The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology Journal Impact Factor & Information

Journal description

The ANNALS publishes original manuscripts of clinical and research importance in otolaryngology-head and neck medicine and surgery, bronchoesophagology, head and neck oncology and surgery, plastic and reconstructive surgery, pediatric otolaryngology, audiology, speech pathology, and related specialties. In this official journal you will find papers of historical interest, computer software reviews and applications in otolaryngology, imaging case studies, clinicopathological studies, book reviews, and letters to the editor. Also published are in-depth studies (supplements). All journal articles and supplements are peer-reviewed.

Current impact factor: 1.05

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.054
2012 Impact Factor 1.212
2011 Impact Factor 1.048
2010 Impact Factor 1.344
2009 Impact Factor 1.292
2008 Impact Factor 1.339
2007 Impact Factor 1.237
2006 Impact Factor 1.096
2005 Impact Factor 0.97
2004 Impact Factor 1.077
2003 Impact Factor 1.085
2002 Impact Factor 0.919
2001 Impact Factor 0.954
2000 Impact Factor 1.124
1999 Impact Factor 1.027
1998 Impact Factor 1.005
1997 Impact Factor 1.206

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.48
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.08
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.48
Website Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology website
Other titles The Annals of otology, rhinology & laryngology, Annals of otology, rhinology and laryngology
ISSN 0003-4894
OCLC 1481398
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To model the contribution of implant material and insertion trauma on loss of acoustic hearing after cochlear implantation in an appropriate animal model. Sixty-five C57Bl/6J mice underwent unilateral implantation with implant grade materials: 2 implant grade silicones and a third uncoated platinum wire. A sham surgery group was included as a control. Serial auditory brainstem response (ABR) thresholds and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) were used to discern effects on hearing over 22 weeks. Histologic measurements of damage to the organ of Corti and spiral ganglion were correlated with degree of hearing loss and material type. Organ of Corti damage correlated with rate of hearing loss soon after implantation (0-2 weeks) but not subsequently (2-22 weeks). Organ of Corti damage did not depend on implant type and was present even in sham surgery subjects when hearing was severely damaged. Spiral ganglia appeared unaffected. There was no evidence of an inflammatory or toxic effect of the materials beyond the site of implant insertion. Hearing loss and cochlear damage appear to be related to insertion trauma, with minimal effect on delayed hearing loss caused by different materials. In the C57Bl/6J mouse model, the sensory epithelium appears to be the location of damage after cochlear implantation. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 06/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415592162
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    ABSTRACT: Iatrogenic laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) continues to be a known complication of indwelling endotracheal tubes (ETTs). It is well established that secondary scar formation caused by inflammation and mucosal injury are the main mechanisms by which stenosis occurs. Additionally, there are reports of bacterial colonization of ETTs and its potential association with tracheal scar formation. We describe 4 cases of patients with history of intubation and/or tracheostomy and presumed LTS that improved with the management of concurrent bacterial laryngotracheitis. A retrospective case series of 4 subjects initially diagnosed at a tertiary care center with posterior glottic or subglottic stenosis and positive bacterial laryngotracheal cultures was performed. All 4 patients with presumed LTS had culture-proven bacterial growth isolated from the laryngotrachea and were treated with adjunct antibiotics. In the first 3 cases, complete resolution of upper airway obstruction was achieved. The fourth patient had notable improvement in her airway status without the need for additional surgical intervention. This case series suggests that bacterial growth within the airway may play a larger role in adult postintubation airway injury. Those patients presenting with concern for LTS and symptoms suspicious for an ongoing bacterial infection may benefit from adjunct antibiotic therapy. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 06/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415592161
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to develop an otolaryngology consult cart system to ensure prompt delivery to the bedside of all the unique equipment and medications required for emergent and urgent otolaryngology consults. An otolaryngology practice responsible for emergency room and hospital consult coverage sought to create a cart containing all equipment, medications, and supplies for otolaryngology consults. Meetings with hospital administration and emergency room, nursing, pharmacy, central processing, and operating room staff were held to develop a system for the emergent delivery of the cart to the needed location, sterilization and restocking of equipment between uses, and appropriate billing of supplies. Two months were required from conception to implementation. All equipment was purchased new, including flexible scopes and headlights. The cart is sterilized, restocked, and maintained by central processing after each use. The equipment is available to handle all airway emergencies as well as all common otolaryngology consults and is delivered bedside in less than 5 minutes. The development of a self-contained otolaryngology consult cart requires coordination with a wide variety of hospital departments. This system, while requiring initial monetary and time investment, has resulted in improved patient care, cost containment, and surgeon convenience. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 06/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415591206
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    ABSTRACT: Assess postcranial irradiation: (1) short-term threshold shift, (2) short-term peripheral auditory histopathology, and (3) the mouse as an experimental model. Adult mice were exposed to single-dose radiation of 10 to 60 Gy. Pre- and post-irradiation (baseline, 2-8 days) audiometric brainstem response data were recorded with analysis of cochlear ultrastructure. Significant threshold shift occurred at all test frequencies in mice exposed to ≥20 Gy at 4 to 6 days post-irradiation. Ultrastructurally in Rosenthal's canal and the spiral lamina, neuronal density and extracellular matrix decreased dramatically. There was overall preservation of hair cells, stria vascularis, and vasculature. No difference within Gy group was noted in the frequency or severity of pathology along the length of the cochlea. The initial impact of radiation in the first week post-exposure focuses on spiral ganglion cell bodies and peripheral projections, resulting in significant threshold shift for irradiation dosages ≥20 Gy. This study demonstrates that the mouse is a viable model for study of short-term peripheral auditory effects using single-dose cranial irradiation. Additionally, with access to a precise animal irradiator, the mouse may be used as an experimental model for a fractionated irradiation dosage of 10 Gy, simulating stereotactic therapeutic cranial irradiation. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 06/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415591205
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    ABSTRACT: Though minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) offers many advantages over traditional thyroid surgery, its adoption in North America has been limited. This study analyzes the largest series of MIVAT in North America to explore its safety. A prospectively maintained database of all patients undergoing thyroid surgery by a single surgeon from 2003 to 2011 at an academic tertiary care medical center was evaluated. Demographic information, surgical and pathologic data, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. Beginning in 2005, a total of 260 MIVATs were performed during the study period. Outpatient surgery was accomplished in 234 MIVATs (90%). MIVAT patients were predominantly young (46.8 ± 14.8 years vs 52.4 ± 14.6 years for conventional thyroidectomy) and female (88.5% vs 75.5% for conventional thyroidectomy). There were no cases of permanent hypoparathyroidism or permanent recurrent laryngeal nerve dysfunction. Observed complications included transient recurrent laryngeal nerve dysfunction (n = 10; 3.8%), cellulitis (n = 1; 0.4%), and temporary hypocalcemia (n = 6; 2.3%). The overall complication rate for MIVAT (6.5%) was lower than the overall complication rate in conventional thyroidectomy (18.5%, P < .0001). MIVAT can be performed safely with a low complication profile in a high-volume practice. The safety of MIVAT represented by this experience supports broader adoption across surgical practices. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 06/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415591837
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    ABSTRACT: The benefits of bone-anchored hearing devices (BAHD) in children with unilateral aural atresia are controversial. We sought to determine whether there is parental decisional conflict surrounding elective placement of BAHD for this indication. Caregivers of pediatric patients with unilateral aural atresia and normal contralateral ear undergoing percutaneous BAHD consultation were enrolled. All consultations were carried out by one pediatric otolaryngologist in a consistent manner. After consultation, the participants completed a demographics form and the Decisional Conflict Scale (DCS) questionnaire. Twenty-three caregivers of 15 male (65.2%) and 8 female (34.8%) children (mean age 5.65 years) participated. The overall median DCS score was 15.63 (standard error = 4.21). Significant decisional conflict (DCS score ≥ 25) was found in 10 participants (43.5%). The median DCS score in the group choosing surgery was 5.47, and it was 23.44 in those who did not choose surgery (Mann-Whitney U = 39, Z = -1.391, P = .164). The median DCS score for mothers and fathers was 25 and 3.91, respectively. Many parents experienced significant decisional conflict when considering percutaneous BAHD surgery in children with unilateral aural atresia in our study population. Future research should explore the impact of decisional conflict on health outcomes. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 06/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415592000
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    ABSTRACT: To present the rare case of a young boy with idiopathic intracranial hypertension presenting with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss developing over several months. This was accompanied by headaches, otalgia, tinnitus, and vertigo. Furthermore, we aim to provide a concise review on this matter, as this report represents the second case in literature of pediatric idiopathic intracranial hypertension presenting with hearing loss. Workup of a 9-year-old boy with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, including (among others) physical examination, audiometry, diagnostic imaging, and lumbar puncture. Physical examination including fundoscopy as well as imaging showed no abnormalities. At presentation, pure tone audiometry revealed bone conduction thresholds of about 30 dB HL in both ears. Two months later, this declined to about 35 dB HL in both ears. Lumbar puncture revealed an increased intracranial pressure. The boy was thus diagnosed with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. After the lumbar puncture, the otological complaints gradually resolved, and the hearing normalized (bone conduction thresholds of 0-5 dB HL). Although rare, sensorineural hearing loss in the pediatric population together with otalgia, tinnitus, and vertigo can be due to idiopathic intracranial hypertension and as such can be reversible. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 06/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415591999
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    ABSTRACT: Define and compare the thermal nerve injury caused by 3 different vessel sealing and dissection devices: the harmonic scalpel (HS), the electrothermal bipolar vessel sealing system (EBVS), and the bipolar electrosurgery unit (BE). First we recorded the heating variations in pig tissue caused by a BE unit, HS, and EBVS after an activation for 5, 10, and 15 seconds at minimum and at maximum power. In the second part, we evaluated the histological damage caused by HS and EBVS on 20 in vivo human nerves, 10 per device. The 2 scalpels were placed and activated at 3 different distances from the nerve (1, 3, and 5 mm). The extension and the degree of the nerve lesion was then calculated. The instrument determining the highest rise in temperature was the BE unit, followed by HS and then EBVS. Comparison between the extension and degree of nerve injury caused by the 2 scalpels showed no statistically significant differences. Based on these evaluations, we established a relative safety limit at 3 mm and an absolute safety limit at 5 mm for both scalpels. Our data suggest EBVS and HS can be considered valid and safe devices for ENT surgery. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 06/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415588556
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    ABSTRACT: Narrow band imaging (NBI) is supposed to be a technique for a better visualization of vessel structures in superficial tissue as it selects the wavelengths of hemoglobin. It was hypothesized that, in the regular follow-up examination of patients with recurrent laryngeal papillomatosis, NBI enables a better detection of laryngeal papillomatosis in contrast to normal white light endoscopy. Eleven patients, 10 with a known recurrent papillomatosis (8 with a relapse, 2 without) and 1 with a primary diagnosis of papillomatosis, were examined with normal white light and NBI endoscopy. Twenty-six video sequences (11 white, 11 NBI, 4 doubled for validity) were generated and randomly presented to 20 otolaryngologists who rated the videos in terms of lesions seen and number of lesions identified. Results were compared with the histopathologic findings of microlaryngoscopy. Detection of papillomatosis and the correct number of lesions identified were more accurate with NBI than with normal white light endoscopy. There was a significantly higher probability of detecting laryngeal papillomata with NBI. NBI endoscopy enables a more accurate detection of laryngeal papillomatosis than white light endoscopy. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 06/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415590656
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    ABSTRACT: Despite increasing use of selective, nerve-sparing surgical techniques during neck dissections, the reported rate of postoperative paralysis of the trapezius muscle is still high. The aim of the study is to measure and compare motor inflow to the trapezius muscle, in order to better understand the peripheral neuroanatomy. Intraoperative nerve monitoring (electroneurography) in patients undergoing routine neck dissection (n = 18). The innervation of the 3 functional parts of the trapezius muscle was mapped and quantified through compound muscle action potentials. In 18/18 (100%) of the patients, the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) innervated all parts of the trapezius muscle. In 7/18 (39%) of the patients, an active motor branch from the cervical plexus was detected, equally distributed to all functional parts of the trapezius muscle, at levels comparable to the SAN. Compared to the SAN, branches from cervical plexus provide a significant amount of neural input to all parts of the trapezius muscle. Intraoperative nerve monitoring can be used in routine neck dissections to detect these branches, which may be important following surgical injury to the SAN. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 06/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415589365
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical management of phonotraumatic vocal fold lesions (nodules, polyps) is based largely on assumptions that abnormalities in habitual levels of sound pressure level (SPL), fundamental frequency (f0), and/or amount of voice use play a major role in lesion development and chronic persistence. This study used ambulatory voice monitoring to evaluate if significant differences in voice use exist between patients with phonotraumatic lesions and normal matched controls. Subjects were 70 adult females: 35 with vocal fold nodules or polyps and 35 age-, sex-, and occupation-matched normal individuals. Weeklong summary statistics of voice use were computed from anterior neck surface acceleration recorded using a smartphone-based ambulatory voice monitor. Paired t tests and Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests resulted in no statistically significant differences between patients and matched controls regarding average measures of SPL, f0, vocal dose measures, and voicing/voice rest periods. Paired t tests comparing f0 variability between the groups resulted in statistically significant differences with moderate effect sizes. Individuals with phonotraumatic lesions did not exhibit differences in average ambulatory measures of vocal behavior when compared with matched controls. More refined characterizations of underlying phonatory mechanisms and other potentially contributing causes are warranted to better understand risk factors associated with phonotraumatic lesions. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415589363
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    ABSTRACT: Nearly all radiated vestibular schwannomas (VS) have solid tissue remaining at the radiation bed. The viability and proliferation capacity of this tissue has never been objectively assessed. The goals of our study were to (1) determine whether this tissue retains the morphological and immunohistochemical features of VS and (2) evaluate whether the tissue is capable of proliferation in cell culture. Case history, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), cell culture, histology, and immunohistochemistry. We report the first case of a post-radiated, sporadic VS patient whose non-growing, residual MR-enhancing solid tissue was examined histologically and in cell culture. These cells were architecturally identical to non-radiated VS, had a Ki67 proliferative index similar to non-radiated sporadic and NF2-associated VS, were S100 positive, and grew in culture with kinetics comparable to non-radiated VS. The long-term risk for delayed tumor growth and/or secondary malignancy in radiated VS patients is unknown. Because the average life span in the United States is nearly 80 years, patients should be informed that (1) residual VS cells are viable even when tumors appear to be non-growing on MRI, (2) post-radiation surveillance imaging is required indefinitely, and (3) radiation may incur more risk in those patients with life expectancy >20-25 years. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415588128
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    ABSTRACT: This study assesses the efficacy of alar suspension sutures in the management of nasal valve collapse causing nasal obstruction. These sutures are inserted between the vestibular skin and lateral crura and hitched to the periosteum of the medial inferior orbital margin; this is a variation of the alar (change everywhere) suspension suture technique. A retrospective review of patients who underwent alar suspension suture insertion between January 2009 and December 2010 in the management of nasal obstruction was undertaken. Symptoms of nasal obstruction were assessed using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and peak inspiratory flow rate (PIFR). This was measured preprocedure and repeated at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. A total of 35 patients were identified, and 26 were included in the study; 90% of patients were satisfied with the outcome of surgery, supported by improvement in the VAS and PIFR scores. The mean difference in VAS preprocedure and postprocedure was 4.97 (P value = 0.00), and the average improvement in PIFR was 25.5 L/min (P value = 0.00). Our study shows a significant improvement in patient's symptoms following insertion of alar suspension sutures. It is, therefore, a reliable, safe, and effective technique in treating nasal obstruction secondary to nasal valve collapse. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415582256
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    ABSTRACT: We report the treatment outcomes, including organ preservation, for patients with locally advanced (T3/T4a) laryngeal cancer receiving both surgical and nonsurgical approaches. We hypothesize that selection of treatment protocols aimed to optimize organ preservation does not compromise survival provided careful selection is done through the process of multidisciplinary treatment planning. Patients with T3-4a laryngeal squamous cell cancer were evaluated and recommended for primary treatment with total or partial laryngectomy (37 patients) or chemoradiotherapy (34 patients). Treatment outcomes were compared between the 2 cohorts. In addition, the laryngeal preservation rate and laryngoesophageal dysfunction-free survival (LEDFS) were determined for the chemoradiation group. The 5-year overall survival rate for patients with T3 lesions was 41% and 40% for the surgical and nonsurgical groups, respectively, and for T4 lesions it was 54% and 53%, respectively. For the chemoradiation group, the rate of overall laryngeal preservation was 79%. LEDFS at 2 years was 40% for T3 lesions and 33% for T4 lesions. Through careful selection, some patients with locally advanced laryngeal cancer can be offered chemoradiation (organ preservation) without compromising survival. However, the patients selected to receive chemoradiation have a high rate of laryngeal and esophageal dysfunction. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415588130
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to delineate the morphology, integrity, and distribution of the alar fascia using dissection and E12 sheet plastination. This is the first study that employs E12 sheet plastination to investigate the alar fascia and its adjacent potential spaces. Twenty-nine manual dissections and 3 sets of E12 sheet plastinations were used to examine the posterior pharyngeal region for the architecture and distribution of the alar fascia. Specimens were examined from the inferior nuchal line to C6. The alar fascia originated as a well-defined midline structure at the level of C1 and could be identified down to C6. There was no evidence of the alar fascia between the inferior nuchal line and the base of the skull. Notably, the alar fascia permitted resistance to manual traction. E12 sheet plastination allowed for visualization of the alar fascia's superior attachments within the deep cervical region. Resistance to traction suggests that the alar fascia may be more than just a loose fibroareolar matrix. The findings in this study suggest an alternative point of entry into the danger space. Understanding the continuity of this fascial layer is critically important with regard to the pathophysiology of deep neck space infections. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415588129
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the prevalence of upper airway anomalies in patients diagnosed with congenital tracheoesophageal fistula and esophageal atresia (TEF/EA). A retrospective review was conducted of all TEF/EA patients seen at a tertiary pediatric hospital between January 2008 and December 2013. Inclusion criteria included evaluation by the otolaryngology service. Exclusion criteria included age >18 years, acquired TEF/EA, subsequent rule out of TEF/EA, and otolaryngology evaluation for reasons not pertaining to the airway. Data collected and analyzed included demographics, comorbidities, presenting symptoms, surgical interventions, laryngoscopic and bronchoscopic examinations, and subsequent medical and surgical management. Four hundred and thirty patients were diagnosed with TEF/EA at our institution. In all, 32.3%, or 139 children, were included in the analysis; 56.1% (n = 78) male, 43.9% (n = 61) female. Of the analyzed patients, 4.3% (n = 6) were diagnosed with laryngomalacia. Eighteen patients (12.9%) were diagnosed with subglottic stenosis. Thirty (21.6%) had vocal fold paresis or immobility. Laryngeal cleft was diagnosed in 25.9% (n = 36). Tracheomalacia was the most common airway finding, diagnosed in 37.4% (n = 52) patients. Patients diagnosed with congenital TEF/EA have a high rate of secondary upper airway anomalies. Consideration should be given to perform a complete airway evaluation in all of these patients. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415586844
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    ABSTRACT: Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TPO) is an uncommon, benign disease consisting of submucosal, osteocartilaginous nodules that project into the tracheal lumen. Far less commonly, these nodules can occur outside the tracheal cartilage. This case series discusses the wide range of symptoms and treatments of the disease. Three patients presented to the laryngology clinic with 3 varied presentations of TPO, including dyspnea, dysphonia, and cough. These patients were evaluated, subsequently diagnosed with TPO, and treated accordingly. Two of the 3 patients presented with extratracheal lesions presenting in the cricoid and thyroid cartilages. The patient presenting with symptoms of dysphonia was found to have bilateral TPO exclusively within the thyroid cartilage, which has never been reported previously. After undergoing a partial thyroid cartilage resection removing the bulk of the lesion, the patient's symptoms drastically improved. While TPO may be a rare diagnosis in the general otolaryngologist practice, symptoms frequently bring patients into the otolaryngologist's clinic, and an awareness of the disease can help minimize unnecessary interventions and allow the surgeon to appropriately counsel patients. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415586845
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    ABSTRACT: Cervical lymphatic malformations in children rarely present with acute airway compromise. During an acute exacerbation or hemorrhage, lymphatic malformations involving the deep neck spaces may precipitate critical airway obstruction. These are rare clinical entities and tracheotomy is the standard procedure to bypass impending airway obstruction. We present our recent experience with 2 children presenting with acute airway compromise resulting from deep space cervical lymphatic malformations and describe our technique and success with transoral sclerotherapy. Direct laryngoscopy-assisted transoral sclerotherapy with doxycycline may be considered an alternative to tracheotomy to address retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal space lymphatic malformations. Direct laryngoscopy-assisted transoral sclerotherapy is an excellent treatment option for children with deep space cervical lymphatic malformations with airway compromise. It is effective, provides direct access, and can be an alternative to a tracheotomy. © The Author(s) 2015.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415585868