Indian Journal of Cancer (Indian J Canc )

Publisher: Indian Cancer Society, Medknow Publications

Journal description

Medknow Publications on behalf of Indian Cancer Society

Current impact factor: 1.13

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2012 Impact Factor 1.131
2011 Impact Factor 1.131

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 5.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Indian Journal of Cancer website
Other titles Indian journal of cancer, Indian j can
ISSN 0019-509X
OCLC 53093471
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Medknow Publications

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Non-commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used
    • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike License
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • All titles are open access journals
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2015; 52(1).
  • Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2015; 52(1).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Use of any treatment modality in cancer depends not only on the effectiveness of the modality, but also on other factors such as local expertise, tolerance of the modality, cost and prevalence of the disease. Oropharyngeal and laryngeal cancer are the major subsites in which majority of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) literature in the head and neck cancers is available. However, oral cancers form a major subsite in India. Materials And Methods: This is an analysis of a prospectively maintained data on NACT in the head and neck cancers from 2008 to 2012. All these patients were referred for NACT for various indications from a multidisciplinary clinic. Descriptive analysis of indications for NACT in this data base is presented. Results: A total of 862 patients received NACT within the stipulated time period. The sites where oral cavity 721 patients (83.6%), maxilla 41 patients (4.8%), larynx 33 patients (3.8%), laryngopharynx 8 patients (0.9%) and hypopharynx 59 patients (8.2%). Out of oral cancers, the major indication for NACT was to make the cancer resectable in all (100%) patients. The indication in carcinoma of maxilla was to make the disease resectable in 29 patients (70.7% of maxillary cancers) and in 12 patients (29.3% of maxillary cancers) it was given as an attempt to preserve the eyeball. The indication for NACT in laryngeal cancers was organ preservation in 14 patients (42.4% of larnyngeal cancer) and to achieve resectability in 19 patients (57.6% of larnyngeal cancer). The group with laryngopharynx is a cohort of eight patients in whom NACT was given to prevent tracheostomy, these patients had presented with early stridor (common terminology criteria for adverse events Version 4.02). The reason for NACT in hypopharyngeal cancers was for organ preservation in 24 patients (40.7% of hypopharyngeal cancer) and for achievement of resectability in 35 patients (59.3% of hypopharyngeal cancer). Conclusion: The major indication for NACT is to make disease resectable at our center while cases for organ preservation are few.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 04/2014; 51(2):100-103.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Proteomics is increasingly employed in both neurological and oncological research, and applied widely in every area of neuroscience research including brain cancer. Astrocytomas are the most common glioma and can occur in most parts of the brain and occasionally in the spinal cord. Patients with high-grade astrocytomas have a life expectancy of <1 year even after surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Materials and Methods: We extracted proteins from tumors and normal brain tissues and then evaluated the protein purity by Bradford test and spectrophotometry method. In this study, we separated proteins by the two-dimensional (2DG) gel electrophoresis method, and the spots were analyzed and compared using statistical data. Results: On each analytical 2D gel, an average of 800 spots was observed. In this study, 164 spots exhibited up-regulation of expression level, whereas the remaining 179 spots decreased in astrocytoma tumor relative to normal tissue. Results demonstrate that functional clustering and principal component analysis (PCA) has considerable merits in aiding the interpretation of proteomic data. Proteomics is a powerful tool in identifying multiple proteins that are altered following a neuropharmacological intervention in a disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Conclusion: 2-D gel and cluster analysis have important roles in the diagnostic management of astrocytoma patients, providing insight into tumor biology. The application of proteomics to CNS research has invariably been very successful in yielding large amounts of data.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 04/2014; 51(2):159-162.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is defined by the lack of expression of the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER 2)/neu. It has been identified as an independent poor prognostic factor for survival. The aim of this study was to compare the clinico-pathological characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with TNBC and non-TNBC. Materials and Methods: We carried out an analysis of 706 patients with invasive breast cancer between January 2007 and December 2011 in whom information on the status of ER, PR, and HER2/neu were available. Results: One hundred and fifty-five patients (21.9%) patients had TNBC. Patients with TNBC had a significantly lower median age [46.2 vs. 49.8 years; P = 0.005, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.98 to 2.38] and a higher proportion of high-grade tumors as compared to the non-TNBC group (43 vs. 24%; P < 0.0001). After a median follow-up of 30 months, the three-year relapse-free survival (RFS) was significantly lower in the TNBC group (76 vs. 64%; log rank P = 0.002). Three-year overall survival (OS) was lower in the TNBC group but not statistically significant. Age <49 years, higher nodal stage, and larger tumor size (>5 cm) were associated with poor outcome. Conclusion: TNBC is significantly associated with younger age and high-grade tumors and constitutes 21.9% of all breast cancers in our institute. Triple negativity was a significantly poor prognostic factor for RFS but not OS.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 04/2014; 51(2):163-166.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to determine the influence of bladder and bowel preparation protocols on the dose-volume histograms (DVHs) of these organs using cone beam CT (CBCT)-based IMRT treatment planning for prostate cancer patients. The pelvic DVHs of 12 prostate cancer patients were studied using CBCT images obtained immediately before each treatment. Six patients had bladder and bowel preparation protocol whilst the other six patients were the control group. Contoured bladder and rectal volumes on CBCT images were compared with planning CT (pCT). All patients were treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with 7800cGy in 39 fractions over 8 weeks. Compared with the patient with bladder preparation protocol, patients without bladder preparation instruction had higher bladder volume and dose variation. The maximum variation in bladder volume was as high as 98% in the control group. Without bowel preparation protocol, the rectal volumes were more variability. Due to the changes in rectal filling on the day of treatment, the maximum variation in rectal volume was as high as +96%. With bowel preparation protocol, the maximum rectum volume variations were less than 25%. The changes in prostate target dose compared to planning dose were minimal as would be expected from positioning with daily image guidance and gold seed implanted.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cigarette smoking leads to serious epidemics in humans, creating torsion of infection in epithelial cells lining the respiratory tracts. Several researchers in the recent past have theorized that the next generation sequencing (NGS), especially transcriptome sequencing has enhanced understanding lung cancers and other epithelial epidemics. Conversely, pathogenesis specific to lung cancer with respect to molecular fraction of genomic RNA has some mutant effect in various populations like smokers with lung cancer, healthy never smokers and vice versa. Aim: We review the impending impact of NGS data while providing insights into the biology of lung cancer affecting various populations which we believe would be an add-on service for predictive biology approaches. Further we conclude what would be the outcome of such analysis for Indian population. Materials and Methods: Bioinformatics analysis was done using various tools. Results and Discussion: We identified five genes namely EGFR, KRAS, APCDD1, NAPG and PIEZO2 whose role was implicated in lung cancer and further analysis has to be performed to check whether or not the genes are indeed completely involved in causing lung cancer.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Context: As of today, there is no validated standard method to assess clinical response of breast cancer to neo- adjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). Some centers use clinical dimensions while others use radiological measurements to evaluate response according to RECIST criteria. Aims: The aim was to correlate and compare the clinical, radiological, and pathological parameters for assessing the tumor response in patients of breast cancer receiving NACT. Settings and Design: Single institution, prospective nonrandomized study conducted over a 2-year period. Materials and Methods: Patients with diagnosed breast cancer were assessed for response to NACT prior to surgery using clinical and radiological techniques. This was correlated with pathological reponse which was assessed by measuring gross dimensions and Miller-Payne grading of response to chemotherapy. Statistical Analysis Used: Spearman's rho nonparametric.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):25-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: The study objectives were evaluation of clinicopathological characteristics, correlations between the preoperative and postoperative tumor grades, and their implications on lymph node metastasis. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study of 131 cases of endometrial cancer examined and treated at a tertiary regional cancer institute between the years 2003 and 2009. We reviewed the oncology database as well as the clinical records and surgico-pathological registry of all these patients. Statistical Methods Used: All the summary measure computation and Chi-square test for comparing more than one proportion was done in spreadsheet (Excel). Results: The multiparity association with endometrial cancer was commonly seen 113/131 (86.2%). Twelve (9.7%) patients preoperatively diagnosed as Grade 1 tumors upgraded to Grade 3 changes in postoperative specimens and six of these 12 patients (50%) had lymph node metastasis. A total of 14/131 (10.6%) cases had lymph nodes metastasis. Conclusions: There is a poor correlation between the preoperative and the postoperative tumor grades. Routine pelvic lymphadenectomy may be a valuable method in low-risk cases and para-aortic lymphadenectomy may be limited to high-risk endometrial cancers.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):54-7.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Concurrent chemoradiation is the current standard of care in locally advanced head and neck cancer. But, in our setup, many patients of carcinoma larynx are treated with only radical radiotherapy because of poor general condition of the patients. This study was performed to assess the influence radical radiotherapy alone on functional preservation of larynx. Materials and Methods: 110 previously untreated patients with invasive squamous cell carcinoma of larynx were treated with radical radiotherapy alone between January 2006 and June 2009. Conventional one daily fraction of 2 Gy with total doses of 60-66 Gy was used. Voice preservation and local control at median follow-up period of 2 years were analyzed. Several host, tumor, and treatment parameters were also analyzed. Results: Among 110 patients, preservation of larynx was possible in 78 patients (71%). With radical radiotherapy alone, excellent preservation of larynx was achieved in stage I (88.9%) and stage II (75%) disease, while in advanced stages, results were not so encouraging. In stage III and stage IVA, larynx preservation was only 72.4% and 65.3%, respectively. Patients without any cartilage invasion had significantly better laryngeal preservation rate as compared to patients with cartilage invasion. (78.9% vs. 35.3%; P = 0.008). Conclusion: Though concurrent chemoradiation is the standard of care in preservation of voice in laryngeal cancer, definitive radiotherapy alone may also be a good option in terms of preservation of larynx in patients of laryngeal cancer in community practice in the developing world where most of the patients cannot tolerate concurrent chemoradiation.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):10-4.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Bone marrow involvement by a non-haematological malignancy gives an opportunity to identify the lodgement, invasion of metastatic cells and the response of the host to the tumor cells. The study was undertaken to assess the involvement of bone marrow with non-haematopoietic malignancies and its significance in establishing primary diagnosis in clinically unsuspected cases. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive study which included record review of the departmental archives for the last five years (January 2007 to December 2011). Eighty four cases were studied; which included clinically diagnosed non-haematological malignancy for staging or symptomatic cytopenias/bony lesions (group 1, n = 63), clinically suspected bone marrow metastasis of unknown primary malignancy due to symptomatic cytopenias/bony lesions (group 2, n = 07) and clinically unsuspected malignancy with incidentally detected bone marrow metastasis (group 3, n = 14). Results: Bone marrow metastases of solid tumors were identified in 23 cases (27.3%) which included 9 cases from group 1, 14 cases from group 3 and nil in group 2. Of the 14 cases in group 3, in 12 cases a definitive diagnosis could be made by correlating clinicoradiological findings with morphology and immunohistochemistry. The most common tumor in pediatric cases were neuroblastoma and Ewing's sarcoma (40%) and in adult's adenocarcinoma of gastrointestinal tract (30.7%) was the commonest. Conclusion: Bone marrow metastasis can masquerade as a primary haematopoietic disorder; however its detection has both therapeutic and prognostic significance. Immunohistochemistry is a useful adjunct to morphology in reaching a definitive diagnosis.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):30-4.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Plasma cell leukemia (PCL) is a rare aggressive variant of multiple myeloma (MM) characterized by a fulminant course and poor prognosis. Flow cytometry (FCM) is very useful in the diagnosis of the plasma cell leukemia. Herein, we present 10 cases of PCL. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively studied immunophenotypic profile of 10 cases of PCL from Jan 2009 to Dec 2013 using 5 parameters, 6 color flow cytometric analysis. We also studied their clinical presentation and other laboratory findings. Results: Common clinical features at presentation were weakness, bone pain, anemia, thrombocytopenia and osteolytic lesions. Plasma cell population were identified by strong expression of CD38 and co-expression of CD38 and CD138. CD56 was expressed in 20% cases. CD19 and CD117 were negative in all cases. Conclusions: Immunophenotyping is highly useful to differentiate PCL from other chronic lymphoproliferative disorders with plasmacytoid morphology as well as from non-neoplastic reactive plasma cells. Co-expression of CD38 and CD138 is a best combination to identify the plasma cells by using FCM.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):18-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Context: Cancer data from Rajasthan is limited. Only three studies, one from Western Rajasthan, and the other two from Eastern Rajasthan have been published previously. Aims: To find out the spectrum of malignant neoplasms in Jaipur region by studying the proportion and site wise distribution of malignancy cases reported at five major hospitals and pathology centers in Jaipur region. Settings and Design: A retrospective analysis of histopathology records of 5 years (2004-2008) was done. Approximately 200,000 histopathology and cytology reports were analyzed and 34,486 new cancer cases were identified. Statistical Analysis Used: Percentages and proportions. Results: A total of 34,486 new cases of cancers were recorded in five years. There were 58.58% (20202) males and 41.42% (14284) females, with the male to female ratio being 1.41:1. Organ wise, Lung (13.25%), Larynx (5.35%), Oropharynx (5.09%), Brain (4.84%), Tongue (4.62%) and Prostate (4%) were the most common sites involved in males, whereas Breast (25.6%), Cervix (10.26%), Ovary (5.4%), Brain (3.68%), Esophagus (3.4%), Lung (3.01%) and Gall Bladder (2.35%) were common sites for malignancies in females. Conclusions: Significant findings were, a higher frequency of tobacco related cancers i.e., Lung cancer and Head and neck cancer in males, and screening detectable cancers (Breast and Cervix) in females. A higher frequency of Lung cancer in females was also noted as compared to previous studies. An unusually high frequency of Gall Bladder Cancers especially among the female population in this region is also a cause of concern. Our data was compared with the national data.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 51(1):45-53.