University of Leeds

Leeds, W.Yorkshire, United Kingdom

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Leeds Institute of Health Sciences (LIHS)
2,004
Total Impact Points
210
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School of Earth and Environment
1,298
Total Impact Points
124
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School of Dentistry
429
Total Impact Points
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Publication History View all

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    ABSTRACT: Higher conscientiousness (C) predicts better health outcomes. Recent research suggests that stress may play an important role in explaining this relationship. The current study aimed to establish whether C moderates the relationship between daily hassle appraisals, daily affect, and physical symptoms. A daily diary design was used, where participants (N = 103) completed a baseline measure of C followed by a 14-day daily diary, providing daily details of hassles (primary and secondary appraisals) experienced as well as positive and negative affect and physical symptoms. Hierarchical linear modelling revealed that Total C (as well as two facets of C: Order and Industriousness) moderated the relationship between stress appraisals and positive affect. Specifically, the negative association between the daily appraisal of hassles as stressful (i.e., where perceived demands outweighed perceived resources) and positive affect was stronger for lower and average levels of C, Order, and Industriousness. No significant moderated effects were found for negative affect or physical symptoms. The Order facet was also found to be an important factor predicting attrition. The current study provided evidence that C and two of its facets can moderate the relationship between hassle appraisal and positive affect. C may exert part of its influence on health by modifying the effects of daily stressors. What is already known on this subject? Conscientiousness has a significant positive effect on longevity and health status. While the performance of health behaviours may partially account for this relationship, evidence suggests that it does not fully mediate the effect. Research has begun to look at stress as a possible additional explanatory variable, and there is evidence that Conscientiousness moderates the relationship between stress and health behaviours. What does this study add? Shows that Conscientiousness and two of its facets (Order and Industriousness) moderate the relationship between hassle appraisal and positive affect. Highlights the importance of studying lower order facets of personality in health research. Suggests that Conscientiousness may exert part of its influence on health by modifying the effects of daily stressors.
    British Journal of Health Psychology 11/2014; 19:311-328.
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    ABSTRACT: We classify the countable homogeneous coloured multipartite graphs with any finite number of parts. By Fraisse's Theorem this amounts to classifying the families F of pairwise non-embeddable finite coloured multipartite graphs for which the class Forb(F) of multipartite graphs which forbid these is an amalgamation class. We show that once we understand such families F in the quadripartite case, things do not become any more complicated for larger numbers of parts.
    European Journal of Combinatorics. 06/2014; 42.
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    ABSTRACT: The literature regarding reconstruction of foot bone defects is limited. The purpose of this study is to present a case report with an extensive bone defect of the first metatarsal bone which was treated with the use of the induced membrane technique. A 53-year-old man, with comminuted foot grade IIIb open fracture was treated with the Masquelet procedure. At 14 months follow-up, clinical and radiological assessment of the foot revealed osseous healing and no signs of infection, osteolysis or hardware failure. At 18 months follow-up, the patient had no pain and returned to his usual daily activities. The Masquelet procedure provides an effective method of treatment of extensive bone defects of the foot. It can restore the normal length and metatarsal arch minimizing the risk of complications that occurs with other surgical procedures. Level V, case report.
    Foot and Ankle Surgery 06/2014; 20(2):e19-22.

Information

  • Address
    Woodhouse Lane, LS2 9JT, Leeds, W.Yorkshire, United Kingdom
  • Head of Institution
    Sir Alan Langland
  • Website
    http://www.leeds.ac.uk/
  • Phone
    +44 (0) 113 243 1751
  • Fax
    +44 (0) 113 244 3923
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Top publications last week by downloads

 
09/2008;
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Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 02/2000; 37 ( Pt 1):79-81.
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