Cape Town, Province of the Western Cape, South Africa

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Department of Biotechnology
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Department of Chemistry
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Department of Medical Biosciences
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    ABSTRACT: This paper reports use of an ultrasonic-spray for producing low Pt loadings membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) with the catalyst coated substrate (CCS) fabrication technique. The main MEA sub-components (catalyst, membrane and gas diffusion layer (GDL)) are supplied from commercial manufacturers. In this study, high temperature (HT) MEAs with phosphoric acid (PA)-doped poly(2,5-benzimidazole) (AB–PBI) membrane are fabricated and tested under 160 °C, hydrogen and air feed 100 and 250 cc min−1 and ambient pressure conditions. Four different Pt loadings (from 0.138 to 1.208 mg cm−2) are investigated in this study. The experiment data are determined by in-situ electrochemical methods such as polarization curve, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The high Pt loading MEA exhibits higher performance at high voltage operating conditions but lower performances at peak power due to the poor mass transfer. The Pt loading 0.350 mg cm−2 GDE performs the peak power density and peak cathode mass power to 0.339 W cm−2 and 0.967 W mgPt−1, respectively. This work presents impressive cathode mass power and high fuel cell performance for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFCs) with low Pt loadings.
    Journal of Power Sources 12/2014; 267:155–159. DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.05.086
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) prepared by catalyst coating membrane (CCM) method are investigated for reduced platinum (Pt) loading and improved Pt utilization of high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) based on phosphoric acid (PA)-doped poly(2,5-benzimidazole) (AB-PBI) membrane. The results show that CCM method exhibits significantly higher cell performance and Pt-specific power density than that of MEAs prepared with conventional gas diffusion electrode (GDE) under a low Pt loading level. In-suit cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) show that the MEAs prepared by the CCM method have a higher electrochemical surface area (ECSA), low cell ohmic resistance and low charge transfer resistance as compared to those prepared with GDEs at the same Pt loading.
    Journal of Power Sources 11/2014; 266:107–113. DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.05.014
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    ABSTRACT: G-protein coupled chemosensory receptors (GPCR-CRs) aid in the perception of odors and tastes in vertebrates. So far, six GPCR-CR families have been identified that are conserved in most vertebrate species. Phylogenetic analyses indicate differing evolutionary dynamics between teleost fish and tetrapods. The coelacanth Latimeria chalumnae belongs to the lobe-finned fishes, which represent a phylogenetic link between these two groups. We searched the genome of L. chalumnae for GPCR-CRs and found that coelacanth taste receptors are more similar to those in tetrapods than in teleost fish: two coelacanth T1R2s co-segregate with the tetrapod T1R2s that recognize sweet substances, and our phylogenetic analyses indicate that the teleost T1R2s are closer related to T1R1s (umami taste receptors) than to tetrapod T1R2s. Furthermore, coelacanths are the first fish with a large repertoire of bitter taste receptors (58 T2Rs). Considering current knowledge on feeding habits of coelacanths the question arises if perception of bitter taste is the only function of these receptors. Similar to teleost fish, coelacanths have a variety of olfactory receptors (ORs) necessary for perception of water-soluble substances. However, they also have seven genes in the two tetrapod OR subfamilies predicted to recognize airborne molecules. The two coelacanth vomeronasal receptor families are larger than those in teleost fish, and similar to tetrapods and form V1R and V2R monophyletic clades. This may point to an advanced development of the vomeronasal organ as reported for lungfish. Our results show that the intermediate position of Latimeria in the phylogeny is reflected in its GPCR-CR repertoire. J. Exp. Zool. (Mol. Dev. Evol.) 9999B: 1-12, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B Molecular and Developmental Evolution 09/2014; 322(6). DOI:10.1002/jez.b.22531


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    Robert Sobukwe Road, 7535, Cape Town, Province of the Western Cape, South Africa
  • Head of Institution
    Prof. Brian O'Connell
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    +27 21 959 2911
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Top publications last week by reads

Journal of Applied Phycology 07/2004; 16(4):245-262. DOI:10.1023/B:JAPH.0000047783.36600.ef
41 Reads
Tourism Analysis 05/2011; 16(2):121-135. DOI:10.3727/108354211X13014081270288
36 Reads

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