Université de Savoie

Chambéry, Savoie, France

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    ABSTRACT: The paper addresses the selection of the best representations for distributed and/or dependent signals. Given an indexed tree structured library of bases and a semi-collaborative distribution scheme associated with minimum information exchange (emission and reception of one single index corresponding to a marginal best basis), the paper proposes the median basis computed on a set of best marginal bases for joint representation or fusion of distributed/dependent signals. The paper provides algorithms for computing this median basis with respect to standard tree structured libraries of bases such as wavelet packet bases or cosine trees. These algorithms are effective when an additive information cost is under consideration. Experimental results performed on distributed signal compression confirms worthwhile properties for the median of marginal best bases with respect to the ideal best joint basis, the latter being underdetermined in practice, except when a full collaboration scheme is under consideration.
    Information Sciences 11/2014; 283:153–164.
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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to lend experimental support to the theoretical influence of force-velocity (F-v) mechanical profile on jumping performance independently from the effect of maximal power output (P max ). 48 high-level athletes (soccer players, sprinters, rugby players) performed maximal squat jumps with additional loads from 0 to 100% of body mass. During each jump, mean force, velocity and power output were obtained using a simple computation method based on flight time, and then used to determine individual linear F-v relationships and P max values. Actual and optimal F-v profiles were computed for each subject to quantify mechanical F-v imbalance. A multiple regression analysis showed, with a high-adjustment quality (r²=0.931, P<0.001, SEE=0.015 m), significant contributions of P max , F-v imbalance and lower limb extension range (h PO ) to explain interindividual differences in jumping performance (P<0.001) with positive regression coefficients for P max and h PO and a negative one for F-v imbalance. This experimentally supports that ballistic performance depends, in addition to P max , on the F-v profile of lower limbs. This adds support to the actual existence of an individual optimal F-v profile that maximizes jumping performance, a F-v imbalance being associated to a lower performance. These results have potential strong applications in the field of strength and conditioning.
    International Journal of Sports Medicine 11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The mirror paradigm has been used extensively both as a research tool for studying kinesthesia in healthy individuals and as a therapeutic tool for improving recovery and/or alleviating symptoms in patients. The present study of healthy participants assessed the contribution of the mirror paradigm to motor control in a bimanual coordination task performed under sensorimotor disturbance conditions. In Experiment 1, the participants were required to produce symmetrical circles with both hands/arms at the same time. In Experiment 2, the task consisted of synchronous extension-flexion movements of both arms in the sagittal plane. These tasks were performed under four different visual conditions: (i) mirror vision (i.e. with the non-dominant arm reflected in a mirror - the third hand - and the dominant arm hidden), (ii) full vision (i.e. both arms visible), (iii) with only the non-dominant arm visible and (iv) with the eyes closed. In Experiments 1 and 2, sensorimotor disturbance was applied to the participant's dominant arm by co-vibrating antagonistic muscles (the biceps and the triceps). In the complex circle drawing task, bimanual performance was better in the mirror condition than when participants saw their non-dominant arm only. However, motor performance in the mirror vision condition was little better than in the eyes closed condition, regardless of whether or not sensorimotor disturbance was applied. In Experiment 2, there were no differences between the "eyes closed" and "mirror vision" conditions. Although mirror reflection of one arm has been shown to induce consistent, vivid, perceptual illusions (kinesthetic illusion), our results suggest that it is less effective in modulating motor behavior.
    Neuropsychologia 11/2013;

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  • Address
    27 rue Marcoz, 73011, Chambéry, Savoie, France
  • Website
    http://www.univ-savoie.fr/
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