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ABSTRACT: The purpose in this study is to analyze the optimization of aircraft parking stands, and proposed model for apron development in near future at Sultan HasanuddinInternational Airport (SHIA) to achieve safety on airport operation activities.The study was conducted by collecting and analyzing data. The data were based on field survey, interviews, discussion with airport authority, official government, etc. and also from various agencies. Analytical tools applied were: regression analysis, to forecasts passenger and aircraft movements; and JICA formulas, to analyze the aircraft movement at peak hours, and number of aircraft parking stands for short, medium, and long terms period.The conclusion are: (a) the optimizing level on the apron area, especially at peak hours at SHIA depends on the aircraft service time, (b) the ability to serve the aircrafts on the apron area at peak hours as many as 17 to 22 aircraft parking stands, and need additional space as much as 24,431m2, 39,216 m2, and 52,354 m2 in 2015, 2020 and 2025 respectively, (c) requirement to develop/introduceother aircraft parking stands model, (d) proposed the new apron or aircraft parking stands model as known as pier or satellite models to anticipate the increasing number of passenger and aircraft movements in the near future; while the recommendation can be included that the use of service time as effectively and efficiently at the apron area could provide better service for passengers, aircrafts.12/2015; 28:324-329. DOI:10.1016/j.proenv.2015.07.041
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ABSTRACT: Lactobacillus plantarum is used for fermentation of fish products, meat and milk. However, the utilization of these bacteria in egg processing has not been done. This study was designed to evaluate the potential of fermented egg albumen as a functional food that is rich in angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitors activity (ACE-inhibitor activity) and is antihypertensive. A completely randomized design was used in this study with six durations of fermentation (6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 h) as treatments. Six hundred eggs obtained from the same chicken farm were used in the experiment as sources of egg albumen. Bacteria L. plantarum FNCC 0027 used in the fermentation was isolated from cow's milk. The parameters measured were the total bacteria, dissolved protein, pH, total acid and the activity of ACE-inhibitors. The results showed that there were significant effects of fermentation time on the parameters tested. Total bacteria increased significantly during fermentation for 6, 12, 18, and 24 h and then decreased with the increasing time of fermentation to 30 and 36 h. Soluble protein increased significantly during fermentation to 18 h and then subsequently decreased during of fermentation to 24, 30, and 36 h. The pH value decreased markedly during fermentation. The activities of ACE-inhibitor in fermented egg albumen increased during fermentation to 18 h and then decreased with the increasing of the duration of fermentation to 24, 30, and 36 h. The egg albumen which was fermented for 18 h resulted in a functional food that was rich in ACE-inhibitor activity.Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 02/2015; 28(6). DOI:10.5713/ajas.14.0419
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ABSTRACT: The gap between rural/fringe area and urban, performance services of sea transportation (including inland waterways and ferry transport), and financial limitations are facing the port development project in Indonesia. The management (in this case: purely the goverment) should conceive the sustainable management of port facilities. Partnership management could advancing the aspects of port circumstances by involving of private sector with public private partnership (PPP) scheme. This paper focuses on suggestion of PPP project practices for port development such as: identifying policy related to port sector of PPP arrangement, PPP framework on port sector, parties involved in PPP implementation project, and also the financing process of PPP project implementation in Indonesia. Other related issues on PPP project port sector are advantage and disadvantage of PPP arrangement project in Indonesia, risks associated to the project sponsor during implementation of PPP project especially in port sector, concessionaire selection methods to get best concessionaire, and critical success factor of PPP project.12/2014; 20:187–196. DOI:10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.025
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