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Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas
5
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Departamento de Matemática
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Publication History View all

  • Source
    Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2013; 19(4):139-140.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The contemporary Venezuelan population is the product of major admixture process across various historical events, which has provided it a particular genetic background. The aim of this study concerns the analysis of Glutathione S-transferase (GST) GSTM1, GSTP1 and GSTT1 genetic variants and five polymorphisms at the TP53 gene, which are related to cancer susceptibility, in an urban/admixed population and five Amerindian tribes (Bari, Panare, Pemon, Warao and Wayuu) from Venezuela. Genotyping was carried out in 120 individuals from an urban sample and 188 Amerindians. The analysis performed on TP53 haplotype and GST allele distribution showed a close correlation for Pemon and Warao populations, while Bari group appears isolated from the other populations. GSTT1 null variant frequency in our admixed (11%) and Native samples (0.0-11.4%) was lower when compared with Caucasians, Africans and Asians. Frequency of the GSTP1*Val cancer-associated allele found in Bari (88.6%) and Panare (63.0%) are of the highest so far reported. Fourteen TP53 haplotypes were observed in the admixed populations, whereas only 3 to 5 in Amerindians. To our knowledge this is the first report of GST polymorphisms and TP53 haplotype distribution in Venezuelans. The distribution of most of analyzed polymorphisms in the urban sample is consistent with the admixed origin of the present-day population of Venezuela. While, the inter-ethnic variations in genetic polymorphisms found in Native American tribes seem to be the result of the influence of demographic factors. These results provide additional data for undertaking ethnographic and disease association studies in Venezuela.
    Gene 08/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is a major cause of chronic gastritis and an established risk factor for gastric adenocarcinoma. This bacterium also exhibits an extraordinarily high genetic diversity. METHODS: The genetic diversity of H. pylori strains from Venezuelan patients with chronic gastritis was evaluated by PCR-typing of vacA, cagA, iceA, and babA2 virulence-associated genes using DNA extracted directly from biopsies. The nucleotide sequence and prevalence of size variants of iceA1, iceA2, and babA2 PCR products were introduced in this analysis. RESULTS: The frequency of vacA s1 was associated (p<0.01) with moderate/severe grades of atrophic gastritis. The cagA, iceA1, iceA2, and babA2 genotypes were found in 70.6%, 66.4%, 33.6%, and 92.3% of strains, respectively. The frequency of iceA2 and its subtype iceA2_D were higher (p<0.015) in cases with moderate/severe granulocytic inflammation. The most prevalent combined genotypes were vacA s1m1/cagA/iceA1/babA2 (26.3%), vacA s2m2/iceA1/babA2 (19.5%), and vacA s1m1/cagA/iceA2/babA2 (18.8%). Sequence analysis of iceA1, iceA2, and babA2 PCR-amplified fragments allowed us to define allelic variants and to increase the number of genotypes detected (from 19 to 62). A phylogenetic tree made with iceA1 sequences showed that the H. pylori strains analyzed here were grouped with those of Western origin. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that patients from the western region of Venezuela have an elevated prevalence of infection with H. pylori strains carrying known virulence genotypes with high genetic diversity. This highlights the importance of identifying gene variants for an early detection of virulent genotypes.
    International journal of infectious diseases: IJID: official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases 04/2013;

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    Avenida de las Industrias, Barquisimeto, Venezuela
  • Website
    http://www.ucla.edu.ve/
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