Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils (CHEM TECH FUELS OIL+ )

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Description

Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils translation of Khimiya i Tekhnologiya Topliv i Masel publishes reports on improvements in the processing of petroleum and natural gas and cracking and refining techniques for the production of high-quality fuels oils greases specialty fluids additives and synthetics. The journal includes timely articles on the demulsification desalting and desulfurizing of crude oil; new flow plans for refineries; platforming isomerization catalytic reforming and alkylation processes for obtaining aromatic hydrocarbons and high-octane gasoline; methods of producing ethylene acetylene benzene acids alcohols esters and other compounds from petroleum as well as hydrogen from natural gas and liquid products. The Russian volume-year is published in English beginning in July.

  • Impact factor
    0.12
    Hide impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    0.11
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.00
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.02
  • Website
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils website
  • Other titles
    Chemistry and technology of fuels and oils (Online), Chemistry and technology of fuels and oils
  • ISSN
    0009-3092
  • OCLC
    46887779
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 06/2014; 47(6):453-463.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is shown that polymer-foam sorbents are characterized by high sorption capacity and selectivity during their sorption of crude oil and petroleum products from a water surface. The volume weight, temperature, frequency of regeneration, etc. are found to affect crude oil, petroleum oils, and fuel sorption capacity. Sorbents with low volume weight have better petroleum and residual fuel oil sorption capacity, and those with high volume weight sorb diesel fuel and gasoline better. Polymer-foam sorbents based on the random copolymer polypropylene sorb petroleum and petroleum products from the surface of water effectively even after repeated regeneration. High sorption capacity, possibility of repeated regeneration, prolonged floatability, resistance to corrosive media, etc. open up the potential for use of these sorbents for localization and elimination of accidental spills of crude oil and petroleum products on the surface of water.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 01/2014; 49(6).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The composition of nitrogen bases of vacuum gas oil and hydrogenation products obtained at 360 and 380°C is studied. The nitrogen bases of the initial distillate are represented by nitrogen and nitrosulfur compounds, the major part of which consists of benzoquinolines and thiophenoquinolines. The characteristic features of the nitrogen bases of the hydrogenation products are absence of nitrogen- and sulfur-bearing structures, increased content of poorly substituted quinolines, appearance of mononaphthenopyridines and mononaphthenoquinolines, and reduced benzoquinoline content. Elevation of vacuum gas oil hydrofining temperature from 360 to 380°C causes increased yield of concentrate of extractable nitrogen bases. The qualitative composition of the extracted bases remains unchanged in this case, and the differences occur only in the relative content of various types of compounds.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 01/2014; 49(6).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We consider a technology for granulation of asphalt from its mixture with supercritical pentane and construct a mathematical model for the process. We compare two nozzle designs intended for spraying the mixture and flash boiling of pentane. We show that a nozzle with a conical section is not susceptible to clogging by the asphalt. The pentane vaporization rate and the fraction of vapor phase increase owing to the presence of the asphalt phase.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 01/2014; 49(6).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purge gas in flare systems is used to avoid burnback in the flare stack. We have used computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods to calculate the purge gas flow rate in a flare stack with a velocity seal. We constructed a simulation model of the purging process for different purge rates. As the results show, the baffle size has a significant effect on the oxygen distribution in the flare. When the first baffle/seal diameter ratio is d 1/D = 0.92 and hydrocarbons are discharged in the flare, the minimum safe purge gas flow rate is 0.05 m/s. However, when the hydrogen content in the discharge gas is high, the minimum safe purge rate is higher: 0.1 m/s. But if the purge rate is maintained at the level recommended by API 521-2007 (0.012 m/s when discharging hydrocarbon gases), the ratio d 1/D should not be greater than 0.75. In this case, when discharging gas with high hydrogen content, the minimum safe purge rate is 0.02 m/s.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 01/2014; 49(6).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have studied the structure of asphaltenes in heavy crude oil according to a flow chart eliminating the step of their thermal degradation and proposing separation of asphaltenes into high molecular weight components, “low molecular weight asphaltenes,” and malthenes. The elemental composition of the isolated components is determined. We have used chromatography/mass spectrometry to study the composition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heteroatomic malthene compounds contained in the asphaltenes.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 01/2014; 49(6).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We discuss the effect of casing wear on squeeze resistance and corrosion life. We analyze methods for prediction of casing wear and propose a new method. Providing that the length of the drill pipe (tool) joint is known, the main factors determining casing wear are the wear factor, the surface kiss (tangential) pressure, and the movement distance, where the contact pressure depends on the kiss pressure and contact arc length. The proposed model describes the experimental data more accurately than other known models.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 01/2014; 49(6).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cranking and antiknock properties of gasoline-alcohol blends based on straight-run gasoline with additives containing watery ethanol and other oxygen-bearing components are studied. The composition of the gasoline-alcohol blends is optimized for summer and winter gasolines. Straightrun gasolines of modified fractional composition are proposed to be used for getting blended gasolines. In cranking properties, the obtained blended gasolines are similar to the original straight-run gasolines. The feasibility of getting high-octane gasolines that meet the environmental requirements for the content of aromatic hydrocarbons, including benzene, is demonstrated.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 01/2014; 49(6).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A method is developed for quick oil-quality and performance monitoring by simultaneous determination of the oil’s total impurity content based on optical density in the red, green, and blue wavelength ranges, as well as the chemical properties based on the difference in the chromatic ratios and oil color in TCU ( true color units). This method can be used to determine the quality of fresh oil during its production, monitoring the incoming oils before their use in equipment, and make prompt evaluations of the oil’s performance in the course of tribojunction use.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 01/2014; 49(6).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The structural composition of fresh and aged (under model conditions) GK-grade transformer oil and petrolatum oil is studied by UV and 1 N NMR spectroscopy. Comparative experimental studies showed that sediment formation in transformer oil depends essentially on aromatic compounds rather than oxidized compounds, i.e. after reaching a certain concentration arenes coagulate forming solid particles that precipitate. It is concluded that in transformer oil, the aromatic hydrocarbons must be limited to the minimal content possible.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 01/2014; 49(6).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An appraisal has been made of the high-temperature properties of components of API group III, IV, and VI base oils by the method of catalytic oxidative thermolysis of fresh specimens and analysis of oxidation products. The low-temperature properties of oil components have been studied on a CCS-type cold-cranking simulator. Based upon the derived data, a basic matrix of ACEA class-C motor oils has been chosen for modern gasoline engines. Physicochemical transformations of individual base components and their blends thickened by a viscous polymeric additive under catalytic oxidative thermolysis conditions have been studied.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 01/2014; 49(6).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Multilayer carbon nanotubes obtained by pyrolytic treatment and mechanical activation of amorphous carbon, synthesized from various plant materials, are distinguished by high hydrogen sorption capacity. We have studied the microstructure of the amorphous carbon and the nanotubes. We have found that the mechanical activation time and hydrogen saturation conditions affect the sorption capacity of the nanotubes.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 09/2013; 49(4).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The deterging effect and wetting capacity of some widely used commercial surfactants and demulsifiers are examined and studied from the standpoint of the oilfield treatment of crude oil. The deterging effect of surfactants of various structures is shown to be selective in washing off disperse particles of mechanical paraffin, resin, and asphaltene impurities from the surface. New methods are proposed for determining the deterging effect of surfactacts in oil-bearing disperse systems. The mechanism of breakdown of the structure of disperse particles surrounded by a hydrocarbon adsorption layer under the action of detergents is described. The studies identified a number of surfactants that have an intrinsically pronounced deterging effect.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 09/2013; 49(4).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Crude oil acids, isolated from high-acid crude oil, were decarboxylated in a continuous flow-through reactor in the presence of nanosized titanium dioxide. We studied the effect of the reaction temperature on the acid number of the product and the acid conversion. The product obtained, with low acidity and high calorific value and representing a mixture of naphthenic hydrocarbons, is proposed as a component of jet fuels.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 09/2013; 49(4).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We use the Aspen HYSYS software to simulate the process of amine sweetening of natural gas with high acid gas content. We analyze the effect of the lean amine (absorbent) temperature on the acid gas content in the sweetened gas and saturated amine solution (the rich amine). We found that the optimal temperature for the regenerated amine solution (lean amine), at which the maximum sweetening of the gas is achieved with minimum amine circulation rate, is within the range 38°C-45°C.
    Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils 09/2013; 49(4).