[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission has been conducting a multiyear research program to investigate different methods for using expert judgments to estimate human error probabilities in nuclear power plants. One of the methods investigated, derived from multi-attribute utility theory, is the Success Likelihood Index Methodology implemented through Multi-Attribute Utility Decomposition (SLIM-MAUD). This report describes a systematic test application of the SLIM-MAUD methodology. The test application is evaluated on the basis of three criteria: practicality, acceptability, and usefulness. Volume I of this report presents an overview of SLIM-MAUD, describes the procedures followed in the test application, and provides a summary of the results obtained. 14 refs.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper explores some of the new uses and social practices that have emerged as a result of some peoples' mostly daily use of their mobile phone. Based on research conducted in the UK since 2003, and containing some previously unpublished material this paper explores the results of six studies by the author and others within the Digital World Research Centre (Vincent & Fortunati 2009).As well as discussing the methodology and theoretical perspectives (Goffman 1959; Ling 2008) the paper will examine how this small electronic computational device has become the focus and emotional mainstay of many people's lives. Acting as a mediator for relationships (social and business), as a repository of emotion that ranges from love to hate, from sadness to joy the mobile phone has become much more than simply a voice and text communicator. This paper discusses how these multiple uses are now so embedded in some people's daily lives that the mobile phone is no longer an adjunct to everyday activities but an integral and essential part of them. Abstract