Eugene, Oregon, United States

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    ABSTRACT: This paper outlines a framework for the formation of a research group aimed at promoting innovation in the building industry. The built environment in the United States is failing; economic, social, environmental and technological performance of buildings as well as the industry responsible for their creation has not kept pace with other industries essential to a ensuring a healthy society. While it would appear that research activity is prevalent in academia and, to some extent, in professional practice, the building industry is slow to change. The building industry is examined to identify the barriers currently in place that limit innovation. This paper proposes the formation of a trans-disciplinary group of academics and industry partners focused on translational research aimed at promoting much needed innovation in the building industry. The complexity of the problems needing to be addressed by the building industry is often beyond the scope of knowledge of any one particular field. This framework proposes to move beyond interdisciplinary research, where knowledge is transferred between collaborators, and rather strives for a trans-disciplinary model where team members transcend their own disciplines to inform one another's work. In addition, the research carried out by this group is intended to be translational. Modelled after the successful approach currently implemented in the medical profession, translational research results in a feedback loop where basic research is tested in application. Results become inputs to a new round of basic research, which are then tested again. This cycle continues with new research questions continuously being influenced by the limitations of previous questions. By more directly connecting the efforts of research in academia with the application in practice, the potential exists to make research more visible to both those with the power to implement it, practitioners and industry, and those able to benefit from it, end users.
    Procedia Engineering 12/2015; 118:1274-1281. DOI:10.1016/j.proeng.2015.08.482
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    ABSTRACT: Auditory selective attention is a critical skill for goal-directed behavior, especially where noisy distractions may impede focusing attention. To better understand the developmental trajectory of auditory spatial selective attention in an acoustically complex environment, in the current study we measured auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) across five age groups: 3-5 years; 10 years; 13 years; 16 years; and young adults. Using a naturalistic dichotic listening paradigm, we characterized the ERP morphology for nonlinguistic and linguistic auditory probes embedded in attended and unattended stories. We documented robust maturational changes in auditory evoked potentials that were specific to the types of probes. Furthermore, we found a remarkable interplay between age and attention-modulation of auditory evoked potentials in terms of morphology and latency from the early years of childhood through young adulthood. The results are consistent with the view that attention can operate across age groups by modulating the amplitude of maturing auditory early-latency evoked potentials or by invoking later endogenous attention processes. Development of these processes is not uniform for probes with different acoustic properties within our acoustically dense speech-based dichotic listening task. In light of the developmental differences we demonstrate, researchers conducting future attention studies of children and adolescents should be wary of combining analyses across diverse ages. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
    Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience 04/2015; 340. DOI:10.1016/j.dcn.2015.03.001
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    ABSTRACT: Several studies have demonstrated a dissociation of the effects of illusion on perception and action, with perception generally reported to be susceptible to illusions, while actions are seemingly immune. These findings have been interpreted to support Milner and Goodale's Two Visual Systems model, which proposes the existence of separate visual processing streams for perception and action. However, an alternative interpretation suggests that this type of behavioral dissociation will occur for any illusion that is caused by a distortion of the observer's egocentric reference frame, without requiring the existence of separate perception and action systems that are differently affected by the illusion. In this scenario, movements aimed at illusory targets will be accurate if they are guided within the same distorted reference frame used for target encoding, since the error of motor guidance will cancel with the error of encoding (hence, for actions, two wrongs do make a right). We further test this Two-Wrongs model by examining two illusions for which the hypothesis makes very different predictions: the rod-and-frame illusion (which affects perception but not actions) and the simultaneous-tilt illusion (which affects perception and actions equally). We demonstrate that the rod-and-frame illusion is caused by a distortion of the observer's egocentric reference frame suitable for the cancellation of errors predicted by the Two-Wrongs model. In contrast, the simultaneous-tilt illusion is caused by local interactions between stimulus elements within an undistorted reference frame, precluding the cancellation of errors associated with the Two-Wrongs model such that the illusion is reflected in both perception and actions. These results provide evidence for a class of illusions that lead to dissociations of perception and action through distortions of the observer's spatial reference frame, rather than through the actions of functionally separate visual processing streams.
    Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 03/2015; 9:140. DOI:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00140


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    97403, Eugene, Oregon, United States
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Top publications last week by reads

Personality and Social Psychology Review 12/2015; DOI:10.1177/1088868314568811
203 Reads
Psychological Science 12/2014; In press. DOI:10.1177/0956797614534693
130 Reads

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