Journal of the Forensic Science Society (Forensic Sci Soc J)

Publisher: Forensic Science Society; California Association of Criminalists; Forensic Science Society. South Australian Branch, Elsevier

Journal description

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Other titles Journal (Forensic Science Society), Journal - Forensic Science Society, Journal of the Forensic Science Society
ISSN 0015-7368
OCLC 1369115
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Elsevier

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, arXiv.org or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
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    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 01/2010; 16(1):12-13.
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 01/1998; 43:493.
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):268-269. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72932-7
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):269-270. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72933-9
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    ABSTRACT: The spatial offence behaviour of 45 British serial rapists was examined in order to generate a predictive model, of use to criminal investigators. Two alternative hypotheses were explored. One predicted that rapists would commute into an area to carry out their offence. The second predicted that they would "maraud" out from a fixed location. Of the 45 offenders, 39 fitted the "maurader" hypothesis. However, the area covered by this model was an average of nearly 180 square miles. A second complementary theory, developed from facets of offenders' backgrounds, was therefore used to refine the predictions of distance travelled to and between offences. This enabled the size of the residential zone predicted from the marauder model to be reduced to a mean area of just over ten square miles. Tests of these models, combined into a small scale expert system, predicted the correct area for 82% of the cases. Suggestions for the further development of this expert system are discussed.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):169-75. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72910-8
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    ABSTRACT: The investigation of a crime and the consequent criminal trial are best considered, conceptually, as a book of three chapters: The Problem to Find, The Decision to Charge and The Problem to Prove. All three chapters contain elements of induction and deduction. Induction consists of reasoning from the particular to the general. Deduction consists of reasoning from the general to the particular. However, the first chapter, the investigation, requires predominantly inductive reasoning in that it considers how various pieces of evidence combine to point to a particular culprit. The second chapter is something of a hybrid and it represents the fundamental change in mental attitude which is requred in the change from a mainly inductive, to a mainly deductive, reasoning approach to evidence. The third chapter, the criminal trial, is mainly deductive in character in that it considers each piece of evidence in the light of the hypothesis (i.e., the criminal charge) that a named accused person is guilty of the offence. Some contemporary statistical attitudes to evidential value are discussed both in relation to the extrinsic and the intrinsic properties of physical evidence and also in relation to conflicting attitudes to evidence evaluation throughout the criminal trial.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):155-164. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72908-X
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    ABSTRACT: Determining the order of occurrence where writing intersects with other writing or with typing is a matter of continuing interest to forensic document examiners. The following account describes a situation where the intersecting writings had been made on the top sheet of a carbonless copy set. Movement of the top sheet relative to the copy sheet, between the writing of the intersecting words, produced features in the copy writing which enabled the order of the original writings to be determined.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):221–224. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72923-6
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):264-267. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72930-3
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):187–191. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72913-3
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):207-210. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72917-0
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):257-263. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72929-7
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    ABSTRACT: The interpretation of human hair comparisons is highly subjective and examiners tend to be cautious when evaluating positive evidence, partly because of a lack of background information relating to the interpretation of the results obtained. The purpose of this paper is to share the authors' experience of examining a large number (118) of samples of Afro-Caribbean hair. The strategy employed provided a rapid response, and only 11 (9.3%) individuals could not be excluded on the basis of hair comparison. It was concluded that not only are comparisons of Afro-Caribbean hairs possible but a significant proportion of individuals can be excluded by such tests.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):177-9. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72911-X
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):205–206. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72916-9
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):165–167. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72909-1
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    ABSTRACT: The uprising of the Palestinian population (Intifada) against the Israeli occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, which erupted in December 1987, has resulted in the deaths of hundreds of Israeli citizens and Palestinian residents. The data on dead victims, as reported by two civil rights organizations of opposite political orientation and by the official military authority, are analyzed and compared with the information obtained from post-mortem examinations of some 65% of the victims carried out over the period 1987 to 1992. The agencies' reports were found to differ, sometimes markedly, from the official autopsy data in respect of number of deaths, their cause and manner. The study indicates a generally downward trend in the number of Palestinians killed by the Israeli Defence Forces, which could be the result of the wider use of rubber and plastic bullets, and a steady continuous increase in Israeli victims killed by the Palestinians, possibly accounted for by a shift from the use of "cold weapons" in favour of firearms, and an escalation in violence. It is suggested that the post-mortem examination should be an essential tool for the detection and documentation of possible abuse and bodily harm.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):225-9. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72924-8
  • Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):147-150. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72906-6
  • GHG
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):211. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72919-4
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    ABSTRACT: A simple and efficient method for extracting human genomic DNA from microsamples of blood has been developed. This method used sodium perchlorate, chloroform, polymerised silica gel and a dumbbell-shape tube, instead of proteinase K and phenol. The entire process took less than two hours, and high molecular weight DNA, in high yield and purity, was obtained from a few microlitres of human blood. DNA prepared in this way can be easily digested with restriction endonucleases and has been employed for DNA profiling and the polymerase chain reaction.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):231-5. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72925-X
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    ABSTRACT: An abortive investigation into an armed robbery is reported, and the need for the preservation of evidence, careful evaluation of the significance of negative results and integrated management of the investigations is described.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(3):151–154. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72907-8
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    ABSTRACT: Defence wounds may be of value in differentiating between homicide, suicide and accidental death. A study of 3183 forensic autopsies in Istanbul between 1988 and 1989 showed that 195 deaths (6.1%) were due to stab wounds, and that defence wounds were found in 38.5% of the victims. Defence wounds were seen on 35.2% of males, and 54.5% of females; 39.7% of defence wounds were classified as 'active' and 60.3% as 'passive'; 40.5% were seen on the right hand and forearm, and 59.5% on the left side. There was no connection in this study between the occurrence of defence wounds and the consumption of alcohol by the victim before the stabbing.
    Journal of the Forensic Science Society 07/1994; 34(4):237-40. DOI:10.1016/S0015-7368(94)72926-1