Genetika (Genetika)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Russian version of Russian Journal of Genetics (1022-7954).

Current impact factor: 0.37

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2011 Impact Factor 0.44
1998 Impact Factor 0.326
1997 Impact Factor 0.306

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 3.60
Immediacy index 0.06
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Genetika website
ISSN 0016-6758

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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  • Classification
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Publications in this journal

  • Genetika 04/2015; 51(4):395-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The review describes integrated experimental and computer approaches to the investigation of the mechanisms of transcriptional regulation of the organization of eukaryotic genes and transcription regulatory regions. These include (a) an analysis of the factors affecting the affinity of TBP (TATA-binding protein) for the TATA box; (b) research on the patterns of chromatin mark distributions and their role in the regulation of gene expression; (c) a study of 3D chromatin organization; (d) an estimation of the effects of polymorphisms on gene expression via high-resolution Chip-seq and DNase-seq techniques. It was demonstrated that integrated experimental and computer approaches are very important for the current understanding of transcription regulatory mechanisms and the structural and functional organization of the regulatory regions controlling transcription.
    Genetika 04/2015; 51(4):409-29.
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    ABSTRACT: Molecular-genetic analysis of cyanophages of the family Myoviridae from the associated community of the endemic Baikal sponge Lubomirskia baicalensis was carried out based on the g20 gene fragment. A large cyanophage diversity according to the g20 marker gene was found in the sponge. The Baikal sponge cyanophages were shown to be similar to those inhabiting plankton. Moreover, specific cyanophage groups that are significantly different from all of the known groups inhabiting the Lake Baikal were revealed.
    Genetika 03/2015; 51(3):384-8.
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    ABSTRACT: A collection of spring hexaploid triticale varieties and promising breeding lines has been examined for the presence of wheat Rht-B1b, Rht-B1e, and Rht8c semidwarfing genes and the rye Hl semidwarfing gene. It was discovered in spring triticale that these semidwarfing genes are represented by only one, the Rht-B1b wheat gene. The presence of this gene is associated with shortening of spring triticale plants by 28 cm on average, which constituted 26% of their initial height. Rht-B1b was found in all of the studied commercial varieties of spring triticale, which rendered it possible to conclude that plant height reduction is a necessary condition for increasing the competitiveness of this crop culture.
    Genetika 03/2015; 51(3):334-40.
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    ABSTRACT: Backfat thickness (BFT) and average daily gain (ADG) are two important economic traits in commercial swine production. Identifying QTLs and uncovering the molecular mechanism for BFT and ADG would greatly help to speed up the breeding progress. In current breeding program, EBV for these two traits are calculated and formulated a comprehensive breeding index, which then be used to improve pig performance. Using Illumina PorcineSNP60 BeadChip, a pilot genomewide association studies (GWAS) for BFT and ADG in 83 Duroc pigs were performed. A total of 31 genome-wise significant SN Ps were detected to be associated with BFT on SSC 4, 9, 11, 12 and 14, ten of which were coincident with previously reported QTL regions. There are two genome-wise loci prominently associated with ADG on SSC2 and SSC13, respectively. The two loci on SSC2 are well overlapped with the QTL regions previously reported. All the 31 significant SNPs associated with BFT are verified on 219 outbreed pigs, six SN Ps reach an extreme significant level and seven SNP reaches a significant level, CACNA1E and ACBD6 are chosen as positional candidate genes. Our findings not only confirmed previously findings, but also revealed a number of novel SNPs associated with BFT and ADG. Two positional candidate genes CACNA1E and ACBD6 were identified for further study. These results would facilitate the identification of causative genes for BFT and ADG.
    Genetika 03/2015; 51(3):371-378. DOI:10.7868/S0016675814100087
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    ABSTRACT: This paper studies the origin and the genetic and morphological diversity of the pumpkinseed sunfish, a North American invader that is actively expanding its range in the Northern Black Sea Coast. Based on an analysis of variability of the nucleotide sequence of the mtDNA cyt b locus, it was found that all populations of the Northern Black Sea Coast (basins of Dnieper, Dniester, and Danube rivers) are represented by one haplotype. Intraspecific variability is absent. Phylogeographic analysis revealed that the most related haplotype is in a population of pumpkinseed sunfish from New Germany Lake in the Potomac Riverbasin (Maryland, United States), which makes it possible to consider it a parent of the investigated populations. Morphological variation oin countable traits was highly homogeneous. Significant differentiation of a sample from the population of the Dnieper Reservoir from the populations of the Danube and Dniester was found for plastic traits of both the body and cranium. Analysis of the trajectories of development showed that the Dnieper is inhabited by a "pelagic" morpho-ecological form of pumpkinseed sunfish, while the Dniester and Danube is inhabited by a "littoral" form. It is suggested that the success of the settlement of this North American species in the Northern Black Sea Coast does not depend on the origin or the level of its genetic diversity but is instead likely to be ensured by the realization of its available discrete morpho-ecological variability.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):217-26.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this work was to search for associations between the serotonin receptor 2C gene (HTR2C) and the peculiarities of social behavior and social cognition in schizophrenia. To do this, patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and healthy control subjects were genotyped for the Cys23Ser HTR2C marker and underwent psychological examination, including assessment of Machiavellianism, recognition of emotions in facial expression, and theory of mind. In addition, we estimated the trait anxiety level as a potential factor affecting the relationship between the gene HTR2C and social behavior. We found a significant association between the Ser allele and a reduction of estimates on the Mach-LV Machiavellianism scale in the total sample of patients (n = 182) and control subjects (n = 189), which did not reach the confidence level in either of the groups. A tendency towards a HTR2C gene influence on the trait anxiety level was also revealed. The association between HTR2C and Machiavellianism was retained if the anxiety level was taken into account. The results suggest a pleiotropic effect of HTR2Con anxiety and Machiavellianism.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):242-7. DOI:10.1134/S1022795415010020
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    ABSTRACT: The distribution of genotypes and alleles of Q192R polymorphism of the paraoxonase1 (rs622) gene was studied in Russian and Buryat populations living in Eastern Siberia. Correlations between genotypes and some parameters of the lipid profile and lipid peroxidation indicators were revealed. In the group of Russians, the frequency of genotypes was QQ-0.354; QR-0.569 and RR-0.077, alleles Q-0.638, and R-0.362. In the group of Buryats, the genotype frequencies were QQ-0.204; QR-0.629 and RR-0.167, alleles Q-0.518, and R-0.482. No differences in allele and genotype frequencies were established between the groups of Russians and Buryats. In the group of Russians, the VLD L cholesterol content (H = 6.461; p = 0.0395) and diene conjugates (H = 8.107; p = 0.0174) was higher in carriers of genotype QQ than in carriers of genotype RR. In the group of Buryats, the HDL cholesterol content (H = 1.548; p = 0.0461) was higher in carriers of genotype QQ, wherein the concentration of malondialdehyde (H = 13.854, p = 0.0010) was lower in comparison with carriers of genotype RR.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):236-41. DOI:10.1134/S102279541502009X
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    ABSTRACT: This paper studies the effect of plant peptides of thionine Ns-W2 extracted from seeds of fennel flower (Nigella sativa) and β-purothionine from wheat germs (Triticum kiharae), as well as a synthetic antimutagen (crown-compound), on the expression of several genes involved in the.control of cellular homeostasis, processes of carcinogenesis, and radiation response in human rhabdomyosarcoma cells (RD cells), T-lymphoblastoid cell line Jurkat, and blood cells. All of these agents acted as antimutagens-anticarcinogens, reducing the expression of genes involved in carcinogenesis (genes of families MMP, TIMP, and IAP and G-protein genes) in a tumor cell. A pronounced reduction in the mRNA level of these genes was caused by thionine Ns-W2, and the least effect was demonstrated by β-purothionine. Antimutagens had very little effect on the mRNA levels of the several studied genes in normal blood cells.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):147-55. DOI:10.1134/S102279541411009X
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    ABSTRACT: Agrobacterium is a genus of soil bacteria with the ability to transform plant cells by a T-DNA-sequence located on the pTi/pRi- plasmid containing a set of genes expressed in plant cells. Expression of these genes leads to a proliferation of transformed cells, with the subsequent formation of tumors or growths of roots and the synthesis of opines--products of the condensation of amino acids with ketoacids or sugars used by Agrobacteria as a source of carbon and nitrogen. In this review, we systematized the information about most common opines in plant--Agrobacterium systems and their biosynthesis and catabolism genes, as well as the role of opines in the interaction of pathogenic Agrobacterium with plants and with other Agrobacterium strains, including the genetic consequences of such interactions.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):137-46. DOI:10.1134/S1022795415020167
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    ABSTRACT: We performed phylogenetic analysis for ten Pleurotus species, based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences of rDNA. A phylogenetic tree was constructed on the basis of 31 oyster fungi strains of different origin and 10 reference sequences from GenBank. Our analysis demonstrates that the tested Pleurotus species are of monophyletic origin. We evaluated the evolutionary distances between these species. Classic genetic analysis of sexual compatibility based on monocaryon (mon)-mon crosses showed no reproductive barriers within the P. cornucopiae-P. euosmus species complex. Thus, despite the divergence (subclustering) between commercial strains and natural isolates of P. ostreatus revealed by phylogenetic analysis, there is no reproductive isolation between these groups. A common allele of the matB locus was identified for the commercial strains Sommer and L/4, supporting the common origin of these strains.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):177-87. DOI:10.1134/S1022795415020131
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    ABSTRACT: Cytogenetic analysis was performed on samples of Chironomus plumosus L. (Diptera, Chironomidae) taken from waterbodies of various types in Bryansk region (Russia) and Gomel region (Belarus). Karyotypes of specimens taken from stream pools of the Volga were used as reference samples. The populations of Bryansk and Gomel regions (except for a population of Lake Strativa in Starodubskii district, Bryansk region) exhibit broad structural variation, including somatic mosaicism for morphotypes of the salivary gland chromosome set, decondensation of telomeric sites, and the presence of small structural changes, as opposed to populations of Saratov region. As compared with Saratov and Bryansk regions, the Balbiani ring in the B-arm of chromosome I is repressed in populations of Gomel region. It is concluded that the chromosome set of Ch. plumosus in a range of waterbodies of Bryansk and Gomel regions is unstable.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):166-76. DOI:10.1134/S1022795415020040
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    ABSTRACT: Genotyping of the leptin gene locus (LEP) (SNP: R25C, Y7F, and A80V) has been conducted in cows from two cattle droves (n = 106 and n = 34) and in bulls of Ayrshire cattle (n = 9) that are intensively used at present for artificial insemination in cows in Krasnodar krai. The absence of A80V polymorphism (C --> T at position 95691973 bp of leptin gene) has been established in the genotypes of Ayrshire cattle as compared to Holstein cattle; however, the F allele (Y7F site A --> T at position 95689996 bp of LEP gene), which is rare in Holstein cattle, was shown to be frequent in Ayrshire cows and producer bulls (with a frequency of 0.22-0.79). The heterozygosity did not exceed 0.11 in adult animals, which might be evidence of a decreased vitality in animals bearing the FF genotype. Moreover, the CC genotype (R25C site T-C at position 95690050 bp of LEP gene) was revealed to be linked to the YY genotype (Y7F site) in 97% of cases from possible combinations of the CCYY, CCYF, and CCFF genotypes, while the FF genotype (Y7F site) was observed to be linked to the RR genotype (R25C site) in 100% of cases of possible combinations of FFCC, FFRC, and FFRR genotypes.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):266-70. DOI:10.1134/S1022795415020106
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is a chronic relapsing disease that leads to numerous ailments and requires lifelong treatment. Genetic predisposition is one of the mostly discussed aspects of obesity development, and genome-wide association studies have provided evidence that several variants of the FTO and MC4R genes are significantly associated with obesity. In this study the association of FTO (rs9939609, rs7202116, and rs9930506) and MC4R (rs12970134 and rs17782313) genes' SNPs with obesity in Tatar women has been analyzed. In the investigation 340 women with obesity (Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2) and 330 women from a control group (BMI up to 24.9 kg/m2) took part. The FTO rs9939609 (p = 0.0002) and rs9930506 (p = 0.0005) SNPs were shown to be associated with obesity risk following an additive model, while the MC4R rs12970134 (p = 0.0076) and rs1778231 (p = 0.021) SNPs were associated by a recessive model. We also showed an association of quantitative parameters (age, weight, and BMI) with two the FTO rs9939609 and rs9930506 SNPs and the association of age and the MC4R rs12970134 SNP. Our study demonstrates the role of genetic variability in FTO and MC4R genes in obesity development in Tatar women from Russia.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):248-55. DOI:10.1134/S1022795414120059
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    ABSTRACT: The karyotype of Camptochironomus pallidivittatus Edwards, 1929 (Diptera, Chironomidae) from five populations of the Lower Volga region and Central Caucasus (the northern macroslope) has been studied. In populations of S. pallidivittatus from the Central Caucasus, 11 banding sequences (BS) were found; one sequence, pal B10, was new to the species. In the Saratov population, 11 BS were also found, three of which were new for the species-pal A3, pal B11, and pal B12. The banding sequences detected for the first time have not yet been found in other parts of the habitat of this species and may be endemic to these regions. In the studied populations ofS. pallidivittatus, banding sequences were found that were nonstandard but fixed in the karyotype. This is indicative of some degree of chromosomal divergence. These banding sequences include pal A2.2 in arm A and pal B10.10 in arm B in the Central Caucasus region, as well as pal B2.2 and pal G2.2 in the Lower Volga region. Arms A, B, D, and G in the Central Caucasian populations and A, B, and D in the Saratov oblast were polymorphic. The composition of heterozygous sequences between populations from different regions coincided only in arm D (pal D 1.2). In arms A and B, the set of heterozygous BS was different: pal A1.2 and pal B1.10 sequences were found in the Central Caucasian populations, and pal A1.3 and B11.12 were found in Saratov oblast. The number of genotypic combinations of S. pallidivittatus was higher in the Central Caucasus region, whereas the number of zygotic combinations was higher in the Saratov population. The percentage of heterozygous larvae in the Central Caucasian populations varied from 20 to 80, whereas all individuals in the Saratov population had heterozygous inversions. Zygotic combinations of larvae in all the studied populations were different.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):156-65. DOI:10.1134/S1022795414120096
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    ABSTRACT: Hemolymph filtration in insects is performed by nephrocytes, additional cells of the circulatory system that are not connected to Malpighian vessels. Drosophila has two types of nephrocytes: the ventral ("garland"), which are situated around the connection site of the esophagus and proventriculus, and the pericardial, which are localized around the heart. In this study, we examined the role of the of insulin-like receptor (InR)gene in regulation of the function of ventral nephrocytes (VNC) in D. melanogaster females. Immunofluorescent analysis of female VNC with anti-InR antibodies revealed for the first time that the InR gene is expressed in VNC cells. To determine whether a change in the level of InR expression has an effect on VNC function in Drosophila females, we implemented an antisense suppressor of the InR gene, together with a driver that is expressed specifically in VNC. VNC function was evaluated by survival of the females exposed to toxic stress (treatment with AgNO3). This study has shown for the first time that suppression of InR expression in VNC leads to a rise in the survival of flies under conditions of toxic stress.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):263-5. DOI:10.1134/S1022795415020027
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    ABSTRACT: This paper reports the results of replicative analysis of associations of 15 SNPs in a region of 14 genes previously identified in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with early-onset schizophrenia in Kazakhs. An association of early-onset schizophrenia with genetic markers in three genes (VRK2, KCNB2, and CPVL) was found. An association of rs2312147 in the VRK2 gene with schizophrenia was also previously reported in the Chinese population, so this marker may be considered as possibly race-specific. Two groups consisting of four and six genes demonstrating intergenic epistatic interactions were revealed by multifactor dimensionality reduction methods. The gene ontologies of 14 studied genes were reduced to variants of one molecular function (peptidase activity) and one biological process (positive regulation of biosynthesis processes). Bioinformatic analysis of the protein-protein interactions of products of the genes under study demonstrates that the products of six out of 14 genes may be involved in a single interrelated network, the major connecting link of which is represented by their ubiquitination by the UBC protein.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):227-35. DOI:10.1134/S1022795415020143
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    ABSTRACT: The intracellular localization of the fusion protein composed of green fluorescent protein (GFP) and one of the capsid proteins (namely VP1) of the German cockroach densovirus BgDV1 was investigated using the HeLa human cell culture. The intracellular localization of GFP was analyzed in a series of control experiments. Histochemical analysis with GFP antibodies showed that the fusion protein is localized exclusively inside the nucleus of cells because of the transitory expression of the corresponding vector constructions, whereas the GFP is located both in the nucleus and the cytoplasm. We can conclude that the signal of the nuclear localization of the capsid protein of the German cockroach densovirus is functionally active, not only within the cells of this insect but within the human cell culture as well. This observation extends the experimental possibilities for studying the genetic control of intracellular traffic of densovirus proteins.
    Genetika 02/2015; 51(2):271-6. DOI:10.1134/S1022795415020118