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    ABSTRACT: A pot culture experiment was conducted in glass house at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) laboratories, Seibersdorf, Austria to select suitable drought tolerant wheat genotype using carbon isotopes discrimination technique. Four wheat genotypes viz., LU-26s, Bhittai, Roshan, Taifu, were tested. There were two treatments. i. Control (normal irrigation) and ii. Drought (@ 30 % field capacity of the control treatment). Drought treatment was imposed after two weeks of germination. The experiment was continued up to 10 weeks after germination and was terminated at flowering stage. The data was recorded in terms of plant height, number of tillers, shoot dry weight and carbon isotopic ratio (δ). Results showed that there was a significant decrease in all the growth parameters. The decrease was also significant among the genotypes. The genotypes LU-26s was found to have best performance under drought condition, with minimum decrease in the growth parameters i.e., plant height, number of tillers and shoot dry weight. High corbon isotopes discrimination (CID) values were also observed in genotype LU-26s, showing close positive correlation between SDW and CID. It is therefore concluded that carbon isotopes discrimination can be an important criterion for the selection of wheat genotypes for drought prone areas.
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    ABSTRACT: The gap between rural/fringe area and urban, performance services of sea transportation (including inland waterways and ferry transport), and financial limitations are facing the port development project in Indonesia. The management (in this case: purely the goverment) should conceive the sustainable management of port facilities. Partnership management could advancing the aspects of port circumstances by involving of private sector with public private partnership (PPP) scheme. This paper focuses on suggestion of PPP project practices for port development such as: identifying policy related to port sector of PPP arrangement, PPP framework on port sector, parties involved in PPP implementation project, and also the financing process of PPP project implementation in Indonesia. Other related issues on PPP project port sector are advantage and disadvantage of PPP arrangement project in Indonesia, risks associated to the project sponsor during implementation of PPP project especially in port sector, concessionaire selection methods to get best concessionaire, and critical success factor of PPP project.
    01/2014; 20:187–196. DOI:10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.025
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    ABSTRACT: Leprosy (Hansen's disease) is a chronic granulomatous infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae with peripheral neuropathy as cutaneous and neurological manifestations. Peripheral nerve regeneration may be stimulated by vascular endothelial growth factor and other growth factors (GFs) that have important roles in extracellular matrix regeneration. All of those GFs can be found in platelet-rich plasma (PRP) preparation. The effect of PRP injection in leprosy peripheral neuropathy has never been reported. A double-blind, randomized, control clinical trial was conducted among 60 patients with leprosy peripheral neuropathy. They were randomized to receive either a 1-ml injection of PRP as treatment or a 1-ml injection of platelet-poor plasma (PPP) as control. Skin sensibilities were measured by two-point discrimination test (TPDT) and visual analog scale (VAS), which were taken before and two weeks after treatment. Perineural injection of PRP was shown to be significantly more effective than PPP (P < 0.05) either in VAS or TPDT measurements. In both groups, the patients had a tingling sensation at the time of injection that disappeared shortly after. This study shows that perineural PRP injection could promote improvement of peripheral neuropathy sensibility in patients with leprosy. More research is needed to better determine the effects of PRP in nerve regeneration.
    International journal of dermatology 10/2013; DOI:10.1111/ijd.12162

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