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ABSTRACT: Purpose: To investigate whether aortic atherosclerosis or epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) volume on multidetector computed tomography (CT) can predict the presence of significant coronary artery disease (CAD). Materials and methods: Coronary CT angiography was performed in 202 cases of CAD that were known or based on suspicion. Based on coronary CT angiography results, the patients with significant stenosis (≥50%) and without significant stenosis (<50%) were compared in terms of demographic characteristics, traditional cardiovascular risk factors, aortic atherosclerosis, and EAT volume. Results: Significant coronary artery stenosis was detected in 92 cases (45.5%). Although EAT volume was higher in the patients with significant stenosis, the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant. The presence of calcification in the descending aorta was significantly higher in the patients with significant stenosis than the patients without significant stenosis (50.4% and 15.4%, respectively, p=0.0001). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy rates of the presence of calcification in the descending aorta in predicting the presence of significant coronary artery stenosis were respectively found as 53.8%, 84.4%, 74.6%, 68.1%, and 70.3%. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy rates of the ≥2.45mm wall thickness of the descending aorta in predicting the presence of significant coronary artery stenosis were respectively found as 75.3%, 74.3%, 71.4%, 77.9%, and 74.8%. Conclusion: There is a strong relationship between thoracic aortic atherosclerosis and CAD. However, the relationship between EAT volume and CAD is not significant. The presence of aortic atherosclerosis can be used as an additional marker together with traditional cardiovascular risk factors for predicting CAD.Journal of Cardiology 06/2014; 65(2). DOI:10.1016/j.jjcc.2014.03.017
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ABSTRACT: Duodenal wall perforations are traditionally managed surgically. There are isolated case reports or small case series reporting successful endoscopic closure of duodenal perforations. Endoscopic closure techniques include the use of endoclips, fibrin glue, and endoloops. Herein we report the largest series containing 4 cases of successful endoscopic closure of iatrogenic duodenal perforations related to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography by using endoclips and briefly review the endoscopic methods used in the closure of perforations in the light of current literature.Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 12/2013; 23(6):e225-8. DOI:10.1097/SLE.0b013e31828b8622
- Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 11/2013; 13(8). DOI:10.5152/akd.2013.4813
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