Anthropologischer Anzeiger (ANTHROPOL ANZ)

Publisher: E Schweizerbart Science Publishers

Journal description

Der Anthropologische Anzeiger ist seit seiner Begründung im Jahre 1924 durch RUDOLF MARTIN, dem Autor des weltbekannten Lehrbuches der Anthropologie, in immer stärkerem Maße zu einem internationalen Publikationsorgan für Originalarbeiten aus allen Bereichen der Physischen Anthropologie geworden. Aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse, die Publikationssprachen sind Deutsch und Englisch, werden in allen Heften veröffentlicht, daneben auch regelmäßig über wichtige nationale und internationale Fachkongresse sowie über neue Literatur einschließlich jener der Nachbargebiete berichtet. Schwerpunkte im Anthropologischen Anzeiger sind: Populationsgenetik: Geographische Verteilung serologischer und biochemischer Polymorphismen sowie morphologischer und physiologischer Merkmale unter besonderer Berücksichtigung intraspezifischer genetischer Differenzierungsprozesse; Hominidenevolution, Paläanthropologie und Historische Anthropologie: Biologische Evolution der Spezies Homo sapiens sapiens, Ethnogenese europäischer und außereuropäischer Populationen einschließlich demographischer sozialhistorischer und humanökologischer Fragen; Primatologie: Vergleichende morphologische, molekulare und zytogenetische Untersuchungen einschließlich primatologischer Ethologie; Morphologie: Neue bzw. verbesserte Methoden sowie Variabilitätsstudien in Anthropometrie und Morphognostik einschließlich ihrer praktischen Anwendungsmöglichkeiten in Medizin, Sportwissenschaft, Industrieanthropologie etc.;Wachstum und Entwicklung: Studien zum Ablauf der postnatalen körperlichen Entwicklungs- und Wachstumsvorgänge unter vergleichenden und kausalanalytischen Aspekten; Forensische Anthropologie: Serologische, biochemische und zytogenetische Methoden sowie neue biostatistische Verfahren bezüglich der genetischen Abstammungsanalyse. Demonstration exemplarischer Fälle, einschließlich solcher mit morhpognostischer Methodik.

Current impact factor: 0.54

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2009 Impact Factor 0.242

Additional details

5-year impact 0.35
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.20
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.08
Website Anthropologischer Anzeiger website
Other titles Anthropologischer Anzeiger
ISSN 0003-5548
OCLC 1481569
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

E Schweizerbart Science Publishers

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
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  • Conditions
    • On any website
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher last contacted on 20/11/2014
  • Classification
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Differential grandparental investment is mainly explained as a result of paternity uncertainty. Phenotypic resemblance may be interpreted as an indicator of genetically relatedness. Consequently the present study focused on the impact of phenotypic resemblance on grandparental investment, i.e. solicitude, contact frequency and quality of relationship. 213 adults persons between the age 19 and 32 years (x = 25.5; SD = 3.4) were enrolled in the study. Data concerning grandparental investment during childhood were collected retrospectively using a 30 item questionnaire. Grandparental investment patterns differed significantly according grandparent category. In detail maternal grandmothers showed the highest contact frequency and the highest solicitude while - as to be expected - the paternal grandfather exhibited the lowest degree of investment. Grandparental investment was independent of grandparent category mainly influenced by residential distance. Phenotypic resemblance had an impact on grandparental investment independent of residential distance. This was first of all true of paternal grandfathers. An impact of phenotypic resemblance on grandparental investment patters can be assumed.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 10/2015; DOI:10.1127/anthranz/2015/0523
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    ABSTRACT: Waist circumference (WC) as an index of central obesity is related to body mass index (BMI) and percent body fat (PBF). Waist circumference data were analyzed to identify a WC cut-off for adult women with respect to BMI-based obesity (≥ 30 kg/m(2)) and PBF. Thesample was 138 women aged 22 to 41 years with Maya ancestry (based on surnames) in Merida, Yucatan, measured during 2011 - 2013. Anthropometric parameters included height, body weight (BW), and BMI. The PBF was estimated by bioelectrical impedance. Estimated cut-offs per centimeter WC (80 - 99 cm) were predicted by BMI for obesity (≥ 30 kg m(-2); binomial: Yes = 1, No = 0) and PBF (continuous variable) using binary logistic regression analyses. Mean age was 32 years, mean BMI was 29 kg m(-2) and mean WC was 89 cm. The sample exhibited high PBF (44 %), and high rates of overweight (44 %) and obesity (40 %). The threshold WC (≥ 93 cm) had high sensitivity (80 %), specificity (82 %), Youden Index value (0.62), and correct classification rate (82 %). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 88 %. The WC ≥ 93 cm cut-off had corresponding values for mean BMI (34 kg m(-2)) and PBF (47 %). The optimal WC cut-off at 93 cm significantly identified central obesity for BMI ≥ 30 kg m(-2) and PBF for this sample.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 10/2015; DOI:10.1127/anthranz/2015/0525
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    ABSTRACT: Over 100 years ago Franz Boas introduced the term 'cranial plasticity' defined as a response to various environmental factors. The subject is under continuous debate. Some researchers have concluded that cephalic growth is responsible to environmental change meanwhile other have found that cephalic proportion are highly heritable and do not respond readily to environmental insults. While secular trend in growth is commonly observed, head dimensions vary significantly not only between different regions of the world but also in those regions themselves. Adam Wrzosek and Michał Ćwirko-Godycki initiated studies of Kashubian children as early as in 1925 and continued them into 1936. Throughout those 11 years they accumulated measurement data regarding body height and craniometric features. The research included boys and girls from 18 localities. Sixty years later, anthropometric measurements were conducted on primary school children from nine of the original localities. The aim of our study was to determine the direction of changes in head dimensions and corresponding indices in rural children from the Kashubia region examined 60 years after Ćwirko-Godycki and Wrzosek's study emphasizing great socio-economic status improvement. All children that were examined by us in 1997 are significantly taller (by between 5.18 cm and 14.74 cm) than their peers 60 years ago, their heads are longer (by between 2.69 mm and 10.41 mm), they have broader foreheads (by 3.79 - 7.24 mm), wider faces (by 4.68 - 8.09 mm) and mandibles (by 5.04 - 7.40 mm), larger head circumferences (by 0.64 - 2.22 cm) and larger total face heights (by 2.15 - 8.13 mm). The effect persists in all age groups (from 7 to 14 years old). All the noted differences are statistically significant by p < 0.05. The smallest differences were observed in head breadth (between 0.62 and 3.5 mm), with statistical significance only reached in 9-year-old girls, and 11- and 14-year-old boys. Since migration in Kashubian villages was minimal in the period in question and the mating radius for couples living there was small, it can be assumed that the chance of introducing 'new' genes into the population was low. We thus gravitate towards environmental factors being the major contributors to the observed changes, doubtlessly to do with an improvement in socio-economic status.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 08/2015; DOI:10.1127/anthranz/2015/0503
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    ABSTRACT: The pathogenesis of osteoarthritis is still unclear, and several factors may play a role in its development, including joint trauma or microtrauma (usually related to lifestyle), local inflammation, loading charge, and genetics. Assessment of osteoarthritis among ancient populations is important, since it may yield information relative to life habits. Therefore, we have performed the present study in order to assess the prevalence of osteoarthritis among the prehispanic populations from La Gomera and El Hierro, two islands of the Canary Archipelago with a similar size and altitude which were colonized by individuals of North African origin about 2000 - 2500 years ago. The economy of these people was based on goat herding, shellfishing, and agriculture together with consumption of some wild vegetal species. However, despite a similar geographic environment and a similar economic pattern, prevalence of osteoarthritis was by far higher among the population from La Gomera (78.57 % vs 15.85 %, p < 0.001), and that of eburnation, 11.65 % and 1.05 %, respectively (p = 0.016); in contrast, the population of El Hierro was markedly more robust than that of La Gomera. Globally, a trend to an inverse relationship was observed between epiphyseal robusticity index and the presence of osteoarthritis, which was statistically significant when only men were analysed. However, after performing a multivariate analysis, the only factor that was independently related to the presence of osteoarthritis was the variable "island" (i.e., population group), suggesting that - possibly - genetic factors played a major role in the differences observed.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 08/2015; 72(3). DOI:10.1127/anthranz/2015/0516
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    ABSTRACT: The European Roma represent a transnational mosaic of minority population groups with different migration histories and contrasting experiences in their interactions with majority populations across the European continent. Although historical genetic contributions of European lineages to the Roma pool were investigated before, the extent of contemporary genetic admixture between Bayash Roma and non-Romani majority population remains elusive. The aim of this study was to assess the genetic structure of the Bayash Roma population from northwestern Croatia and the general Croatian population and to investigate the extent of admixture between them. A set of genetic data from two original studies (100 Bayash Roma from northwestern Croatia and 195 individuals from the general Croatian population) was analyzed by Bayesian clustering implemented in STRUCTURE software. By re-analyzing published data we intended to focus for the first time on genetic differentiation and structure and in doing so we clearly pointed to the importance of considering social phenomena in understanding genetic structuring. Our results demonstrated that two population clusters best explain the genetic structure, which is consistent with social exclusion of Roma and the demographic history of Bayash Roma who have settled in NW Croatia only about 150 years ago and mostly applied rules of endogamy. The presence of admixture was revealed, while the percentage of non-Croatian individuals in general Croatian population was approximately twofold higher than the percentage of non-Romani individuals in Roma population corroborating the presence of ethnomimicry in Roma.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 08/2015; 72(3). DOI:10.1127/anthranz/2015/0485
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    ABSTRACT: In some epidemiological studies, self-reported height and weight are often used to save time and money. Self-reported height and weight are commonly used to assess the prevalence of obesity. The aim of this study was to assess the differences between self-reported and measured height and weight in adult men, and to determine how the accuracy of self-reported data depended on age and education. The prevalence of obesity was also calculated based both on self-reported and measured data. Data were collected during two population studies carried out in Wroclaw in 2010. One study included 1,194 19-year-old males who reported for the health examination mandated by the National Conscription Board (younger group). The other group included 355 men between 35 and 80 years old who reported for a ten-year follow-up (older group). Data were analyzed separately for both age groups. Both younger and older subjects overestimated their height by 1.4 cm and 1.0 cm (1.4 cm, 95 %CI: 1.26, 1.51, and 1.0 cm, 95 %CI: 0.85, 1.26, respectively). On average, younger subjects overestimated their weight by 0.7 kilograms (95 %CI: 0.55, 0.92), whereas older subjects underestimated their weight by 0.9 kilograms (95 %CI: -1.15, -0.48). The lower the level of education, the more the subjects overestimated their height. Adult men systematically overestimate their height and underestimate their weight. The magnitude of the inaccuracy depends on level of education. When self-reported data are used, the prevalence of obesity is generally underestimated. Using self-reported data to calculate BMI can lead to a substantial underestimation of the proportion of underweight and obese individuals in a population. Finally, using self-reported values for height in studies on social inequality may lead to false conclusions.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 06/2015; 72(3). DOI:10.1127/anthranz/2015/0467
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    ABSTRACT: The aim was to describe the changes in body size and age at menarche in anthropologically distinct ethnic groups – Komi-Permyaks (KP) and Russians (RU) – of Permsky Krai that occurred in the last century, with a special concern to the urban-rural differences. The comparison of the 1861–1865 and 1990 birth cohorts (BiCo) revealed following results. In RU rural males the increase in stature (ST) was 10.8 cm (p < 0.001). The chest circumference has increased by 5.9 cm, but it is unsubstantial 0.25% when measured in relative to ST values. In RU urban males the overall increase in ST was 10.8 cm (p < 0.001), chest circumference increased by 10.5 cm. The peak increase in ST (+1.36 cm per decade) was attained between the 1964 and the 1990 BiCo. The data on body dimensions of RU females available only from the 1960s to 1990. The ST of rural females has not changed, but the absolute and the relative (to ST) values of pelvic width of the 1980–1989 BiCo are significantly (p < 0.05) lower than in the 1966–1975 and 1965 BiCo. The RU urban females of the 1985 BiCo are 3.6 cm taller than 1964 BiCo (p < 0.001), but over the next 5 years the ST decreased by 2 cm (p = 0.06). The relative pelvic width has decreased from 17.57% (BiCo 1965–1969) to 17.18% (BiCo 1980–1989; p < 0.05). Menarcheal age of Perm females declined from 14.5 yrs in the 1930–1939 BiCo to 13.3 yrs in 1950–1965 BiCo, then ceased to change. The changes across generations in rural KP were weak. The rural males born in 1885 were 2.1 cm taller than BiCo 1861–1865. From the 1925 to 1975 BiCo the average ST increased by 6.2 cm (1.24 cm/decade). KP rural females became 6.4 cm taller from the 1885 to 1985 BiCo. Pelvic width in the 1985 BiCo (27.4 cm) is significantly bigger (p < 0.05) than in the 1975 BiCo (26.9 cm). The changes in ST of urban KP females were more obvious than in rural groups. The 1985 BiCo of urban KP females (ST 161.8 cm) are taller than those born in 1965 (159.4 cm; p < 0.05), but their pelvic width does not differ. In urban and rural KP females age at menarche is earlier in the 1976–1985 than in the 1966–1975 BiCo (p < 0.01). In all the KP cohorts, urban females have earlier menarche than rural (p < 0.05).
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 03/2015; 72(1). DOI:10.1127/anthranz/2014/0427
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    ABSTRACT: Understanding bone health is least invasively and most effectively done through studying skeletal remains that reflect the living populations who will benefit from the knowledge produced through research. Donated body collections that accurately represent modern populations are needed for osteological insights to be applied to clinical practices. However, even though the US is growing increasingly diverse, donated body collections still suffer from a lack of ethnic diversity. Most individuals who donate their whole-bodies after death are European-American. Reasons for a lack of ethnic diversity stem from past injustices and present religious norms. Increasing body donation among minorities in the US and abroad may be difficult.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 03/2015; 72(1). DOI:10.1127/anthranz/2014/0433
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    ABSTRACT: Only few studies considered the prevalence of calcaneal enthesophytes commonly called heel spurs among historic skeleton samples. In the present study the frequency of plantar calcaneal spurs among 54 19th century Khoisan skeletons was analyzed. Five individuals (9.6%) had a plantar calcaneal spur at the right side or left side. Calcaneal spurs were more likely to occur in older individuals. More than 20% of the individuals aged between 40 and 60 years (mature) showed plantar spurs, while 6.2% of the individuals aged between 20 and 40 years had plantar spurs; however this difference was not significant. No sex differences were present in the prevalence of calcaneal spurs. Male and female individuals did not differ in the metric dimensions of the calcanceal spurs significantly.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 03/2015; 72(1). DOI:10.1127/anthranz/2014/0403