Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia Austral

Río Gallegos, Provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina

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    ABSTRACT: Hibernation and daily torpor are two distinct forms of torpor, and although they are related, it is not known how and in which sequence they evolved. As the pattern of torpor expressed by the oldest marsupial order the opossums (Didelphimorphia) may provide insights into the evolution of torpor, we aimed to provide the first quantitative data on the thermal biology and torpor expression of the rare Patagonian opossum (Lestodelphys halli). It is the opossum with the southernmost distribution, has a propensity of autumnal fattening, and therefore, is likely to hibernate. We captured two male Lestodelphys, which while in captivity displayed strong daily fluctuations of body temperatures (Tb) measured with implanted miniature data loggers even when they remained normothermic. In autumn and early winter, torpor was expressed occasionally when food was available, but cold exposure and food withdrawal increased torpor use. The mean Tb throughout the study was 32.2 ± 1.4 °C, the minimum Tb measured in torpid Lestodelphys was 7.7 °C, average torpor bout duration was 10.3 h, and the maximum torpor bout duration was 42.5 h. Thus, the pattern of torpor expressed by Lestodelphys was intermediate between that of daily heterotherms and hibernators suggesting that it may represent an ancestral opportunistic torpor pattern from which the derived patterns of daily torpor and seasonal hibernation diverged.
    Naturwissenschaften 09/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The isomorphous title compounds, [Tr(S4O6)(C12H12N2)2]·2C3H7NO (Tr = Cd(II) and Zn(II)), consist of metal centres to which one tetrathionate and two 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine chelating ligands bind. The structures are completed by two symmetry-related dimethylformamide solvent molecules. Each metal-centred complex is bisected by a twofold axis running through the metal centre and halving the chelating tetrathionate dianion through the central S-S bond. The ancillary symmetry-related 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine ligands act as chelates. This results in a distorted six-coordinate geometry, with similar Tr-O/N distances but central angles differing substantially from 90 and 180°. Both ligands are basically featureless from a geometric point of view, with torsion angles in both coordinated tetrathionate groups suggesting a trend linking metal size (covalent radius) and ligand `openness'. Packing is directed by (C-H)aromatic...O bridges and π-π offset stacked interactions defining chains along [001], further linked by weaker (C-H)methyl...O bridges, some of them mediated by the dimethylformamide solvent molecules.
    Acta Crystallographica Section C Crystal Structure Communications 07/2013; 69(Pt 7):745-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Diflunisal (DFNS) and Indomethacin (IMTC) are two profusely employed NSAIDs that provide anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects in humans. The scavenging of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by both NSAIDs was systematically studied in pH 7 aqueous solution. The ROS O2 ((1) Δg ), O2 (•-) and H2 O2 , generated by visible light irradiation of Riboflavin in the presence of DFNS and IMTC, are deactivated by the NSAIDs. The ROS scavenging action by both NSAIDs constitutes an interesting result and adds one more positive aspect to the beneficial actions attributed to these drugs. Nevertheless it should be taken into account that several NSAIDs, in particular IMTC, have been connected to the pathogenesis of gastric mucosal lesions, which in some cases includes ROS generating-ability. DFNS quenches ROS in a dominant physical fashion. It constitutes an excellent protective-antioxidant provided that is practically not destroyed/oxidized after the ROS scavenging action. IMTC, being also an efficient interceptor of ROS, belong to the so-called group of sacrificial-ROS quenchers: It is easily degraded by the oxidative species in the scavenging action. Although this property is negative in the context of prolonged ROS elimination, exhibits a promissory aspect for the degradation of pharmaceutical contaminants, such as NSAIDs, in waste waters. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Photochemistry and Photobiology 06/2013;


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    Lisandro de la Torre 960, 9400, Río Gallegos, Provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina
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Hornero 08/2005;
Marine Ecology Progress Series 01/2012; 464:273-287.

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