Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée

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  • Other titles
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée, Annales de parasitologie
  • ISSN
    0003-4150
  • OCLC
    1481278
  • Material type
    Periodical
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 06/2013; 36:706-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The classical cytological technique and a new PCR technique were compared for the identification of mosquito species of the Anopheles gambiae complex. Fifty seven specimens, caught in three different bioclimatic senegalese regions, were tested. Thirty two An. gambiae and 25 An. arabiensis were determined by both methods. All the results were similar. The advantages of each method are discussed.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(5-6):239-40.
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    ABSTRACT: Ultrastructure of white blood cells (WBC) were studied in peripheral venous blood from Saudi patients with acute falciparum malaria (AFM) and compared with their counterparts in same patients 2 weeks after chloroquine treatment and full recovery. A counting system was incorporated to determine the rate of abnormal to normal cell type in plastic thick sections during the course of the disease. Neutrophilia, monocytosis, eosinopenia and lymphocytosis were associated with various ultrastructural abnormalities including: (1) Knobby phagocytic polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) and promyelocytes, and PMN with highly vacuolated cytoplasm. (2) Irregularly outlined electron-dense nuclei in non-functional monocytes. (3) Unusual distribution of nuclear chromatin in resting B-lymphocytes, while others possess highly vacuolated cytoplasm and knobby surfaces. (4) Absence of granules in granular lymphocytes containing the known diagnostic paratubular crystalline arrays. (5) Plasmablasts containing electron-dense granules and swollen mitochondria. These abnormalities were suggested to be due to the high level of parasitaemia producing some toxic soluble products. They may also be attributed to alteration of bone marrow macrophages as a sequence of their interaction with soluble parasite products or their phagocytic parasitized red cells and debris released during the rupture of schizonts. This study showed that the number of abnormal WBC increases in patients with high level of parasitaemia; plasmablasts have the lowest rate of abnormalities, while monocytes have the highest; old patients present with lower degree of parasitaemia than young patients due to a less mature immune system; and the AFM may have independent effects on the structure of human WBC.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(4):169-75.
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    ABSTRACT: Second observation of this black-fly in human simuliidosis. The country is the department of Vaucluse.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(2):109-10.
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of ivermectin was studied on two filaria-vector pairs, Brugia malayi-Aedes aegypti and Litomosoides sigmodontis-Bdellonyssus bacoti. The rodent hosts, respectively Mastomys coucha and Meriones unguiculatus, were treated with ivermectin doses of 0.05 mg/kg, or 0.2 mg/kg or 2 mg/kg. Batches of vectors were fed on rodents, infected or not, treated or not, from H7 to D43 post-ivermectin. Vector survival was observed and dissections were performed to study the filarial development. It appears that ivermectin has no systemic effect on vectors, or very little. The drug acts on transmission because it affects the microfilariae. Transmission of L. sigmodontis is blocked because microfilariae are eliminated from the blood. Transmission of B. malayi is blocked although microfilaremia remains present at a low level. Two particular features are observed: microfilariae are hyper-ingested, but they do not cross the stomach wall (in contrast, they cross at a high rate in the control batch of Aedes, due to the "stomach wall limitation"). These events might be explained by a muscular passivity of the microfilariae treated with ivermectin. Transmission of the two filarioid species is restored normally about D25-40 post ivermectin because a new population of microfilariae has appeared. These ivermectin experiments emphasize the diversity and complexity of two important phases of the filarial cycle in the vector: the ingestion of microfilariae and the passage through the stomach wall.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(3):144-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of nonspecific immunomodulation with Thymomodulin (a calf thymic extract with immunomodulatory activity) and hydrocortisone on the course and location of Cryptosporidium parvum infection in neonatal BALB/c mice (infected with 10(6) or 10(5) oocysts on day 7 of life) was studied using scanning electron microscopy of the inner surface of different parts of intestine. Daily peroral treatment of suckling mice with 20 mg/kg/day of Thymomodulin for 5 days before inoculation resulted in an earlier peak and earlier termination of cryptosporidial infection when compared with control infected mice. On the other hand, peroral administration of 25 mg/kg of hydrocortisone every second day led to the persistence of cryptosporidial infection in the ileum of immunosuppressed mice until the end of observation (day 15 post infection), whereas only transient infection was observed in the intestine of control infected mice. The location of infection was also altered in hydrocortisone--treated mice--the severe infection was observed in more proximal parts of the intestine (anterior and middle jejunum), whereas no cryptosporidia were found in these parts of the intestine in nontreated infected mice.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(1):3-10.
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    ABSTRACT: Several procedures were employed to try to specify the schizogonic cycle of Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis. The Percoll-glucose gradient technique for concentrating the very young stages (rings and young trophozoites), allowing a very precise follow up of the development of the parasitaemia during the first schizogonic cycles. A method for studying the prepatencies, providing an approximation of the number of merozoites inoculated. A comparison between the numbers of merozoites present in the blood, after--firstly simple dilutions in saline, revealing the total number of merozoites,--secondly dilutions in saline after a passage of a few hours in the organism of a mouse, revealing the number of latent merozoites. It was shown that the infection, during the first two cycles, varies according to the time of inoculation. In all cases the increase of the parasitaemia occurred mainly from 00:01 to 06:00. This increase of parasitaemia in mice inoculated with the Percoll concentrated parasites was significantly high during the first cycle in mice inoculated at 06:00 and 09:00 and during the second cycle in those inoculated at 12:00, 15:00 and 18:00. However, differences were rapidly compensated and parasitaemias became comparable at the 3rd or 4th cycle when they ceased to be dependent on the time of inoculation.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(5-6):211-9.
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    ABSTRACT: A new filaria, Strianema venezuelensis gen. et sp. n., is described from armadillos in Venezuela. The adults inhabit the subcutaneous tissues and the microfilariae are found in the skin and occasionally the blood. The adults, which are of small size (males 9.6 to 13.8 mm in length by 57 to 63 microns in diameter, females 18.3 to 26.3 mm in length by 95 to 120 microns in diameter), have a distinctly striated cuticle. This filaria resembles most closely the genus Cercopithifilaria, from which it can be distinguished by the absence of a buccal capsule or pre-esophageal ring, and 11 to 13 pair of caudal papillae, three or four pair of which are separated as a group anterior to the cloaca. The species, S. venezuelensis, can be distinguished from the three other species of filariae described from armadillos by the undivided esophagus, number and distribution of caudal papillae in the male, size and shape of the spicules, and the distinctive microfilaria. The microfilaria, which averages 280 microns in length, has a unique, slender, almost filamentous tail.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(5-6):234-8.
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    ABSTRACT: It is necessary to distinguish the three main evolutionary lines which presently constitute the Trichostrongyloidea. We propose to raise the following taxa of Strongylida as presented in the CIH keys (1974). Ancylostomatina for Diaphanocephaloidea and Ancylostomatoidea. Strongylina for Strongyloidea. Trichostrongylina for Trichostrongyloidea. Metastrongylina for Metastrongyloidea. The Trichostronglyina suborder includes three superfamilies: Trichostrongyloidea, Molineoidea superfam. nov. and Heligmosomoidea superfam. nov.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(2):111-2.
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    ABSTRACT: Isoenzymes of phosphoglucomutase and hexokinase were repeatedly evaluated using starch gel electrophoresis in polyxenic cultures of Entamoeba histolytica. In two out of 18 strains spontaneous changes of isoenzyme patterns were recorded. While originally they were categorized into virulent group of zymodemes, following isoenzyme analysis classified them as non-virulent. The relation between virulence and isoenzyme pattern is questionable.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(2):67-9.
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    ABSTRACT: A study was made on the survival of first larval stage of Neostrongylus linearis, from November 1990 to October 1991, under natural conditions in an inland locality in Galicia (North-West Spain). The faeces were obtained from a sheep naturally infected with this nematode. Once a month, faeces were placed on a 0.5 x 0.5 m plot, in natural conditions, until we had 12 deposits. Samplings were done weekly until there was no more faecal matter in the plots. Larval survival was determined using the Baermann migration technique, and we calculated the number of larvae per gram after the transformation of the weight of the faecal sample, in order to discard weight variations owing to climatic conditions. Over the whole period of this study, the percentages of larval survival in the faeces of the 12 deposits changed from the first week onwards. In those samples that were left in the pasture more than three weeks, survival was less than 50%. After the seventh week only very small numbers of active N. linearis larvae were obtained. We observed a positive influence of relative humidity on survival during the first week's presence of the faeces in the pasture. In the same way, a statistically significant negative correlation was proved between larval survival in faeces and temperatures during the first three weeks post-deposit.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(1):38-42.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors describe and illustrate the morphology of the adult stage of Maritrema feliui n. sp. (Trematoda Microphallidae) obtained from the intestine of the shrew Crocidura russula (Hermann, 1780), definitive host of the fluke present in the estuary of the river Llobregat (Catalonia, Spain). The larval stages are found in two hosts obtained from the area: 1) Mercuria confusa (Frauenfeld) [= Pseudamnicola similis (Draparnaud)] (Mollusca: Hydrobiidae), and 2) Gammarus aequicauda (Martynov) (Crustacea: Amphipoda). The adult stage is anatomically related to the Maritrema with a mean size of the body, two equal suckers, a short oesophagus and long caeca, and a short and transversal cirrus pouch with a smooth and filiform cirrus. According to morphological and geographical affinities, the authors propose the synonymies of 1) Maritrema "opisthometra" sensu Bridgman et al., 1972 with M. chiriacae Deblock, 1975; 2) Maritrema longiforme Kifune et al., 1972, with Maritrema laricola Ching, 1963. Besides Maritreminoides congjiangensis Chiu et Gu, 1981 is transferred into the genus Quasimaritrema Deblock, 1973 according to Maritreminoides Rankin is invalidated.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(2):76-81.
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    ABSTRACT: The periovular granulomatous reaction has been reduced in vivo by an IgM monoclonal antibody. The granulomatous reaction has been obtained either in unsensitized, or sensitized as well as immunized mouse. The granulomatous reduction could be explained by a decrease in egg viability, owing to the fact that the monoclonal antibody is lethal against an in vitro miracidium suspension.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(3):115-20.
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    ABSTRACT: Antileishmanial chemotherapy is hampered by the location of parasites within lysosomal vacuoles of the macrophages which restricts the bioavailability of many potential antileishmanial compounds. In this study, the effectiveness of pentamidine targeted to the infected cells by a linkage to a colloidal drug carrier, methacrylate polymer nanoparticles was explored. In the same way, polyisoalkylcyanoacrylate nanospheres which have, in vitro, trypanolytic properties were also tested. The study was performed in an in vitro model using Leishmania major amastigote stages within the U 937 human monohistiocytic cell line. The antileishmanial activities of unloaded or pentamidine-loaded nanoparticles were compared to those of the free drugs. The 50% effective concentration of targeted pentamidine was 0.10 microgram/ml, while it was up to 2.7 micrograms/ml with the free drug after a 24-hour incubation time. The pentamidine-bound nanoparticles proved to be 25 times more active than the free drug. Unloaded polyisoalkylcyanoacrylate nanoparticles destroyed intracellular amastigote stages (50% EC = 15 micrograms/ml) but at a level close to the cytotoxic concentration.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(1):34-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Urografin was used in the lower cushion of discontinuous density gradient systems, for the separation of human hepatoma cells (Hep G2) infected with exoerythrocytic P. berghei forms from uninfected cells. The hepatoma cells exhibited a rather heterogeneous density distribution, masking the possible density differences between infected and uninfected cells and hindering the efficient separation of both cell types. Purely osmotic damage caused by Urografin on human erythrocytes and hepatoma cells is very limited. On the other hand, the direct toxic effects on P. falciparum blood stages and on P. berghei exoerythrocytic stages are very pronounced. The growth of the former forms is partially inhibited after a pretreatment, but remains acceptable if the contact with Urografin is relatively short. It is almost completely blocked during permanent incubation. The latter forms are killed after 1 hour of contact with Urografin.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(5-6):220-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The cellular dynamic against deposited Schistosoma haematobium eggs was studied in the submucosa and muscularis of the lower ureteral segments of Saudi patients with chronic urinary schistosomiasis. This dynamic activity was greatly affected by the damaged phase of the egg embryo. Freshly deposited eggs with "healthy" embryos were entirely surrounded by long cytoplasmic extensions of fibroblasts. Eggs with partially damaged embryos were surrounded by plasma cells which were focally adhered to spines of egg-shells and releasing their granular contents over their surface. Eggs with "dead" embryos, or empty egg-shells, were surrounded by actively mobile macrophages possessing numerous lysosomes, phagocytic vacuoles, and convoluted surface projections. After "peeling" off the outer and intermediate shell layers, macrophages invaded into eggs and fused together forming multinucleate giant macrophages. This study showed that the fibroblastic extensions acted as barriers between the parasite eggs or their products, and the host tissue; the plasma cell secretion over the egg surface may be involved in the migration of macrophages towards deposited eggs; and macrophages were the only dynamic cells responsible for the egg-shell invasion possibly for elimination.
    Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 02/1993; 68(3):121-4.
  • Annales de parasitologie humaine et comparée 01/1993; 68:139-143.

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