Hormone and Metabolic Research (HORM METAB RES )

Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag


Covering the fields of endocrinology and metabolism from both a clinical and basic science perspective, this well regarded monthly journal publishes original articles, and short communications on cutting edge topics. Speedy publication time is given high priority, ensuring that endocrinologists worldwide get timely, fast-breaking information as it happens.

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    Hormone and Metabolic Research website
  • Other titles
    Hormone and metabolic research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et métabolisme
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    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

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Georg Thieme Verlag

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    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
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    • Author and Publisher version on author's personal web site
    • Institutional Repository (including PubMed Central) after 12 months
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Link to Publisher version (www.thieme-connect.com) must be included if article has been published online
    • 'Georg Thieme Verlag' is an imprint of 'Thieme Publishing'
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Publications in this journal

  • Hormone and Metabolic Research 01/2010; 42(12):822-886.
  • Hormone and Metabolic Research 01/2010;
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Xenotransplantation of insulin-secreting cells from nonhuman sources is an alternative therapeutic approach to bypass the shortage of human pancreatic islet tissue for transplantation in order to treat insulin deficiency in type 1 diabetes mellitus. Therefore, we studied the suitability of pseudoislets generated from insulin-secreting MIN6 tissue culture cells to serve as a surrogate for replacement of pancreatic islets after encapsulation in a minicell, representing a prototype of a new bioartificial pancreas device. MIN6 pseudoislets showed an excellent insulin secretory responsiveness with a typical biphasic secretory pattern to glucose stimulation. When encapsulated in the minicell, insulin release from the pseudoislets in response to glucose stimulation was reduced. The initial first phase insulin secretory response was greatly attenuated. In contrast, the first phase insulin secretory response of the encapsulated pseudoislets was restored on stimulation with the sulfonylurea drug tolbutamide. Our results indicate that the reason for the attenuated first phase of release is the restricted permeability of the pores in the separating membrane in the minicell for the hydrophilic glucose molecule rather than a limited permeability for the secretion product insulin. The reduced release of insulin from the encapsulated pseudoislets could be compensated by overexpression of glucokinase in MIN6 cells, which resulted in an increased glucose responsiveness of the pseudoislets for stimulation with glucose. Thus, this minicell is a well-suited miniature test system for the evaluation of the feasibility of encapsulation of insulin-secreting cells and allows the testing of permeability properties of separating membranes in bioartificial pancreas devices.
    Hormone and Metabolic Research 11/2008; 41(1):5-9.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), an autocrine/paracrine growth factor involved in myogenesis, has rapid effects on muscle metabolism. In a manner analogous to insulin and mechanical stimuli such as stretch, IGF-I stimulates glucose transport through recruitment of glucose transporters to surface membranes in skeletal muscles. It is known that IGF-I is secreted from skeletal muscle cells in response to stretch. Therefore, we examined whether IGF-I is involved in the mechanism by which mechanical stretch regulates glucose transport using cultured C2C12 myotubes. IGF-I increased 2-deoxy- D-glucose (2-DG) uptake, and this created an additive effect with mechanical stretch, suggesting that these stimuli enhance glucose transport through different mechanisms. In fact, IGF-I-stimulated 2-DG uptake was not blocked by dantrolene (an inhibitor of Ca (2+)release from sarcoplasmic reticulum), whereas the stretch-stimulated effect was abolished. Conversely, the IGF-I-stimulated 2-DG uptake was prevented by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin, which did not prevent the stretch-stimulated 2-DG uptake. In addition, experiments using media conditioned by stretched myotubes indicated that a mechanically induced release of locally acting autocrine/paracrine growth factors was not sufficient for induction of 2-DG uptake. Thus, our results demonstrate that mechanical stretch signaling for glucose transport is independent of the mechanism through which IGF-I increases this transport.
    Hormone and Metabolic Research 11/2008; 41(1):16-22.
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    ABSTRACT: The OPG/RANKL system in primary cultures of human osteoblasts has been studied by different authors. However, very few studies have been performed on gene expression of RANKL and OPG at different stages of maturation on human osteoblast cultures. The effect of 17- beta-estradiol and 1,25dihydroxyvitamin D3 on the OPG/RANKL system is not known during the different states of cellular maturation. In this work we quantified OPG and RANKL protein levels (ELISA) and the mRNA of OPG, RANKL, collagen type I, alkaline phosphatase, and osteocalcin (semi-quantitative RT-PCR) in human osteoblasts. We analyzed these in basal conditions and after incubation with 17- beta-estradiol and 1,25dihydroxyvitamin D3 in the first and second phases. We found that OPG secretion and expression levels increased throughout cellular growth. RANKL proteins were detected only in the first stage, and the expression increased throughout the first phase. Thus, the RANKL/OPG ratio was higher in immature osteoblasts than in mature osteoblasts. The evolution of RANKL gene expression was related to collagen I and alkaline phosphatase, while OPG was related to osteocalcin. We observed no modifications after estradiol and 1,25dihydroxyvitamin D3 treatment. Our results suggest that the OB is a positive stimulator at precocious stages of differentiation on osteoclastogenic modulates.
    Hormone and Metabolic Research 11/2008; 40(12):869-74.
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    ABSTRACT: Adiponectin is an important vascular protective substance whose levels are reduced in states of insulin resistance. The relationships between plasma insulin levels and adiponectin are not fully understood, and it is not known whether it is the elevated circulating levels of insulin or insulin resistance that directly affects adiponectin levels. The present study evaluates the direct effect of chronic hyperinsulinemia on plasma adiponectin levels. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with insulin (n=15) administered by a sustained-release implant or were given a sham implantation (n=10) as a control group. Body weight, systolic blood pressure, plasma glucose, triglycerides, insulin, and adiponectin were measured at baseline and after 20 and 40 d of treatment. Insulin-treated rats and controls showed a similar increase in body weight. The insulin-treated group had a significant increase in plasma insulin levels and a decrease in plasma glucose levels compared with the sham group, with no change in blood pressure or triglyceride levels. Adiponectin levels remained unchanged despite the significant increase in insulin levels. High circulating insulin levels do not affect plasma adiponectin levels. These results support the concept that the primary defect that results in insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia is responsible for the altered plasma adiponectin levels in the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.
    Hormone and Metabolic Research 11/2008; 41(1):46-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus blocks protection by ischemic preconditioning (IPC), but the mechanism is not known. We investigated the effect of ischemic preconditioning on mitogen-activated protein kinases (extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2, c-Jun N-terminal kinases, p38 mitogen-activated kinase) and heat shock protein 27 phosphorylation in diabetic and nondiabetic rat hearts in vivo. Two groups of anaesthetized nondiabetic and diabetic rats underwent a preconditioning protocol (3 cycles of 3 min coronary artery occlusion and 5 min of reperfusion). Two further groups served as untreated controls. Hearts were excised for protein measurements by Western blot. Four additional groups underwent 25 min of coronary occlusion followed by 2 h of reperfusion to induce myocardial infarction. In these animals, infarct size was measured. IPC reduced infarct size in the nondiabetic rats but not in the diabetic animals. In diabetic rats, IPC induced phosphorylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases and of heat shock protein 27. We conclude that protection by IPC is blocked by diabetes mellitus in the rat heart in vivo without affecting phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases or heat shock protein 27. Therefore, the blockade mechanism of diabetes mellitus is downstream of mitogen-activated kinases and heat shock protein 27.
    Hormone and Metabolic Research 10/2008; 41(1):10-5.

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