L Anthropologie (ANTHROPOLOGIE )

Publisher: ScienceDirect (Service en ligne), Elsevier

Description

No description available.

Impact factor 0.69

  • 5-year impact
    0.84
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.00
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.31
  • Website
    l'Anthropologie website
  • Other titles
    Anthropologie (En ligne)
  • ISSN
    0003-5521
  • OCLC
    300963253
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Elsevier

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, arXiv.org or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Research, conducted under the ANR project “Mammouths”, on “the end of the mammoth steppe: Man/Environment relationship during late Pleniglacial in Eastern Europe”, is the subject of several contributions, a part of them is published in this volume, under the heading “Humans and environments during Upper Paleolithic in mainland Ukraine and Crimea”, in the French journal L’anthropologie.
    L Anthropologie 12/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The rockshelter of Buran-Kaya III (Crimea), found in 1990 by A. Yanevich, presents an exceptional stratigraphic sequence ranging from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Neolithic. The cultural layers yielded abundant assemblages of lithic and bone industries, personal adornments and mobiliary art, several ones made of mammoth ivory. We present here the results of zooarchaeological analyses of the large mammal remains from layers 6-2, 6-1 and 5-2, attributed to Gravettian sensu lato, and their interpretation in terms of subsistence behaviours, by comparing the three assemblages. The faunal composition of the three layers is rather homogeneous. The site settlements seem mainly related to the acquisition and treatment activities of small and middle-sized mammals, especially saiga antelope in summer, and large-sized mammals, in winter in 6-1 and maybe also in 5-2. During Gravettian, Buran-Kaya III was repeatedly used as a butchery or short-termed camp-site, probably in summer for hunts of saiga antelope.
    L Anthropologie 12/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Buran-Kaya III site, in Crimea, provides an exceptional stratigraphic sequence, extending from Middle Paleolithic to Neolithic. Among the archaeological layers allocated to the Gravettian (sensu lato), more than 170 anthropological remains have been discovered in the layer 6-1. They represent the oldest Upper Paleolithic modern humans from Eastern Europe in a well-documented archaeological context. The aim of this article, based on dental remains and enamel dental hypoplasias in particular, is to evaluate the health of the modern humans, which lived more than 32,000 years BP ago in Crimea. This study puts into the light the low frequency of hypoplasias (occurring in the two youngest individuals). This article complete the rare studies concerning the presence of this physiological stress during the Early Upper Paleolithic and confirm the scarcity of enamel dental hypoplasias and dental pathologies, such as caries, at this period.
    L Anthropologie 12/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Colonized by mammoths, the Eurasian steppe witnessed the birth of religious performances that are based on the reciprocation of life with the human populations moving apace. Plastic art codes attest to this balanced equilibrium with an up-to-present untamed environment, which is still in evidence among some Siberian peoples and the Saami (Lapps) in Europe. Such persistence can be seen as direct legacies and displays an environment that allows a range of attitudes towards animals incompatible with the notion of animal “domestication” as we commonly associate to the European Neolithic.
    L Anthropologie 12/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The mammoth steppe ecosystem was characterized by a high diversity in large mammals species distributed on a vast geographical range. The isotopic analyses of the collagen of the faunal remains from this context testified the niche partitioning among large herbivores with a specialization in the types of consumed plants. In the case of the mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius), systematic higher abundances in 15N are found for this species compared to those of other grazers in Eurasia and Alaska during the Upper Palaeolithic. This distinct isotopic signature reflects a specific ecological niche. The analyses of mammoth remains at the Epigravettian site of Mezhyrich (15,000–14,300 conv BP) reveal low abundances in 15N that are equivalent to those of the associated horses. Thus, the mammoth of Mezhyrich experienced a significant change in their environment and diet that probably led to the loss of their ecological niche. A likely direct competition with other large herbivores and the possible predation by wolves and human populations should be considered for the mammoth of the Ukrainian plains, long before their extirpation from the region.
    L Anthropologie 12/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article presents the results of technological analyses of the laminar products from three bone dwelling structures from the Mezhyrich site (dated to Upper Palaeolithic; 15,000–14,500 years BP). More than 2500 blades and bladelets were studied from technological point of view. We find close similarity between the three dwellings, which reflects similar ways of preparation of core fracture zone (overhang reduction, butt abrading, and flaking surface isolation), as well as in the organization of the negative of the dorsal surfaces of the blades. The comparison with materials from the Kostenki 1 layer 1 site (upper layer, 22,000–24,000 years BP) shows some differences with the artefacts from Mezhyrich site, despite same technological methods. This could be explained by differences in cultural tradition and large time gap between these two sites. The complexes from Mezhyrich to follow the Kostenki 1/1 tradition but with their own particularities.
    L Anthropologie 12/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In 2003, a new Epigravettian site, Buzhanka 2, was discovered in the Middle Desna region. Typologically, the tool complex of the Upper layer is close to the Mezhyrich type complex. Thus, Buzhanka 2 is the northernmost site with this type of industry. It is the only site, in the Middle Desna basin and also in the whole basin of the Middle Dnieper, where the proportion of quartzite reaches more than 40 %. In the other sites from the whole Middle Dnieper region, this proportion is usually not more than a few percent.
    L Anthropologie 12/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Buran-Kaya III (Crimea, Ukraine) is a unique site, with a stratigraphy from Middle to Final Palaeolithic. The Gravettian layers 5-2, 6-1 and 6-2 of this site yielded numerous lithic and bone industries, ornaments from marine and freshwater shells, mammal teeth and mammoth ivory, human fossils and abundant faunal remains. Аccording to the stylistic indications of the lithic and bone inventories, the settlements of layers 5-2, 6-1 and 6-2 of Buran-Kaya III represent local variants of the Gravettian in Crimea and in mainland Ukraine and, therefore, the existence of separately social communities. Conversely, ornament objects and human remains (with specific mortuary practices) of Buran-Kaya III may suggest extensive social contacts of its Gravettian inhabitants with other human populations from mainland Ukraine. These hypotheses make necessary future investigations about the social organisation of the Epigravettian societies in Eastern Europe.
    L Anthropologie 12/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Frettes is an open air site discovered in 1900 by Docteur Bouchet. Since that date, the site has been prospected by several other local researchers. The surface industry condensed by areas of 50 m2, shows something defined around a Ferrassie Mousterian with oriental similitudes. Following a sondage campain in 1988 and 1989, the site has been dug in 1990 and 1991 by Gilles Huguenin. This excavation spread over 48 m2 and 3746 artefacts constitute one main lithic serie with about 78 artefacts per meter. During the first polls of 1988-1989 of 4 m2 of extension and the fulfilment of a 200 m trench which had for aim to compare polls all together, the lithic obtained was rich of Levallois finds (cores, flakes, tool-flakes), blade finds (rare cores, blades, blade-tools). During the excavation of 1991-1991, the lithic inventory shows the same typology and technology characteristics that we can describe as following: a main Levallois composition and in a lesser extent a blade composition. For the blade part of the lithic serie, we can notice the important part of blade cores done on the tranche of nodules or flakes and the great part of ventral flake realization next to the tradition flat or volume cores. During those researches, the question of a single or recurrent occupation was naturally written. The spatial analysis pleads for one main occupation. The blade artefacts commonly show the same characteristics than the Levallois artefacts position and density: common areas of high density, common areas of lower density, decline areas from higher density to the lowest. The archaological level shows a short vertical dispersion, around 7 cm, the maximum is 12 cm located on plots where the chalk records accidents. Retouched tool are made by noches, simple scrapers, double scrapers, few burins and end-scrapers. Tools are also composed of truncatures and blade convex scrapers. The typology of the flakes is in accordance with types of cores: Levallois flakes, blades or allongated flakes, crested-blade. Located on the east side of a great chalky depression, the stratigraphy of the site can be very poor, away or can be developed with more than 2 meters of deposits before to find the rock. The raw material is local, the blue and white flints are coming from the Bajocien system. Other minerals are also present, they are non-silex like quartz or quartzite coming from the Saône river and his area far from 20 km from the site. This stratigraphy also permits us to propose a first model of major phase of deposit and major phase of frequentation of the landscape by hominids. This article underlines the first totally new results of the stratigraphy, the interpretative results and show us the main characters of an industry composed by Levallois and blade methods and where refittings are numerous and do reflect all debitage steps.Mots clésSite de plein-airEst de la FranceMoustérienDébitage LevalloisDébitage laminaireBancs de silexSondagesFouilles programméesKeywordsOpen air siteEastern FranceMousterianLevallois debitageBlade debitageFlint placeFirst sondagesExcavations
    L Anthropologie 09/2014; 118(4).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: From a stylistic analysis (taking into account measures, graphic conventions, transcription of details, degree of achievement of the figures and the accompanying animals) and with reference to the different styles that follow on over time (as established by Leroi-Gourhan), it becomes possible to construct a comparative study of forty-nine figures of megaloceros taking the census of all the art of decorated caves in the superior Paleolithic. This report established the presence of the giant deer only from the Gravettian on the walls of caves in Spain and France with a progression towards naturalism of workmanship at the end of the Solutrean at the transition with the initial Magdalenian. Contrary to currently received opinion, the workmanship of the figures oscillates, according to the followers of a “post-stylistic era”, from an outgrowth drawing (although still unfinished) at the Aurignacian to a more summary illustration at the Gravettian, to find again the initial quality at the Solutrean-Magdalenian (7000 to 12,000 years later) sketching representations almost in the same way. It would be an “unicum” in the prehistory of art which gives it little plausibility, so it would be contravening all our knowledge about the subject.
    L Anthropologie 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thirteen ivory objects found associated to two Gravettian burials in the Barma Grande (burial II and III) are housed at present in the Balzi Rossi Museum. They are represented by nine claviform pendants and by four buttons formerly defined as “double-olive pendants”. Their decoration is composed of sets of grooves. The micromorphology of their surface will be described in this paper and some technological implications will be discussed.
    L Anthropologie 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The complex of sites of Předmostí is one of the most famous in the Central Europe. The site Předmostí III has been excavated several times during the last thirty years. This article focuses on the materials discovered in 1982 and 1983. The lithic industry has been knapped in situ on radiolarite river pebbles. The association of a Kostenki’ knife with geometric microlith indicates a cultural attribution to the Pavlovian and more particularly to the kind described as the “group with geometric microliths”. Blades and bladelets are mainly produced with an organic hammer. This fact could fit with the discover of a piece of mammoth tusk with percussion marks on its the distal end that could have been used as a hammer. In spite of the small number of artefacts preserved, the reassessment of that collection contributes to a better understanding of the Pavlovian industries.
    L Anthropologie 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Certain types of Paleolithic perforated batons possess the characteristics of a type of composite tool, a spinning device, used to fabricate cords of different diameters. These devices are composed of a rotor (the perforated baton) made of antler and a stator or crank-shaft made of wood, examples of which have not yet been found. The batons’ knoblike projections can be seen as the point of attachment by which horse hair is twisted into strings and then laid up into larger-diameter cordage. These observations and analyses, partly based on the expertise of Texas cowhand B. Brett and partly on H. Glory's writings about the Lascaux rope, indicate other possibilities of cordage production and the use of ropes during the Upper Palaeolithic. Resuming work begun by E. Piette on possible Palaeolithic bridles and halters (“les chevêtres”), a new analysis of engravings and paintings shows the possible use of ropes extended on poles in the manner of lassos, hunting nets with square mesh or vertical strands, and prompts a hypothesis about the possible use of certain parts of these batons as fids. Distinctions between perforation types seen in perforated batons (type A and type B) demonstrate their possible employment as belaying devices. These objects could have used friction to safely and efficiently control ropes used in the hunting of large game animals.
    L Anthropologie 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Rond-du-Barry cave is situated in the centre of the Cenozoïc sedimentary basin of Puy-en-Velay in a mountainous environment. It contains Middle Palaeolithic, Badegoulian, Magdalenian and more recent occupation levels. Lying between two major river corridors (the Loire to the west and the Allier to the east), this site provides a special opportunity for defining exploitation and management modalities linked to the territory occupied by the prehistoric humans who inhabited the cave and the role played by the landscape's structural elements in human behavior at the end of the Upper Pleistocene. Lithic raw material analysis of the archaeological assemblages allowed us to define the dispersal of raw materials used in the site. Such dispersal has for some time been considered to provide a reliable reflection of actual movements of human groups. Our study, based on a modified methodology incorporating the concept of a chaine évolutive for flint, focused on the lithic artifacts from Rond-du-Barry unit F2, which are attributed to the Badegoulian. The results of our study differ from those of previous studies in terms of the diversity of the raw material being used and the frequency of occurrence for each type. Our conclusion is that Badegoulian humans were not physically constrained by a familiar territory, but traveled and/or traded widely in their quest for suitable raw materials. The diversity in the lithic raw materials, gathered locally and semi-locally from different primary and secondary outcrops demonstrates this territorial range. Importation of siliceous raw material originating from the meridional edge of the Paris basin (Berry, Touraine) suggests a planned resource-use strategy for obtaining large pieces of flint, which are rare in the regional outcrops. However, unraveling the resource use strategies to this degree of intention lies beyond what can be revealed by the lithic material alone.
    L Anthropologie 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The description and traceological study of a Gravettian non-utilitarian steatite object formerly found in the Florestan Cave (Grimaldi) are proposed here. The two main faces of this sub-rectangular object are covered with marked grooves. One of its sides shows serrations. A deep blind hole is visible in the middle of one of the faces. A technological interpretation is proposed, on the basis of the micromorphological study of surface modifications.
    L Anthropologie 06/2014;