in cancer depends not only on the effectiveness of the modality, but also on other factors such as local expertise, tolerance of the modality, cost and prevalence of the disease. Oropharyngeal and laryngeal cancer are the major subsites in which majority of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) literature in the head and neck cancers is available. However, oral cancers form a major subsite in India. Materials And Methods: This is an analysis of a prospectively maintained data on NACT in the head and neck cancers from 2008 to 2012. All these patients were referred for NACT for various indications from a multidisciplinary clinic. Descriptive analysis of indications for NACT in this data base is presented. Results: A total of 862 patients received NACT within the stipulated time period. The sites where oral cavity 721 patients (83.6%), maxilla 41 patients (4.8%), larynx 33 patients (3.8%), laryngopharynx 8 patients (0.9%) and hypopharynx 59 patients (8.2%). Out of oral cancers, the major indication for NACT was to make the cancer resectable in all (100%) patients. The indication in carcinoma of maxilla was to make the disease resectable in 29 patients (70.7% of maxillary cancers) and in 12 patients (29.3% of maxillary cancers) it was given as an attempt to preserve the eyeball. The indication for NACT in laryngeal cancers was organ preservation in 14 patients (42.4% of larnyngeal cancer) and to achieve resectability in 19 patients (57.6% of larnyngeal cancer). The group with laryngopharynx is a cohort of eight patients in whom NACT was given to prevent tracheostomy, these patients had presented with early stridor (common terminology criteria for adverse events Version 4.02). The reason for NACT in hypopharyngeal cancers was for organ preservation in 24 patients (40.7% of hypopharyngeal cancer) and for achievement of resectability in 35 patients (59.3% of hypopharyngeal cancer). Conclusion: The major indication for NACT is to make disease resectable at our center while cases for organ preservation are few.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 04/2014; 51(2):100-103.
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    ABSTRACT: Cigarette smoking leads to serious epidemics in humans, creating torsion of infection in epithelial cells lining the respiratory tracts. Several researchers in the recent past have theorized that the next generation sequencing (NGS), especially transcriptome sequencing has enhanced understanding lung cancers and other epithelial epidemics. Conversely, pathogenesis specific to lung cancer with respect to molecular fraction of genomic RNA has some mutant effect in various populations like smokers with lung cancer, healthy never smokers and vice versa. Aim: We review the impending impact of NGS data while providing insights into the biology of lung cancer affecting various populations which we believe would be an add-on service for predictive biology approaches. Further we conclude what would be the outcome of such analysis for Indian population. Materials and Methods: Bioinformatics analysis was done using various tools. Results and Discussion: We identified five genes namely EGFR, KRAS, APCDD1, NAPG and PIEZO2 whose role was implicated in lung cancer and further analysis has to be performed to check whether or not the genes are indeed completely involved in causing lung cancer.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Cigarette smoking leads to serious epidemics in humans, creating torsion of infection in epithelial cells lining the respiratory tracts. Several researchers in the recent past have theorized that the next generation sequencing (NGS), especially transcriptome sequencing has enhanced understanding lung cancers and other epithelial epidemics. Conversely, pathogenesis specific to lung cancer with respect to molecular fraction of genomic RNA has some mutant effect in various populations like smokers with lung cancer, healthy never smokers and vice versa. Aim: We review the impending impact of NGS data while providing insights into the biology of lung cancer affecting various populations which we believe would be an add-on service for predictive biology approaches. Further we conclude what would be the outcome of such analysis for Indian population. Materials and Methods: Bioinformatics analysis was done using various tools. Results and Discussion: We identified five genes namely EGFR, KRAS, APCDD1, NAPG and PIEZO2 whose role was implicated in lung cancer and further analysis has to be performed to check whether or not the genes are indeed completely involved in causing lung cancer.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Context: As of today, there is no validated standard method to assess clinical response of breast cancer to neo- adjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). Some centers use clinical dimensions while others use radiological measurements to evaluate response according to RECIST criteria. Aims: The aim was to correlate and compare the clinical, radiological, and pathological parameters for assessing the tumor response in patients of breast cancer receiving NACT. Settings and Design: Single institution, prospective nonrandomized study conducted over a 2-year period. Materials and Methods: Patients with diagnosed breast cancer were assessed for response to NACT prior to surgery using clinical and radiological techniques. This was correlated with pathological reponse which was assessed by measuring gross dimensions and Miller-Payne grading of response to chemotherapy. Statistical Analysis Used: Spearman's rho nonparametric.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):25-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The study objectives were evaluation of clinicopathological characteristics, correlations between the preoperative and postoperative tumor grades, and their implications on lymph node metastasis. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study of 131 cases of endometrial cancer examined and treated at a tertiary regional cancer institute between the years 2003 and 2009. We reviewed the oncology database as well as the clinical records and surgico-pathological registry of all these patients. Statistical Methods Used: All the summary measure computation and Chi-square test for comparing more than one proportion was done in spreadsheet (Excel). Results: The multiparity association with endometrial cancer was commonly seen 113/131 (86.2%). Twelve (9.7%) patients preoperatively diagnosed as Grade 1 tumors upgraded to Grade 3 changes in postoperative specimens and six of these 12 patients (50%) had lymph node metastasis. A total of 14/131 (10.6%) cases had lymph nodes metastasis. Conclusions: There is a poor correlation between the preoperative and the postoperative tumor grades. Routine pelvic lymphadenectomy may be a valuable method in low-risk cases and para-aortic lymphadenectomy may be limited to high-risk endometrial cancers.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):54-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Plasma cell leukemia (PCL) is a rare aggressive variant of multiple myeloma (MM) characterized by a fulminant course and poor prognosis. Flow cytometry (FCM) is very useful in the diagnosis of the plasma cell leukemia. Herein, we present 10 cases of PCL. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively studied immunophenotypic profile of 10 cases of PCL from Jan 2009 to Dec 2013 using 5 parameters, 6 color flow cytometric analysis. We also studied their clinical presentation and other laboratory findings. Results: Common clinical features at presentation were weakness, bone pain, anemia, thrombocytopenia and osteolytic lesions. Plasma cell population were identified by strong expression of CD38 and co-expression of CD38 and CD138. CD56 was expressed in 20% cases. CD19 and CD117 were negative in all cases. Conclusions: Immunophenotyping is highly useful to differentiate PCL from other chronic lymphoproliferative disorders with plasmacytoid morphology as well as from non-neoplastic reactive plasma cells. Co-expression of CD38 and CD138 is a best combination to identify the plasma cells by using FCM.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):18-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Concurrent chemoradiation is the current standard of care in locally advanced head and neck cancer. But, in our setup, many patients of carcinoma larynx are treated with only radical radiotherapy because of poor general condition of the patients. This study was performed to assess the influence radical radiotherapy alone on functional preservation of larynx. Materials and Methods: 110 previously untreated patients with invasive squamous cell carcinoma of larynx were treated with radical radiotherapy alone between January 2006 and June 2009. Conventional one daily fraction of 2 Gy with total doses of 60-66 Gy was used. Voice preservation and local control at median follow-up period of 2 years were analyzed. Several host, tumor, and treatment parameters were also analyzed. Results: Among 110 patients, preservation of larynx was possible in 78 patients (71%). With radical radiotherapy alone, excellent preservation of larynx was achieved in stage I (88.9%) and stage II (75%) disease, while in advanced stages, results were not so encouraging. In stage III and stage IVA, larynx preservation was only 72.4% and 65.3%, respectively. Patients without any cartilage invasion had significantly better laryngeal preservation rate as compared to patients with cartilage invasion. (78.9% vs. 35.3%; P = 0.008). Conclusion: Though concurrent chemoradiation is the standard of care in preservation of voice in laryngeal cancer, definitive radiotherapy alone may also be a good option in terms of preservation of larynx in patients of laryngeal cancer in community practice in the developing world where most of the patients cannot tolerate concurrent chemoradiation.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):10-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Bone marrow involvement by a non-haematological malignancy gives an opportunity to identify the lodgement, invasion of metastatic cells and the response of the host to the tumor cells. The study was undertaken to assess the involvement of bone marrow with non-haematopoietic malignancies and its significance in establishing primary diagnosis in clinically unsuspected cases. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive study which included record review of the departmental archives for the last five years (January 2007 to December 2011). Eighty four cases were studied; which included clinically diagnosed non-haematological malignancy for staging or symptomatic cytopenias/bony lesions (group 1, n = 63), clinically suspected bone marrow metastasis of unknown primary malignancy due to symptomatic cytopenias/bony lesions (group 2, n = 07) and clinically unsuspected malignancy with incidentally detected bone marrow metastasis (group 3, n = 14). Results: Bone marrow metastases of solid tumors were identified in 23 cases (27.3%) which included 9 cases from group 1, 14 cases from group 3 and nil in group 2. Of the 14 cases in group 3, in 12 cases a definitive diagnosis could be made by correlating clinicoradiological findings with morphology and immunohistochemistry. The most common tumor in pediatric cases were neuroblastoma and Ewing's sarcoma (40%) and in adult's adenocarcinoma of gastrointestinal tract (30.7%) was the commonest. Conclusion: Bone marrow metastasis can masquerade as a primary haematopoietic disorder; however its detection has both therapeutic and prognostic significance. Immunohistochemistry is a useful adjunct to morphology in reaching a definitive diagnosis.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):30-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Context: Cancer data from Rajasthan is limited. Only three studies, one from Western Rajasthan, and the other two from Eastern Rajasthan have been published previously. Aims: To find out the spectrum of malignant neoplasms in Jaipur region by studying the proportion and site wise distribution of malignancy cases reported at five major hospitals and pathology centers in Jaipur region. Settings and Design: A retrospective analysis of histopathology records of 5 years (2004-2008) was done. Approximately 200,000 histopathology and cytology reports were analyzed and 34,486 new cancer cases were identified. Statistical Analysis Used: Percentages and proportions. Results: A total of 34,486 new cases of cancers were recorded in five years. There were 58.58% (20202) males and 41.42% (14284) females, with the male to female ratio being 1.41:1. Organ wise, Lung (13.25%), Larynx (5.35%), Oropharynx (5.09%), Brain (4.84%), Tongue (4.62%) and Prostate (4%) were the most common sites involved in males, whereas Breast (25.6%), Cervix (10.26%), Ovary (5.4%), Brain (3.68%), Esophagus (3.4%), Lung (3.01%) and Gall Bladder (2.35%) were common sites for malignancies in females. Conclusions: Significant findings were, a higher frequency of tobacco related cancers i.e., Lung cancer and Head and neck cancer in males, and screening detectable cancers (Breast and Cervix) in females. A higher frequency of Lung cancer in females was also noted as compared to previous studies. An unusually high frequency of Gall Bladder Cancers especially among the female population in this region is also a cause of concern. Our data was compared with the national data.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):45-53.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was to assess the cosmetic outcome of patients undergoing oncoplastic breast conserving surgery in Indian population. Materials and Methods: A prospective cohort of 35 patients who were eligible for breast conservation surgery was included in the study from year 2007 to 2009. Patients with central quadrant tumors were excluded from the study. A double - blind cosmetic assessment was done by a plastic surgeon and a senior nurse not involved in the management of patients. Moreover, self-assessment was carried out by the patient regarding the satisfaction of surgery, comfort with brasserie, social and sexual life after oncoplastic surgery. Results: In this study, 35 patients underwent oncoplastic breast conservation surgery by various techniques. The cosmetic outcome scores of the surgeon and nurse were analyzed for inter rater agreement using inter-class Correlation Coefficients. There was a good association between them. The risk factors for poor cosmetic outcome was studied by univariate analysis and significant correlation was obtained with age, volume of breast tissue excised and estimated percentage of breast volume excised (P < 0.05). Moreover, 96% of patients were moderately to extremely satisfied with the surgery. Patients were offered an option for cosmetic correction of contralateral breast by mastopexy or reduction mammoplasty however, none of them agreed for another procedure. Conclusions: Oncoplastic breast surgery helps to resect larger volume of tissue with wider margins around the tumor. It helps to achieve better cosmesis and extends the indications for breast conservation. Most of the patients were satisfied with mere preservation of the breast mound rather than a symmetrical contralateral breast.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):58-62.
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    ABSTRACT: Context: Current NCCN guidelines do not consider staging laparoscopy mandatory for detection of metastasis in gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) and gastric cancer. Aims: To determine the rate of detection of metastasis on staging laparoscopy in GEJ and gastric cancer in Pakistani population and determine the prognostic significance of cytology versus biopsy positive metastatic disease. Settings and Design: Retrospective study conducted from January 2005 to June 2013. Materials and Methods: Demographics, clinicopathological characteristics and laparoscopic findings of 149 patients were compared. Statistical Analysis Used: Categorical variables were represented as frequencies and percentages and significance was determined using Chi square test. Overall survival was calculated from the date of staging laparoscopy to the date of death/last follow-up. Survival for cytology versus biopsy positive metastatic disease was calculated using Kaplan Meier curves and significance determined with Log rank test. Results: Overall, metastases were detected in 40% of patients on staging. Laparoscopy detected metastasis in significantly high number of gastric cancers (48% versus 28%) (P = 0.01). Peritoneal nodules were more frequent with gastric tumors (40% versus 23%) and also were more likely to be malignant (58% versus 35%). Expected one year survival in patients with positive cytology (peritoneal washing/ascitic fluid) was significantly higher than patients with a positive peritoneal nodule biopsy (29% versus 0) (P = 0.04). On univariate analysis this was the only significant factor for increased risk of death (P = 0.03, HR = 2.5, CI = 1.04-5.98). Conclusions: Staging laparoscopy detects metastatic disease in a significant number of patients deemed non metastatic on preoperative imaging. Prognostically, cytology positive metastatic cancer may be different from biopsy positive cancer.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):15-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To determine the socio-demographic characteristics of cancer patients. Materials and Methods: Review of the Cancer registry, and patient interview. Information on socio-demographic profile, medical history, family history and previous treatment, if any, was retrieved from the patient. If the patient couldn't be contacted then information was taken from pathology/radiotherapy or medical records department. Results: A total of 684 patients participated in the study. More than 40% of males and 53.7% of females were illiterate, P < 0.05. The majority (33.5%) of participants were of low socioeconomic status. The most frequently reported cancer (ca) in males it was ca lung (40.9) and ca oesophagus (9.8). In females most common cancer were ca breast (23.9) followed by ca cervix (11.7).
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):1-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The accurate diagnosis of benign and malign thyroid tumors is very important for the clinical management of patients. The distinction of thyroid papillary carcinoma follicular variant and follicular adenoma can be difficult. Aim: To investigate the alternative methods like immunohistochemistry and exon 15 in the BRAF gene 1799 T/A mutation analyses for distinguishing thyroid tumors. Materials and Methods: We applied immunohistochemical markers; CK19, HMWCK, Galectin-3, HBME-1 and Fibronectin and mutant allele-specific PCR amplification technique was used to determine 1799 T/A mutation within the BRAF gene. Formalin-fixed parafin embedded tissues from 45 surgically total resected thyroids, included 26 thyroid papillary carcinoma follicular variant (FV-TPC), 8 Follicular Adenoma (FA), 6 Minimal invasive follicular carcinoma (MIFC) and 5 Follicular Carcinoma (FC). Statistical Analyses Used: Pearson Chi-Square and Kruskal Wallis tests were performed. Results: There was a positive correlation between FV-TPC and HMWCK, CK 19, HBME1, Galectin 3, fibronectin (P < 0.05), but there was no correlation with FV-TPC and BRAF gene mutation (P > 0.05). HBME-1 and CK 19 stained strong and diffuse positive in FV-TPCs but weak and focal in FAs. Conclusion: Our study suggests that morphologic features combined with immunohistochemical panel of HMWCK, CK19, HBME-1, Galectin-3 and fibronectin can help to distinguish benign and malign thyroid neoplasms and FV-TPC from follicular adenomas. BRAF gene 1799 T/A mutation has been non-specific but its detection can be a useful tool combined with immunohistochemistry for diagnosing FV-TPC.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):63-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Context: Rigosertib, a potent, multi-kinase inhibitor that selectively induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis in cancer cells and is non-toxic to normal cells, is being developed for the treatment of solid tumors and hematological malignancies. Aims: To determine the safety, dose-limiting toxicities, and clinical activity of rigosertib administered by 2-, 4-, or 8-hour continuous IV infusion twice-a-week for 3 weeks out of a 4-week cycle in patients with advanced solid tumor or hematological malignancies; and to confirm the safety and tolerability of the recommended phase 2 dose (RPTD). Settings and Design: Phase 1, open-label, dose-escalation study in men and women ≥18 years of age. Materials and Methods: An escalation phase optimized the duration of infusion (2, 4, or 8 hours) of 3200 mg rigosertib twice-a-week for 3 weeks of a 4-week cycle; an expansion phase confirmed the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). Statistical Analysis Used: All data summaries were descriptive. PK parameters were estimated using compartmental analysis. Results: 25 patients (16 male, 9 female, 26-66 years, all Asian) were treated with rigosertib, 16 in the escalation phase; 9 in the expansion phase. MTD was determined to be 3200 mg as a 4-hour infusion and 2400 mg over 4 hours was declared to be the RPTD. Best response was stable disease in 5 of 14 evaluable patients, with a mean (range) of 90 (43-108) days. Conclusions: 2400 mg rigosertib as a 4-hour infusion was identified as the RPTD. Five patients achieved stable disease lasting 6-16 weeks.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):40-4.

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