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- SourceAvailable from: Chun-Hung Tseng[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objectives: Fibromyalgia has seldom been associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of CHD in patients with fibromyalgia. Methods: We used a dataset of one million participants, systemically scrambled from the Taiwanese national insurance beneficiaries, to identify 61,612 patients with incident fibromyalgia (ICD-9-CM 729.0-729.1) and 184,834 reference subjects matched by sex, age and index date of diagnosis in a 1:3 ratio from 2000 to 2005, with a mean 8.86 ± 2.68 years of follow-up until 2011. Risk of CHD was analyzed by Cox proportional hazard modeling. Results: Patients with fibromyalgia had a mean age of 44.1 ± 16.5 years. CHD events developed in fibromyalgia patients (n = 8,280; 15.2 per 103 person-years) and reference subjects (n = 15,162; 9.26 per 103 person-years) with a significant incidence rate ratio of 1.64 (95% confidence interval: 1.61-1.68). The adjusted hazard ratio for CHD in fibromyalgia patients relative to reference subjects was 1.47 (1.43-1.51), after adjusting for age, gender, occupation, monthly income, traditional cardiovascular comorbidities, depression and anxiety. We noted that fibromyalgia and cardiovascular comorbidities had a significant interaction effect on CHD risk (p for interaction <0.01), which was markedly enhanced in fibromyalgia patients with concomitant comorbidities relative to patients with primary fibromyalgia and reference subjects (no fibromyalgia, no comorbidity). Conclusions: Our report shows that fibromyalgia patients have an independent risk for CHD development. Fibromyalgia patients with concomitant comorbidities have markedly increased CHD risk relative to those with primary fibromyalgia.PLoS ONE 09/2015; 10(9):e0137137. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0137137
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ABSTRACT: Aim microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in various neoplastic diseases, including prostate cancer (PCs). The aim of this study was to investigate the miRNA profile in PC tissue, to assess their association with clinicopathologic data, and to evaluate the potential of miRNAs as diagnostic and prognostic markers. Materials and Methods From a cohort of 535 patients submitted to radical prostatectomy (RP), a sample of 30 patients (14 patients with rapid biochemical failure (BF) and 16 patients without BF) with Gleason score 7 were analyzed. A total of 1435 miRNAs were quantified by microarray hybridization, and selected miRNAs with the highest Standard deviation (n = 50) were validated by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). In situ hybridization (ISH) was used to evaluate the expression of miR-21. Results miR-21 was the only miR that was significantly up-regulated in the BF group (p = 0.045) miR-21 was up-regulated in patients with BF compared with non-BF group (p = 0.05). In univariate analyses, high stromal expression of miR-21 had predictive impact on biochemical failure-free survival (BFFS) and clinical failure-free survival (CFFS) (p = 0.006 and p = 0.04, respectively). In the multivariate analysis, high stromal expression of miR-21 expression was found to be an independent prognostic factor for BFFS in patients with Gleason score 6 (HR 2.41, CI 95% 1.06–5.49, p = 0.037). Conclusion High stromal expression of miR-21 was associated with poor biochemical recurrence-free survival after RP. For patients with Gleason score 6, miR-21 may help predict the risk of future disease progression and thereby help select patients for potential adjuvant treatment or a more stringent follow-up.PLoS ONE 11/2014; 9(11):e113039. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0113039
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ABSTRACT: Hemorrhagic ascites due to endometriosis is extremely rare, and its treatment is under discussion. We report a case of recurrent endometriosis related ascites treated with dienogest (DNG). A 35-year-old nulliparous Japanese woman with a history of infertility presented with worsening dysmenorrhea and abdominal distention caused by massive ascites. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy, and hemorrhagic ascites 5500ml was drained. She had a normal-sized uterus, and the bilateral ovaries could not be observed due to extensive adhesion in the abdominal cavity. Endometriosis was diagnosed by histopathological evaluation of the omentum biopsy and this was considered to be the cause of ascites. After laparotomy she had recurrence of ascites. For the next 8 years, the patient was treated conservatively with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist therapy and drainage during the intermittent periods, followed by DNG administration. She has been treated continuously with DNG for 1 year with no recurrence of ascites. DNG could be an effective treatment for recurrent ascites associated with endometriosis, especially when surgical therapy is undesirable.Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology 11/2014; 21(6). DOI:10.1016/j.jmig.2014.04.014
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