South Bend, United States

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    ABSTRACT: This paper aims to propose a framework to manage the transition to e-learning in Higher Education by fixing a legal framework, a roadmap and key performance indicators for the recognition of online Courses as equivalent to in-class course lacks of a clear legal and procedural framework in most of the countries in the world. The lack of legislation creates a lack of visibility and transparency on the e-learning market in general and the distance learning market in particular. As a core element of recognition we propose to base the equivalence on the model of Competence Quotient (CQ) that we present in this paper. A clear legal framework for the recognition of online Courses as equivalent to in class course will create visibility and transparency on the e-learning market in general and distance learning in particular for Higher Education.
    Procedia Computer Science 12/2015; 65:324-332. DOI:10.1016/j.procs.2015.09.091
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    ABSTRACT: In male vertebrates, two conflicting paradigms-the energetic costs of high dominance rank and the chronic stress of low rank-have been proposed to explain patterns of immune function and parasitism. To date, neither paradigm has provided a complete explanation for status-related differences in male health. Here, we applied meta-analyses to test for correlations between male social status, immune responses and parasitism. We used an ecoimmunological framework, which proposes that males should re-allocate investment in different immune components depending on the costs of dominance or subordination. Spanning 297 analyses, from 77 studies on several vertebrate taxa, we found that most immune responses were similar between subordinate and dominant males, and neither dominant nor subordinate males consistently invested in predictable immune components. However, subordinate males displayed significantly lower delayed-type hypersensitivity and higher levels of some inflammatory cytokines than dominant males, while dominant males exhibited relatively lower immunoglobulin responses than subordinate males. Despite few differences in immunity, dominant males exhibited consistently higher parasitism than subordinate males, including protozoan blood parasites, ectoparasites and gastrointestinal helminths. We discuss our results in the context of the costs of dominance and subordination and advocate future work that measures both parasitism and immune responses in wild systems.
    Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B Biological Sciences 05/2015; 370(1669). DOI:10.1098/rstb.2014.0109
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    ABSTRACT: Carrying out chemical analysis of antimalarials to detect low-quality medications before they reach a patient is a costly venture. Here, we show that a library of chemical color tests embedded on a paper card can presumptively identify formulations corresponding to very low quality antimalarial drugs. The presence or absence of chloroquine (CQ), doxycycline (DOX), quinine, sulfadoxine, pyrimethamine, and primaquine antimalarial medications, in addition to fillers used in low-quality pharmaceuticals, are indicated by patterns of colors that are generated on the test cards. Test card sensitivity for detection of these pure components ranges from 90% to 100% with no false positives in the absence of pharmaceutical. The color intensities from reactions characteristic of CQ or DOX allowed visual detection of formulations of these medications cut with 60% or 100% filler, although samples cut with 30% filler could not be reliably detected colorimetrically. However, the addition of unexpected fillers, even in 30% quantities, or substitute pharmaceuticals, could sometimes be detected by other color reactions on the test cards. Tests are simple and inexpensive enough to be carried out in clinics, pharmacies, and ports of entry and could provide a screening method to presumptively indicate very low quality medicines throughout the supply chain. © The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
    The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 04/2015; 92(Suppl 6). DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.14-0384


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    South Bend, United States
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Top publications last week by reads

The Academy of Management Journal 01/2014; 58(4). DOI:10.5465/amj.2012.1142
325 Reads
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 11/2015; DOI:10.1073/pnas.1506226112
202 Reads

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