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    ABSTRACT: To study incidence of local recurrences, postoperative complications and survival, in patients with rectal carcinoma aged 75 years and older, treated with either surgery and pre-operative 5 × 5 Gy radiotherapy or surgery alone. A random sample of patients aged over 75 years with pT2-T3, N0-2, M0 rectal carcinoma diagnosed between 2002 and 2004 in the Netherlands was included, treated with surgery alone (N = 296) or surgery in combination with pre-operative radiotherapy (N = 346). Information on local recurrent disease, postoperative complications, ECOG-performance score and comorbidity was gathered from the medical files. Local recurrences developed less frequently in patients treated with pre-operative radiotherapy compared to surgery alone (2% vs 6%, p = 0.002). Postoperative complications developed more frequently in irradiated patients (58% vs 42%, p < 0.0001). Especially deep infections (anastomotic leakage, pelvic abscess) were significantly increased in this group (16% vs 10%, p = 0.02). 30-day mortality was equal in both groups (8%). A significant increase in postoperative complication rate and 30-day mortality was only seen in those with "severe comorbidity" compared to patients without comorbidity (respectively 58% and 10% vs 43% and 3%), COPD (59% and 12%), diabetes (60% and 11%) and cerebrovascular disease (62% and 14%). In multivariable analysis, postoperative complications predicted 5-year survival. Elderly patients receiving pre-operative radiotherapy show a lower local recurrence rate. However, as incidence rates of local recurrent disease are low and incidence of postoperative complications is increased in irradiated patients, omitting preoperative RT may be suitable in elderly patients with additional risks for complications or early death.
    European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 08/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.ejso.2013.07.094
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing numbers of endometrial cancer survivors place a high burden on the health care system. This study describes the number of visits to the general practitioner, the medical specialist and other care services, compared with the general population, and factors associated with this health care use: age, marital status, education, body mass index, comorbidity, years since diagnosis, and radiotherapy. Survivors of stage I to stage II endometrial cancer diagnosed between 1999 and 2007 were selected from the Eindhoven Cancer Registry. Survivors (N = 742) completed a questionnaire about their demographic characteristics and health care use. Cancer-related information was retrieved from the Eindhoven Cancer Registry. Endometrial cancer survivors visited their medical specialist more often (3.4 times per year) than the general population. In relation to their cancer, they visited their general practitioner once and their medical specialist twice per year. Use of additional care services was low (14%) but higher among younger survivors (33%). Younger women were more likely to make cancer-related visits to their general practitioner, whereas more highly educated women were less likely to visit their general practitioner and more likely to make cancer-related medical specialist visits. Women with more comorbid conditions were more likely to make general and cancer-related general practitioner visits. Radiotherapy and body mass index were not related to health care use. Endometrial cancer survivors use more health care than women in the general population. Younger women visit their general practitioner more often in relation to their cancer and use more additional care services. More highly educated survivors were more likely to visit a medical specialist in relation to their cancer.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 07/2013; 23(7). DOI:10.1097/IGC.0b013e31829dd1e3
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the clinical characteristics of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) at diagnosis in The Netherlands at the population level in the era of biologics. All patients with newly diagnosed IBD (diagnosis made between January 1, 2006 and January 1, 2007) followed in 9 general hospitals in the southwest of the Netherlands were included in this population-based inception cohort study. A total of 413 patients were enrolled, of which 201 Crohn's disease (CD) (48.7%), 188 ulcerative colitis (UC) (45.5%), and 24 IBD unclassified (5.8%), with a median age of 38 years (range, 14-95). Seventy-eight patients with CD (38.8%) had ileocolonic disease and 73 patients (36.3%) had pure colonic disease. In 8 patients (4.0%), the upper gastrointestinal tract was involved. Nineteen patients with CD (9.5%) had perianal disease. Thirty-nine patients with CD (19.4%) had stricturing phenotype. Of the patients with UC and IBDU, 39 (18.4%) suffered from pancolitis and 61 (29%) from proctitis. Severe endoscopic lesions at diagnosis were seen in 119 patients (28.8%, 68 CD, 49 UC, and 2 IBDU), whereas 98 patients (23.7%) had severe histological disease activity. Thirteen patients (3.1%, 10 CD and 3 UC) had extraintestinal manifestations at diagnosis. Twenty-three patients (5.6%, 20 CD and 3 UC) had fistula at diagnosis. In this cohort, 31% of the patients with CD had complicated disease at diagnosis, 39% had ileocolonic disease, 9.5% had perianal disease, and in 4% the upper gastrointestinal tract was involved. Most patients with UC suffered from left-sided colitis (51%). Severe endoscopic lesions were reported in 34% of the patients with CD and 26% of the patients with UC. Three percent of the patients with IBD had extraintestinal manifestations.
    Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 07/2013; 19(10). DOI:10.1097/MIB.0b013e3182961626


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JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 05/2014; 14(311(18)):1870-82. DOI:10.1001/jama.2014.4030.
The Netherlands Journal of Medicine 11/2002; 60(9):374-8.

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