Communications in Mathematical Physics (COMMUN MATH PHYS )

Publisher: Springer Verlag


Subjects: Quantum physics and differential geometry; Flow equations, nonlinear PDE of mathematical physics; String theory, nonperturbative field theory and related topics; Field theory, mechanics and condensed matter; nonequilibrium and dynamical systems; General relativity, mathematical aspects of M/string theory, applications of differential geometry to physics; Field theory, constructive methods; statistical mechanics; Algebraic quantum field theory and related issues of operator algebras; Turbulence, disordered systems, and rigorous studies of field theory; Nonequilibrium statistical mechanics; Algebraic geometry in physics, mathematical aspects of string theory; Quantum information theory; Quantum chaos; Schrödinger operators and atomic physics; Statistical physics; Classical and quantum integrable systems, conformal field theory and related topics; Quantum dynamics and nonequilibrium statistical mechanics.

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Publications in this journal

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Geometric quantization often produces not one Hilbert space to represent the quantum states of a classical system but a whole family H s of Hilbert spaces, and the question arises if the spaces H s are canonically isomorphic. Axelrod et al. (J. Diff. Geo. 33:787–902, 1991) and Hitchin (Commun. Math. Phys. 131:347–380, 1990) suggest viewing H s as fibers of a Hilbert bundle H, introduce a connection on H, and use parallel transport to identify different fibers. Here we explore to what extent this can be done. First we introduce the notion of smooth and analytic fields of Hilbert spaces, and prove that if an analytic field over a simply connected base is flat, then it corresponds to a Hermitian Hilbert bundle with a flat connection and path independent parallel transport. Second we address a general direct image problem in complex geometry: pushing forward a Hermitian holomorphic vector bundle ${E \to Y}$ along a non–proper map ${Y \to S}$ . We give criteria for the direct image to be a smooth field of Hilbert spaces. Third we consider quantizing an analytic Riemannian manifold M by endowing TM with the family of adapted Kähler structures from Lempert and Szőke (Bull. Lond. Math. Soc. 44:367–374, 2012). This leads to a direct image problem. When M is homogeneous, we prove the direct image is an analytic field of Hilbert spaces. For certain such M—but not all—the direct image is even flat; which means that in those cases quantization is unique.
    Communications in Mathematical Physics 04/2014; 327(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Given a Kähler manifold M endowed with a Hamiltonian Killing vector field Z, we construct a conical Kähler manifold such that M is recovered as a Kähler quotient of . Similarly, given a hyper-Kähler manifold ( M, g, J 1, J 2, J 3) endowed with a Killing vector field Z, Hamiltonian with respect to the Kähler form of J 1 and satisfying , we construct a hyper-Kähler cone such that M is a certain hyper-Kähler quotient of . In this way, we recover a theorem by Haydys. Our work is motivated by the problem of relating the supergravity c-map to the rigid c-map. We show that any hyper-Kähler manifold in the image of the c-map admits a Killing vector field with the above properties. Therefore, it gives rise to a hyper-Kähler cone, which in turn defines a quaternionic Kähler manifold. Our results for the signature of the metric and the sign of the scalar curvature are consistent with what we know about the supergravity c-map.
    Communications in Mathematical Physics 12/2013; 324(2).
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    ABSTRACT: We study the cumulants and their generating functions of the probability distributions of the conductance, shot noise and Wigner delay time in ballistic quantum dots. Our approach is based on the integrable theory of certain matrix integrals and applies to all the symmetry classes ${\beta \in \{1, 2, 4\}}$ of Random Matrix Theory. We compute the weak localization corrections to the mixed cumulants of the conductance and shot noise for β = 1, 4, thus proving a number of conjectures of Khoruzhenko et al. (in Phys Rev B 80:(12)125301, 2009). We derive differential equations that characterize the cumulant generating functions for all ${\beta \in \{1, 2, 4 \} }$ . Furthermore, when β = 2 we show that the cumulant generating function of the Wigner delay time can be expressed in terms of the Painlevé III′ transcendant. This allows us to study properties of the cumulants of the Wigner delay time in the asymptotic limit ${n \to \infty}$ . Finally, for all the symmetry classes and for any number of open channels, we derive a set of recurrence relations that are very efficient for computing cumulants at all orders.
    Communications in Mathematical Physics 12/2013; 324(2).
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    ABSTRACT: We study the BPS spectra of N=2 complete quantum field theories in four dimensions. For examples that can be described by a pair of M5 branes on a punctured Riemann surface we explain how triangulations of the surface fix a BPS quiver and superpotential for the theory. The BPS spectrum can then be determined by solving the quantum mechanics problem encoded by the quiver. By analyzing the structure of this quantum mechanics we show that all asymptotically free examples, Argyres-Douglas models, and theories defined by punctured spheres and tori have a chamber with finitely many BPS states. In all such cases we determine the spectrum.
    Communications in Mathematical Physics 11/2013; 323(3).
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    ABSTRACT: This paper investigates infinite-time spreading and finite-time blow-up for the Keller-Segel system. For 0 < m ≤ 2 − 2 / d, the L p space for both dynamic and steady solutions are detected with ${p:=\frac{d(2-m)}{2} }$ . Firstly, the global existence of the weak solution is proved for small initial data in L p . Moreover, when m > 1 − 2 / d, the weak solution preserves mass and satisfies the hyper-contractive estimates in L q for any p < q < ∞. Furthermore, for slow diffusion 1 < m ≤ 2 − 2/d, this weak solution is also a weak entropy solution which blows up at finite time provided by the initial negative free energy. For m > 2 − 2/d, the hyper-contractive estimates are also obtained. Finally, we focus on the L p norm of the steady solutions, it is shown that the energy critical exponent m = 2d/(d + 2) is the critical exponent separating finite L p norm and infinite L p norm for the steady state solutions.
    Communications in Mathematical Physics 11/2013; 323(3).
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper is concerned with the Vlasov-Poisson-Boltzmann system for plasma particles of two species in three space dimensions. The Boltzmann collision kernel is assumed to be angular non-cutoff with $-3<\gamma<-2s$ and $1/2\leq s<1$, where $\gamma$, $s$ are two parameters describing the kinetic and angular singularities, respectively. We establish the global existence and convergence rates of classical solutions to the Cauchy problem when initial data is near Maxwellians. This extends the results in \cite{DYZ-h, DYZ-s} for the cutoff kernel with $-2\leq \gamma\leq 1$ to the case $-3<\gamma<-2$ as long as the angular singularity exists instead and is strong enough, i.e., $s$ is close to 1. The proof is based on the time-weighted energy method building also upon the recent studies of the non cutoff Boltzmann equation in \cite{GR} and the Vlasov-Poisson-Landau system in \cite{Guo5}.
    Communications in Mathematical Physics 10/2013; 324(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Considered herein is the dynamical stability of the single peaked soliton and periodic peaked soliton for an integrable modified Camassa-Holm equation with cubic nonlinearity. The equation is known to admit a single peaked soliton and multi-peakon solutions, and is shown here to possess a periodic peaked soliton. By constructing certain Lyapunov functionals, it is demonstrated that the shapes of these waves are stable under small perturbations in the energy space.
    Communications in Mathematical Physics 09/2013; 322(3).
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    ABSTRACT: We consider a lattice SU(3) QCD model in 2 + 1 dimensions, with two flavors and 2 × 2 spin matrices. An imaginary time functional integral formulation with Wilson’s action is used in the strong coupling regime, i.e. small hopping parameter ${0 < \kappa \ll 1}$ , and much smaller plaquette coupling ${\beta, 0 < \beta \ll \kappa}$ . In this regime, it is known that the low-lying energy-momentum spectrum contains isolated dispersion curves identified with baryons and mesons with asymptotic masses ${m\approx-3\ln\kappa}$ and ${m_m\approx-2\ln\kappa}$ , respectively. We prove the existence of two (labelled by ±) two-baryon bound states for each of the total isospin sectors I = 0,1 and we obtain, in each case, the exact binding energies ${\epsilon_{I\,\pm} }$ (of order ${\kappa^2}$ ) which extend to jointly analytic function in ${\kappa}$ and β. We also prove that these points are the only mass spectrum up to slightly above the bound state masses. Precisely, we show, for ${\alpha_0=\frac 14, \alpha_1=\frac 1{12}, \alpha_2=\frac12, \alpha_3=\frac 34}$ and small ${\delta >0 }$ , that the bound state masses ${2m-\epsilon_{I\,\pm}}$ are the only points in the mass spectrum in ${(0,2m-\epsilon_{I\,\pm}+\delta \alpha_I\kappa^2)}$ , for I = 0,1, and in ${(0,2m-(1+\delta)\alpha_I\kappa^2)}$ , for I = 2,3. These results are exact and validate our previous results obtained in a ladder approximation. The method employs suitable two- and four-point correlations with spectral representations and a lattice Bethe-Salpeter equation. For I = 0,1, a quark, antiquark space-range one potential of order ${\kappa^2}$ is found to be the dominant contribution to the two-baryon interaction and the interaction of the individual quark isospins of one baryon with those of the other is described by permanents. A novel spectral free decomposition (but spectral representation motivated, for real κ and β) of the two-point correlation, after performing a complex extension, is a key ingredient in showing the joint analyticity of the binding energy.
    Communications in Mathematical Physics 08/2013; 321(1):249-282.
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    ABSTRACT: Magnetic Aharonov-Bohm effect (AB effect) was studied in hundreds of papers starting with the seminal paper of Aharonov and Bohm (Phys Rev 115:485, 1959). We give a new proof of the magnetic Aharonov-Bohm effect without using the scattering theory and the theory of inverse boundary value problems. We consider separately the cases of one and several obstacles. The electric AB effect was studied much less. We give the first proof of the electric AB effect in domains with moving boundaries. When the boundary does not move with the time the electric AB effect is absent.
    Communications in Mathematical Physics 08/2013; 321(3).
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    ABSTRACT: We study the initial value problem for the conformal field equations with data given on a cone ${\cal N}_p$ with vertex $p$ so that in a suitable conformal extension the point $p$ will represent past time-like infinity $i^-$, the set ${\cal N}_p \setminus \{p\}$ will represent past null infinity ${\cal J}^-$, and the freely prescribed (suitably smooth) data will acquire the meaning of the incoming {\it radiation field} for the prospective vacuum space-time. It is shown that: (i) On some coordinate neighbourhood of $p$ there exist smooth fields which satisfy the conformal vacuum field equations and induce the given data at all orders at $p$. The Taylor coefficients of these fields at $p$ are uniquely determined by the free data. (ii) On ${\cal N}_p$ there exists a unique set of fields which induce the given free data and satisfy the transport equations and the inner constraints induced on ${\cal N}_p$ by the conformal field equations. These fields and the fields which are obtained by restricting the functions considered in (i) to ${\cal N}_p$ coincide at all orders at $p$.
    Communications in Mathematical Physics 06/2013; 324(1).

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