Journal of the Anatomical Society of India (J Anat Soc India)

Publisher: Anatomical Society of India

Journal description

Official journal of the Anatomical Society of India.

Current impact factor: 0.06

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2012 Impact Factor 0.058
2011 Impact Factor 0.056
2010 Impact Factor 0.05

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Journal of the Anatomical Society of India website
Other titles Journal of the Anatomical Society of India (Online)
ISSN 0003-2778
OCLC 54075570
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 12/2014; 63(2). DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.11.013
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction The study aims in analyzing the gross development of human gallbladder and its variations. Materials and methods 92 foetuses, 59 males and 33 females, of different age groups were dissected for morphological analysis of gallbladder. The length and weight of foetal gallbladder, its relationship with the gallbladder fossa of liver and inferior hepatic margin, its lumen and wall, detection of bile and congenital anomalies are looked into the present study. Results In foetus, the gallbladder is short of inferior hepatic margin. A sudden increase in mean length and weight of the gallbladder is observed as foetal age advances from 26–30 weeks to 31–35 weeks. . Bile staining of the wall of gallbladder is observed from 17-week old foetuses onwards Double gallbladder with common cystic duct, intraparenchymal gallbladder, a gallbladder on the inferior surface of liver along the line of attachment of falciform ligament (which is attached on the anterior surface of liver), a gallbladder with dilated body and neck, Phrygian cap, an enlarged gallbladder with wide lumen, thin wall and absence of bile stain were the variations observed in the present study. Discussion From this study, the gross development of the gallbladder can be analyzed. The knowledge of the variations in development of human gallbladder will be helpful for clinical studies.
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 12/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.09.004
  • Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 12/2014; 63(2):103-109.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Reactive oxygen species (ROS) serve several physiological functions. At supraphysiological levels they participate in the pathophysiology of many diseases by damaging biomolecules. In several disease conditions and following exposure to insecticides, pesticides and organic pollutants there is oxidative stress. Psychological stress and depression are known to raise cortisol levels and cause oxidative stress. So, this study was planned with the aim to measure and establish baseline ROS levels in whole blood in normal healthy individuals and to investigate the effect of yoga on ROS levels and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels which is an oxidative DNA damage marker. Method Whole blood ROS levels was measured in 175 healthy individuals by chemiluminescence method using luminol as a probe. Levels of blood ROS and 8-OHdG were also measured in 50 healthy individuals following a 10 days pretested yoga programme. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 15 software. Results The median whole blood ROS value in the healthy individuals was 1266.0 RLU/min/104 neutrophil (Minimum – 573.0; Maximum – 2345.0). The mean ROS levels post yoga (1020.81 ± 0.79 RLU/minute/104 neutrophil) was significantly lower (p = 0.024) as compared to pre yoga (1215.07 ± 0.88 RLU/minute/104 neutrophil). The 8-OHdG levels post yoga (9367.57 ± 2709.58 pg/ml) was also significantly lower (p < 0.041) as compared to pre yoga (10268.23 ± 3349.71 pg/ml). Discussion Baseline ROS value in the whole blood can act as a diagnostic tool in various clinical conditions and exposure to several environmental modulators can disrupt ROS homeostasis and life style intervention like yoga can decrease ROS levels.
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 12/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.09.001
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    ABSTRACT: Variability in size, formation, course and termination of superficial system of veins of Head and Neck are common. This is due to the complex development of veins and various stages of evolution and involution of multiple paired embryonic veins. These variations often noticed during routine anatomical dissection, may provide invaluable assistance for the clinicians, surgeons and radiologist. External Jugular Vein is routinely used in the estimation of Central Venous Pressure, IV Catheterization for haemodialysis, parental nutrition in critically ill patients and in trans – jugular procedures. An unusual termination of left External Jugular Vein (EJV) and atypical left Omohyoid muscle was noticed during routine dissection of a 65 year old male cadaver. The left EJV crossed the jugular notch in the midline and drained into the right Subclavian vein. On the same side Omohyoid had a single belly that originated from the medial half of the clavicle and was inserted into the hyoid bone. This unilateral spectrum of anatomic variation makes it a rare special case.
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 12/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.09.003
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    ABSTRACT: There are multiple causes of low back pain (LBP), the leading ones being degeneration of intervertebral disc, lumbar spinal stenosis(LSS) and facet joint arthrosis(FJA). There are number of studies done earlier on disc degeneration and LSS, however the studies on facet joint arthrosis are limited and incomplete. Hence the present study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of FJA of lumbar spine in lumbago patients of Delhi NCR region of India.Method The present study was conducted in the Departments of Radiodiagnosis of Santosh Medical College, Ghaziabad and Safdarjung Hospitals, New Delhi. Thirty eight patients were selected for CT scan imaging after pre-defined questionnaire and informed consent. The images were assessed on Philips Dicom viewer for facet joint arthritic changes.ResultsA high prevalence of 52.6% was seen in cases of LBP. FJA was seen in 80% of female cases and the highest prevalence of arthrosis was seen at lumbar spinal level of L4-L5.DiscussionFacet joint arthrosis plays an important role in low back pain. The prevalence of FJA increases caudally from L1 to L5, with the highest incidence being at the L4–L5 spinal level. The prevalence of FJA is seen more in females than males.KeywordsLumbagoLow back painFacet jointArthrosis
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 12/2014; 63(2). DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.11.014
  • Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 12/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.09.002
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this study are to 1) Investigation of morphometric difference in radiological parameters of malunited and normal distal radius of same patients in two age groups. 2) Correlation of functional outcome and radiological parameters of healed fracture distal radius.Materials and methodsA prospective radiological and clinical study of 90 patients with extra-articular distal radius fracture managed by conservative or partial surgical treatment was carried out for a period of 12 months. The radial length, radial angle/inclination, radial tilt and ulnar variance of the fractured wrist were compared to the contralateral normal side on X-rays at 12 weeks. The final healed radiographs were also analyzed for their functional outcome using MHQ and DASH questionnaires.ResultsShows decrease in mean value for radial length and radial angle and increase in mean value for ulnar variance and palmer tilt of malunited distal radius in both age groups. Statistically there is a significant correlation between radiological parameters and functional outcomes in the younger group patients. In older age group satisfactory functional results were achieved late (at 20th–24th week) as compared to younger age group (at 16th–20th week) despite unsatisfactory radiological results.DiscussionThe ultimate aim of treatment radiologically and functionally is restoration of the normal anatomical alignment and a pain free, mobile wrist joint without functional limitation. Morphological finding of this study will hopefully facilitate anatomist and clinician in describing the difference between normal and malunited distal radius.
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.11.001
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    ABSTRACT: Vigabatrin (an antiepileptic drug) is used as the drug of choice in resistant epilepsy and infantile spasms. Ataxia, tremors and abnormal gait have been frequently reported following the use of this drug indicating an involvement of the cerebellum. Hence the present study was designed to study the histopathological effects of Vigabatrin on the cerebellum of albino rats.Methods Rats were divided into control group and experimental group. Vigabatrin was administered intraperitoneally to the experimental group in three graded doses for a period of 4 weeks. At the end of the treatment period, rats were sacrificed, brains dissected out, the cerebellum was separated and fixed. Slides were prepared for histological examination.ResultsSigns of intramyelinic oedema in the form of vacuolation were seen. Severity of the findings increased with increasing doses.DiscussionVigabatrin may be neurotoxic and should be used with caution, weighing the benefits against the risks. Tests for assessing cerebellar function should be performed during treatment with Vigabatrin and doses should be adjusted accordingly.
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.11.008
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    ABSTRACT: Stages in development and maturation of various organs and tissues may help in fetal gestational age estimation. The present study was undertaken to study the maturation of fetal thymic tissue.Materials and methodsThe study was conducted on 30 human fetuses of gestational age ranging from 9th to 38th weeks were used for the study. Gestational age estimation was done by the crown rump length followed by distribution of fetuses into five groups. Thymus was dissected out from each fetus followed by tissue processing. Sections of 4–5 μm were cut and stained with Haematoxylin and Eosin stain. All slides were observed under the low and high powers of the light microscope.ResultsLymphocytes first appeared in the thymus at the 9th week, trabeculae developed from the 9th week onwards, lobulation started to develop at the 9th week and continued till the 12th week, corticomedullary differentiation was apparent during the period of 9th–14th week, Hassall's corpuscles first appeared at the 15th week. Other developmental features continued to appear till the 38th week.DiscussionThe time of appearance of the various features in the developing thymus may help in rough estimation of the gestational age from minimal fetal thymic tissue remains especially during the early gestational weeks.
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.09.005
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    ABSTRACT: Duplication of IVC is a rare, usually clinically silent anomaly and detected during cadaveric dissection or during investigation done for other purposes. The preoperative diagnosis is essential to avoid the complications during surgery. The development of IVC is a complex process. Here we present a case of IVC duplication, which initially missed in imaging study, detected at the time of retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy, in a case of ovarian cancer. The patient is completed the adjuvant treatment and on follow up doing well.
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.10.003
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    ABSTRACT: Stroke is the third most common cause of death in the Western Hemisphere and the most common cause of adult disability and balance problems. The purpose of this study was to find the relation between dependency of performing functional activities of daily living (ADL) with side of hemiparesis in patients with stroke using Barthel Index.
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.10.002
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    ABSTRACT: Internal hernias are rare occurrence. Left paraduodenal hernias are the most common type of internal hernia. We report a case of 40-year-old man who presented with symptoms of subacute intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography demonstrated clustered small bowel loops encased within a sac like structure in the left abdominal cavity which is the typical appearance of left paraduodenal hernia. The patient was treated by surgery. We emphasize the importance of a clear anatomic understanding in the preoperative radiological diagnosis and necessary surgical steps involved in treatment of this entity.
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 10/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.10.001
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction This study is aimed to define the mean values of the different anthropometric measurements of right and left orbits and giving the average of the basic measurements of the soft orbital tissues in young Turkish and compare the obtained measurements between women and men. Materials and methods 115 students (59 female and 56 male) from Yasar Dogu School of Physical Education and Sport of Ondokuz Mayis University participated in the study. The age of participants were ranging between 18 and 30 years. 12 measurements were done, 3 for general body measurement and 9 for orbit contour region. The parameters of measurements are the intercanthal width (en-en), the biocular width (ex-ex), interpupillary distance (p-p), palpebral fissure width right-left (ex-en/r-l), height of the orbit right-left (os-oi/r-l), palpebral fissure height right-left (ps-pi/r-l). Results The mean values of en-en, ex-ex, p-p, ex-en/r-l, os-oi/r-l, and ps-pi/r-l in males the mean values were, 28.68 ± 3.61 mm, 96.43 ± 11.90 mm, 61.73 ± 3.77 mm, 36.02 ± 2.71 mm/35.63 ± 2.79 mm, 35.19 ± 4.37 mm/35.13 ± 4.49 mm, 10.06 ± 1.74 mm/10.30 ± 1.90 mm, respectively. However, in females were 27.84 ± 2.90 mm, 95.08 ± 9.85 mm, 58.99 ± 3.22 mm, 35.01 ± 2.27 mm/34.66 ± 2.28 mm,35.15 ± 3.64 mm/35.79 ± 3.70 mm, 10.31 ± 1.43 mm/10.37 ± 1.73 mm, respectively. Discussion The results indicate that the measurements were higher in males than in females (p < 0.001). The normative anthropometric data presented in this study would be useful for clinical interpretation of periocular pathology and serve as reference values when planning aesthetic and posttraumatic surgical interventions.
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 10/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.09.007
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary underdevelopment malformations are rare. Ipsilateral facial defects and lung aplasia especially on right side are reported in literature. We present an adolescent with right cleft lip and palate incidentally detected to have aplasia of left lung with absent pulmonary artery after two general anaesthesia procedures. Computed tomogram is a good non invasive technique for a definitive diagnosis.
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 09/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.08.006
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    ABSTRACT: Non-immune hydrops foetalis is a serious disorder characterized by abnormal fluid accumulation in two or more foetal serous compartments together with generalized soft tissue oedema. It is a consequence of aberrant fluid homeostasis and prenatal cardiac failure, usually resulting from foetal anaemia caused by a variety of factors. We report one such case of a male infant aborted at 23 weeks of gestation which showed classical signs of hydrops scalp oedema, pleural effusion, ascites. In addition, hydrocephalus (enlarged head) and epidural haematomas were also observed. Hypertelorism and low set ears were the facial abnormalities noted. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of its kind to be reported with all the three conditions (non-immune hydrops foetalis, hydrocephalus, epidural haematoma) associated together. This coexistence is best explained by the common pathway of intracranial haemorrhage and the development of anaemia.
    Journal of the Anatomical Society of India 09/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jasi.2014.05.003