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Department of Physical, Chemical and Natural Systems
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Department of Sports and Computer Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: The paper presents findings from a project conducted in Andalusia, Southern Spain, which examined school practices that aimed at promoting the integration and well-being of children from first generation immigrant, i.e. non-Spanish, families. How schools addressed the transitions between home and school for the children, and how school strategies were perceived by their communities, parents and the school staff as instruments for integration were examined through semi-structured interviews. Six multicultural schools were involved in the study. Analyses show that, most of the school practices related to pupils' integration can be understood in terms of a “benevolent assimilationist model”. From the schools' perspective the practice is “assimilationist” because the main goal is to “assimilate” the children as the “others” into the mainstream culture. We also refer to the practice as “benevolent” because we found a high level of coincidence between parental value positions about what the school should do in relation to their children's learning, and the strategies of the schools to integrate them. According to the parents, schools should allow children access to the skills and concepts they will need to participate in Andalusian society, hereby ascribing to an assimilationist way of thinking. Some differences were observed between parents and schools in the way the processes of integration should be carried out, in particular school discipline and the authority of the teacher. The paper concludes with the observation that the agreement between the value positions of home and school may be a temporary phenomenon.
    Learning, Culture and Social Interaction. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Employees play a relevant role in firm competitiveness due to their personal competencies and the human capital they constitute for the organisation. The objective of this paper is to assess whether different strategic contexts condition the emergence of different employees competencies. Moreover, accordingly with the strategy chosen, we analyse to what extent these competencies explain the differences in terms of value and uniqueness of the human capital. A set of proposed hypotheses is tested by means of structural equation models considering a sample of manufacturing firms. Results support the finding that prospectors favour proactive and customer-oriented competencies, while defenders foment competencies much more results-oriented. We also observe that the competency of customer orientation explains the value of human capital in prospectors, whilst this human capital dimension is explained by means of results oriented competencies in defender firms. Finally, regarding the uniqueness of human capital, it is explained by proactive competencies in prospectors but we do not find any significant result for defenders.
    Business Research Quarterly 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Ferrete, C, Requena, B, Suarez-Arrones, L, and Sáez de Villarreal, E. Effect of strength and high-intensity training on jumping, sprinting, and intermittent endurance performance in prepubertal soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 28(2): 413-422, 2014-The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a 26-week on-field combined strength and high-intensity training on the physical performance capacity among prepubertal soccer players who were undertaking a competitive phase of training. Twenty-four prepubertal soccer players between the age of 8 and 9 years were randomly assigned to 2 groups: a control (C; n = 13) and an experimental group (S; n = 11). Both groups performed an identical soccer-training program, whereas the S group also performed combined strength and high-intensity training before the soccer-specific training. The 15-m sprint time (seconds), countermovement jump (CMJ) displacement, Yo-Yo intermittent endurance test (Yo-Yo IE), and Sit and Reach flexibility were each measured before (baseline) and after 9 (T2), 18 (T3), and 26 weeks (posttest) of training. There were no significant differences between the groups in any of the variables tested at baseline. After 26 weeks, significant improvements were found in the CMJ (6.72%; effect size [ES] = 0.37), Yo-Yo IE (49.57%, ES = 1.39), and Flexibility (7.26%; ES = 0.37) variables for the S group. Conversely, significant decreases were noted for the CMJ (-10.82%; ES = 0.61) and flexibility (-13.09%; ES = 0.94) variables in the C group. A significant negative correlation was found between 15-m sprint time and CMJ (r = -0.77) and Yo-Yo IE (r = -0.77) in the S group. Specific combined strength and high-intensity training in prepubertal soccer players for 26 weeks produced a positive effect on performance qualities highly specific to soccer. Therefore, we propose modifications to current training methodology for prepubertal soccer players to include strength and high-intensity training for athlete preparation in this sport.
    The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 02/2014; 28(2):413-22.


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    Pablo de Olavide University
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Journal of science and medicine in sport / Sports Medicine Australia. 11/2009; 13(5):513-22.

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