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SourceAvailable from: Mathilda Van Niekerk[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Turkey has seen an overall increase in both international tourist arrivals and receipts over the past decade. While this would normally be seen unequivocally as a good news story, the simple facts may be deceiving. Although tourist arrival figures and tourism receipts are still increasing, there has been a decline in the rate of growth of both. Moreover, the rate of growth for tourism receipts has decreased more than the rate of growth for tourist arrivals. If this trend continues, it is likely to create a situation where one could begin to question the future economic sustainability of Turkey׳s tourism industry. Is this reduction in the rate of growth a sign that Turkey has reached the consolidation stage of the destination life cycle or, even worse, the stagnation stage? This regional spotlight takes a historical look at Turkey׳s nine ‘five-year-development plans’ and identifies the factors that have caused the rate of growth of tourism receipts to decline. The paper then focuses on how the ‘Tourism Strategy of Turkey – 2023’ might assist in slowing down, arresting or even reversing this rate of decline. This regional spotlight provides insight to practitioners and academics on how tourism development policies can directly influence the growth of tourism receipts in mature, mass-market tourist destinations.12/2014; 3(4):193-197. DOI:10.1016/j.jdmm.2014.04.001
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ABSTRACT: Electron transfer (ET) through and between proteins is a fundamental biological process. The rates and mechanisms of these ET reactions are controlled by the proteins in which the redox centers that donate and accept electrons reside. The protein influences the magnitudes of the ET parameters, the electronic coupling and reorganization energy that are associated with the ET reaction. The protein can regulate the rates of the ET reaction by requiring reaction steps to optimize the system for ET, leading to kinetic mechanisms of gated or coupled ET. Amino acid residues in the segment of the protein through which long range ET occurs can also modulate the ET rate by serving as staging points for hopping mechanisms of ET. Specific examples are presented to illustrate these mechanisms by which proteins control rates of ET reactions.Bioorganic Chemistry 12/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.bioorg.2014.06.006
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ABSTRACT: During the course of a construction project, there are many situations in which formation of waiting lines or queues is inevitable. The effect of resource delays in queues on the overall project completion time and cost has motivated researchers to employ simulation for analysis of queuing systems in order to identify the best operational strategies to reduce the time wasted in queues. Providing proper and timely input data with high spatial and temporal accuracy for queuing systems simulation enhances the reliability of decisions made based upon the simulation output. Hence, the presented paper describes a methodology for collecting and mining of spatio-temporal data corresponding to the interactions of queue entities to extract computer interpretable knowledge for simulation input modeling. The developed framework was validated using empirical datasets collected from a series of experiments. The extracted relevant knowledge from the queuing system entities was used to update corresponding simulation models.Automation in Construction 11/2014; 47:37–49. DOI:10.1016/j.autcon.2014.07.007
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