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- SourceAvailable from: Louise M A Braakman-Jansen[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Reduced work participation (WP) is a common problem for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and generates high costs for society. Therefore, it is important to explore determinants of WP at the start of tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) treatment, and for changes in WP after 2 years of TNFi treatment. Within the Dutch Rheumatoid Arthritis Monitoring (DREAM) biologic register, WP data were available from 508 patients with RA younger than 65 years and without an (early) retirement pension. WP was registered at start of TNFi treatment and after 2 years of followup and was measured by single patient-reported binary questions whether they had work, paid or voluntary, or had a disability allowance or a retirement pension. Determinants measured at baseline were age, sex, disease duration, functional status [through Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI)], 28-joint Disease Activity Score (DAS28), rheumatoid factor, presence of erosions, number of previous disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, and number of comorbidities. During the 2 years of followup, HAQ-DI response and European League Against Rheumatism response were measured. Univariate analyses (excluded if p value was > 0.2) and multivariate (excluded if p value was > 0.1) logistic regression analyses were used. Determinants associated with WP at baseline were having a better HAQ-DI (OR 0.32, p = 0.000) and male sex (OR 0.65, p = 0.065). After 2 years of TNFi therapy, 11.8% (n = 60) started to work and 13.6% (n = 69) stopped working. Determinants associated with starting to work were better baseline HAQ-DI (OR 0.58), positive RF (OR 2.73), and young age (OR 0.96); and for stopping work, worse baseline HAQ-DI (OR 2.74), low HAQ-DI response (OR 0.31), and comorbidity (OR 2.67), all with p < 0.1. Young patients with RA and a high functional status without any comorbidity will have a better chance of working. This supports the main goal in the management of RA: to suppress disease activity as soon and as completely as possible to prevent irreversible destruction of the joints, and thus maintain a good functional status of the patient. Because of the low proportion of variance explained by the models in this study, other factors besides the ones studied are associated with WP.The Journal of Rheumatology 05/2014; 41(7). DOI:10.3899/jrheum.130878
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ABSTRACT: To study incidence of local recurrences, postoperative complications and survival, in patients with rectal carcinoma aged 75 years and older, treated with either surgery and pre-operative 5 × 5 Gy radiotherapy or surgery alone. A random sample of patients aged over 75 years with pT2-T3, N0-2, M0 rectal carcinoma diagnosed between 2002 and 2004 in the Netherlands was included, treated with surgery alone (N = 296) or surgery in combination with pre-operative radiotherapy (N = 346). Information on local recurrent disease, postoperative complications, ECOG-performance score and comorbidity was gathered from the medical files. Local recurrences developed less frequently in patients treated with pre-operative radiotherapy compared to surgery alone (2% vs 6%, p = 0.002). Postoperative complications developed more frequently in irradiated patients (58% vs 42%, p < 0.0001). Especially deep infections (anastomotic leakage, pelvic abscess) were significantly increased in this group (16% vs 10%, p = 0.02). 30-day mortality was equal in both groups (8%). A significant increase in postoperative complication rate and 30-day mortality was only seen in those with "severe comorbidity" compared to patients without comorbidity (respectively 58% and 10% vs 43% and 3%), COPD (59% and 12%), diabetes (60% and 11%) and cerebrovascular disease (62% and 14%). In multivariable analysis, postoperative complications predicted 5-year survival. Elderly patients receiving pre-operative radiotherapy show a lower local recurrence rate. However, as incidence rates of local recurrent disease are low and incidence of postoperative complications is increased in irradiated patients, omitting preoperative RT may be suitable in elderly patients with additional risks for complications or early death.European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 08/2013; 39(10). DOI:10.1016/j.ejso.2013.07.094
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ABSTRACT: Increasing numbers of endometrial cancer survivors place a high burden on the health care system. This study describes the number of visits to the general practitioner, the medical specialist and other care services, compared with the general population, and factors associated with this health care use: age, marital status, education, body mass index, comorbidity, years since diagnosis, and radiotherapy. Survivors of stage I to stage II endometrial cancer diagnosed between 1999 and 2007 were selected from the Eindhoven Cancer Registry. Survivors (N = 742) completed a questionnaire about their demographic characteristics and health care use. Cancer-related information was retrieved from the Eindhoven Cancer Registry. Endometrial cancer survivors visited their medical specialist more often (3.4 times per year) than the general population. In relation to their cancer, they visited their general practitioner once and their medical specialist twice per year. Use of additional care services was low (14%) but higher among younger survivors (33%). Younger women were more likely to make cancer-related visits to their general practitioner, whereas more highly educated women were less likely to visit their general practitioner and more likely to make cancer-related medical specialist visits. Women with more comorbid conditions were more likely to make general and cancer-related general practitioner visits. Radiotherapy and body mass index were not related to health care use. Endometrial cancer survivors use more health care than women in the general population. Younger women visit their general practitioner more often in relation to their cancer and use more additional care services. More highly educated survivors were more likely to visit a medical specialist in relation to their cancer.International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 07/2013; 23(7). DOI:10.1097/IGC.0b013e31829dd1e3
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Rg score distribution
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