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Minerva anestesiologica 07/2015;
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ABSTRACT: B7-H4 is a negative coregulatory molecule known to be involved in immune response. We study here B7-H4 expression and its possible role in diabetes and cancer development.
Formalin-fixed, paraffin-processed pancreas samples from patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), insulinoma, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), and normal organ donors were studied by bright-field and multifluorescence immunohistochemistry to examine B7-H4 expression and its colocalization with islet endocrine hormones. Quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot assay were used to examine B7-H4 mRNA and protein expression in the islet and exocrine tissues from normal donors and pancreatic cancer cell lines.
B7-H4 protein expression in islet β cells is decreased in T1D and PDAC, but increased in insulinoma patients when compared to normal controls; the changes in B7-H4 expression are concomitant with insulin expression on the islet β cells. The insulin/B7-H4 colocalization on the β cells, expressed in colocalization coefficient Pearson r, is also changed in these islets.
Our observation of altered B7-H4 expression, concomitant with insulin expression, in the pancreatic islets of T1D, PDAC, and insulinoma patients when compared to normal controls suggests that B7-H4 pathway might play an important role in maintenance of β-cell function, but its exact role remains to be explored.
Pancreas 01/2014; 43(1):128-34.
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ABSTRACT: Rationale and Objectives
To measure the impact of 1-year interventional fellowship training on fluoroscopic time and contrast media utilization in uterine artery embolization (UAE).
Materials and Methods
Retrospective single institution analysis of 323 consecutive UAEs performed by 12 interventional fellows using a standardized protocol. Fluoroscopy time and contrast media volume were recorded for each patient and correlated with stage of fellowship training. Preprocedure uterine volume (using MRI or ultrasound) was used as a measure of procedural complexity. Regression analysis was conducted per trainee factoring in duration of training, procedure number, supervising radiologist, uterine volume, and outcome variables of fluoroscopy time and contrast media volume.
Median number of patients treated per trainee was 27 (range, 16-43) with mean fluoroscopic time 24.5 minutes (range, 4-90 min) and mean contrast volume 190 mL (range, 50-320 mL). Increasing uterine volume had no significant effect (P > .05) on fluoroscopic time but significantly increased (P < .001) contrast media volume. Significant training effect was identified with decrease in fluoroscopic time (P < .001) and decrease in contrast volume (P = .02) over training. Over the course of a 1-year fellowship, these summed to a decrease of 12 minutes in UAE fluoroscopy time and 17 mL less contrast.
A significant (P < .05) training effect that is clinically relevant was demonstrated over the course of a yearlong interventional radiology fellowship program in performance of a standardized protocol for UAE. This data supports fellowship training as a basis for UAE credentialing and privileging.
Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR 01/2014;
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