Community Development Journal (Community Dev J)

Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)

Journal description

Community Development Journal is the outstanding international journal of its kind. It provides an excellent vehicle for scholars educators community development professionals and grassroots workers to develop knowledge and exchange ideas about theory and practice worldwide. Barry Checkoway Director Center for Community Service and Learning University of Michigan USA

Current impact factor: 0.69

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 6.50
Immediacy index 0.04
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Community Development Journal website
Other titles Community development journal
ISSN 0010-3802
OCLC 1714942
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Oxford University Press (OUP)

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 2 years embargo
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print can only be posted prior to acceptance
    • Pre-print must be accompanied by set statement (see link)
    • Pre-print must not be replaced with post-print, instead a link to published version with amended set statement should be made
    • Pre-print on author's personal website, employer website, free public server or pre-prints in subject area
    • Post-print on institutional repositories or central repositories
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany archived copy (see policy)
    • Eligible authors may deposit in OpenDepot
    • Publisher last contacted on 19/02/2015
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Oxford University Press (OUP)'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsv008
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    ABSTRACT: The last three decades have seen social enterprises in the United Kingdom pushed to the forefront of welfare delivery, workfare and area-based regeneration. For critics, this is repositioning the sector around a neoliberal politics that privileges marketization, state roll-back and disciplining community groups to become more self-reliant. Successive governments have developed bespoke products, fiscal instruments and intermediaries to enable and extend the social finance market. Such assemblages are critical to roll-out tactics, but they are also necessary and useful for more reformist understandings of economic alterity. The issue is not social finance itself but how it is used, which inevitably entangles social enterprises in a form of legitimation crises between the need to satisfy financial returns and at the same time keep community interests on board. This paper argues that social finance, how it is used, politically domesticated and achieves re-distributional outcomes is a necessary component of counter-hegemonic strategies. Such assemblages are as important to radical community development as they are to neoliberalism and the analysis concludes by highlighting the need to develop a better understanding of finance, the ethics of its use and tactical compromises in scaling it as an alternative to public and private markets.
    Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsu063
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    ABSTRACT: This article discusses community organizing (CO) in the United States. It is not a comprehensive survey of the entirety of CO in the US context, but instead addresses key components over time and critical themes in CO using particular examples to draw out central lessons for the field. Critical themes include CO's broad proliferation and organizational diversity, inherent political and contested nature, dialectic contextualization, and limited success. Contemporary efforts such as Asset-based Community Development, ACORN, the Tea Party, immigrant rights organizing, Occupy Wall Street, and the Right to the City Alliance are used to flesh out these critical themes as well as illustrate the current landscape and challenges for CO in the US.
    Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsv016
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    ABSTRACT: Community organizing refers to a particular way of working in public life that aims to enhance the capacity of community leaders to act for the common good in collaboration across civil society. In the last two decades, this practice, founded in the United States, has spread to Germany, the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia. This article develops a definition of community organizing, then explores the history of the practice. The article focuses on the translation of community organizing to Australia and the development of the Sydney Alliance. The article identifies a series of ‘key factors’ that helped create a successful adaptation of community organizing ‘universals’ to another country. In doing so the article applies several frameworks developed in Power in Coalition to help understand the successes and challenges that the Sydney Alliance has endured (Tattersall (2010) Power in Coalition: Strategies for Strong Unions and Social Change, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY). The author has a distinctive perspective, as she was the founder of the Sydney Alliance as well as the author of Power in Coalition. The article does not pretend to provide ‘objective’, disinterested observation, but is presented from the vantage point of active participant observation.
    Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsv018
  • Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsv019
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    ABSTRACT: In independent India, national development has been largely equated with economic growth and surplus. Most tribal people in India lead a hard, materially poor life. Multiple natural sources along with strong community ties make their life possible, even under difficult circumstances. Adivasis are by far the most vulnerable and marginalized socio-economic group in India; gaps in poverty, literacy and mortality between tribal and non-tribal groups are widening, despite the economic changes sweeping India. These challenges have been compounded in recent years by the arrival of global mining giants, for whom governments have used the colonial Land Acquisition Act of 1894 to forcibly displace millions from their ancestral lands. India today has over 4000 dams; more than 3000 of them built after independence in 1947. At least 500 more dams are under construction. Adivasis constitute 8.08 percent of India's population as per 1991 census figures. According to an Indian government working group, fifty percent of those displaced by development projects are adivasis. It clearly shows that the adivasis have faced a disproportionate share of displacement. The women folk of their community suffer the most. The resource rich areas are consequently most likely to be dammed or mined. Many tribal belts have now been identified as ‘development sites’ ideally suited for building large multi-purpose river valley projects such as mines, thermal power stations or paper factories. The article will critically analyse the impacts of the destructive development on adivasi peoples of India today.
    Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsu053
  • Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsv013
  • Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsv020
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    ABSTRACT: The policy language of recent UK governments in relation to ‘activating’ communities has drawn on images of ‘community’ as coherent constructions – communities of place – recognizable to their members who are capable of concerted action. From this conceptual basis, localities identified as ‘ineffective’ are encouraged to become ‘successful, integrated communities' through government action such as New Labour's Working Together neighbourhood policies and the more recent Big Society initiatives of the Conservative-led Coalition Government. The shared fallacy is that individuals are policy-receptive actors with the potential to engage in community life ‘successfully’ (consensually) once ‘empowered’ to do so. This paper questions the efficacy of applying politically neutralized values of empowerment, community and participation in government policy to ‘real world’ communities by applying the lessons of a case study of the lived experience of community action in the late 1990s, during an arguably golden policy era of government sponsored community participation. In this study, the work of Georg Simmel was used to highlight the dynamism of human associations and the co-presence of apparently contradictory currents of conflict and co-operation. Qualitative network analysis illustrated the webbed intricacies of participating in ‘community’ and the importance of recognizing conflict as an element of the whole process of participation – which should not be elided by policy makers. The paper concludes that conflict has a positive role to play in sustainable community processes: it is both an undeniably inherent element of participation and a democratic imperative.
    Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsu051
  • Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsv017
  • Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsv009
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    ABSTRACT: This article discusses the largely under-researched anti-poverty work of Migrant and Refugee Community Organizations (MRCOs) in Glasgow. The role of MRCOs as a source of social capital and critical coping and survival mechanism in exile has received notable attention since the introduction of dispersal policy in 1999. The practices outlined in this article contribute to this growing body of research by presenting examples of collective action developed from within migrant community organizations. The discussion is contextualized by broader ideological and political debates on entitlement and deservedness as they relate to migrants generally and asylum seekers specifically. Whilst offering tangible acts of financial support, MRCO strategies are also driven by social, cultural and political objectives which challenge structural constraints on self-determination. Varied in terms of risk and formality, their collective action is woven through with discourses of solidarity, belonging, resistance and empowerment. The informal nature of much of this work means that it is often missing from the broader picture of anti-poverty action and scholarship. The article concludes with a number of recommendations that suggest ways forward for bringing this action to the attention of academic researchers, practitioners and policy makers with an aim for developing better community-focused research.
    Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsu047
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    ABSTRACT: Sustainable urban development is increasingly associated with locally controlled economies. While ‘localist’ initiatives are usually addressed to energy, consumer goods, and capital, the efficacy of local property ownership for urban development outcomes is largely unexplored. This article investigates historical land ownership patterns in a downtown Phoenix, AZ, district ripe for infill property development. Findings indicate that local control over both developed and vacant properties has decreased significantly over the past twenty years despite a growing arts-based development initiative supported by locally embedded property owners. Concomitant studies of municipal, county, and state land development policies illuminate how localist ideals of community development are both supported and eroded by conflicting policy initiatives, producing similarly conflicting land use and development outcomes. This clash between use-inspired and exchange-oriented approaches to development enacts a larger ideological conflict that may increasingly emerge as local sustainable development is embraced in urban political economies.
    Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsu062
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    ABSTRACT: Over the past couple of decades, African universities have been considered to possess the capacity needed to enhance the development of the continent and its residential communities. In spite of this consideration, Africa as a continent still lags behind the rest of the world in terms of the quality of its institutions and its ability to meet the needs of ordinary people who desire a better social life. Given this context, this article calls for a re-assessment of African universities' attempts to address the need for community development. It proceeds from the concept of engagement to highlight the relevance of a university's technological competence to community development. Drawing on a single interpretive case study, this article argues that African universities can deploy their technological competence and resources within the framework of civic responsibility but also reciprocity to address a wide range of community concerns affecting the livelihood of the citizenry. The analysis of data collected from a bounded system in Cameroon suggests that by widening participation to identify or construct, diffuse and apply relevant technologies for community development, African universities can improve the capacities of community residents, stimulate growth in agricultural yields, foster sustainability and competitiveness of economic activities and improve the living condition of ordinary people.
    Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsu056
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    ABSTRACT: This article provides a snapshot of social and solidarity economy (SSE) institutions and activities in two differing regions of the world in order to reflect on how the SSE is being conceptualized and practised in varying contexts and cultures. The SSE is a growing social movement that includes a range of activities that share common values, including solidarity and mutual support, with a focus on community level development. We consider the case of Geneva, Switzerland – where the APRES Chamber federates more than 260 SSE enterprises – and that of Metro Manila, the Philippines – where Asia's solidarity economy council is headquartered. Our main findings are that actors in Geneva are more focussed on putting established SSE guiding principles into practice within their organizations at the community level, while actors in Metro Manila are engaged in a broader vision of achieving solidarity across supply chains and throughout the country. We conclude that the SSE has the potential to become the economy of sustainability, working towards more sustainable community development. For this, greater coherence is needed, not only within organizations, but between activities, communities and regions of the world.
    Community Development Journal 07/2015; 50(3). DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsu054
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    ABSTRACT: Many low-income and minority communities have reduced access to healthy foods, which may contribute to unhealthy eating. This has led to interventions in existing small, neighbourhood stores (corner stores) to bring healthier foods to those communities. In 2011–2012, the Cook County Department of Public Health partnered with eight suburban community organizations in predominantly low-income, minority communities to increase healthy food availability in local corner stores. The project goal was to increase the capacity of partnering community organizations to ensure effective implementation and promote sustainability in a geopolitically complex region. This approach is unlike most corner store interventions, usually conducted within a single city or by a single organization. To evaluate the impact on community organizational capacity, interviews were conducted with key project staff from partnering community organizations in April 2012. Interviews were recorded and transcribed, and qualitative analysis was conducted. Findings included that the training and materials provided by the project increased staff confidence in carrying out and sustaining the intervention. Individualized project support was particularly meaningful. Other aspects of capacity, such as leadership support and staff time, were limitations to project success. These findings will inform other efforts, especially those in large, complex jurisdictions, in implementing collaborative community interventions.
    Community Development Journal 06/2015; DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsv022
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    ABSTRACT: The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is the site of one of the most egregious conflicts in modern times. Fuelled by a violent political economy of mineral and natural resource extraction, the lengthy cycle of violence and intimidation has resulted in the highest death toll in any war since World War II. The shortcomings of internationally sponsored peacebuilding efforts in the region have led to a local turn in the peacebuilding literature where a key role for community groups in local conflict resolution and development is being promoted. Drawing on fieldwork conducted by the author with community groups in Ituri District in north-eastern DRC, this article highlights the failure of international and national initiatives to address the underlying causes of the Iturian conflict and goes on to argue that there are limits to what local communities can achieve in this context. The findings demonstrate that the greatest impact of community groups' activities is at individual rather than structural levels and three inter-related reasons are given for this. The article concludes by highlighting four issues for community groups interested in challenging the status quo and effecting long-lasting transformative change, moving from conflict containment to conflict transformation.
    Community Development Journal 05/2015; DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsv015
  • Community Development Journal 04/2015; DOI:10.1093/cdj/bsv014