The American Journal of Psychology Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

Journal description

AJP was founded in the interest of general experimental psychology and is devoted to the basic science of the mind. The Journal publishes reports of original experimental reserach, theoretical presentations, combined theoretical and experimental analyses, historical commentaries, shorter notes and discussions, and reviews of books in the area.

Current impact factor: 1.09

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2009 Impact Factor 0.636

Additional details

5-year impact 1.14
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.11
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.43
Website American Journal of Psychology website
Other titles The American journal of psychology, AJP
ISSN 0002-9556
OCLC 1408768
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

University of Illinois Press

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo for non-profit archives and repositories
    • 3 years embargo for personal websites and commercial websites
  • Conditions
    • Pre-prints can only be posted on institutional repository
    • Some journals have own pre-print policy, please check with journal directly
    • Post-print must be on authors personal website and commercial websites after 3 years embargo
    • Post-print must be on non-profit archives and non-profit repositories after 12 months embargo
    • Set statement to accompany pre-print and post-print (see policy)
    • Must link to journal home page
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • This policy only applies to University of Illinois Press owned titles: American Journal of Psychology, American Music, History of Present, Journal of Aesthetic Education, Journal of Animal Ethics, Journal of English and Germanic Philology, Music and the Moving Image, Plurist
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • The American Journal of Psychology 03/2015; 128(1):125-125.
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    ABSTRACT: Parallel and automatic processing is evidenced in visual search by what is commonly called popout. an object of search (a target) that differs widely from all other display objects on some simple visual dimension is commonly called a singleton; an example is search for a red circle when all other displayed circles are green. a singleton attracts attention to the degree that it is salient, and highly salient singletons produce search that is almost independent of display size. the present research examines the way this attraction of attention can be diverted by the presence of singletons on 1 or 2 nontarget perceptual dimensions (e.g., search for a red circle among green ones, when one of the green circles is larger than the others, and another might be green but square). the results establish that distraction occurs rarely but strongly, that 2 distractors produce more distraction than 1, and that the degree of distraction depends not only on salience but also on dimension similarity. these findings occurred in 2 different tasks: the observer either reported the orientation of a Gabor embedded in the target or reported the presence and absence of the target.
    The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(2):253-265. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.2.0253
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    ABSTRACT: people often encounter language in contexts that provide meanings that go beyond previous experience. for example, people recover metaphorical meanings that displace literal meanings for the same words. for such cases, researchers have addressed the question of whether contextual support allows people to truncate or eliminate consideration of meanings that precede specific contexts. the article reviews 3 domains in which this question has prompted research: recovery of metaphorical meanings, understanding of noun-noun combinations, and assimilation of actions within fantastic narrative worlds.
    The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(2):135-145. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.2.0135
  • The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(1):115-122. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.1.0115
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    ABSTRACT: At its core, episodic memory requires the encoding and retention of occurrence information. one needs to remember that a particular item occurred (what) at a particular time (when) in a particular place (where). these task requirements are scale independent, meaning that they hold regardless of whether one is asked to remember over the short or the long term. in the present article, written to honor the contributions of alice Healy, i review evidence suggesting that the benchmark phenomena of short- term memory, including bow- shaped serial position curves, symmetric error gradients, and even our limited memory span, actually arise from processes associated with the recovery of occurrence information. rather than reflecting the properties of a special short- term storage system, these signature empirical patterns are characteristic of remembering over almost any time scale. more generally, i argue that occurrence information can be conceptualized as stored values along largely independent temporal and spatial dimensions. Such a framework provides a useful way of distinguishing between item and order information, although i conclude by suggesting that item memory requires more than simply the recovery of occurrence. mnemonic representations, once accessed, must be interpreted or “recovered” as well.
    The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(2):267-279. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.2.0267
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    ABSTRACT: This study adapted a procedure used by Luo and Craik (2009) to examine whether developmental differences exist in the ability to use controlled retrieval processes to access the contextual details of memory representations. Participants from 3 age groups (mean ages 9, 12, and 25 years) were presented with words in 3 study contexts: with a black-and-white picture, with a color picture, or alone without a picture. Six recognition tests were then presented that varied in the demands (high or low) placed on the retrieval of specific contextual information. Each test consisted of a mixture of words that were old targets from 1 study context, distractors (i.e., previously studied words from a different context), and completely new words. A high-specificity and a low-specificity test list was paired with each test question, with high and low specificity being determined by the nature of the distractors used in a test list. High-specificity tests contained words that were studied in similar contexts: old targets (e.g., words studied with black-and-white pictures) and distractors (e.g., words studied with color pictures). In contrast, low-specificity tests contained words that were studied in dissimilar contexts: old targets (e.g., words studied with black-and-white pictures) and distractors (e.g., words previously studied without a picture). Relative to low-specificity tests, the retrieval conditions of high-specificity tests were assumed to place greater demands on the controlled access of specific contextual information. Analysis of recollection scores revealed that age differences were present on highbut not low-specificity tests, with the performance of 9-year-olds disproportionately affected by the retrieval demands of high-specificity tests.
    The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(1):43-59. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.1.0043
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    ABSTRACT: It has been claimed that dreams are the royal road to the unconscious mind. The present work argues that dreams and associated brain states such as memory, attention, flow, and perhaps even consciousness itself arise from diverse conflicts over control of time in the brain. Dreams are the brain’s offline efforts to distill projections of the future, while memory represents the vestiges of the past successes and survived failures of those and other conscious projections. Memory thus acts to inform and improve the prediction of possible future states through the use of conscious prospects (planning) and unconscious prospective memory (dreams). When successful, these prospects result in states of flow for conscious planning and déjà vu for its unconscious comparator. In consequence, and contrary to normal expectation, memory is overwhelmingly oriented to deal with the future. Consciousness is the comparable process operating in the present moment. Thus past, present, and future are homeomorphic with the parts of memory (episodic and autobiographical) that recall a personal past, consciousness, and the differing dimensions of prospective memory to plan for future circumstances, respectively. Dreaming (i.e., unconscious prospective memory), has the luxury to run multiple “what if” simulations of many possible futures, essentially offline. I explicate these propositions and their relations to allied constructs such as déjà vu and flow. More generally, I propose that what appear to us as a range of normal psychological experiences are actually manifestations of an ongoing pathological battle for control within the brain. The landscape of this conflict is time. I suggest that there are at least 3 general systems bidding for this control, and in the process of evolution, each system has individually conferred a sequentially increasing survival advantage, but only at the expense of a still incomplete functional integration. Through juxtaposition of these respective brain systems, I endeavor to resolve some fundamental paradoxes and conundrums expressed in the basic psychological and behavioral processes of sleep, consciousness, and memory. The implication
    The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(1):1-14. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.1.0001
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the relationship between bilinguals’ second language (L2) proficiency and their performance on a Stroop switching task, in which a color word (e.g., GREEN) appeared in a congruent ink color (e.g., green) or an incongruent ink color (e.g., red). Participants either read aloud the color word in the word-reading trials or named the ink color in the color-naming trials. Bilinguals who varied in L2 proficiency received 2 pure blocks, consisting of word-reading trials and color-naming trials, respectively, and 1 mixed block, consisting of intermixed word-reading and color-naming trials in an alternating-runs pattern. Comparing performance in nonswitch trials in the mixed block and the pure block provides a measure of global switch costs, whereas differences on switch trials and nonswitch trials in the mixed block reflect local switch costs. Bilinguals with higher L2 proficiency showed a marginally smaller Stroop effect in color naming, a smaller local switch cost in word reading (but not in color naming), and a smaller word-reading versus color-naming task set asymmetry in local switch costs. The latter result was consistent with the language switching finding that the L1/L2 switch cost asymmetry decreased as a function of bilinguals’ L2 proficiency. Overall, the current findings support the facilitative role of L2 proficiency in bilinguals’ task set switching: Those with higher L2 proficiency have better task set shifting and reconfiguration and updating abilities when they switch from a more difficult task set (color naming) to an easier task set (word reading) in a task-switching paradigm.
    The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(1):89-106. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.1.0089
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    ABSTRACT: Self-objectification occurs when people internalize an observer's perspective onto their own bodies. This study experimentally examined the impacts of self-objectification on 156 male and female college students. We induced a state of self-objectification by having undergraduate students in an experimental condition describe their bodies in writing, from an observer's viewpoint. Participants then completed a questionnaire measuring self-reported eating pathology and depression. When compared with a control group, the self-objectification manipulation caused an increase in self-reported eating pathology in both men and women. The results support previous research finding broad, negative impacts of self-objectification.
    The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(1):107-113. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.1.0107
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    ABSTRACT: Psychological research can take a variety of directions while building on theoretical concepts that are commonly shared among the population of researchers. We investigate the question of how agreement or consensus on basic scientific concepts can be measured. Our approach to the problem is based on a state-of-the-art cognitive psychometric technique, implemented in the theoretical framework of cultural consensus theory. With this approach, consensus-based answers for questions exploring shared knowledge can be derived while basic factors of the human decision-making process are accounted for. An example of the approach is provided by examining the definition of behavior, based on responses from researchers and students. We conclude that the consensus definition of behavior is “a response by the whole individual to external or internal stimulus, influenced by the internal processes of the individual, and is typically not a developmental change.” The general goal of the article is to demonstrate the utility of a cultural consensus theory–based approach as a method for investigating what current, working definitions of scientific concepts are.
    The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(1):61-75. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.1.0061
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    ABSTRACT: people are not very good at estimating quantitative information, but seeding the knowledge base has been shown to improve estimation accuracy of numerical information (e.g., Brown & Siegler, 1996). in the present study, the seeding technique was applied to a calorie estimation task because people often underestimate the number of calories contained in food, which could lead to overconsumption. participants practiced making calorie estimates, without feedback, of both simple (e.g., apples) and complex (e.g., apple pie) foods. during training, which included only simple foods, participants in the seeding condition made estimates and were told the correct number of calories after each estimate. those in the view- only condition were merely told the number of calories in each item without having to make any estimates. participants in the control condition neither made estimates nor were told calorie information for the foods shown. during testing, all participants made calorie estimates for items shown previously and new items. participants in the seeding condition showed significantly better learning and transfer of calorie information than did those in the control condition, although viewing calorie information was equally beneficial for learning and transfer. in both the seeding and view--only conditions, transfer applied to items presented during training and other similar simple food items but not to more complex foods, which were not included during training. the practical applications of this research to education and health are discussed.
    The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(2):209-218. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.2.0209
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    ABSTRACT: alice Healy has dedicated much of her work to questions of skill acquisition, retention, and transfer. in the process, she has come to identify numerous training principles that have been shown to promote the acquisition, retention, and transfer of knowledge and skills in laboratory studies. the goal of this article is to translate some of the training principles offered by Healy and her colleagues (Healy, Schneider, & Bourne, 2012) into real-world, practical training specifications for the particular context of pilot training at the airline level. The training approach described here suggests structuring all of airline pilot training as line-oriented flight training (loft), where the notion of “line” refers to the airline drawn on a map between a departure airport and a destination airport.
    The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(2):219-227. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.2.0219
  • The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(1):125-128. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.1.0125
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    ABSTRACT: Little research has focused on the contributors to adult theory of mind (ToM) even though there is reason to suspect individual differences in performance in neurotypical samples. Alexithymia, a term that references an impaired ability to attend to and verbally label emotions via ongoing introspection, is a useful construct through which to explore how socially relevant dimensions of emotion processing enable ToM. As 1 study has explored alexithymia vis-à-vis cognitive ToM, this study examined the relationships between facets of alexithymia and affective ToM while controlling for the potential confounds of empathy, verbal ability, and negative affect. A nonclinical sample of adults (N = 86) completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test, the Mehrabian and Epstein Scale of Emotional Empathy, the Profile of Mood States, and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that externally oriented thinking contributed unique variance to affective ToM, confirming an inverse relationship between alexithymia and affective ToM but highlighting the need to parse alexithymia into discrete facets when exploring its relevance to social cognition.
    The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(1):31-42. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.1.0031
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    ABSTRACT: The contributions of familiarity and working memory to transfer were examined in the tower of Hanoi task. participants completed 3 different versions of the task: a standard 3- disk version, a clothing exchange task that included familiar semantic content, and a tea ceremony task that included unfamiliar semantic content. the constraints on moves were equivalent across tasks, and each could be solved with the same sequence of movements. Working memory demands were manipulated by the provision of a (static or dynamic) visual representation of the problem. performance was equivalent for the standard tower of Hanoi and clothing exchange tasks but worse for the tea ceremony task, and it decreased with increasing working memory demands. furthermore, the standard tower of Hanoi task and clothing exchange tasks independently, additively, and equivalently transferred to subsequent tasks, whereas the tea ceremony task did not. the results suggest that both familiarity and working memory demands determine overall level of performance, whereas familiarity influences transfer.
    The American Journal of Psychology 02/2015; 128(2):147-157. DOI:10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.2.0147