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School of Biological Sciences
1,289
Total Impact Points
141
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School of Psychology
580
Total Impact Points
70
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School of Chemical and Physical Sciences
482
Total Impact Points
62
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Publication History View all

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    ABSTRACT: This paper tests whether people’s sense of connectedness with the natural environment is related to cognitive styles such as Kirton’s adaption-innovation (KAI), and analytic-holistic thinking (AHT). We conducted two studies with Singaporean secondary students as participants. Study 1 (N = 138), using an online survey, established the significant positive relationship between the nature relatedness self subscale and both the KAI and the AHT cognitive styles. Study 2 (N = 185), using pen and paper surveys, replicated Study 1’s findings and found that connectedness with nature was significantly related to both the KAI and the AHT cognitive styles beyond alternative explanations (demographic and well-being status). Students who were more connected with nature preferred innovative and holistic cognitive styles, while controlling for their general emotional status and well-being. These findings are the first to establish the link between connectedness with nature and cognitive styles. Future research and implications are discussed.
    Journal of Environmental Psychology 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: As the field of marine reserve (MR) research matures, individual studies and meta-analyses are now able to answer some of the fundamental questions initially posed regarding timelines and trajectories for biological change (often termed recovery), the effect of reserve size, age, and location, and responses to protection as a function of life-history characteristics. Kapiti MR is New Zealand’s fourth oldest MR, established in 1992, and falls into the category of a MR where all sites are not equal in terms of habitat characterstics. We surveyed temperate reef fishes at protected and unprotected sites and compared our data to previous studies at this MR, to quantify changes through time. We employed a before-after-control-impact (BACI) approach and compared our results to the commonly employed control-impact (CI or inside/outside) analysis. The CI analysis revealed greater abundances and biomasses of reef fish species inside the MR that were not revealed by the BACI analysis. The BACI approach revealed that exploited species of reef fishes increased in biomass by 300-400% at protected sites. Butterfish (Odax pullus), an exploited herbivorous species, showed pronounced site-specific responses, and increased in abundance by > 400% and in biomass by > 2 100% in 19 years at protected sites. This study highlights both the importance of site-specific effects and the method of analysis when quantifying MR effects to correctly attribute observed differences among sites to MR effects or to site-specific habitat quality effects.
    Global Ecology and Conservation. 08/2014; 1:13-26.
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    ABSTRACT: In our increasingly interconnected world, the need for reputation is becoming more important as larger numbers of people and services interact online. Reputation is a tool to facilitate trust between entities, as it increases the efficiency and effectiveness of online services and communities. As most entities will not have any direct experience of other entities, they must increasingly come to rely on reputation systems. Such systems allow the prediction who is likely to be trustworthy based on feedback from past transactions. In this paper we introduce a new taxonomy for reputation systems, along with: a reference model for reputation context, a model of reputation systems, a substantial survey, and a comparison of existing reputation research and deployed reputation systems.
    Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing 08/2014;

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Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 10/1990; 59(5):899-915.
125 Downloads
 
Journal of Sustainability Science and Management 01/2012; 2.
111 Downloads

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