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Department of Information Engineering (DII)
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Department of Life and Environmental Sciences - DiSVA
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    ABSTRACT: Rice plants accumulate high concentrations of silicon. Silicon has been shown to be involved in plant growth, high yield, and mitigating biotic and abiotic stresses. However, it has been demonstrated that inorganic arsenic is taken up by rice through silicon transporters under anaerobic conditions, thus the ability to efficiently take up silicon may be considered either a positive or a negative trait in rice. Germanium is an analogue of silicon that produces brown lesions in shoots and leaves, and germanium toxicity has been used to identify mutants in silicon and arsenic transport. In this study, two different genetic mapping methods were performed to determine the loci involved in germanium sensitivity in rice. Genetic mapping in the biparental cross of Bala × Azucena (an F6 population) and a genome wide association (GWA) study with 350 accessions from the Rice Diversity Panel 1 were conducted using 15 μM of germanic acid. This identified a number of germanium sensitive loci: some co-localised with previously identified quantitative trait loci (QTL) for tissue silicon or arsenic concentration, none co-localised with Lsi1 or Lsi6, while one single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was detected within 200 kb of Lsi2 (these are genes known to transport silicon, whose identity was discovered using germanium toxicity). However, examining candidate genes that are within the genomic region of the loci detected above reveals genes homologous to both Lsi1 and Lsi2, as well as a number of other candidate genes, which are discussed.
    PLoS ONE 09/2015; 10(9):e0137577. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0137577
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    ABSTRACT: Data on tolerability and safety of aripiprazolo during pregnancy and in childbirth are so far limited. Aim of the present study is to provide a review of the literature on the safety profile of aripiprazole during pregnancy and on maternal and neonatal outcomes, including two cases coming from our database ( Medline database was searched for English language articles by using the following keywords: "aripiprazole", "atypical antipsychotic", "major malformations", "perinatal complications", "pregnancy". We reported 2 cases of women treated with aripiprazole during their pregnancy at the Clinic of Affective Disorders in Pregnancy and Postpartum of the United Hospital of Ancona (DEGRA Center - The data available in the literature did not provide clear evidence about the safety and potential risks related to this drug during pregnancy. Data coming from our database did not detected any malformations and perinatal complications after exposure to aripiprazole in 2 newborns beyond the first trimester of pregnancy. From the evidence available, aripiprazole seems to be an antipsychotic effective and well tolerated in the treatment of women with psychotic disorders in pregnancy. However, further studies are needed to better establish the safety of aripiprazole during pregnancy, particularly as the risk of major malformtions and perinatal complications is concerned.
    03/2015; 50(1):8-11. DOI:10.1708/1794.19526
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    ABSTRACT: Niche differentiation, assumed to be a key mechanism of species coexistence, requires that species differ in their functional traits. So far it remains unclear to which extent trait plasticity leads to niche shifts of species at higher plant diversity, thereby increasing or decreasing niche overlap between species. To analyse this question it is convenient to measure niches indirectly via the variation in resource-uptake traits rather than directly via the resources used. We provisionally call these indirectly measured niches trait-based niches. We studied shoot- and leaf-morphological characteristics in seven legume species in monoculture and multi-species mixture in experimental grassland. Legume species varied in the extent of trait variation in response to plant diversity. Trait plasticity led to significant shifts in species niches in multiple dimensions. Single-species niches in several traits associated with height growth and filling of canopy space were expanded, while other niche dimensions were compressed or did not change with plant diversity. Niche separation among legumes decreased in dimensions related to height growth and space filling, but increased in dimensions related to leaf size and morphology. The total extent of occupied niche space was larger in mixture than in the combined monocultures for dimensions related to leaf morphology and smaller for dimensions related to whole-plant architecture. Taller growth, greater space filling and greater plasticity in shoot height were positively, while larger values and greater plasticity in specific leaf area were negatively related with increased performance of species in mixture. Our study shows that trait variation in response to plant diversity shifts species niches along trait axes. Plastically increased niche differentiation is restricted to niche dimensions that are apparently not related to size-dependent differences between species, but functional equivalence (convergence in height growth) rather than complementarity (divergence in traits associated with light acquisition) explains increased performance of legumes in mixture.
    PLoS ONE 03/2015; 10(3):e0119786. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0119786


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    p.zza Roma, 22, 60121, Ancona, Italy
  • Head of Institution
    Sauro Longhi
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Top publications last week by reads

Nutrition 01/2012; 28(1):9-19. DOI:10.1016/j.nut.2011.08.009
55 Reads
Journal of Oil & Fat Industries 02/1999; 76(3):325-329. DOI:10.1007/s11746-999-0239-4
51 Reads

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