Folia Primatologica (FOLIA PRIMATOL )

Publisher: Blackwell Publishing


Recognizing that research in human biology must be founded on a comparative knowledge of our closest relatives, this journal is the natural scientistís ideal means of access to the best of current primate research. ëFolia Primatologicaí covers fields as diverse as molecular biology and social behaviour, and features articles on ecology, conservation, palaeontology, systematics and functional anatomy. In-depth articles and invited reviews are contributed by the worldís leading primatologists. A ëBrief Reportsí section is recognised as the method of choice for rapid announcements of newly identified species. In addition, special issues provide rapid peer-reviewed publication of conference proceedings. ëFolia Primatologicaí is one of the top-rated primatology publications and is acknowledged worldwide as a high-impact core journal for primatologists, zoologists and anthropologists.

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    Folia Primatologica website
  • Other titles
    Folia primatologica
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    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Blackwell Publishing

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    • Some journals impose embargoes typically of 6 or 12 months, occasionally of 24 months
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    • See Wiley-Blackwell entry for articles after February 2007
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    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged with set statement ("The definitive version is available at")
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • 'Blackwell Publishing' is an imprint of 'Wiley'
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    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • Folia Primatologica 01/2015; In press.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We provide the first parasite assessment of wild red langurs (Presbytis rubicunda). Seven helminth taxa and 4 protozoa were recovered from faecal samples. We report the details of the death of an adult female red langur with potential association of an elevated parasite infection. There is a paucity of published literature on red langurs and nothing is known of the factors affecting interspecific parasite transmission and disease spread between other primate species. Parasites may be substantial determinants of host health and may present a significant influence on the survival and reproduction of individuals and the subsequent fecundity of populations. Further research into the connection of parasite burden with individual deaths and potential population declines is recommended for monitoring population health.
    Folia Primatologica 11/2014; 85(5):265-276.
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    ABSTRACT: Frugivorous primates can play a critical role in the regeneration of degraded habitats by dispersing seeds of their food plants. We studied the diet and seed dispersal patterns of 3 groups of habituated red-ruffed lemurs (Varecia rubra) in a rain forest restoration site in Masoala National Park, Madagascar, to assess the species' seed dispersal effectiveness. Fruits accounted for 61% of the diet, with an average foraging time of 10 min per fruit patch per day. Seeds from 75% of the consumed fruit species were recovered in the collected V. rubra feces. We traced the potential parent plants of 20 dispersed-seed species to calculate a gut passage range (63-423 min; mean = 225, n = 35). The median seed dispersal distance from the potential parent plant was 48 m (mean = 83 m, range 0-568 m, n = 194). The home ranges of 2 of the 3 groups overlapped with the regenerating forest parcels. Although 92% of fecal samples with seeds were dispersed into the undisturbed forest, V. rubra fed on the fruits of the non-native pioneer shrub Clidemia hirta, while also dispersing native and non-native seed species into the regenerating forest parcels. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Folia Primatologica 10/2014; 85(4):228-243.
  • Folia Primatologica 01/2014; 85(1):70.
  • Folia Primatologica 01/2014; 85(1):69.
  • Folia Primatologica 08/2013; 84:239-346.
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    ABSTRACT: Following current socio-ecological hypotheses, the social organisation of a species is mainly determined by resource quality and distribution. In the case of Microcebus spp., a taxon-specific socio-ecological model was formulated earlier to explain their variable social organisation. The aim of this study was to test predictions from this model in Goodman's mouse lemur based on a data set from animals living in the semi-free colony of Zurich Zoo. During a 2-month study, we observed 5 females and 5 males using radiotelemetry. We collected data on space use and social behaviour, on sleeping sites and on sleeping group composition. Predictions were only partly confirmed. As expected, Goodman's mouse lemurs were solitary foragers with an increased level of sociality due to crowding effects at the feeding stations. In contrast to the prediction, females and males formed unisexual sleeping groups, which were stable in females and of a fission-fusion type in males. Whereas the formation of sleeping groups by both sexes may be triggered by thermoregulatory benefits, the formation of unisexual sleeping groups may result from divergent interests of the sexes. We conclude that the existing model for the evolution of mouse lemur social organisation needs to be refined.
    Folia Primatologica 01/2013; 84:32-48.
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    ABSTRACT: Allogrooming is a behavioural pattern in which an animal grooms the fur or skin of another animal of the same species. In primates, this behaviour has gone beyond the mere function of cleaning and hygiene as it serves to establish new relationships, strengthen family ties, reinforce social structures or even solve the conflicts arisen within the group members. Given its important social role, knowledge of the time spent by animals practicing allogrooming and their directionality is essential to evaluate basic social aspects in a group, such as social structure or dominance hierarchies. The study of allogrooming is usually carried out by focal animal sampling which provides data on the duration of each episode of grooming, the identity of the animals involved and the directionality of the interaction. This observational protocol provides fairly accurate estimates for allogrooming but as it cannot be applied simultaneously to all members of the group, it is time consuming and requires prolonged observation periods. Our goal was to test whether it would be possible to obtain estimates of allogrooming equally accurate through scan sampling, an alternative protocol that allows the observer to record data from several animals simultaneously. Thus, we compared data collected by two observers that recorded simultaneously the allogrooming behaviour of a group of six chimpanzees (2 males and 4 females) by means of both observational protocols: focal animal sampling and scan sampling. The study was carried out at the zoo Bioparc (Valencia, Spain) in July and November 2011. We gathered 80 hours of observation grouped into two periods of 10 days each. Our results show that both methods produce similar estimates for the allogrooming exchanged within the group.
    Folia Primatologica 01/2013; 84(3-5):282.
  • Folia Primatologica 01/2013; 84(3-5):302.
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    ABSTRACT: We study primates for a variety of reasons: For example, to understand better the manifestation of particular ecological factors in social structure and in social behaviour. In this talk, I will discuss ecological influences on communication in great apes and humans. Pointing to specific entities has long been characterized as a uniquely human gesture, indexing uniquely human cognitive abilities. Here I will review observational and experimental evidence of pointing by chimpanzees and other great apes. Among great apes, pointing is commonplace in some environmental contexts (e.g., captivity), but vanishingly rare in some others (e.g., in the wild). Hence, pointing emerges in great apes--without any training--when their environments possess features that make pointing useful. Therefore, pointing exists as a 'latent gesture,' the display of which depends in significant part on factors external to the brains of great apes. Pointing emerges in great apes when they experience barriers to direct attainment of objects, and are therefore dependent upon others to act on the world for them. Thus, to understand pointing by great apes, one has to understand something about their specific learning histories. An unavoidable implication is that there are important group differences in signalling characteristics between differently socialized apes; there is no such thing as the 'typical' ape. In contrast, most theoretical accounts of the development of pointing in the human species appeal to our unique evolutionary histories since we split from the other great apes, about six million years ago. Although pointing does not emerge in humans until about a year of age, ironically, relatively few developmental psychologists interpret pointing as an outcome of developmental processes; rather, pointing is viewed as a consequence of our phylogenetic, but no our ontogenetic histories. Pointing is seen as a kind of precursor to symbolic reference, a way to refer to things without speech that is, ultimately, a derivation of our unique species capacity for linguistic communication. Here I will argue that it is not theoretically parsimonious to account for the development of a gesture in one species as a biological adaptation (humans), but as an ontogenetic adaptation in that species' nearest living relatives (the great apes). I will argue that by virtue of our species' unique biological adaptations, we are born into the kinds of socio-ecological circumstances that facilitate pointing in all great apes. Human babies are dependent on their caregivers to act on the world for them well into late infancy, when they begin to employ sophisticated communication tactics to manipulate their caregivers, of which pointing is one example. Thus, pointing in the human species may not index a uniquely human, biologically based cognitive capacity for direct reference; instead, it may simply reflect the unusual socio-ecological developmental circumstances of humans, compared to our nearest living relatives.
    Folia Primatologica 01/2011; 82(4-5):258.
  • Folia Primatologica 01/2011; 82(6):337-338.