Anthropologischer Anzeiger (ANTHROPOL ANZ )

Description

Der Anthropologische Anzeiger ist seit seiner Begründung im Jahre 1924 durch RUDOLF MARTIN, dem Autor des weltbekannten Lehrbuches der Anthropologie, in immer stärkerem Maße zu einem internationalen Publikationsorgan für Originalarbeiten aus allen Bereichen der Physischen Anthropologie geworden. Aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse, die Publikationssprachen sind Deutsch und Englisch, werden in allen Heften veröffentlicht, daneben auch regelmäßig über wichtige nationale und internationale Fachkongresse sowie über neue Literatur einschließlich jener der Nachbargebiete berichtet. Schwerpunkte im Anthropologischen Anzeiger sind: Populationsgenetik: Geographische Verteilung serologischer und biochemischer Polymorphismen sowie morphologischer und physiologischer Merkmale unter besonderer Berücksichtigung intraspezifischer genetischer Differenzierungsprozesse; Hominidenevolution, Paläanthropologie und Historische Anthropologie: Biologische Evolution der Spezies Homo sapiens sapiens, Ethnogenese europäischer und außereuropäischer Populationen einschließlich demographischer sozialhistorischer und humanökologischer Fragen; Primatologie: Vergleichende morphologische, molekulare und zytogenetische Untersuchungen einschließlich primatologischer Ethologie; Morphologie: Neue bzw. verbesserte Methoden sowie Variabilitätsstudien in Anthropometrie und Morphognostik einschließlich ihrer praktischen Anwendungsmöglichkeiten in Medizin, Sportwissenschaft, Industrieanthropologie etc.;Wachstum und Entwicklung: Studien zum Ablauf der postnatalen körperlichen Entwicklungs- und Wachstumsvorgänge unter vergleichenden und kausalanalytischen Aspekten; Forensische Anthropologie: Serologische, biochemische und zytogenetische Methoden sowie neue biostatistische Verfahren bezüglich der genetischen Abstammungsanalyse. Demonstration exemplarischer Fälle, einschließlich solcher mit morhpognostischer Methodik.

  • Impact factor
    0.54
  • 5-year impact
    0.35
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.20
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.08
  • Website
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger website
  • Other titles
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger
  • ISSN
    0003-5548
  • OCLC
    1481569
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71.
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    ABSTRACT: Sex diagnosis on human skeletal remains from forensic or archaeological contexts is often hampered by poor preservation or completeness. The successful application of most identification methods demands the presence of skull or pelvis, since most reliable sex-determining features can be found here; unfortunately, because of their fragile anatomy, these bones are frequently damaged or destroyed. To compensate for this, we tested the effectiveness of two often well preserved postcranial structures as instrument of sexing skeletal individuals. Preliminary results are promising.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(1-2):57-64.
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, the fine arts, architecture, music and literature have increasingly been examined from the vantage point of human ethology and evolutionary psychology. In 2011 the authors formed the research group 'Ethology of the Arts' concentrating on the evolution and biology of perception and behaviour. These novel approaches aim at a better understanding of the various facets represented by the arts by taking into focus possible phylogenetic adaptations, which have shaped the artistic capacities of our ancestors. Rather than culture specificity, which is stressed e.g. by cultural anthropology and numerous other disciplines, universal human tendencies to perceive, feel, think and behave are postulated. Artistic expressive behaviour is understood as an integral part of the human condition, whether expressed in ritual, visual, verbal or musical art. The Ethology of the Arts-group's research focuses on visual and verbal art, music and built environment/architecture and is designed to contribute to the incipient interdisciplinarity in the field of evolutionary art research.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(1-2):3-13.
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    ABSTRACT: Geometric morphometric methods have been increasingly used in paleoanthropology in the last two decades, lending greater power to the analysis and interpretation of the human fossil record. More recently the advent of the wide use of computed tomography and surface scanning, implemented in combination with geometric morphometrics (GM), characterizes a new approach, termed Virtual Anthropology (VA). These methodological advances have led to a number of developments in human evolutionary studies. We present some recent examples of GM and VA related research in human evolution with an emphasis on work conducted at the University of Tübingen and other German research institutions.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(1-2):41-55.
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    ABSTRACT: The term gender is essential in recent biological anthropology. After decades of critical discussion the differentiation into biological sex and social gender is accepted as especially useful. The distinction into sex and gender makes a more complex view at biological phenomenon such a sexual size dimorphism typical of Homo sapiens possible. Although sexual size dimorphism has a clear evolutionary basis and is caused by genetic and hormonal factors, socio-cultural factors such as gender role in society and gender typical workload influence the degree of sexual size dimorphism too.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(1-2):123-33.
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    ABSTRACT: Due to a continuous process of dismantling within the university system, the number of freelance anthropologists has increased. In 2011 a group of experienced anthropologists founded the "Workgroup Freelance Osteoanthropologists (AFOA)". Its members developed a codex and guidelines in order to ensure a high quality for serious anthropological work. Furthermore workshops take place to discuss methods and current issues. Short reports given in this article present a small selection of projects conducted by some members of the AFOA.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(1-2):155-67.
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    ABSTRACT: The project's aim is to verify the existence of Herero and Nama skulls among the roughly 1370 skulls in the Alexander Ecker collection (AEC). Methods include historical research, which was mainly concerned with the AEC and especially Eugen Fischer during his time as curator, as well as the methods of acquisition of human remains and scientific methods to verify the identity of the relevant skulls. Scientific methods include morphological sex and age-at-death verification, morphological estimation of ancestry, morphometric analysis and the application of UV light to decipher old labels on the skull surfaces, as well as a molecular biology approach (mtDNA) and stable isotope analyses. Out of 19 preselected skulls, 14 revealed a significant probability for a Herero/Nama ancestry, although identification of specific skulls according to the historical documentation was not possible.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(1-2):65-86.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Multiple 20th century studies have speculated on the anthropological similarities of the modern inhabitants of Greece with their ancient predecessors. The present investigation attempts to add to this knowledge by comparing the craniofacial configuration of 141 ancient (dating around 2,000–500 BC) and 240 modern Greek skulls (the largest material among relevant national studies). Method: Skulls were grouped in age at death, sex, era and geographical categories; lateral cephalograms were taken and 53 variables were measured and correlated statistically. The craniofacial measurements and measurements of the basic quadrilateral and cranial polygon were compared in various groups using basic statistical methods, one-way ANOVA and assessment of the correlation matrices. Observations: Most of the measurements for both sexes combined followed an akin pattern in ancient and modern Greek skulls. Moreover, sketching and comparing the outline of the skull and upper face, we observed a clock-wise movement. The present study confirms that the morphological pattern of Greek skulls, as it changed during thousands of years, kept some characteristics unchanged, with others undergoing logical modifications. Conclusion: The analysis of our results allows us to believe that the influence upon the craniofacial complex of the various known factors, including genetic or environmental alterations, is apt to alter its form to adapt to new conditions. Even though 4,000 years seems too narrow a span to provoke evolutionary insights using conventional geometric morphometrics, the full presentation of our results makes up a useful atlas of solid data. Interpreted with caution, the craniofacial morphology in modern and ancient Greeks indicates elements of ethnic group continuation within the unavoidable multicultural mixtures.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Limb bone morphology is influenced by external factors, including changes in subsistence and socioeconomic shifts. The aim of this study was to identify and describe any trends in morphological variation in human tibial epiphyses within an early medieval population of central Europe using surface scanning and geometric morphometric methods. The results are discussed in terms of three potential sources of variation in shape variability: sexual dimorphism, age at death and social status. These parameters were tested on a Great Moravian population sample (35 men and 30 women) from a Mikulčice settlement (9th –10th century AD). Proximal (13 landmarks) and distal (8 landmarks) tibial epiphyses were evaluated independently. The most significant differences in morphology of both articular ends were found between the groups separated by sex. Proximal tibial variability in the studied sample was characterized by a strong relationship between tibial size and shape of sexual dimorphic traits. Significant shape differences were also identified between adultus (20 – 40 years) and maturus (40 – 60) age groups regarding the proximal epiphysis but neither of the epiphyses was affected by the presumed social status as derived from location within the context of the settlement.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(3).
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    ABSTRACT: The reproductive behavior of parents of La Alpujarra (Spain) favorable to male offspring during the first half of the 20th century has been studied is this paper. The family size increased as daughters accumulated because mothers had more pregnancies in order to have higher male offspring, and the reproductive rhythm increased (birth interval decreased) when the first deliveries were only daughters. Although male mortality was higher than female in children older than one year, this reproductive behavior did not determine sex reversal of mortality in babies of between one month and one year, contrary to other developing populations.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Human Y-chromosome haplogroups are important markers used mainly in population genetic studies. The haplogroups are defined by several SNPs according to the phylogeny and international nomenclature. The alternative method to estimate the Y-chromosome haplogroups is to predict Y-chromosome haplotypes from a set of Y-STR markers using software for Y-haplogroup prediction. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of three types of Y-haplogroup prediction software and to determine the structure of Slovak population revealed by the Y-chromosome haplogroups. We used a sample of 166 Slovak males in which 12 Y-STR markers were genotyped in our previous study. These results were analyzed by three different software products that predict Y-haplogroups. To estimate the accuracy of these prediction software, Y-haplogroups were determined in the same sample by genotyping Y-chromosome SNPs. Haplogroups were correctly predicted in 98.80 % (Whit Athey's Haplogroup Predictor), 97.59 % (Jim Cullen's Haplogroup Predictor) and 98.19 % (YPredictor by Vadim Urasin 1.5.0) of individuals. The occurrence of errors in Y-chromosome haplogroup prediction suggests that the validation using SNP analysis is appropriate when high accuracy is required. The results of SNP based haplotype determination indicate that 39.15 % of the Slovak population belongs to R1a-M198 lineage, which is one of the main European lineages.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Alterations of vertebral endplates have long been a subject of interest, but are of unclear clinical significance. The vertebral columns of a cohort-based sample of 850 individuals were therefore evaluated for vertebral endplate defects, noting adjacent vertebral size and shape variation, bone density and associated pathologies. Defects were found in the vertebral endplates of 458 individuals (Schmorl's nodes in 52.0 % and linear defects in 10.6 %). Vertebral centra osteophytes and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis were more common; vertebral compression, less common in vertebrae with defects. Linear defects were more disseminated throughout the vertebral column, with individual defects more commonly affected either the interior half or the posterior quarter of the endplate or extended across all quarters form anterior to posterior. Individual Schmorl's nodes were predominantly limited to a single quarter. An inverse relationship was identified with tuberculosis. Spondyloarthropathy was more common in individuals with Schmorl's nodes, but not linear defects. Schmorl's nodes and linear endplate defects should be independently assessed, although they do share implications. Paradoxically, they are associated with phenomena which seem to mark increased ossification potential (osteophytes and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis), but not with osteoporosis. Similarly, presence of Schmorl's nodes correlation with spondyloarthropathy, another disorder characterized by increased ossification potential. While correlation is not causality, inverse relationship to tuberculosis is intriguing, given the known relationship of spondyloarthropathy to tuberculosis and its antigens. Previously undescribed surface elevations were commonly associated with the presence of Schmorl's nodes and also correlated with disease, especially inflammatory arthritis, hypertrophic osteoarthropathy.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(3).
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    ABSTRACT: This article reviews the research at the Department of Human Biology at the Christian-Albrechts-University in Kiel since 2006. The research focuses on the investigation of recent human populations with respect to aging, chronobiology, and adaptation to high altitude. The research areas are outlined presenting findings, ongoing projects and future directions. Aging research examines biological changes in humans considering that aging is a multidimensional process. Changes in body composition, resting energy metabolism, oxidative stress, and sleep have been examined. The applicability of specific research methods to older people has been tested. Chronobiological research concentrates on investigating circadian rhythms of humans. The emphasis lies on the sleep-wake rhythm, body temperature rhythms, hormonal rhythms (cortisol and melatonin) and the circadian expression of so-called clock genes which are involved in the generation of circadian rhythms. Association studies examine the relationship between defined chronobiological phenotypes and clock gene polymorphisms. Genetic aspects are as well investigated within the third research area on the adaptation of native populations to life at high altitude in the South American Andes. Both candidate gene analysis and epigenetic parameters are investigated. Future research will concentrate on the aging of the circadian system.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(1-2):143-53.
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    ABSTRACT: Closed circuit television (CCTV) systems are being widely used in crime surveillance. The images produced are of poor quality often face details are not visible, however expert witnesses in the field of biological anthropology use morphological descriptions of body shapes in an attempt to identify persons of interest. These methods can be applied to individual images when other cues such as gait, are not present. Criminals commonly disguise their faces, but body shape characteristics can be used to distinguish a person of interest from others. Garments may distort the body shape appearance, thus this study was undertaken to investigate the effects of garments on the description of body shape from CCTV images. Twelve adult males representing a wide body shape range of Sheldonian somatotypes were photographed in identical garments comprising of tight fitting black shirt, horizontally striped shirt, padded leather jacket and in naked torso. These photographs were assessed by 51 males and females aged 18–50 years, with varying levels of education, and different experience in use of CCTV images for identification of people, to identify the 12 participants. The effect of assessors was not significant. They correctly distinguished 88.6 % of individuals wearing the same wear, but could not match the same individuals wearing different wear above the random expectations. However, they matched somatotypes above random expectation. Type of clothing produced little bias in somatotype matching; ectomorphic component of individuals wearing black shirts and padded jackets was overestimated and underestimated, respectively. In conclusion, type of the wear had little effect in the description of individuals from CCTV images using the body shapes.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(3).
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aims to compare metrical and morphological features of skeletal and dental development in two skeletons of very young infants from different archeological sites in Syria with the results of the microscopic approach of age-at-death estimation based on the neonatal line (NNL). Here, the presence ofa NNL is used as an indicator of birth survival and the duration of the lifespan post partum is assessed by counting prism cross-striations (PCS) external to the NNL. In the literature, PCS have been determined to represent a circadian rhythm in human enamel formation. For both individuals, consistent results in terms of the presence of a NNL and the counts of prism cross-striations could have been obtained. In the younger individual evidence of a postnatal age at death of less than two weeks was documented. This study demonstrates that the use of the NNL as an individual landmark without the need for the reference to growth standards enables an estimation of age at death on skeletal remains of infants within much narrower ranges compared with metrical and morphological analyses. To date, presence of a NNL is the only way of documenting birth survival in skeletons of perinatal individuals. This method can be applied to forensic and bioarcheological skeletal material.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 01/2014; 71(1-2):87-103.