The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology (Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol )

Description

The ANNALS publishes original manuscripts of clinical and research importance in otolaryngology-head and neck medicine and surgery, bronchoesophagology, head and neck oncology and surgery, plastic and reconstructive surgery, pediatric otolaryngology, audiology, speech pathology, and related specialties. In this official journal you will find papers of historical interest, computer software reviews and applications in otolaryngology, imaging case studies, clinicopathological studies, book reviews, and letters to the editor. Also published are in-depth studies (supplements). All journal articles and supplements are peer-reviewed.

  • Impact factor
    1.21
    Show impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    1.48
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.08
  • Eigenfactor
    0.01
  • Article influence
    0.48
  • Website
    Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology website
  • Other titles
    The Annals of otology, rhinology & laryngology, Annals of otology, rhinology and laryngology
  • ISSN
    0003-4894
  • OCLC
    1481398
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine the long-term viability of innominate artery resection and tracheotomy for a patient at high risk of developing a tracheoinnominate fistula (TIF) in the setting of subglottic stenosis and a high-riding innominate artery. Chart review with 2-year follow-up. A 45-year-old diabetic man with obstructive sleep apnea and multiple admissions for coma and delirium tremens associated with alcohol abuse developed subglottic stenosis. He was found to have a palpable supraclavicular pulse during preoperative examination for a tracheotomy. Computed tomography examination revealed a high-riding innominate artery at the level of stenosis along with granulation tissue and disruption of the cartilaginous trachea, suggesting a high risk of impending TIF. The patient underwent a sternotomy-approach resection of the innominate artery with closure of the distal stump with a sternohyoid muscle flap. Intraoperatively, a plane of adhesions between the posterior innominate artery and trachea was dissected. The anterior tracheal wall appeared calcified but without evidence of erosion of either the trachea or the artery. Six weeks later, a tracheotomy was performed. Follow-up at 27 months did not identify complications from the innominate artery resection. Resection of the innominate artery is an option for some patients either to address the warning signs of TIF or to permit a tracheotomy to be performed in the presence of a high innominate artery.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our goals were to investigate (1) the effectiveness of the topical vasoconstrictor test (TVT) and peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) measurement for the selection of patients with inferior turbinate hypertrophy (ITH) who will benefit from radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the turbinates and (2) the efficacy of the TVT and PNIF in follow-up of treatment outcomes. Patients with bilateral chronic nasal obstruction due to ITH underwent assessment with a visual analog scale (VAS) and PNIF before and after the TVT. Twenty patients with symptom improvement according to VAS and PNIF results were enrolled in the study. These patients underwent RFA, and PNIF and VAS scores were determined before and 1 and 6 months after the TVT. These results were compared to evaluate the preoperative prediction of RFA treatment success. Radiofrequency ablation of the turbinates resulted in significant changes in objective and subjective scores. Preoperative (baseline) subjective and objective responses to decongestant were positively correlated (P = .024 and P < .05, respectively). Preoperative (baseline) objective responses to decongestant were significantly correlated with the objective outcomes of surgery (P = .006 and P < .05, respectively). The combined use of PNIF and the TVT allows for the preoperative prediction of the success of RFA and the selection of patients who will benefit most from RFA.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to propose an ototoxicity grading system sensitive to the effect of ototoxicity on specific daily life situations like speech intelligibility and the perception of ultra-high sounds and to test its feasibility compared to current criteria. Pure tone averages (PTAs) for speech perception (1-2-4 kHz) and ultra-high frequencies (8-10-12.5 kHz) were incorporated. Threshold shift and hearing level posttreatment were taken into account. Criteria were tested on head and neck cancer patients treated with (chemo-)radiotherapy ([C]RT) and compared with the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4 (CTCAEv4) and the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association criteria (ASHA). Grades 1 and 2 were based on threshold shifts from baseline (in dB) and subjective complaints. Grades 3 and 4 were defined as treatment-induced hearing loss of ≥ 35 dB at PTA 1-2-4 kHz and ≥ 70 dB at PTA 1-2-4 kHz, respectively. In high-dose cisplatin CRT incidences by the new criteria, CTCAEv4 and ASHA were comparable (78%-88%). In RT and low-dose cisplatin CRT, incidences were 36% to 39% in the new criteria versus 22% to 53% in CTCAEv4 and ASHA. The new criteria show an increased sensitivity to ototoxicity compared to CTCAEv4 and ASHA and provide insight into the effect of hearing loss on certain daily life situations. The new grading system seems feasible for clinic and research purposes.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new head and neck cancer cell line was developed from a highly aggressive HNSCC of the oral cavity diagnosed in a 26-year-old pregnant woman. Cells from the primary tumor were passaged in culture and genotyped as a unique cell line. The resultant cell line was assessed for its ability to replicate the primary tumor. The primary tumor and cell line contained 19.03% and 19.62% CD44(high) cells, respectively. CD44(high) cancer stem cells from UM-SCC-103 formed tumors after flank injections in mice that reconstituted the heterogeneity of the primary tumor. CD44 staining and histology in the primary tumor and tumors grown in vivo from the cell line were similar. CD44(high) cells from the primary tumor resulted in lung colony formation in 2 out of 2 tail vein injections in mice, whereas CD44(low) cells did not. Similarly, CD44(high) cells from UM-SCC-103 formed lung tumors in 2 out of 4 mice, whereas CD44(low) cells did not. The similarity in marker expression and tumorigenic behavior between the primary tumor and the resulting cell line strongly suggests that the cell line resembles the primary tumor that it was derived from and provides an important new research tool for the study of head and neck carcinomas in young patients.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective is to see how chronic tinnitus sufferers who are unmanageable to maximized medical therapy can benefit by decreasing their subjective complaints from a sleep evaluation and treatment. However, the proper identification of these particular patients has not been described well in the literature when attempting to correlate these 2 diagnoses. Thus, tinnitus patients with and without insomnia, based on ICD-9 diagnosis, were evaluated using the Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire and Insomnia Severity Index to determine correlations between insomnia and tinnitus. Patients with a diagnosis of tinnitus and tinnitus along with insomnia who were treated at our institution from 2009 to 2011 were identified. Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire and Insomnia Severity Index responses were obtained through written and telephone interviews. A Pearson product moment correlation was used to determine the effect of insomnia on tinnitus. Additional analyses identified whether Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire scores were associated with a possible benefit from an evaluation for insomnia in tinnitus patients. A total of 117 patients met inclusion criteria. A significant correlation was found between the Insomnia Severity Index score and Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire severity (r = 0.64; P = .001). Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire severity was shown to be a good predictor of sleep disturbance and good in predicting group association, especially the "emotional" subscore component (sensitivity 96.9% and specificity 55.3% for identifying tinnitus patients with insomnia). The greater the insomnia disability as exhibited by an elevated Insomnia Severity Index score, the more severe the patient's complaints were regarding the tinnitus. Results suggest that if the emotional score on the Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire is ≥ 15, the Insomnia Severity Index may be useful to identify patients who may benefit from further treatment and evaluation of insomnia. The robust correlation between the Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire and Insomnia Severity Index objectively showed that patients with insomnia have an increased emotional distress associated with their tinnitus. Both questionnaires can be used together with a high degree of specificity and sensitivity in predicting tinnitus patients with an underlying sleep disturbance.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate outcomes of the middle fossa (MF) superior vestibular neurectomy in unilateral Ménière's disease. Case series with preoperative and postoperative analysis of the 1995 American Academy of Otolaryngology hearing stage and vertigo class, gait instability, and results of vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP). Four out of the 5 patients had total vertigo control (class A) and 1 had near total control (class B) by the last visit (mean follow-up, 23.6 months). There were no changes in hearing thresholds and hearing stage. Four patients had resolution of their gait instability by 2 months after surgery. Postoperative VEMP responses were preserved in all 3 patients with positive VEMP preoperatively. This is the first report of the anatomical and functional preservation of the inferior vestibular nerve in vestibular neurectomy for the treatment of refractory vertigo in unilateral Ménière's disease, with VEMP testing before and after vestibular neurectomy. The modified technique limits the surgical dissection and may help avoid complications such as postoperative hearing loss and persistent gait instability. This approach is indicated when other more conservative measures have failed, and patient selection is paramount to avoid long-term complications.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2014; 123(5):359-64.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the expression of Notch1 in human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) tissues and its relationship to clinicopathologic characteristics as well as their prognostic value in LSCC. Samples from 106 patients with LSCC were analyzed for Notch1 expression by immunohistochemical staining. The relationship between Notch1 expression and clinicopathologic parameters was subsequently analyzed. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis of patient survival were examined using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model, respectively. We found that Notch1 had positive expression in 71 of 106 cases of LSCC (66.98%), which was obviously higher than laryngeal normal tissues (P < .01) and significantly correlated with the clinical stage, lymph node metastasis, and histological grade (all Ps < .05). Univariate analysis revealed that Notch1 expression tended to show an unfavorable influence on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) (both Ps < .01). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that Notch1 was an independent prognostic factor for patients with LSCC (P < .05). These results reveal that Notch1 expression is a potential prognostic factor for malignant progression, metastasis, and survival of LSCC patients. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that high expression of Notch1 was associated with unfavorable OS and DFS in LSCC patients.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) selectively test the vestibular end-organ. The aim of this study was to analyze how the site of the diseased canal, type of particulate deposition, duration of symptoms, severity of nystagmus, recurrence, and age affect the VEMP in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). One hundred two patients were enrolled in the study between 2009 and 2012. There were 36 men and 66 women with ages ranging from 16 to 71 years (mean age, 42.28 ± 11.29 years). Patients with BPPV were tested with roll-on and head-hanging maneuvers under video-electronystagmography monitoring and with air conduction cervical VEMP testing. Patients were grouped for duration, severity, recurrence, age, site of canal involvement, and so on, and the results were compared in each subgroup. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests were used for the comparative analysis. Twenty-four patients (23.5%) had a gross VEMP abnormality (absence of VEMP in 6 and greater than 25% depression of the amplitude in 18). Abnormality of VEMPs was not correlated with factors including age, severity of nystagmus, number of maneuvers applied, and the site of canal involvement (P < .05). However, persistence or recurrence of symptoms has an effect on VEMP results (P = .016). Vestibular evoked myogenic potential is a useful tool to study the otolithic function in patients with BPPV and should be included in the test battery.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to describe current patterns for diagnosis and treatment of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) and analyze differences between laryngologists and non-laryngologists. American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery and American Broncho-Esophagological Association members were invited to complete an online survey regarding evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of LPR. Subgroup analysis was performed to identify differences between respondents who completed laryngology fellowships (LF) and those who did not (NL). Of 159 respondents, 40 were LF. Video documentation of laryngopharyngeal exams was almost universal among LF (97% vs 38%, P < .0001). Use of rigid (100%, P = .002) and flexible distal-chip technologies (94%, P = .004) was more common among LF. Diagnostic criteria were similar between the groups, with symptoms of heartburn, globus, and throat clearing thought most suggestive of LPR. Adjunctive tests most commonly used were barium esophagram and dual-probe pH testing with impedance. Laryngology fellowship-trained respondents used dual pH probes with impedance more often (P = .004). They were more likely to prescribe twice daily proton pump inhibitors with concurrent H2-blocker medication initially (P = .004) and to treat for longer than 4 weeks (P = .0003). Otolaryngologists are in agreement on symptoms and physical features of LPR; however, significant differences exist between laryngologists and non-laryngologists on the use of adjunctive testing and treatment strategies.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of rhinoplasty on subjective and objective assessment of nasal patency in patients who underwent rhinoplasty for cosmetic reasons only. Tertiary referral center. Prospective, clinical study. A total of 50 adult patients who underwent rhinoplasty were included in the study. Preoperative and postoperative photographs of the nasal profile (frontal, lateral, and oblique) were obtained. The visual analog scale (VAS) was used for the subjective evaluation of nasal obstruction (0 being the minimum, 10 being the maximum amount of nasal patency). Objective evaluation of nasal obstruction was performed with a peak nasal inspiratory flowmeter (PNIF). Preoperative mean VAS scores and PNIF values of the patients were 7.36 ± 0.83 and 115.10 ± 17.45, respectively. Postoperative mean VAS scores and PNIF values of the patients were 7.42 ± 0.73 and 115.30 ± 16.7, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between any of the pre- and postoperative subjective and objective parameters (P > .05). Reduction rhinoplasty has been shown not to reduce nasal patency.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: During external septorhinoplasty, access from the caudal septum into subperichondrial space often poses difficulties and challenges for proper elevation of the mucoperichondrial flap. The dorsal and caudal approaches were compared with respect to duration and mucosal integrity. The caudal approach was applied in 52 patients and the dorsal approach in 50 patients. The duration was recorded starting with septal incision, until the end of the completion of the bilateral subperichondrial and subperiosteal elevation. The mucosal integrity was inspected for any mucosal damage. The elevation durations for the caudal approach and the dorsal approach were 450.3 seconds and 232 seconds, respectively. The impairment in mucosal integrity was observed in 33 cases (63%) with the caudal approach and in 16 cases (32%) with the dorsal approach. Statistically significant differences were found between the 2 groups in terms of duration and mucosal integrity. The dorsal approach is a more advantageous choice that provides easier, safer, and faster access, ensures a comfortable and effective subperichondrial elevation, and is more advantageous for the protection of mucosal integrity as compared to the caudal approach from the anterior septal angle, since the perichondrium in the caudal septum is more attached to the underlying cartilage.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of our study is to describe the technique of distal endotracheal tube (ETT) positioning for avoiding cuff rupture and validate the technique in a virtual tracheostomy model. A prospective nonrandomized case series of 129 patients who had undergone tracheostomy using the senior author's technique were evaluated. Primary outcome was ETT cuff rupture. One hundred normal patient computed tomography (CT) scans were used to generate a virtual tracheostomy model, and the probability of cuff rupture, among other values, was obtained. One hundred twenty-three of 129 patients underwent tracheostomy without cuff rupture when the distal tip of the ETT was placed just proximal to the carina. After analysis of 100 3-dimensional CT scans, the average distance from the tracheotomy to the superior aspect of the cuff was 54.6 mm in men and 39.87 mm in women when a 6.5-size ETT was used, and 44.8 mm in men and 30.07 mm in women when a 7.5-size ETT was used. Virtual tracheotomy between the second and third tracheal rings resulted in no probability of inadvertent ETT cuff rupture. Distal ETT positioning during tracheostomy should be considered for avoiding inadvertent ETT cuff rupture.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Harmonic Scalpel (HS) has been recently widely used to perform a variety of surgical procedures. We reviewed our experience with the use of HS in superficial parotidectomy to determine the safety and efficacy of this procedure, with regard to operative time, postoperative facial nerve function, and drainage output. Nonrandomized retrospective review. The medical records of all patients who underwent superficial parotidectomy for benign pathology at Shaare Zedek Medical Center from January 2006 to July 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with prior facial nerve weakness or prior parotid surgery or who had undergone concurrent neck dissection or total parotidectomy were excluded. Fifty-eight patients were reviewed; 26 patients underwent HS parotidectomy and 32 patients underwent conventional (cold knife) parotidectomy (control group). Harmonic Scalpel assisted parotidectomy was associated with significantly decreased length of surgery from 163.12 ± 21.8 minutes for controls to 137.3 ± 18.6 minutes in the HS assisted group (P < .05). The incidence of temporary postoperative facial nerve paresis was significantly reduced from 43% in the controls to 23% in the HS group (P < .05). No permanent facial nerve paralysis was reported. There were differences in the overall postoperative drain output between the HS and control groups, 68 ± 22.3 mL and 73.5 ± 38.2 mL, respectively, but these differences did not achieve significance. This study shows that HS assisted superficial parotidectomy for benign pathology is a safe technique and associated with reduced surgical time and incidence of temporary postoperative facial nerve paresis compared with conventional techniques.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine if preoperative impedance testing changed management and if testing was associated with surgical outcome in patients undergoing airway reconstruction. Retrospective review of patients who had impedance testing prior to airway reconstruction at a tertiary pediatric hospital from January 2010 to September 2011. Charts were reviewed for demographics, medical/surgical history, impedance testing, and surgical outcomes. Fifty-seven patients were included. Forty-seven (82%) were premature. Forty-seven (82%) had a primary diagnosis of subglottic stenosis. Twenty-six (45%) had prior airway surgery. Thirty-six (63%) had gastroesophageal reflux and 21 (36%) had undergone fundoplication. Patients without fundoplication had a median 46 total reflux, 7 proximal, and 14.5 acidic events compared to a median 5 total reflux, 0 proximal, and 0 acidic events in patients with fundoplication. Impedance testing changed management in 22% (8/36) of nonfundoplication patients and 9.5% (2/21) of fundoplication patients. In unadjusted analysis, fewer fundoplication patients had successful surgery compared to those without (33% vs 67%, P = .01). Prematurity, age at surgery, and previous airway surgery were also important predictors of surgical success. Fewer patients than anticipated had a change in management. Impedance testing was unlikely to change management in fundoplication patients. Patients with fundoplication were less likely to have a successful outcome, suggesting that factors other than reflux influence airway reconstruction outcomes.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to report our experience in the management of patients with intraoperatively diagnosed intracranial facial nerve schwannomas (FNSs) and propose a decision-making strategy. Twenty-three patients with FNS of the internal auditory canal and/or cerebellopontine angle operated on between 1992 and 2012 were identified. Preoperatively, all cases have been radiographically diagnosed as vestibular schwannomas. Operative procedures consisted of total tumor resection with grafting in 43.4% of patients, near-total resection leaving behind the tumor capsule overlying the facial nerve in 21.7%, total tumor resection with preservation of anatomic continuity of the facial nerve in 13%, and subtotal resection in 4.3%. Four patients (17.4%) underwent bony decompression with no tumor removal. Management of FNS diagnosed at surgery represents a significant clinical challenge. We considered total tumor resection with grafting when patients presented with preoperative facial nerve palsy (≥ grade III). Both subtotal and near-total tumor removal can be performed in patients with preoperative good facial function and/or large tumors with brainstem compression. Patients with small tumors who were selected for hearing preservation surgery can be considered for bony decompression. Fascicle preservation surgery may be an option when a clear cleavage plane between the tumor and the facial nerve is found.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Deconditioning and frailty may contribute to dysphagia and aspiration. Early identification of patients at risk of aspiration is important. Aspiration prevention would lead to reduced morbidity and health care costs. We therefore wondered whether objective measurements of frailty could help identify patients at risk for dysphagia and aspiration. Consecutive patients (n = 183) were enrolled. Patient characteristics and objective measures of frailty were recorded prospectively. Variables tested included age, body mass index, grip strength, and 5 meter walk pace. Statistical analysis tested for association between these parameters and dysphagia or aspiration, diagnosed by instrumental swallowing examination. Of variables tested for association with grip strength, only age category (P = .003) and ambulatory status (P < .001) were significantly associated with grip strength in linear regression models. Whereas walk speed was not associated with dysphagia or aspiration, ambulatory status was significantly associated with dysphagia and aspiration in multivariable model building. Nonambulatory status is a predictor of aspiration and should be included in risk assessments for dysphagia. The relationship between frailty and dysphagia deserves further investigation. Frailty assessments may help identify those at risk for complications of dysphagia.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine how a new self-report outcome measure of communicative participation, the Communicative Participation Item Bank (CPIB), related to disease- and discipline-specific quality of life (QOL) outcomes in a head and neck cancer (HNC) population. One hundred ninety-five individuals treated for HNC completed the CPIB, the University of Washington Quality of Life questionnaire (UW-QOL), and the Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10). Results revealed moderate QOL scores across the UW-QOL (mean scores: global QOL = 66; physical subscale = 70; social-emotional subscale = 73) and VHI-10 (mean = 16). Correlations between the CPIB and the UW-QOL scores were statistically significant (P < .001) but relatively weak (r = .37-.38). As hypothesized, a stronger correlation was found between the CPIB and the VHI-10 (r = -0.79; P < .001). Clinicians may consider adopting the CPIB to complement existing tools in assessing communication outcomes after HNC.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 04/2014; 123(4):257-64.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite the significance of trigeminal pathology, practical clinical tests that accurately evaluate intranasal trigeminal function are scarce. The aim of the present study is to introduce a practical procedure for the assessment of intranasal trigeminal sensitivity. We developed a device to stimulate the nasal mucosa using carbon dioxide, which is self-administered intranasally by holding down a timed button until the required sensory response has been triggered. The trigeminal sensitivity is derived from the measured administration time in conjunction with the concentration of carbon dioxide administered. Sixty-three healthy participants were used to validate the device, after which the new device was compared with a standard lateralization task in an additional 16 participants. In 20 participants, the experiment was repeated to verify test-retest reliability. Statistical analysis showed significant consistency in administration-duration in healthy individuals, including those in the test-retest group. Those participants with higher scores in the lateralization task were found to show higher intranasal sensitivity measured by the new device. Herein, we present the design and validation of a novel device for the practical assessment of intranasal trigeminal sensitivity. In this study, we demonstrate the efficacy and reliability of this device.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to identify voice disorders commonly misidentified as reflux and sources of such misattribution. Retrospective chart review. Twenty-six patients carrying a diagnosis of reflux alone presenting for second-opinion evaluation were identified from among 381 new patients presenting with a chief complaint of hoarseness over an 8-month period. Patients specifically referred for further workup were excluded. Average duration of reflux treatment was 10.6 ± 9.0 weeks. In no case was reflux alone the cause of hoarseness. Eleven (42%) had phonotraumatic lesions, 9 (34%) had neurologic disorders, 5 (19%) had age-related changes, and 1 (4%) was infectious. Twenty-two (85%) abnormalities were diagnosed by dynamic laryngeal examination with improved optics, including stroboscopy. Only 4 (15%) represented disorders routinely diagnosed with flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy. Hoarse patients with no apparent cause for dysphonia other than reflux after flexible laryngoscopy, or who fail to improve with appropriate treatment, may benefit from further laryngeal investigation rather than continued empiric treatment or further reflux evaluation.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 04/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Accurate preoperative identification of the attachment site is the key to the successful surgical management of sinonasal inverted papillomas (IPs). This study investigated the value of preoperative imaging to identify the attachment sites of IPs. We analyzed 10 consecutive patients with pathologically proven IPs. Two radiologists predicted the attachment sites of IPs from computed tomography (CT), 3.0 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (3.0T MRI), 1.5T MRI, and CT plus 3.0T MRI. The actual tumor attachment sites were confirmed via pathological examination of specimens and compared with the predicted sites. Computed tomography showed the highest sensitivity (P < .0001), although both MRI formats showed greater specificity (P < .0001). The sensitivity of MRI plus CT was equal to that of CT and better than that of MRI (P < .0001), whereas its specificity was better than that of CT (P < .0001) and comparable to that of MRI. Prediction using 3.0T MRI appeared slightly superior to that using 1.5T MRI in terms of sensitivity and specificity, although the differences were not significant. Computed tomography and MRI had different features for prediction of sinonasal IP attachment sites. Preoperative CT plus MRI provided more useful information than CT or MRI alone.
    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 04/2014;

Related Journals