Folia morphologica Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Československá akademie věd

Journal description

Current impact factor: 0.47

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2011 Impact Factor 0.521

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 7.90
Immediacy index 0.16
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Other titles Folia morphologica
ISSN 0015-5640
OCLC 2991815
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article highlights the utility of micro-computed tomography (CT) for characterising microscale bone morphology. For this purpose we tested selected samples of the human bones (Wormian bone, rib, lumbar vertebra) to reconstruct external and internal morphological features. Selected bony samples were investigated using a micro-CT scanner (Skyscan 1172, N.V., Aartselaar, Belgium). The image resolution of scans varied from 5 to 27 μm/pixel depending on the bone sample. We used CTvox software (by Skyscan) to perform volume rendering of the samples. Further, 3-dimensional geometrical models were reconstructed using the CTvol application. Such models enabled graphical distinction between osseous components of various morphology and were used to visualise the Haversian canal system inside the compact bone of the rib. Applying a modified transfer function for volume rendering we presented the overall morphology of the Wormian bone and small vascular channels penetrating its interior. As an example of quantitative analysis based on micro-CT scans we compared the trabecular structure of the lumbar vertebrae with CTAn software. Significant differences in percent bone volume (BV/TV) were determined. Micro-CT was found to be a very accurate and helpful method to study small anatomical structures of the bones in micro scale.
    Folia morphologica 12/2014; 73(4):422–428. DOI:10.5603/FM.2014.0064
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of the present study were to assess whether the hard palate reveals any measurable sex-related differences, and to create a mathematical model which would differentiate between males and females using hard palate measurements alone. The present study was conducted on 1,200 archived sinus computed tomography (CT) scans. Each cranial measurement was taken twice by the same observer, and in cases of any discrepancies, the mean of the two values was recorded. Twenty per cent of randomly chosen samples were re-measured by an observer who did not partake in assessing the samples the first time. Logistic regression was used to derivate two mathematical formulas which would calculate the probability of a skull being male. The studied group comprised 1,200 head CT's (627 female; 52.3%). The mean age of the group was 43.5 ± 17.4 years - no age difference between sexes was noted (p = 0.37). All of the performed measurements were significantly (p < 0.0001) larger in males than in females. The mathematical formula based on the "orale-spina nasalis posterior" (O-SNP) distance alone had a reliability rate of 68.35%. The equation based on the depth of the right greater palatine canal (GPC), the O-SNP distance and the anterior width of the palatal arch (AWPA) had a reliability rate of 78.37%. The most prominent sexually dimorphic parameters were the O-SNP, the GPC depth and the AWPA. The mathematical models presented in the current study can be used to successfully distinguish between sexes during forensic examination.
    Folia morphologica 11/2014; 73(4). DOI:10.5603/FM.2014.0069
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Epiphora constitutes one of the major and very common problems in all age groups. Recent developments in ophthalmology such as balloon dilatation, stent implantation, laser therapy and endoscopy of the lacrimal drainage system raise the need for a detailed anatomical knowledge of this system. It is also important for formulation of principles and techniques in the management of lacrimal problems. Aim of the work: The aim of this study was to demonstrate variations in shape, size and location of the opening of the nasolacrimal duct and of the lacrimal fold. Materials and methods: Twenty sagittal head sections were obtained, the nasal septum was removed and the lateral wall of the nasal cavity was exposed and examined. The opening of the nasolacrimal duct (NLD) was demonstrated and was subjected to anatomical observations for the shape, site, size, opening type and the presence of the lacrimal fold. The different measurements for the distances between the opening of NLD and anterior nasal spine, palate and inferior concha were made. Results: The examined specimens showed that the opening of the NLD was variable in shape taking the form of sulcus in 70% and fissure in 30% of specimens. The sulcus was either vertical or oblique while the fissure was either vertical, oblique or in the form of anteroposterior one. Regarding the location, the opening of the NLD was located at anterior one third below line of attachment of the inferior concha in nearly half of cases (45%). The lacrimal fold was present in most of examined specimens (70%) and absent in 30%. The fold take 5 different forms. Conclusions: The knowledge of the morphology and morphometry of the lacrimal drainage system enables the ophthalmologist to plan intervention on the lacrimal drainage system precisely and avoid unnecessary manipulations and also minimizing the risk of injury during intra-nasal surgery. (Folia Morphol 2014; 73, 3: 321–330)
    Folia morphologica 09/2014; Vol. 73(No. 3):321-330. DOI:10.5603/FM.
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular dysphagia is rare. The aetiologies can be congenital, acquired oriatrogenic. The severity of dysphagia can be mild or severe, consistent or progressive, depending on the nature of the cardiovascular disorder and the impact for oesophageal compressions. The diagnostic work-up includes standard chest radiography, chest computed tomography, endoscopy, barium swallow test and manometry. Treatment can be conservative, surgical or palliative according to the nature of the disorder and the severity of the symptom. Prognoses of the patients are always good. Although cardiovascular dysphagia is continuously reported as sporadic cases, there have not been any comprehensive declarations of the conditions in the literature. Present article aims to make a comprehensive review of cardiovascular dysphagia.
    Folia morphologica 06/2014; 73(2):113-121. DOI:10.5603/FM.2014.0026
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the venous structure of regularand myomatous human uteri, using corrosion casting and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Special attention was paid to the endometrium and the socalled 'venous lakes'. Materials and methods: Uteri collected at autopsy (n = 67) were injected with Mercox CL-2R resin, which penetrated the capillary bed and filled both arteriesand veins. After the polymerisation of the resin, the corrosion was performed. The obtained vascular casts, visualising all vessels including capillaries, were examinedusing scanning electron microscopy. Results: Amongst the 67 uteri prepared for the corrosion casting, only 22 (15 containing leiomyomata) yielded casts of acceptable quality for SEM assessment. Veins of the endometrium and the myometrium were present in the form of a chaotic network, which did not run parallel to the arterialsystem, but was rather independent. Microscopic venous dilations ('venouslakes') were observed both within the functional layer of the endometrium and the myometrium. They were digit-like in shape and could be compared to venous sinuses. They drained the subendothelial capillary plexus and were supplied by numerous capillaries and venules. Their size ranged from 270 to 420 μm. Those dilatations were absent in the outer myometrium and the perimetrium, as well as the uterine cervix. We have not observed any arteriovenous anastomoses. Conclusions: The myomatous uteri tend to have larger venous lakes than the normal uteri. The number and size of venous lakes increases with menstrual cycle progression. Further data on morphology and changes in venous lakesusing scanning electronic microscopy should be acquired.
    Folia morphologica 06/2014; 73(2):164-168. DOI:10.5603/FM.2014.0024
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    ABSTRACT: The investigation was carried out on 16 human foetal cadavers at the age of 17-23 weeks from the time of conception. The foetal vascular system was injected with the synthetic resin MERCOX CL-2R and analysed in scanning electron microscope.The vascular system of the foetal spinal cord was studied. The foetal vascular system was characterised by high variability concerning the number, course and localisation of blood vessels. It contained numerous anastomoses with the internal spinal venous plexuses, which included anterior and posterior radicular veins. Large arteries running on the surface of the spinal cord are accompanied by the homoname veins. The venous system of the investigated foetuses was divided into 2 categories of veins: internal veins responsible for the drainage of blood from the central area, that is central and peripheral veins coming radially to the surface of the spinal cord and external veins, which form the venous system of the surface of the spinal cord. The venous system of the foetal spinal cord was also examined as to the presence of the valves.
    Folia morphologica 06/2014; 73(2):139-142. DOI:10.5603/FM.2014.0020
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    ABSTRACT: The vascular content of retrodiscal tissue in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) plays a critical role in joint function, and its morphology is therefore likely relatedto TMJ pain. Using histological sections of human foetuses as well as T2-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI), we measured the vascular content of retrodiscal tissue. MRI showing no pathology in and around the TMJ were obtained from18 young patients who had been suffering from headache. In 10 small foetuses (12-14 weeks of gestation) as well as 10 larger foetuses (30-37 weeks), the vascular content showed individual variations exceeding 5 times the minimum value (0.24 vs. 0.04 mm2 per 1 mm²), but no difference between foetal stages was evident. In the MRI from young adults, the variation was less than twice the minimum value (13.6 vs. 8.7 mm² per 100 mm²). The vascular density appeared to be lower in adults than in foetuses. In both foetuses and adults, the thickness (anteroposterior length) of the tissue did not correlate with the vascular sectional area. These findings suggest that the considerable inter-individual differences evident in the vascular content of foetal retrodiscal tissue may be reduced during further development.
    Folia morphologica 06/2014; 73(2):153-158. DOI:10.5603/FM.2014.0023
  • Folia morphologica 01/2010; 69(1):46-47.
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    ABSTRACT: "The connective tissue structure of the lamina propria of the glandular mucosa in the stomach of the horse" Folia Morphologica, Polish Anatomical Society, Warsaw 2001; 60(2):103.
    Folia morphologica 01/2001; 60(2):103.
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    ABSTRACT: Submicroscopic examination of rat oviducts in the early postnatal period showed that the character of the epithelium remained relatively indifferent up to the 6th day. Typical findings in this phase include an apical migration of the centrioles, with subsequent formation of solitary cilia; ciliated cells were an isolated occurrence. Ciliogenesis in the rat oviductal epithelium starts between the 8th and the 10th day. A continuous kinociliary apparatus is formed on the basis of centriole replication. The first secretory and peg cells appear towards the end of the second week.
    Folia morphologica 02/1990; 38(2):190-4.