The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology Journal Impact Factor & Information

Journal description

The ANNALS publishes original manuscripts of clinical and research importance in otolaryngology-head and neck medicine and surgery, bronchoesophagology, head and neck oncology and surgery, plastic and reconstructive surgery, pediatric otolaryngology, audiology, speech pathology, and related specialties. In this official journal you will find papers of historical interest, computer software reviews and applications in otolaryngology, imaging case studies, clinicopathological studies, book reviews, and letters to the editor. Also published are in-depth studies (supplements). All journal articles and supplements are peer-reviewed.

Current impact factor: 1.09

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 1.094
2013 Impact Factor 1.054
2012 Impact Factor 1.212
2011 Impact Factor 1.048
2010 Impact Factor 1.344
2009 Impact Factor 1.292
2008 Impact Factor 1.339
2007 Impact Factor 1.237
2006 Impact Factor 1.096
2005 Impact Factor 0.97
2004 Impact Factor 1.077
2003 Impact Factor 1.085
2002 Impact Factor 0.919
2001 Impact Factor 0.954
2000 Impact Factor 1.124
1999 Impact Factor 1.027
1998 Impact Factor 1.005
1997 Impact Factor 1.206

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.32
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.09
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.43
Website Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology website
Other titles The Annals of otology, rhinology & laryngology, Annals of otology, rhinology and laryngology
ISSN 0003-4894
OCLC 1481398
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publications in this journal

  • Argyro J Bizaki · Jura Numminen · Rami Taulu · Markus Rautiainen ·
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To find out the effect of minimal invasive sinus surgery and balloon sinuplasty on mucociliary clearance and compare different methods of measuring mucociliary clearance. Methods: Twenty-nine patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were randomized in 2 operative groups (uncinectomy or balloon sinuplasty). Before and 6 months after the treatment, patients filled out a quality of life questionnaire (Sino Nasal Outcome Test-22 [SNOT-22]), and mucociliary clearance was measured with endoscope and gamma camera after 0.03 ml of saccharine, methylene-blue dye, and human albumin labeled with Tc99m was introduced to the bottom of maxillary sinuses. Results: In uncinectomy group, SNOT-22 score decreased, but treatment had no effect on mucociliary clearance. Based on saccharine test, smoking was associated with worse mucociliary clearance (r = 0.618, P < .05). Methylene blue test results associated with saccharine test (r = 0.434, P < .05) and Tc99m-labeled tracer technique (r = 0.261, P = .039) separately. Conclusion: Treatment positively affects patients' quality of life; however, it has no effect on mucociliary clearance. There was a statistically significant correlation between the Tc99m-labeled tracer technique and the methylene blue technique. The saccharine technique was even less accurate, but it can be useful in clinical practice because it is a quick, easy, and safe technique.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415618676
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Conventional wisdom is that the overwhelming majority of glottic cancer patients have a smoking history. However, in recent years observations suggested that an increasing number of glottic cancer patients had never been smokers. Therefore, an investigation was done examining the incidence of having a smoking history in a recent cohort of glottic cancer patients. Method: Retrospective review of 100 patients with glottic cancer to determine those reporting never having smoked. Results: Thirty-one of 100 did not have a smoking history. Clinical observations of those cases revealed that the disease morphology tended to be exophytic, papillary, and very vascular, often resembling recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP). Remarkably, 2 of 31 were initially treated elsewhere assuming they had RRP and underwent 5 cidofovir injections. Both presented with advanced cancer, and the disease growth markedly accelerated coincident with the injections. Conclusions: Observations herein provide new insights that glottic cancer may be an evolving disease in which smoking is less exclusive, not unlike HPV-induced pharynx cancer. Similar to RRP, the angiogenic papillary disease morphology is well suited for voice-preserving angiolytic KTP laser treatment. Given the resemblance of some glottic cancers to RRP, great care should be taken when using cidofovir for papillary glottic neoplasms.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415619177
  • Miriam S Teixeira · Cuneyt M Alper · Brian S Martin · Narmin Helal · Brendan M Cullen Doyle · William J Doyle ·
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Determine if the middle ear (ME) trans-mucosal nitrous oxide (N2O) gas exchange rate can be pharmacologically modulated by the nasal application of a vasoconstrictor. Methods: In a randomized, double-blind, crossover study, 20 adults received a nasal spray challenge containing either oxymetazoline or saline (placebo). At each session, subjects were fitted with a non-rebreathing mask and breathed room air for 20 minutes, 50% N2O:50% O2 for 20 minutes, and 100% O2 for 10 minutes. Throughout, heart rate, blood pressure (BP), and blood O2 saturation were monitored, and bilateral ME pressure was recorded by tympanometry every minute. The primary outcome measure was the slope of the ME pressure-time function for the experimental period, a direct measure of the transMEM N2O exchange constant. The effects of treatment, session, and period on the measured vital signs and of treatment, session, disease history, and ear on the ME pressure-time slopes were evaluated for statistical significance using repeated measures ANOVAs. Results: The analysis documented a significant effect of period on O2 saturation (N2O > room air, P = .03) and of treatment on blood pressure (oxymetazoline > placebo, P < .02) and the ME pressure-time slope (placebo > oxymetazoline, P = .05). Conclusion: The exchange rate across the ME mucosa of inert gases can be decreased by topical treatment of the nasal mucosa with oxymetazoline.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415617776
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To report a single institutional series of high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma of the larynx (NCL), a very rare yet aggressive tumor. To review the management of NCL, including discussion of clinical behavior, treatment outcome, and prognosis. Method: A retrospective chart review of high-grade laryngeal neuroendocrine carcinomas at a single institution, including small- and large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas. A total of 8 patients with high-grade NCL treated at our institution from 1992 to 2014 were identified. Results: The median age at diagnosis was 65.5 years (range, 43-80). Five patients were male. Two patients had a known smoking history. Primary tumor location was supraglottic in 7 patients and glottic in 1 patient. Primary treatment consisted of surgery alone (3 patients), radiotherapy alone (1 patient), combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy (1 patient), and surgery followed by postoperative chemoradiotherapy (3 patients). Locoregional recurrence followed by distant metastasis occurred in 6 patients. Median overall survival was 44.0 months (95% CI, 3-62.0). Conclusion: High-grade NCL is a rare diagnosis. Compared to well- and moderately differentiated NCL, high-grade NCL has a far more aggressive clinical course and associated with a worse prognosis. To our knowledge, this is the largest series of patients with high-grade NCL treated at a single institution. Prompt diagnosis and multimodality therapy including elective neck dissection may improve survival.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415619179
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To elucidate the regeneration process of fungiform taste buds after severing the chorda tympani nerve (CTN) by confocal laser scanning microscopy in vivo. Methods: In 7 consecutive patients whose CTN was severed during tympanoplasty, an average of 10 fungiform papillae in the midlateral region of the tongue were periodically observed, and the number of taste buds was counted until 12 to 24 months after surgery. Gustatory function was assessed by EGM. Results: EGM thresholds showed no response within 1 month after surgery in any patient. All taste buds had disappeared until 13 to 71 days after surgery. Regenerated taste buds were first detected 5 to 8 months after surgery in 5 of the 7 patients. EGM thresholds recovered to their preoperative values in 2 patients. In these 2 patients, the number of regenerated taste buds gradually increased in combination with a recovered taste function. However, a time lag existed between taste bud regeneration and taste function recovery. EGM thresholds did not recover in the other 3 patients with regenerated taste buds, suggesting that these taste buds were immature without gustatory function. Conclusion: The long-term regeneration process of fungiform taste buds could be clarified using confocal laser scanning microscopy.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415617775
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Dysphagia and associated aspiration pneumonia are commonly reported sequelae of Parkinson's disease (PD). Previous studies of swallowing in patients with PD have described prolonged pharyngeal transit time, delayed onset of pharyngeal transit, cricopharyngeal (CP) achalasia, reduced pharyngeal constriction, and slowed hyolaryngeal elevation. These studies were completed using inconsistent evaluation methodology, reliance on qualitative analysis, and a lack of a large control group, resulting in concerns regarding diagnostic precision. The purpose of this study was to investigate swallowing function in patients with PD using a norm-referenced, quantitative approach. Methods: This retrospective study includes 34 patients with a diagnosis of PD referred to a multidisciplinary voice and swallowing clinic. Modified barium swallow studies were performed using quantitative measures of pharyngeal transit time, hyoid displacement, CP sphincter opening, area of the pharynx at maximal constriction, and timing of laryngeal vestibule closure relative to bolus arrival at the CP sphincter. Results: Reduced pharyngeal constriction was found in 30.4%, and a delay in airway closure relative to arrival of the bolus at the CP sphincter was the most common abnormality, present in 62% of patients. Previously reported findings of prolonged pharyngeal transit, poor hyoid elevation, and CP achalasia were not identified as prominent features.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415617774
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Outcomes of laryngeal reinnervation with ansa-cervicalis for unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) may be influenced by age of the patient and time interval between laryngeal nerve injury and reinnervation, suggesting less favorable outcomes in older patients and greater than 2-year time interval after injury. This study examines these issues in the pediatric population. Method: Review of prospectively collected data set of 35 children and adolescents (1-21 years) that underwent ansa-recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) laryngeal reinnervation for UVFP. Results: The time from RLN injury to reinnervation averaged 5.0 years (range, 0.8-15.2 years). No correlation was found between age at reinnervation (r = 0.15) and patient- or parent-reported global percentage voice outcome or perceptual ratings. There was slight negative correlation in duration between RLN injury and reinnervation and voice outcomes (r = -0.31). Postoperative voice self/surrogate global percentage rating average was 80.5% (range, 50%-100%), and perceptual rating GRBAS sum score average was 2.9 (range, 0-7). Conclusion: In pediatric ansa-RLN reinnervation for UVFP, no correlation between age at surgery and postoperative outcome was found. Denervation duration showed slight negative correlation, similar to what has been reported in adults, though voice improvement was seen in all patients.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415615364
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Radiation therapy is a common treatment strategy for laryngeal carcinoma. However, radiation is not without adverse side effects, especially toward healthy vocal fold tissue, which can lead to long-term impairments in vocal function. The objective of this preliminary study was to investigate early responses of healthy human vocal fold fibroblasts (VFF) to radiation. Methods: VFF were exposed to a single or fractionated dose radiation scheme. Nonradiated VFF served as controls. Morphology of radiated and control VFF was subjectively examined. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to evaluate the effect of radiation on extracellular matrix and inflammatory-related genes. VFF viability was investigated using a LIVE/DEAD and clonogenic assay. Results: Single or fractioned dose radiated VFF were morphologically indistinguishable from control VFF. No significant differences in gene expression were observed following either radiation scheme and as compared to controls. Clonogenic assay revealed reduced VFF viability following the fractionated but not single dose scheme. No changes in viability were detected using the LIVE/DEAD assay. Conclusions: We present one of the first investigations to evaluate early responses of healthy VFF to radiation. Findings will contribute to a growing body of literature seeking to elucidate the biological mechanisms underlying voice changes following radiation therapy for laryngeal carcinoma.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415615140
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: A subset of patients previously diagnosed with idiopathic chronic cough were found to have an elongated uvula contacting the laryngeal surface of the epiglottis and inducing a cough reflex. These patients were successfully treated with an in-office modified uvulopalatoplasty procedure (mUPP) at our institution. We aim to further categorize this subset of patients and describe the mUPP that can potentially offer this group of patients cure for their chronic cough. Study design: Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective chart review. Methods: Patient demographics, medical history, associated symptoms, prior treatment remedies, and response to mUPP were recorded and analyzed for 30 patients who underwent an in-office mUPP. Results: The majority of patients were middle-aged, nonsmoking females with symptoms of globus sensation and a gag reflex when lying supine. 96.7% of patients reported complete resolution or noticeable improvement of their cough following mUPP. There were no complications from this in-office procedure in our study. Conclusions: The authors' main goals are to make other physicians aware of this under-recognized subset of patients with chronic cough who have an identifiable and treatable cause for their symptoms and to provide the steps of a simple and effective surgical solution to chronic cough in this group of patients.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415613800
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To analyze the prognostic relevance of mucosal waves (MWs) for recovery of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVP). Methods: The charts and stroboscopic examinations of 100 consecutive patients with a complete UVP were reviewed retrospectively. All had a minimal (estimated <3 mm) mucosal gap on stroboscopy. A positive or negative MW on the paralyzed vocal fold was associated with complete recovery to full adduction and abduction. All patients were followed for at least 12 months. Results: Causes of the paralysis were iatrogenic/traumatic (n = 82), malignancy associated (n = 10), and idiopathic (n = 8). In patients with positive MW at diagnosis (n = 80), the chance of recovery of unilateral vocal fold paralysis was 91.25%, whereas the chance of recovery with a negative mucosal wave (n = 20) was only 10%. Conclusion: Positive MWs in stroboscopy are a predictor for recovery of (iatrogenic/traumatic) unilateral vocal fold paralysis and should be used in routine diagnostic assessment.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415613801
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Based on our laboratory's newly confirmed motor pathway for glottic closure, we measured the glottic closing force (GCF) during isolated stimulation of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (eSLN) in the porcine model. Glottic closure is 1 of the primary mechanisms for prevention of aspiration during deglutition. Methods: The recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and eSLN were identified bilaterally in 4 porcine necks. Subsequently, GCF was measured with a pressure transducer as the distal ends of individual nerves were stimulated in 4 animals. The RLN mediated GCF was measured first, followed by isolated eSLN mediated GCF, followed by transection of the RLN and repeat measurement of the eSLN GCF. Ultimately, the cricothyroid (CT) muscle attachment was released and the GCF measured. Results: The GCF during isolated eSLN stimulation before and after RLN transection is approximately 89% of the RLN mediated GCF in each animal. The GCF after CT release is approximately 84% of the RLN perceived GCF. Transection of the RLN did not alter the eSLN observed GCF. Conclusions: The GCF obtained during isolated eSLN stimulation is adequate for delivery of an appropriate laryngeal protective response and may be considered a target motor nerve for augmenting GCF in selected rehab settings.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415614865
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The pathophysiology of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) transection injury is rare in that it is characteristically followed by a high degree of spontaneous reinnervation, with reinnervation of the laryngeal adductor complex (AC) preceding that of the abducting posterior cricoarytenoid (PCA) muscle. Here, we aim to elucidate the differentially expressed myogenic factors following RLN injury that may be at least partially responsible for the spontaneous reinnervation. Methods: F344 male rats underwent RLN injury (n = 12) or sham surgery (n = 12). One week after RLN injury, larynges were harvested following euthanasia. The mRNA was extracted from PCA and AC muscles bilaterally, and microarray analysis was performed using a full rat genome array. Results: Microarray analysis of denervated AC and PCA muscles demonstrated dramatic differences in gene expression profiles, with 205 individual probes that were differentially expressed between the denervated AC and PCA muscles and only 14 genes with similar expression patterns. Conclusions: The differential expression patterns of the AC and PCA suggest different mechanisms of reinnervation. The PCA showed the gene patterns of Wallerian degeneration, while the AC expressed the gene patterns of reinnervation by adjacent axonal sprouting. This finding may reveal important therapeutic targets applicable to RLN and other peripheral nerve injuries.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415608866
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Complete separation of upper and lower respiratory tract after total laryngectomy results in loss of physiological nasal functions and presence of "unconditioned" inspired air in lower airways. Aim of this study is evaluating the presence of a microbial colonization of nasal cavities and trachea in laryngectomized long-term survivors. Methods: Twenty-five laryngectomized patients underwent symptoms' anamnestic evaluation, endoscopic fiber optic nasal and tracheal examination, specimen collection for microbiological exam, and culture. Enrolled patients had at least a 2-year follow-up period in order to evaluate long-term microflora. Results: Gram positive polimicrobic flora represented the main finding in nasal cavities and trachea (92% and 48% of patients, respectively). Other bacteria were non-fermenters Gram negative bacteria, Enterobacteriaceae and Staphylococcus aureus. The same microflora was demonstrated in nasal cavity and trachea in 5 patients (20%), while sterile nasal cavity and trachea were seen in 3 (12%) and 4 (16%) cases, respectively. No fungi were observed in nasal cavity and trachea. Conclusion: Nasal cavities and trachea of laryngectomized patients are colonized by nonpathogenic and/or potentially pathogenic bacteria, in absence of signs and symptoms of infection. Colonizer microflora should be kept in mind when a culture from nasal or tracheal swabs is needed in daily practice.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415613802
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To present audiometric data in 3 dimensions by considering age as an addition dimension. Methods: Audioprofile surfaces (APSs) were fitted to a set of audiograms by plotting each measurement of an audiogram as an independent point in 3 dimensions with the x, y, and z axes representing frequency, hearing loss in dB, and age, respectively. Results: Using the Java-based APS viewer as a standalone application, APSs were pre-computed for 34 loci. By selecting APSs for the appropriate genetic locus, a clinician can compare this APS-generated average surface to a specific patient's audiogram. Conclusion: Audioprofile surfaces provide an easily interpreted visual representation of a person's hearing acuity relative to others with the same genetic cause of hearing loss. Audioprofile surfaces will support the generation and testing of sophisticated hypotheses to further refine our understanding of the biology of hearing.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415614863
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The extent to which surgeons understand costs associated with expensive operative procedures remains unclear. The goal of the study was to better understand surgeon cost awareness of operating room supplies and implants. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of faculty (n = 24) and trainees (fellow and residents, n = 27) in the Department of Otolaryngology. Participants completed surveys to assess opinions on importance of cost and ease in accessing cost data and were asked to estimate the costs of operating room (OR) supplies and implants. Estimates within 20% of actual cost were considered correct. Analyses were stratified into faculty and trainee surgeons. Results: Cost estimates varied widely, with a low percentage of correct estimations (25% for faculty, 12% for trainees). Surgeons tended to underestimate the cost of high-cost items (55%) and overestimate the cost of low-cost items (77%). Attending surgeons were more accurate at correctly estimating costs within their own subspecialty (33% vs 16%, P < .001). Self-rated cost knowledge and years in practice did not correlate with cost accuracy (P < .05). Conclusions: A majority of surgeons were unable to correctly estimate the costs of items/implants used in their OR. An opportunity exists to improve the mechanisms by which cost data are fed back to physicians to help promote value-based decision making.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 11/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415614864
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To assess the clinical effect of cochlear implant programming on tinnitus. Methods: Tinnitus patients (n = 234) were divided into 3 groups: (1) preoperative tinnitus (n = 108), (2) postoperative tinnitus occurring before implant switch-on at week 4 (n = 88), and (3) tinnitus occurring more than 1 year postoperatively (n = 44). Patients in each group were randomly allocated into a programming subgroup that received programming for 12 weeks postoperatively or after tinnitus occurrence or a control subgroup. Impedance testing and the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) were performed preoperatively and at 4, 6, 8, and 12 weeks postoperatively (groups 1 and 2) or after tinnitus occurrence (group 3). Comparisons were performed using t tests and chi-square tests. Results: Impedance was significantly lower in the programming subgroup than in the control subgroup in groups 1 and 2 at 8 and 12 weeks and in group 3 at 12 weeks. The THI scores decreased in both programming and control subgroups in all groups. However, this decrease was pronounced in the programming subgroup, whereas in the control subgroup, it occurred slowly over time. Conclusion: Cochlear implant programming decreases impedance and improves tinnitus symptoms.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 10/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415611907
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To identify trends in treatment and survival for patients with stage I glottic cancer and glottic carcinoma in situ (CIS). Methods: The 18-registry SEER data were analyzed for CIS and stage I glottic cancer. Treatment variables and observed and relative survival were assessed separately for stage I and glottic CIS. Results: Among 14 025 cases of stage I glottic cancer identified from 1988 to 2012, radiation was the most common treatment for all eras. An increase in surgical treatment occurred with a decline in combination therapy. There were 3169 cases of glottic CIS, with surgery the most common initial treatment but with radiotherapy increasing across the years. Relative survival was similar for treatment type and era of diagnosis. Among the 3738 patients with glottic CIS, 5.4% went on to develop invasive glottic carcinoma of any stage, with invasive cancer more common in patients treated by surgery alone compared to radiation or surgery with radiation. Conclusions: Despite changes in treatment modalities for CIS and stage I glottic cancer, there have not been significant changes in survival for CIS, with slightly improved survival for treatment with surgery alone. Patients treated with surgery alone had an increased rate of subsequent invasive cancer.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 10/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415611908
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: (1) To describe clinical and radiologic findings in patients with esophageal foreign bodies. (2) To examine the sensitivity and specificity of history, physical examination, and radiologic studies in children with suspected foreign body ingestion. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed evaluating all children who underwent esophagoscopy for suspected foreign body ingestion at our institution from 2006 to 2013. Results: Five hundred forty-three patients were included (54% male). Average age was 4.7 years (SD = 4.1 years). Foreign bodies were identified on esophagoscopy in 497 cases (92%). Ingestion was witnessed in 23% of cases. Most common presenting symptoms were choking/gagging (49%), vomiting (47%), and dysphagia/odynophagia (42%). Most patients with foreign bodies had a normal exam (76%). Most foreign bodies were radiopaque (83%). In 59% of patients with normal chest radiographs, a foreign body was present. Sensitivity and specificity of 1 or more findings on history, physical examination, and imaging were 99% and 0%, 21% and 76%, and 83% and 100%, respectively. Conclusions: Most patients with esophageal foreign bodies are symptomatic. Although many patients will have a normal physical examination, an abnormal exam should increase suspicion for a foreign body. Most esophageal foreign bodies are radiopaque, but a normal chest radiograph cannot rule out a foreign body.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 10/2015; DOI:10.1177/0003489415611128