Journal of the Forensic Science Society (Forensic Sci Soc J )

Publisher: Forensic Science Society; California Association of Criminalists; Forensic Science Society. South Australian Branch, Elsevier

Description

  • Impact factor
    0.00
  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
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  • Eigenfactor
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  • Article influence
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  • Other titles
    Journal (Forensic Science Society), Journal - Forensic Science Society, Journal of the Forensic Science Society
  • ISSN
    0015-7368
  • OCLC
    1369115
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Elsevier

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, arXiv.org or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 01/2010; 16(1):12-13.
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 01/1998; 43:493.
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):155-164.
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    ABSTRACT: The spatial offence behaviour of 45 British serial rapists was examined in order to generate a predictive model, of use to criminal investigators. Two alternative hypotheses were explored. One predicted that rapists would commute into an area to carry out their offence. The second predicted that they would "maraud" out from a fixed location. Of the 45 offenders, 39 fitted the "maurader" hypothesis. However, the area covered by this model was an average of nearly 180 square miles. A second complementary theory, developed from facets of offenders' backgrounds, was therefore used to refine the predictions of distance travelled to and between offences. This enabled the size of the residential zone predicted from the marauder model to be reduced to a mean area of just over ten square miles. Tests of these models, combined into a small scale expert system, predicted the correct area for 82% of the cases. Suggestions for the further development of this expert system are discussed.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):169-75.
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    ABSTRACT: The interpretation of human hair comparisons is highly subjective and examiners tend to be cautious when evaluating positive evidence, partly because of a lack of background information relating to the interpretation of the results obtained. The purpose of this paper is to share the authors' experience of examining a large number (118) of samples of Afro-Caribbean hair. The strategy employed provided a rapid response, and only 11 (9.3%) individuals could not be excluded on the basis of hair comparison. It was concluded that not only are comparisons of Afro-Caribbean hairs possible but a significant proportion of individuals can be excluded by such tests.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):177-9.
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):264-267.
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):257-263.
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    ABSTRACT: Defence wounds may be of value in differentiating between homicide, suicide and accidental death. A study of 3183 forensic autopsies in Istanbul between 1988 and 1989 showed that 195 deaths (6.1%) were due to stab wounds, and that defence wounds were found in 38.5% of the victims. Defence wounds were seen on 35.2% of males, and 54.5% of females; 39.7% of defence wounds were classified as 'active' and 60.3% as 'passive'; 40.5% were seen on the right hand and forearm, and 59.5% on the left side. There was no connection in this study between the occurrence of defence wounds and the consumption of alcohol by the victim before the stabbing.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):237-40.
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    ABSTRACT: A polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) liquid is used as a lubricant by many condom manufacturers. Because the use of condoms in sex crimes is likely to increase, a protocol was developed that could extract PDMS and the spermicide nonoxynol-9 from evidence items and separately identify them by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Additionally, at least some discrimination was provided by microscopically identifying insoluble lubricants such as corn starch, lycopodium, silica, and talc which are added to some brands. Desorption chemical ionization mass spectrometry was used to compare the PDMS used by different manufacturers and to detect as little as 20 ng. The protocol was successfully used in two actual cases, one in which the assailant wore a lubricated condom, and a second in which he did not, but claimed to have done so.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):245-56.
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):268-268.
  • Source
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    ABSTRACT: The hypothesis that poisoning by phosphines, arsines and stibines might be the primary cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) was investigated. Most mattress materials contain phosphorus or antimony compounds as fire retardant additives. Mattress materials in areas affected by the warmth and perspiration of the sleeping infant were found to be naturally infected by the fungus Scopulariopsis brevicaulis which is thought to be capable of generating phosphines, arsines and stibines from materials containing phosphorus, arsenic or antimony compounds. These gases may cause anticholinesterase poisoning and cardiac failure in infants, but contributory factors include the prone sleeping position and overwrapping. In England and Wales, the progressive increase in SIDS between 1951 and 1988 seems to be related to increasing use of phosphorus and antimony compounds as fire retardents in cot mattresses.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):199-204.
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4).
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    ABSTRACT: Toxicological analyses on a putrefied cadaver are sometimes difficult to achieve, because of the absence of blood and/or urine. Drugs present in a decomposing corpse may be identified through analysis of maggots feeding off it. In this study, morphine and codeine were simultaneously identified and assayed in blood and bile of a putrefied cadaver and in the fly larvae of Calliphoridae found on the corpse.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 01/1994; 34(2):95-7.
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 01/1994; 34(1):17-21.
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    ABSTRACT: Several modifications have been made to a system of simultaneous phenotyping of EAP, EsD, PGM and ADA in bloodstains by isoelectric focusing, which improved the results of the system. An increase in the thickness of the gel improved the resolution of the isozymes' bands, especially PGM and EAP, and diminished the effect of overloading. By increasing the width of the gel it was possible to increase the number of samples applied to the gel. By coating one of the glass plates, used in the preparation of the gels, with a hydrophobic solution, separation of the plate from the gel was greatly facilitated. Finally, the system was found to be very useful as a rapid screening method prior to DNA testing.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 01/1994; 34(1):37-9.
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 01/1994; 34(1):61–68.
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    ABSTRACT: The uprising of the Palestinian population (Intifada) against the Israeli occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, which erupted in December 1987, has resulted in the deaths of hundreds of Israeli citizens and Palestinian residents. The data on dead victims, as reported by two civil rights organizations of opposite political orientation and by the official military authority, are analyzed and compared with the information obtained from post-mortem examinations of some 65% of the victims carried out over the period 1987 to 1992. The agencies' reports were found to differ, sometimes markedly, from the official autopsy data in respect of number of deaths, their cause and manner. The study indicates a generally downward trend in the number of Palestinians killed by the Israeli Defence Forces, which could be the result of the wider use of rubber and plastic bullets, and a steady continuous increase in Israeli victims killed by the Palestinians, possibly accounted for by a shift from the use of "cold weapons" in favour of firearms, and an escalation in violence. It is suggested that the post-mortem examination should be an essential tool for the detection and documentation of possible abuse and bodily harm.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 01/1994; 34(4):225-9.
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    ABSTRACT: A survey of 76 cases of fatal intoxication with Ketogan which occurred in Eastern Denmark over the period 1985-1991 showed that the cause of death was Ketogan alone in 27 cases, in combination with alcohol in 23 cases, and in combination with other drugs in 26 cases. The average age, percentage of females, drug addicts and alcohol abusers and the manner of death were also recorded. There was a significant difference between the median values of the blood concentrations of ketobemidone where the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) was zero and where it was greater than 1 mg/g, and also between the median values of the blood concentrations from fatal intoxications and those from living persons.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 01/1994; 34(3):181-5.
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    ABSTRACT: A simple and efficient method for extracting human genomic DNA from microsamples of blood has been developed. This method used sodium perchlorate, chloroform, polymerised silica gel and a dumbbell-shape tube, instead of proteinase K and phenol. The entire process took less than two hours, and high molecular weight DNA, in high yield and purity, was obtained from a few microlitres of human blood. DNA prepared in this way can be easily digested with restriction endonucleases and has been employed for DNA profiling and the polymerase chain reaction.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 01/1994; 34(4):231-5.
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 01/1994; 34(1):29-35.