Euphytica (EUPHYTICA )

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Description

Euphytica is an international journal on theoretical and applied aspects of plant breeding. It publishes critical reviews papers and short communications on the results of original research related to plant breeding. The integration of modern and traditional plant breeding is a growing field of research using transgenic crop plants and/or marker assisted breeding in combination with traditional breeding tools. The content should cover the interests of researchers directly or indirectly involved in plant breeding at auniversities breeding institutes seed industries plant biotech companies and industries using plant raw materials and promote stability adaptability and sustainability in agriculture and agro-industries.

  • Impact factor
    1.64
    Show impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    1.88
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.15
  • Eigenfactor
    0.01
  • Article influence
    0.50
  • Website
    Euphytica website
  • Other titles
    Euphytica
  • ISSN
    0014-2336
  • OCLC
    1568375
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors own final version only can be archived
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On author's website or institutional repository
    • On funders designated website/repository after 12 months at the funders request or as a result of legal obligation
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cytoplasmic genic male sterility system based hybrids were synthesized by line × tester design and evaluated with check GTH 1 in RBD at Sardarkrushinagar, Jagudan and Khedbrahma during kharif 2007. Analysis of variance in individual and across environments revealed significant differences among genotypes and existence of overall heterosis for seed yield per plant and other thirteen traits. The top ranking on the basis of standard heterosis were CMSGT087A × GTR0525 (116.40 %) followed by CMSGT087A × AGTR0534 (108.93 %), CMSGT0307A × AGTR0538 (99.21 %) and CMSGT 0301A × AGTR 0534 (95.51 %) for seed yield per plant and for one or two of its contributing traits. Combining ability analysis revealed presence of both additive and non-additive gene effects. The specific combining ability variance was found more compaired to general combining ability variance for all the characters under studied. This favored a hybrid breeding programme. In stability analysis, linear portion was considerably high for all the traits except for days to flower and pod length. The best stable hybrids for seed yield per plant over environments were CMSGT 308A × AGTR 0534, CMSGT 307A × AGTR 0543, CMSGT 0308A × AGTR 0536 and CMSGT 0311A × GTR 0525 and also recorded stability in any one or more of its contributing traits viz. pods per plant, branches per plant, seed per pod, pod length and test weight. Top ranking hybrids had high mean performance, high heterosis and desirable sca effects and stability for seed yield per plant. Therefore, these hybrids could be valuable for commercial exploitation.
    Euphytica 10/2014; 199(3).
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effect of radiation damage on in vitro mutation induction in chrysanthemum. White petals of chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat cv. Youka) were selected to induce mutation by gamma radiation. Calli produced were irradiated with gamma rays at 0, 10, 15 and 20 Gy. We found that the plants from the irradiated calli were different from control plants in number of leaves, leaf length & width, number of flowers, flower diameter, petiole diameter and petiole length after transplanting into the greenhouse for almost 70 days. Three mutants in flower color and shape were found in 15 Gy-treated plants. First type of mutant (M.1) has tubular petals. The second (M.2) and third (M.3) ones both have yellow flowers, while one of them has spooned shaped ray florets similar to the original cultivar and the other one has flat shaped florets. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR showed that most of carotenoid-biosynthesis related genes, except for violaxanthin deepoxidase (VDE) and lycopene ε-cyclase (LCYE), showed similar expression patterns in petals of the original ‘Youka’ and its mutants (M2 & M3). VDE and LCYE results showed high expression levels in M3 and M2 & M3 respectively, comparing with the control. On the other hand, expression patterns for VDE were similar in control and M2. These yellow mutants were maintained vegetatively and proved to be true-to-type in one successive generation. It can be concluded that gamma radiation with 15 Gy dose can be used for in vitro induction of flower color and shape mutations of chrysanthemum cv. Youka.
    Euphytica 10/2014; 199(3).
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    ABSTRACT: In organic farming, nitrogen efficiency of potato might vary among cultivars, even within the same maturity type. We therefore analysed in depth the response to nitrogen of a diverse set of cultivars, grown at different locations (differing in soil type and management) and in four years (differing in temperature and rainfall patterns). Yield increased with an increase in nitrogen supply and with growing later cultivars if the crop cycle lasted long enough. When crops had to be flamed to prevent spread of late blight, late cultivars yielded less than early cultivars, especially under high nitrogen. By measuring the fraction of soil covered by green leaves throughout the growing season and using a model, we analysed canopy development in detail and related nitrogen and genotype sensitive model parameters to tuber yield. In one year with early, temporary drought, model prediction was poor. We observed that cultivars that rapidly established a high maximum soil cover, maintained that maximum for long and senesced slowly, could sustain high yields. When late-blight infection was late, these (mid)-late cultivars showed high agronomic nitrogen use efficiency, but were not (always) high in nitrogen uptake efficiency, accumulation of nitrogen in the tubers or nitrogen utilisation efficiency. When late-blight infection started early, early or mid-late cultivars that rapidly established a high maximum soil cover under low nitrogen availability gave best performance. In most years, early canopy development is responsive to nitrogen, shows genetic variation, and is significantly related to early tuber yield. Nitrogen-efficient cultivars suitable for organic production should have rapid early canopy development, a high agronomic nitrogen use efficiency and nitrogen utilisation efficiency, but a low nitrogen concentration in the tubers.
    Euphytica 09/2014; 199(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: The main question connected with developing wheat cultivars adapted to low nitrogen (N) is whether separate breeding programs for low and high input conditions are necessary. Nineteen wheat cultivars were grown over three years in Croatia in a total of eight environments at high N and low N in order to determine the effect of two N levels on means, variances and heritability of grain yield and bread-making quality and to assess the relative efficiency of indirect selection under high N in improving trait means under low N. Means of grain yield and grain protein content decreased under low N 10 and 13 %, respectively compared to the high N, whereas higher reductions of means due to lower fertilization were observed for grain N yield (21 %), wet gluten content (20 %), Zeleny sedimentation value (27 %) and for most rheological parameters, whose mean values were reduced from 20 % to as much as 57 %. Heritabilities for grain yield and grain N yield at high N were 0.82 and 0.76, respectively, and 0.77 and 0.43 at low N. Heritability for dough development time, stability and resistance also tended to be higher at high N than at low N due to a decrease in genetic variance and an increase in error variance at low N. The genetic correlation coefficients between high and low N were higher than 0.90 and the efficiency of indirect selection under high N for performance under low N was near 1.0 for grain yield and for most bread-making quality traits.
    Euphytica 09/2014; 199(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: Deeper plant root systems are desired for improved water and nitrogen uptake in leaching environments. However, phenotyping for deep roots requires methods that enable plants to develop deep roots under realistic conditions. Winter cereals raise further complications as early growth occurs under low light and temperature during autumn and winter—conditions not met in standard glasshouse facilities. This study used tube rhizotrons of 2 m length, positioned outdoor under a rainout shelter to screen for depth penetration rates (DPR) of roots. Rooting depths of 1 to 1.5 m were achieved with 23 widely grown North European winter wheat cultivars in two autumn/winter and two summer experiments and nine of the cultivars were represented in two or more experiments. Heritability of DPR of roots was only consistent in autumn/winter experiments (27 %) signifying the importance of phenotyping in relevant seasons and environments. Depth penetration rate of roots varied significantly within the tested cultivars, from 1.39 (±0.35) mm °C−1 day−1 for cv. Tuareg to 2.07 (±0.34) mm °C−1 day−1, for cv. Mercedes. This study documented consistent differences of DPR among North-European winter wheat cultivars in long tube rhizotrons under semi-natural conditions, which may form part of future phenotyping facilities for deep rooting traits.
    Euphytica 09/2014; 199(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: An increasing interest in sustainable forms of agriculture exists worldwide and the demand for varieties specifically adapted to organic and low-input agriculture is rising. As a consequence, breeding methods need to be refined accordingly. In order to get better insight into needs and possibilities with this regard, a comprehensive ring test was performed from 2006 to 2008 with 14 winter wheat varieties in 36 environments in major cropping regions of Austria, France, Romania and Switzerland. Environments were grouped into 9 different subsets according to input systems, years, and countries. Input system N0 consisted of 13 organic and 6 no-input trials; 17 trials in input system N received various levels of synthetic nitrogen. For grain yield (YLD) and protein yield (PYLD), significant G × E was detected. Countries had a stronger effect on both traits than systems. Overall, it was more efficient to select YLD and PYLD in N, for targeting both systems N and N0. For PYLD, direct testing within a given country was always more efficient than indirect selection. Many traits could be scored equally well in both systems, N and N0, but for some traits particularly important for organic agriculture, such as soil coverage, better differentiation was observed under organic conditions. Therefore, we agree with other authors that a commercially sustainable breeding program for organic and low-input agriculture should combine information from high and low-input levels and from diverse regions. Local testing of varieties, however, remains indispensable.
    Euphytica 09/2014; 199(1-2).
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    ABSTRACT: Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis of nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) was conducted on data generated from two pot experiments carried out in 2005 (using four nitrogen rates) and 2008 (with three rates) with AFLP markers and 94 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) of the Prisma × Apex mapping population. In total 41 QTLs were detected on 6 chromosomes and for 18 traits in both trials. About 95 % of the detected QTLs were with major additive effects. The percentage of variance accounted for by individual QTLs in the multiple QTL mapping model ranged from 8.4 to 54.4 % across all mapped traits in both years. Fifteen QTLs were related to NUE and its components; most of these QTLs were detected at lower nitrogen rates and none at the highest rate in both trials. These QTLs were found on Chromosomes 3(3H) and 7(5H) in 2005 and Chromosome 2(2H) in 2008. Except for the QTLs of plant height and NUE based on grain yield, none of the QTLs which were detected for a given trait in 2005, expressed themselves in 2008 irrespective of the nitrogen levels. QTLs controlling some traits were co-located in each year, and QTLs for many traits were detected on the same chromosome and close to the denso locus. Further research is needed to investigate the possibility to reduce nitrogen fertilizer requirements through breeding while maintaining high yield of barley.
    Euphytica 09/2014; 199(1-2).
  • Lin-Lin Wang, Yu-Yu Chen, Liang Guo, Hong-Wei Zhang, Ye-Yang Fan, Jie-Yun Zhuang
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    ABSTRACT: Dissection of qTGW1.2, a minor QTL for 1000-grain weight located on the long arm of rice chromosome 1, was reported here. Six sets of near isogenic lines (NILs) were developed from six BC2F9 plants of the indica rice cross Zhenshan 973/Milyang 46, respectively, segregated in a sequential order covering the region for qTGW1.2. They were tested for 1000-grain weight, grain length, grain width and heading date. The SAS procedure GLM was used to analyze the phenotype differences among three genotypic groups in each NIL set. The qTGW1.2 was separated into three QTLs, including qTGW1.2a located in the 933.6-kb interval RM11730–RM11762, qTGW1.2b in the 418.8-kb interval RM11781–RM11800, and qTGW1.2c in the 2.1-Mb interval RM11800–RM11885. While qTGW1.2a and qTGW1.2c displayed the genetic action mode of negatively partial dominance, qTGW1.2b appeared to have a positively dominance effect as large as its additive effect. In addition, the effects of the three QTLs were consistently detected in different NIL sets. It was also shown that the effects of qTGW1.2a and qTGW1.2b on grain weight were related more to grain length than grain width, and qTGW1.2c related more to grain width than grain length. Our results indicate that the effects of minor QTLs could be steadily detected in a highly isogenic background and suggest that dominance effects of minor QTLs might play an important role in the genetic control of heterosis in rice.
    Euphytica 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionIn Europe, the challenge of meeting future food demands while ensuring the sustainability of agricultural systems is increasingly an issue on the public agenda. We have to accept the need of increased efficiency, sustainability and resilience of our agricultural production, while at the same time meeting the emerging challenges such as “feeding the world,” “food or fuel,” “biodiversity,” and “climate change.” EUCARPIA, the European association for research in plant breeding, organized a Section meeting on Organic & Low-input Agriculture in Germany from September 24–26, 2013 at the Georg August University of Göttingen on Breeding for Nutrient Efficiency. This conference focused on the development of new crop breeding strategies to improve nutrient use efficiency as one strategy to address the above mentioned challenges. Next to various contributions on basic concepts and methodologies to improve nutrient efficiency, updates on many ongoing breeding programs and research acti
    Euphytica 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: EST–SSRs of Gossypium barbadense are mainly developed using traditional Sanger sequencing. However, due to the high cost and low throughput of Sanger sequencing, it is necessary to use high throughput sequencing technology for the development of more ESTs to more effectively analyze the structure and function of this species. In this study, a G. barbadense acc. 3–79 unnormalized fiber cDNA library (219.63 Mb) and a G. barbadense cv. Hai7124 normalized root cDNA library (204.61 Mb) were obtained by 454 sequencing. EST–SSRs were identified from the two libraries, and only 7,255 SSRs were obtained from the unnormalized library, with an average frequency of 1/31.00 kb. In contrast, 16,087 SSRs were obtained from the normalized library, with an average frequency of 1/13.02 kb. The frequencies of dinucleotides and tetranucleotides in the two libraries were very different. Comparing the two libraries, we found that a normalized cDNA library is more efficient for mining SSRs. Integrating the two libraries allowed the development of 1,129 EST–SSR markers, and 311 polymorphic loci were integrated into our interspecific BC1 genetic linkage map. The mapping results showed that the distribution of EST–SSRs on sub-genomes and chromosomes was uneven; however, the distribution of the mapped G. barbadense EST–SSRs on homologous chromosomes was similar, with the exception of Chr05 versus Chr19 and Chr12 versus Chr26. This study provided new EST–SSR markers that will facilitate studies on cotton genetics and breeding.
    Euphytica 07/2014; 198(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Stay-green maize genotypes have been associated with tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses, including tolerance to drought, and to stalk and root lodging, but there is limited information on its inheritance. Thus, this research was conducted to study the inheritance of the stay-green trait using both conventional analysis and QTL mapping of the Design III in a tropical maize population developed from two inbred lines genetically divergent for this trait. Two-hundred and fifty F2 plants were genotyped with 177 microsatellite markers, and their backcrossed progenies to both parental inbreds were evaluated at three locations. Ten plants per plot were assessed 120 days after sowing and the plot means scores for stay-green, adjusted for days to silking emergence, were used for analysis. The additive variance was larger than the dominance variance, the genetic by location interaction variance presented a high magnitude, and the heritability coefficient on a plant-basis a low magnitude. Seventeen QTL were mapped, most of them were clustered on four chromosomes and accounted for by 73.08 % of the genetic variance. About half of the QTL interacted with location, and the average level of dominance was partial dominance. The additive effects were larger than the dominance effects; the latter were not unidirectional, so that heterosis could not be exploited in crosses. Procedures for marker-assisted selection to increase the level of stay-green are discussed and an approach is suggested for using both stable and non-stable QTL in a marker-assisted backcross program.
    Euphytica 07/2014; 198(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Bacterial canker of kiwifruit, caused by a virulent strain of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), has resulted in serious damage to kiwifruit industry worldwide. The variability and inheritance of resistance to Psa and fruit characters in a disconnected factorial mating population of diploid Actinidia chinensis Planch were investigated. Significant variation in all characters was found, and this appeared to be under polygenic control. Results indicated the extent and nature of genetic variation in Psa resistance available in our breeding gene pool. Estimates of narrow-sense heritability were moderate-high to high for Psa resistance, fruit weight, dry matter content (DM) and soluble solids contents (SSC), but low for fruit number per vine. The moderate-high heritability for Psa resistance indicated a genetic control of the observed variation, and selection for Psa resistance could be possible. Psa resistance had a high negative genetic correlation with fruit number per vine, but a moderate positive correlation with fruit weight, DM and SSC. The results implied that yield penalty of Psa resistance might exist in kiwifruit. Thus, selection strategies based on Psa resistance need to take account of its negative correlation with fruit number per vine. Male and female parents useful for improving Psa resistance and fruit characters simultaneously were identified. Two full-sib families were outstanding, as they combined high degrees of resistance to Psa with high yield components and reasonable amounts of DM and SSC.
    Euphytica 07/2014; 198(2).
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    ABSTRACT: In almond, the presence of double seeded nuts significantly reduces their commercial value. For this reason, in breeding programs of this species, seedlings producing double seeds are usually eliminated. In order to avoid this trait in the offspring and increase the efficiency of the breeding programs it is important to know its genetic control. In this work, heritability of double seeds was estimated by midparent–offspring regression (narrow sense, h2) and by variance components analysis (broad sense, H2) for 3 years, in a population with a combination of full-sib and half-sib offspring coming from eight crosses designed for this objective. Heritability was high by both methods every year, and the values calculated by variance components were higher than those estimated by regression. The average ratio h2/H2 0.69 implies some influence of a non-additive effect for this trait, such as dominance and environmental effect. In this case, the influence of the temperatures preceding blooming on the percentage of double seeds can be inferred from our results, with lower temperatures increasing the percentage of double seeds. In the crosses between parents with high percentage of double seeds a normal (Gaussian) phenotypic distribution was observed. For crosses between one parent without double seeds and parents with high-medium percentage of double seeds a right-skew distribution (L-shaped) was observed, and certain transgressive segregation was observed in the descendants. This transgressive segregation was confirmed when both parents presented null percentage of double seeds. The results confirmed the complex architecture of this trait transmitted quantitatively, where additive, non-additive and genotype-by-environment interaction effects play an important role.
    Euphytica 07/2014; 198(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Premature senescence is an important limited factor for the short season cotton (SSC), which decreases yield and declines fiber quality. The activity of antioxidant enzyme, methane dicarboxylic aldehyde (MDA) content and chlorophyll content is related with premature senescence. The present study is aimed to investigate the heredity and relationship of the antioxidant enzymes catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), MDA content and chlorophyll content for breeding high yield and good quality of the SSC varieties. Six parents from two types of senescence varieties (type A, which matures early and displays premature senescence; type B, which matures early but does not display premature senescence) and their F1, F2 progenies in a diallel crossing scheme were planted in the experiment field. Phenotypic data on the traits were analyzed according to the Additive–Dominance–Epistasis and Additive–Dominance–Maternal–Paternal effects genetic model. CAT activity of dominant genetic effects were significant and large from 9 to 85 days after planting, the variance components were 34.69, 8.41, 31.93, 19.57 and 27.96 % at 9, 36, 50, 66 and 85 days, respectively. Additive-by-additive epistatic effects on CAT activity were significant and important from 9 to 85 days after planting. POD activity of additive genetic effects was significant and stable. There was not interaction by environment during 24 to 50 days after planting, the variance components were 9.82, 18.86 and 7.87 % at 24, 36 and 50 days, respectively. SOD activity of additive genetic effects was significant and stable. There was not interaction by environment during 66 to 100 days after planting, the variance components were 11.56, 11.80 and 13.84 % at 66, 85 and 100 days, respectively. MDA content of additive genetic effects was significant and stable. There was not interaction by environment during 50 to 100 days after planting, the variance components were 24.81, 13.81, 14.38 and 4.77 % at 50, 66, 85 and 100 days, respectively. Chlorophyll content was mainly controlled by significant dominance effects and main genetic effect from 9 to 66 days after planting, the dominant variance components were over 30 %. Maternal and paternal genetic effects on CAT and chlorophyll content were significant among 36–85 days after planting. Based on these results, it is suggested to selection of POD, SOD and MDA should be undertaken at early generation (F2, F3) and selection of chlorophyll and CAT should be undertaken at late generation (F4, F5) in SSC breeding programs.
    Euphytica 07/2014; 198(1).
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    ABSTRACT: In roses the problems associated with inter-specific breeding include low percent of seed set and lack or low percent of seed germination. Low seed set is usually due to non-amenable parents, which may have different ploidy level or other divergences that result in embryo abortion at early stages of development. Lack of seed germination is mostly attributed to the mechanical restrictions such as thick pericarp or the regulatory mechanisms such as the hormonal control of dormancy. The aims of the present investigation were to optimize in vitro embryo germination technique in rose and study the ploidy of progenies resulted from interploidy hybridizations. To optimize embryo germination, seeds were surface sterilized, whole pericarp and testa were removed and embryos were placed on half strength Murashige and Skoog media supplemented with different concentrations (0, 1, 2.5, 5 mg l−1) of benzyladenine (BA) in combination with different concentrations (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 mg l−1) of gibberellic acid. The maximum percent of in vitro embryo germination (93.40 %) was observed on medium containing 2.5 mg l−1 BA. In order to select the most fertile seed parents which could be used in interspecific hybridization, 11 commercial rose cultivars (R. × hybrida) were employed in 36 reciprocal crosses. Three rose cultivars including ‘Golden Celebration’, ‘Tess of the d’Urbervilles’ and ‘Molineux’ were selected as the maternal parents. The selected seed parents were employed in crosses with one rose species from Gallicanae section [R. damascena (2n = 4x)] and four rose species form Caninae section [R. orientalis (2n = 5x), R. iberica (2n = 5x) R. canina (2n = 5x) and R. pulverulenta (2n = 6x)]. The highest percent of hip set and in vitro embryo germination were observed in crosses between tetraploid rose cultivars and R. damascena. In all of the crosses with R. canina, the percent of hip and seed set was 0 %. However, in the crosses between tetraploid rose cultivars and other pentaploid or hexaploid rose species from Caninae section both triploid and tetraploid offsprings were attained. Future morphological analysis of the progenies is necessary to show to what extent progenies demonstrate the characteristics of the pollen parents from the Caninae section. Nevertheless, progenies from interploidy hybridizations would be beneficial in future breeding programs in order to expand the relatively small gene pool of roses.
    Euphytica 07/2014; 198(2).

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