Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie

Description

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  • Other titles
    Česká a slovenská oftalmologie, Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology
  • ISSN
    0009-059X
  • OCLC
    320421209
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: The authors describe physical and biological properties of a CO2 laser operating in the infrared area (wave length 10,600 m). The authors discuss the use of this laser in ophthalmology and draw attention to its advantages as well as shortcomings. They describe the apparatus 20-C of Pfizer Laser Systems, incl. safety measures required for operation of the CO2 laser.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 01/1995; 50(6):348-50.
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    ABSTRACT: In a group of 1700 patients after operation of cataract with implantation of IOL the authors found opacification of the posterior capsule in 765 instances (45%). Treatment was provided with a Nd-YAG laser using a picosecond regime. The authors discuss the causes of opacification, successful surgery and its complications.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 01/1995; 50(6):356-60.
  • Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 01/1995; 50(6):380-1.
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    ABSTRACT: In this work longdated anatomical and functional results of artificial lens implantation in traumatic cataracts after perforation of the eye in the group of 44 eyes (43 patients) aged between 3-54 years are evaluated (in the years 1985-89). Average period of observation was 6.3 years. Saving capsula, the artificial intraocular lens was implanted into the posterior eye chamber. In the years 1985-86 also the pupilar models (T03 Fyodorv-Zacharov) were used. In absent of capsular support, the artificial intraocular lens was implanted into the anterior eye chamber and also the posterior-chamber models with polypropylene haptics were successfully applicated (less number of negative changes was achieved). The visual acuity 6/36 and better was constated in 79.5% eyes (before operation only in 13.7%) during the last examination of the observed patients. Best results were achieved after implantation into the posterior eye chamber (90% of the eyes had visual acuity 6/6-6/12).
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 01/1995; 50(6):331-9.
  • Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 01/1995; 50(6):377-9.
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    ABSTRACT: One of the complications after implantation of posterior chamber intraocular lenses is fibrin reaction. The authors analyse group of 653 patients--659 eyes after the operation of cataract with implantation of posterior chamber IOL operated in 1991-1992 at Postgraduate School of Medicine, Ophthalmology Department in Bratislava. The fibrin reaction was found out in 33 cases (5%). This reaction started between the first and third day after the operation. From this group of 33 patients, 14 (43%) were treated for glaucoma, 11 (33%) had diabetes mellitus and 3 (9%) overcome uveitis in past years. In all cases after the treatment came to the complete loss of fibrin. Finally visual acuity was 5/5 to 5/10.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 01/1995; 50(6):361-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors present a rare case of a 46-year-old man with Creutzfeldt-Jacob's disease, its causal agent being an unconventional virus (prion). Ocular symptoms were the first which made the patient see a doctor. The course of the disease with a fatal outcome caused great diagnostic difficulties among a number of specialists.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 01/1995; 50(6):371-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors present an account on results of CO2 laser therapy in facial skin and conjunctival affections during the period between 1990 and 1993. In the evaluated group, comprising 60 patients with an observation period of 18 months, this method was used 82 times, incl. four where it was used repeatedly. In the technique of the procedure simple vaporization markedly predominates over combined operations or laser incisions (continual regime). The defect after vaporization heals by tissue which has the same colour as surrounding skin, in a very small minority with slight local depigmentation without a tendency of major scarring and with a satisfactory cosmetic effect. The authors discuss indications of CO2 lasers in ophthalmology. The method is recommended in strictly defined affections of the skin and conjunctivae.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 01/1995; 50(6):351-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors describe two patients with endogenous uveitis. When investigating the aetiology of the inflammation systemic sarcoidosis was diagnosed. The authors emphasize the necessity of interdisciplinary collaboration during care of patients suffering from this disease.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 01/1995; 50(6):367-70.
  • Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 01/1995; 50(6):385-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors reports about the group of 17 patients in whom an IOL was implanted in eyes with traumatic cataract caused by IOFB. In 8 patients varied the interval between IOFB removal and IOL implantation from 5 months to 5 years. In 7 patients was IOFB removal and IOL implantation performed in one procedure. In one patient was IOFB not removed and in one patient was IOFB removed 1 month after IOL implantation. In two patients was IOL implanted in AC, in all other patients in the bag or in the sulcus. Per- and postoperative complications are discussed. We lost one patient from the observation. The follow-up period of 16 patients varied between 6-56 months. The final visual acuity in 10 patients reached 0.8-1.0. Visual acuity only of light perception is at patient, after repeated vitrectomies for retinal detachment.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 01/1995; 50(6):340-7.
  • Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 01/1995; 50(6):382-4.
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    ABSTRACT: At the Second Ophthalmological Clinic in Prague the authors operated between January 1991 and November 1993 50 patients, 33 men and 17 women. The mean age of the patients was 43.6 years, the minimum observation period 5 months. In all patients pars plana vitrectomy was performed (PPV) and at the end of the operation or subsequently into the vitreous space the expansive gas SF6 (hexafluorosulphide) or C3F8 (perfluoropropane) was insufflated. In all instances the authors indicated the expansive gas for treatment or prevention of retinal detachment and with regard to this they divided the patients into two groups: 1. From the total number of 50 patients the authors operated in the first group 31 patients with complicated retinal detachment (RD). In 17 patient RD with large postequatorial tears and traces of blood in the vitreous space were involved. In 7 patients the cause of RD was a severe eye injury. In five patients the authors found a macular opening, in one patient a large postequatorial tear in the temporal half and in one patient a circumscribed tractional RD associated with diabetic proliferative retinopathy was involved. 2. In the second group of 19 patients the gas was used as prevention of RD. In 5 patients after transvitreal extraction of a foreign intraocular body with suspected or obvious retinal defect. In two patients after extraction of a posterior lenticular luxation following severe contusion of the eye. In the remaining 12 patients the expansive gas was used after removal of silicone oil (SO) and the gas was used at the same time to prevent hypotonia of the eye. Anatomical results of surgery. 1. In the group of 31 patients with complicated RD after PPV and gas insufflation the retina adhered anatomically in 23 patients (74%). In the group with PVR C1-C3 in 13 patients after gas insufflation the retina became attached in 10 patients (76.9%). In one of these patients after three months accentuated cerclage was performed because of a new fissure. 2. In the group of 19 patients where gas was used for preventive reasons the retina became detached only after removal of SO in 5 of 12 patients (42%). Functional results of operation. To assess final vision the authors evaluated in the first group a total of 39 patients only after gas insufflation and in the second group another 11 patients after reoperation with implantation of SO.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 11/1994; 50(5):272-82.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors treated as part of a controlled trial, five patients with Consupren, Galen a Co, i.e. the Czech preparation of cyclosporin A. All patients suffered from endogenous uveitis which was refractory to treatment with a combination of prednisone and cyclophosphamide or prednisone and azathioprin. Mitigation of the disease was achieved already during the first three weeks of treatment. In two patients during treatment a slight relapse of the inflammation was observed. As to side effects of this treatment, the authors observed only once readily controllable hypertension and a rise of some indicators of liver metabolism which returned to normal already during treatment. Side-effect in conjunction with renal affection were not observed in any of the patients. Based on these preliminary results the authors assume that Consupren is in the given indication, and when the described pattern of administration is used, effective and justifies the authors to continue with their investigation.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 11/1994; 50(5):302-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Cerclage and silicon oil induce significant changes in the CT image after the vitreous and the retina microsurgery. It is important to get to know the right estimation of the CT image. Cerclage has mainly effect on characteristic shape changes of eyeball. Hyperdensity shadow of the vitreous cavity in the CT image of the eye after silicon oil tamponade creates different physical quality among silicone oil, vitreous and aqueous humor.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 11/1994; 50(5):283-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors describe histological changes of the retina and chorioid in cytomegalovirus retinitis in a patient with manifest AIDS who died after a severe opportunic infection. Consistent with data in the literature, they describe in addition to necrotic changes also inflammatory manifestations in the retina and chorioid and the presence of intranuclear inclusions typical for CMV infection.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 11/1994; 50(5):310-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Epimacular haemorrhage in retinal vascular disease, most frequently in diabetic retinopathy, is the cause of sudden substantial deterioration of eye-sight. The authors report their initial experience with laser treatment of this complication.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 11/1994; 50(5):289-93.
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    ABSTRACT: A blood flow rate in the arteria and vena centralis retinae was measured by Doppler-ultrasonographic method in a group of 36 patients of an average age of 59.35 years. The patients did not suffer any cardiovascular disease, glaucoma, diabetes mellitus-factors which influence the blood viscosity. In the arteria centralis retinae, there was measured a maximum systolic rate of 10.25 +/- 2.66 cm/s and a end diastolic rate of 5.24 +/- 1.27 cm/s. In the vena centralis retinae, there was measured an average maximum flow rate of 5.89 +/- 1.72 cm/s and end diastolic rate of 4.1 +/- 1.28 cm/s (minimum 2.12; maximum 6.2 cm/s). A procedure of examination and terms of its optimalisation are described there.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 11/1994; 50(5):316-20.
  • Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 11/1994; 50(5):321-2.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors focus their attention on the problem of secondary implantations of posterior chamber lenses. In a group of 20 patients they compare the peroperative and postoperative complications of secondary implantation into the sulcus ciliaris with and without fixation of the lens.
    Ceskoslovenská oftalmologie 11/1994; 50(5):297-301.