Chemistry and Physics of Lipids (CHEM PHYS LIPIDS)
Chemistry and Physics of Lipids publishes research papers and review articles in the field of molecular biology which emphasise chemical and physical aspects of lipids. Accordingly, the journal covers: advances in synthetic and analytical lipid methodology; chemical and physical characterisation of isolated structures; thermodynamics, phase behaviour, topology and dynamics of lipid assemblies; physicochemical studies into lipid-lipid and lipid-protein interactions in lipoproteins and in natural and model membranes; movement of lipids within, across and between membranes; intracellular lipid transfer; structure-function relationships and the nature of lipid-derived second messengers; chemical, physical and functional alterations of lipids induced by free radicals; and the role of lipids in the regulation of membrane-dependent biological processes. Reviews, full articles and short communications will be considered for publication in each issue. Special Issues will consist of invited contributions organized and edited to cover specific themes.
- Impact factor2.57Show impact factor historyHide impact factor history
- WebsiteChemistry and Physics of Lipids website
Other titlesChemistry and physics of lipids, CPL
Material typePeriodical, Internet resource
Document typeJournal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource
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Publications in this journal
Article: Lipidomic and transcriptomic profiling of human Niemann-Pick type C macrophages and fibroblasts: implications to disease pathogenesisChemistry and Physics of Lipids 01/2011; 164:S27-S27.
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ABSTRACT: The physico-chemical properties of three fully hydrated monoacyl maltoside glycolipids were investigated with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The different synthesized maltoside glycoconjugates vary in the length and saturation of the fatty acid moiety, whereas the constant head group region contains a beta-linked maltose with a OC(2)-NH spacer. The compounds with saturated acyl chains showed a complex pattern of temperature-dependent behaviour, regarding the adopted three-dimensional aggregate structure of the molecules and the main phase transition from the gel to liquid crystalline phase of the acyl chains. A substitution of the saturated acyl chain with an unsaturated acyl chain led to a complete change of the structural preferences, from a high ordered stacking of the bilayers to an unilamellar arrangement of completely disordered and fluid membranes. The presence of the NH group in the spacer, compared to the compounds lacking the NH group allows the formation of a hydrogen bonding network, which influences the observed phase properties. The results of these studies of the hydrated monoacylated maltose glycolipids are discussed in relation to the thermotropic phase properties of the pure compounds in the absence of water.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 10/2008; 155(1):31-7.
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ABSTRACT: We present an upgrade to the giant unilamellar vesicle (GUV) electroformation method allowing easy GUV production in different buffers and with various membrane compositions. Our experimental results reveal that lipid deposits obtained from aqueous liposome or proteoliposome dispersions are highly efficient for GUV electroformation. This is related to the ability of such dispersions to produce readily well-oriented membrane stacks. Furthermore, we present a protocol for GUV electroformation in various aqueous media, including electrolyte-containing buffers at characteristic concentrations of biological fluids. This work unlocks historical barriers to GUV applications in scientific fields like biology, biochemistry, or biophysics where membrane composition, as well as its aqueous environment, should be adapted to biological significance.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 09/2008; 154(2):115-9.
Article: Extraction, isolation and NMR data of the tetraether lipid calditoglycerocaldarchaeol (GDNT) from Sulfolobus metallicus harvested from a bioleaching reactor.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The successful extraction and isolation of the hydrolysed tetraether lipid calditoglycerocaldarchaeol (GDNT) from Sulfolobus metallicus, a key thermophilic bioleaching archaeon, is described. The archaeal biomass was recovered directly from a thermophilic (68 degrees C) bioleaching tank reactor used to extract nickel from a pentlandite mineral concentrate. The initial Soxhlet extraction method employed was scaled to a bench-scale extraction procedure suitable for the preparation of gram-scale quantities of GDNT. The GDNT so obtained was analysed by 1D- and 2D-NMR techniques, providing the first complete 13C and 2D-NMR data-set for GDNT, including that for the intact underivatised calditol moiety. The study demonstrates the feasibility of recovering high-quality GNDT from thermophilic archaeal-mediated bioleaching reactors. The recovery of these lipids at relatively low cost, as a by-product from bioleaching reactors used in the metals processing industry, has important implications for future tetraether lipid availability and costs.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 09/2008; 154(2):94-104.
Article: Partitioning of 1-pyrenesulfonate into zwitterionic and mixed zwitterionic/anionic fluid phospholipid bilayers.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Molecular partitioning into biomembranes is of fundamental importance in diverse biochemical processes and reactions. The majority of aqueous/membrane partition data using model membrane systems, is obtained with pure phosphatidylcholine bilayers, being lipid mixtures less used, while studies involving bilayers containing zwitterionic/anionic mixtures of phospholipids are even more scarce. In this study, the solvatochromic effects of 1-pyrenesulfonate observed at 375 nm in aqueous liposome suspensions, and monitored by second derivative absorption spectrophotometry, enabled the determination of its partition constants into defined phospholipid bilayers. We compare, under cautiously settled experimental conditions, the partition of the anionic amphiphile PSA into fluid zwitterionic bilayers of POPC (Kp=6.7 x 10(3), at 25 degrees C), and into fluid mixed zwitterionic/anionic bilayers containing small proportions of anionic phospholipids. At the same temperature, we found increasing K(p) values in parallel with the proportion of POPS mixed with POPC (Kp=3.4 x 10(4) and Kp=7.3 x 10(4), with 5 and 10 mol% of POPS, respectively). Our interpretation is based on the interfacial properties of fluid and flexible mixed zwitterionic/anionic phospholipid bilayers.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 09/2008; 154(2):79-86.
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ABSTRACT: NMR data on lipid hydroperoxides is scarce. In this study, hydroperoxides were produced from methyl 9-cis,11-trans-octadecadienoate and from methyl 10-trans,12-cis-octadecadienoate by autoxidation in the presence of 20% of alpha-tocopherol. Ten different hydroperoxides were isolated from the autoxidation mixtures of the two conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) methyl esters by SPE and HPLC. The assignment of the 1H and 13C NMR spectra of these hydroperoxides was accomplished by 2D NMR experiments and by spectral simulations. Substitution of a hydroperoxyl group at the allylic position in CLA methyl esters induced a 53.93 ppm downfield shift on the hydroperoxyl-bearing carbon resonance. The effects on the olefinic alpha, beta, gamma, and delta carbon resonances were -3.45, +4.96, -1.22, and +4.42 ppm, respectively. Furthermore, the solvent effects of deuterochloroform, deuteroacetone, and deuterobenzene on the 13C resonances of the hydroperoxides suggest that deuterochloroform is the appropriate solvent for 13C NMR studies on mixtures of lipid hydroperoxides.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 09/2008; 154(2):105-14.
Article: Synthesis and characterization of highly functionalized symmetric aromatic hexa-ol intermediates from oleic acid.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A novel highly functionalized aromatic hexa-ol was synthesized by palladium-catalyzed cyclotrimerization of an alkyne fatty acid ester followed by LAH reduction. This polyol product is a novel monomer made from a renewable lipid raw material for the production of polyurethanes, polyesters and polyamides.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 09/2008; 155(1):43-7.
Article: Lipid-specific binding of the calcium-dependent antibiotic daptomycin leads to changes in lipid polymorphism of model membranes.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Daptomycin is a cyclic anionic lipopeptide with an antibiotic activity that is completely dependent on the presence of calcium (as Ca2+). In a previous study [Jung et al., 2004. Chem. Biol. 11, 949-957], it was concluded that daptomycin underwent two Ca2+-dependent structural transitions, whereby the first transition was solely dependent on Ca2+, while the second transition was dependent on both Ca2+ and the presence of negatively charged lipids that allowed daptomycin to insert into and perturb bilayer membranes with acidic character. Differences in the interaction of daptomycin with acidic and neutral membranes were further investigated by spectroscopic means. The lack of quenching of intrinsic fluorescence by the water-soluble quencher, KI, confirmed the insertion of the daptomycin Trp residue into the membrane bilayer, while the kynurenine residue was inaccessible even in an aqueous environment. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) indicated that the binding of daptomycin to neutral bilayers occurred through a combination of electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions, while the binding of daptomycin to bilayers containing acidic lipids primarily involved electrostatic interactions. The binding of daptomycin to acidic membranes led to the induction of non-lamellar lipid phases and membrane fusion.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 09/2008; 154(2):120-8.
Article: Free-cholesterol loading does not trigger phase separation of the fluorescent sterol dehydroergosterol in the plasma membrane of macrophages.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Accumulation of excess non-esterified free cholesterol (FC) in macrophages is a key factor in macrophage death during late stages of atheroslerosis. Raising FC content in macrophages has been shown to trigger Rac activation and actin polymerisation and to inhibit cell migration. Here, the plasma membrane distribution of the fluorescent cholesterol-mimicking sterol dehydroergosterol (DHE) was investigated in FC-loaded J774 macrophages. Wide field fluorescence and deconvolution microscopy were combined with quantitative assessment of sterol distribution in straightened plasma membrane image segments. DHE's surface distribution matched exactly large ruffles and membrane protrusions which were pronounced in FC-loaded cells. Plasma membrane blebs, however, formed in FC-loaded J774 cells had a homogenous staining along the membrane bilayer at 20 degrees C. The results show that even in FC-loaded cells with increased membrane cholesterol content, sterols do not form a separate phase in the plasma membrane.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 09/2008; 154(2):129-36.
Article: Differences in surface behaviour of galactolipoids originating from different kind of wheat tissue cultivated in vitro.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of presented researches was to investigate the physicochemical properties of Langmuir monolayer of galactolipids extracted from two different kinds of plastids: immature embryos and inflorescences. Differences between the physicochemical properties of the plastid membranes may help to explain different physiological processes, such as plant regeneration. Surface pressure (pi) vs. molecular area (A) isotherms of the monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG)/digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG) monolayers of various molar ratios were measured at 15 degrees C. Galactolipids were extracted from two different types of tissue: inflorescences and embryos. Based on the analysis of the pi-A isotherms, the properties of monolayers, such as collapse pressure (pi(coll)), limiting area (A(lim)), compressibility modulus (C(s)(-1)), excess free energy of mixing (DeltaG(EXC)) and free energy of mixing (DeltaG(MIX)), were calculated. The results show that pure MGDG and DGDG and their mixtures form liquid-expanded monolayers, independently on the kind of tissue. Galactolipids originating from inflorescences produce more compressible films at the air/water interface, with larger limiting area per molecule and lower stability against the collapse process. MGDG and DGDG are miscible and form non-ideal mixed monolayers at the air/water interface. Negative values of DeltaG(EXC) were calculated for the mixture of galactolipids originating from inflorescences, with the content of MGDG, x(MGDG)>0.6. In the case of embryos, the negative values of DeltaG(EXC) were found for x(MGDG) approximately 0.5. Therefore, the attractive interactions between MGDG and DGDG exist in the mixtures of these compositions. As it is shown by negative values of DeltaG(MIX), mixed monolayers are more stable compared with unmixed ones.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 09/2008; 155(1):24-30.
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ABSTRACT: An investigation of the effects of UV(A) irradiation on the stratum corneum lipids was carried out in vitro on films. The modifications of their conformational order were studied by FTIR and the formation of new entities was detected by mass spectroscopy. The results show not only differences in behaviour of the three lipid classes (fatty acids (FA), ceramides (CER), and cholesterol), but also variation within a class, depending on the molecules structure. Upon UV(A) irradiation, beta scission occurs on all the components, saturated and unsaturated. Moreover, unsaturated FA or CER having a double bond on their FA moiety may become saturated or may be transformed into their free radical form. Unsaturated FA are more sensitive to UV(A) and lead more easily to oxygenated components than unsaturated CER. The chemical effects are irradiation dose dependent but do not deeply influence the supramolecular organisation of these lipids. The global conformation of the lipids stays in an orthorhombic state, a decrease of the packing density however is observed.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 08/2008; 154(1):56-63.
Article: Photophysics of a beta-carboline based non-ionic probe in anionic and zwitterionic liposome membranes.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Interaction of a biologically active beta-carboline based non-ionic probe, 3-acetyl-4-oxo-6,7-dihydro-12H indolo-[2,3-a] quinolizine (AODIQ), with the liposomal vesicles of dimyristoyl-l-alpha-phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and dimyristoyl-l-alpha-phosphatidylglycerol (DMPG) has been demonstrated using steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence and fluorescence anisotropy techniques. Polarity sensitive intramolecular charge transfer of AODIQ shows a large hypsochromic shift along with an enhancement in the fluorescence quantum yield and fluorescence lifetime in the bilayer membranes compared to those in aqueous buffer solution. Polarity of the immediate vicinity of the probe in the lipid environments has been determined. The fluorometric, quenching and micropolarity determination studies reveal that the fluorophore penetrates deeper in the zwitterionic DMPC membrane compared to the anionic DMPG vesicle. Enhancement in the rotational relaxation time of AODIQ in liposomal membranes suggests that the fluorophore exists in motionally restricted environments.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 08/2008; 154(1):38-45.
Article: Conformational and hydrational properties during the L(beta)- to L(alpha)- and L(alpha)- to H(II)-phase transition in phosphatidylethanolamine.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements have been carried out simultaneously with small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering recordings on liposomal dispersions of stearoyl-oleoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) in a temperature range from 20 to 80 degrees C. The main transition temperature, T(m), was determined at 30.9 degrees C with an enthalpy of 28.5 kJ/mol and the lamellar-to-inverse hexagonal phase transition temperature, T(hex), at 61.6 degrees C with an enthalpy of 3.8 kJ/mol. Additionally highly resolved small angle X-ray diffraction experiments performed at equilibrium conditions allowed a reliable decomposition of the lattice spacings into hydrophobic and hydrophilic structure elements as well as the determination of the lipid interface area of the lamellar gel-phase (L(beta)), the fluid lamellar phase (L(alpha)) and of the inverse hexagonal phase (H(II)). The rearrangement of the lipid matrix and the coincident change of free water per lipid is illustrated for both transitions. Last, possible transition mechanisms are discussed on a molecular level.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 08/2008; 154(1):46-55.
Article: Effect of the C-2 hydroxyl group on the mesomorphism of alkyl glycosides: synthesis and thermotropic behavior of alkyl 2-deoxy-D-arabino-hexopyranosides.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A homologous series of alkyl 2-deoxy-alpha-d-arabino-hexopyranosides and alkyl 2-deoxy-beta-d-arabino-hexopyranosides were synthesized, upon glycosylation of 1-alkanols (from C8 to C18 alkanols) with ethyl 2-deoxy-3,4,6-tri-O-acetyl-1-thio-d-arabino-hexopyranoside, followed by a deprotection. The thermotropic behavior of these new types of alkyl glycosides was investigated. It was observed that the beta-anomers of these alkyl glycosides, bearing nonyl to tetradecyl alkyl chain are mesomorphic, exhibiting monotropic smectic A phase. In contrast, the alpha-anomers are all non-mesomorphic. An effort to identify the liquid crystalline behavior of binary mixtures of the alpha- and beta-anomers was undertaken and it was found that mixtures containing equimolar amounts of the anomers exhibited mesomorphic behavior. A fine balance of the hydrophilic and hydrophobic components within the molecule is also found to be important for the alkyl 2-deoxy glycosides to form the mesophase.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 08/2008; 155(2):90-7.
Article: Alpha-tocopheryl acetate is absorbed and hydrolyzed by Caco-2 cells comparative studies with alpha-tocopherol.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Caco-2 cells were used as a model for investigating and comparing the absorption of alpha-tocopherol (Tol) and alpha-tocopheryl acetate (Tac) solubilized in micelles based on a mixture of sodium taurocholate (NaTC) and oleic acid. Surprisingly, the uptake of Tac was found to be similar to that of Tol, and in both cases, the dose-response plots suggest that protein-mediated transport processes were involved. Moreover Tol or Tac were also secreted into the basolateral medium of Caco-2 cells but Tac was mainly hydrolyzed either prior to absorption or intracellularly. The solubilization of Tol or Tac by NaTC on the apical side of the cell monolayer is a prerequisite for the uptake process, although larger amounts of the bile salt are necessary to solubilize Tac than Tol. Caco-2 cells showed hydrolytic activity on Tac, and additional cholesterol esterase may be taken up by the cells, thus increasing the rates of intracellular hydrolysis of Tac. Based on our findings, a scheme is suggested accounting for the absorption of alpha-tocopheryl acetate by enterocytes.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 08/2008; 154(1):33-7.
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ABSTRACT: Lipoproteins play a central role in transporting hydrophobic molecules through the bloodstream and between specific tissues. Lipoprotein molecules have a distinctive electrical charge and changes in electrostatic properties directly affect the metabolism of the lipoprotein. Lipoprotein charge controls interfacial interactions and determines the ability of the lipoprotein to interact with intravascular enzymes and cell surface proteins. Uniquely charged constituents of the lipoprotein thereby control the metabolism of lipoproteins by creating a regulatory system wherein the electrostatic properties of plasma lipoproteins determine the fate of intravascular lipids.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 08/2008; 154(1):1-6.
Article: NMR-based molecular ruler for determining the depth of intercalants within the lipid bilayer Part I. Discovering the guidelines.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The development of "molecular rulers" would allow one to quantitatively locate intercalants within the liposomal bilayer. To this end, we have attempted to correlate the 13C NMR chemical shift of a polarizable "reporter" carbon (e.g., carbonyl) of the intercalant-with the ET30 polarity it experiences, and with its Angstrom distance from the interface. This requires families of molecules with the same two "reporter carbons" separated by a fixed distance, residing at various depths/polarities within the bilayer. The families studied included 4,4-dialkylcyclohexa-2,5-dienones 1, benzenediacetic esters 15, benzenedipropionic esters 17, 4-alkoxybenzaldehydes 19 and methyl 4-alkoxybenzoates 22. These compounds possessed the following characteristics: (1) a planar backbone; (2) polar/hydrophilic "head" groups; (3) modular hydrophobic tails; (4) large changes in the 13C NMR chemical shift (Deltadelta) of the reporter atoms with solvent polarity. These studies revealed a fifth requirement, namely: (5) the reporter carbons must not be strongly conjugated, lest it reflect the charge build-up at another site within the conjugated system.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 08/2008; 155(2):98-113.
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ABSTRACT: Fluorescent probe techniques were used to evaluate the effect of propoxycaine.HCl on the physical properties (transbilayer asymmetric lateral and rotational mobilities, annular lipid fluidity and protein distribution) of synaptosomal plasma membrane vesicles (SPMVs) isolated from bovine cerebral cortex. An experimental procedure was used based on selective quenching of both 1,3-di(1-pyrenyl)propane (Py-3-Py) and 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH) by trinitrophenyl groups, and radiationless energy transfer (RET) from the tryptophans of membrane proteins to Py-3-Py. Propoxycaine.HCl increased the bulk lateral and rotational mobilities, and annular lipid fluidity in SPMVs lipid bilayers, and had a greater fluidizing effect on the inner monolayer than that of the outer monolayer. The magnitude of increasing effect on annular lipid fluidity in SPMVs lipid bilayer induced by propoxycaine.HCl was significantly far greater than magnitude of increasing effect of the drug on the lateral and rotational mobilities of SPMVs lipid bilayer. It also caused membrane proteins to cluster. These effects of propoxycaine.HCl on neuronal membranes may be responsible for some, though not all, of the local anesthetic actions of propoxycaine.HCl.Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 08/2008; 154(1):19-25.
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