University of Oxford

Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom

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Department of Physics
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Department of Chemistry
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Department of Zoology
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Publication History View all

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To fulfill complex biological tasks, such as locomotion and protein translocation, bacteria assemble macromolecular nanomachines. One such nanodevice, the type III secretion system (T3SS), has evolved to provide a means of transporting proteins from the bacterial cytoplasm across the periplasmic and extracellular spaces. T3SS can be broadly classified into two highly homologous families: the flagellar T3SS which drive cell motility, and the non-flagellar T3SS (NF-T3SS) that inject effector proteins into eukaryotic host cells, a trait frequently associated with virulence. Although the structures and symmetries of ancillary components of the T3SS have diversified to match requirements of different species adapted to different niches, recent genetic, molecular and structural studies demonstrate that these systems are built by arranging homologous modular protein assemblies.
    Current Opinion in Structural Biology 04/2014; 25C:111-117.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previously, we demonstrated the high accuracy of alpha-[(11)C]methyl-L-tryptophan (AMT) PET for differentiating recurrent gliomas from radiation injury. The present study evaluated the prognostic value of increased AMT uptake in patients with previously treated high-grade glioma. AMT-PET was performed in 39 patients with suspected recurrence of World Health Organization grades III-IV glioma following surgical resection, radiation, and chemotherapy. Mean and maximum standardized uptake values (SUVs) and unidirectional AMT uptake (K) were measured in brain regions suspicious for tumor and compared with the contralateral cortex (ie, background). Optimal cutoff thresholds for 1-year survival prediction were determined for each AMT parameter and used for calculating the prognostic value of high (above threshold) versus low (below threshold) values for post-PET overall survival (OS). In univariate analyses, 1-year survival was strongly associated with 3 AMT parameters (SUVmax, SUVmean, and tumor-to-background K-ratio; odds ratios: 21.3-25.6; P ≤ .001) and with recent change in MRI contrast enhancement (odds ratio: 14.7; P = .02). Median OS was 876 days in the low- versus 177 days in the high-AMT groups (log-rank P < .001). In multivariate analyses, all 3 AMT parameters remained strong predictors of survival: high AMT values were associated with unfavorable 1-year survival (binary regression P ≤ .003) and shorter overall survival in the whole group (Cox regression hazard ratios: 5.3-10.0) and in patients with recent enhancement change on MRI as well (hazard ratios: 7.0-9.3; P ≤ .001). Increased AMT uptake on PET is highly prognostic for 1-year and overall survival, independent of MRI contrast enhancement and other prognostic factors in patients with a previously treated high-grade glioma.
    Neuro-Oncology 03/2014;
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The synthesis and evaluation of 3-enaminetetramic acids as antibacterial agents is reported; contrary to the analogous 3-acyltetramic acids, the enaminetetramic acid class of compound exhibits modest antibacterial activity against a limited spectrum of organisms, and even that activity is strongly dependent on the identity of the tetramate ring substituents. Moreover, these compounds appear to have a different mode of action to the analogous 3-acyltetramic acids, and appear to offer more limited opportunity for further elaboration in drug discovery.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 03/2014;


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    South Park Road, OX1 3RE, Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
  • Head of Institution
    Professor Matthew Freeman
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Top publications last week by downloads

Australian health review: a publication of the Australian Hospital Association 02/2000; 23(3):201-8.
PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(7):e67695.

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