[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper describes the stimulation management unit for a multichannel vestibular neural prosthesis. The unit is designed as part of a stimulator ASIC in the implantable subsystem of the prosthesis. This digital unit provides the stimulator ASIC the ability to generate biphasic current pulses at specified amplitude, duration and pulse rate to drive electrodes in the semicircular canals. The circuit was implemented in 0.6-μm CMOS technology and post-layout simulations are presented to show its operation.
Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), Proceedings of 2010 IEEE International Symposium on; 07/2010
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article describes a method called Lorentz Force Electrical Impedance Tomography. The electrical conductivity of biological tissues can be measured through their sonication in a magnetic field: the vibration of the tissues inside the field induces an electrical current by Lorentz force. This current, detected by electrodes placed around the sample, is proportional to the ultrasonic pressure, to the strength of the magnetic field and to the electrical conductivity gradient along the acoustic axis. By focusing at different places inside the sample, a map of the electrical conductivity gradient can be established. In this study, experiments were conducted on a gelatin phantom and on a beef sample, successively placed in a 300 mT magnetic field and sonicated with an ultrasonic transducer focused at 21 cm emitting 500 kHz bursts. Although all interfaces are not visible, in this exploratory study a good correlation is observed between the electrical conductivity image and the ultrasonic image. This method offers an alternative to detecting pathologies invisible to standard ultrasonography.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Grating-based quantitative polychromatic x-ray phase imaging is currently a very active area of research. It has already been shown that, in such systems, the retrieved differential phase depends upon the spectral properties of the source, the gratings, the detector, and the sample. In this paper, we show that the retrieved sample absorption also depends upon the spectral properties of the gratings. Further, we compare the spectral dependence of both retrieved phase and absorption for the grating interferometer and coded aperture techniques. These results enable us to conclude that in both cases quantitative phase imaging systems cannot be described by an effective energy which is independent of the sample. This has important implications for applications where an absolute measure of phase is important and in tomography.