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    ABSTRACT: The impact that information technology can have on development is the subject of an ongoing debate. Central to this debate is the role of universities. Education shapes people's attitudes toward technology and determines how it will be used. This research shows that in India, students at higher educational institutions are socialized to believe that information technology can have a very positive impact on their country. They do not share the skepticism commonly found in Western literature. This research finds that first and foremost, IT is seen as a tool for personal development, where students can leverage their education to become rich and successful, either in India or abroad. Second, IT is seen as a tool for Indian ascension, lifting India to the status of a great global power. Only thirdly is IT seen as a means to assist in the development of India's poor population. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Information Technology for Development 03/2010; 12(3):201 - 212. DOI:10.1002/itdj.20042
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    ABSTRACT: Global ICT programs are defined as new and universal modes of organizing mediated by technology and enacted through a novel mix of policy instruments, international institutions, business interests, and techno/managerial concepts. Largely unexplored in the various fields studying innovation and digital technologies, such programs are of interest, not least because of their projected ability to promote innovation and help achieve new mechanisms of governance at local, national, and global scale. Based on relevant information systems research, this paper argues that we need a new theoretical understanding for the study of such programs and in order to explore their potential as a means of technology transfer and innovation in the developed and developing world.
    Government Information Quarterly 01/2009; 26(1-26):35-41. DOI:10.1016/j.giq.2008.08.003
  • Information Systems Journal 03/2008; 2(2):161 - 165. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2575.1992.tb00072.x
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    ABSTRACT: Information technology is becoming an increasingly important factor in contemporary management. Information systems are being set up in business explicitly to accommodate the new opportunities of this technology, and these are having a lasting effect on managerial practice. The full implications of this technology-driven development have not been appreciated by organizations, which in absorbing technological systems, are tolerating a great drain on their resources.The efficacy of computers is predicated on the acceptance of some very specific perspectives. A growing discontent and disappointment with their limited achievements is our reason for advocating a different point of view. We will discuss how a shift in perspective, particularly in respect to the perception of uncertainty, will affect thinking and practice in the field of management support systems. We will render our view of the application of computerized decision support systems (DSS), and especially, we will focus on the beliefs and assumptions that have shaped this technology thus far. To this end we will discuss the concept of uncertainty, by juxtaposing current thinking and practice with our understanding of the context of its application. Finally, we will place our understanding of uncertainty in a managerial context and explain the implications this would have for strategists.
    Information Systems Journal 03/2008; 1(1):61 - 70. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2575.1991.tb00027.x
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    ABSTRACT: The point of departure of our analysis on the evolving role of the state in contemporary society is offered by the innovations introduced by e-government within the democratic, administrative and bureaucratic processes of the modern state. A vast literature on this topic presents e-government as a great opportunity to innovate the business of government, for instance by the re-introduction of New Public Management (NPM) ideas. On the other hand, this paper argues that a blind juxtaposition of such a model of state governance overlooks the potential to support innovation not only in the reshaping of government services, but also to increase social welfare and create more democratic forms of governance. We critically evaluate the model of governance underpinning the development of e-government associated with NPM, and ultimately present an alternative approach – an alternative problematisation – one appropriate for the conceptualization of ICT that serves the goals of state governance.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper argues that information systems (IS) research conducted within the standard account of the paradigms of positivism and interpretivism suffers from persistent theory-practice inconsistencies. These inconsistencies are located between researchers’ stated (or implicit) ontological assumptions and research practice and results. Such a situation calls for a (re)consideration of the underlying ontological premises of information systems research and practice. This paper proposes that a critical realist ontology allows for one re-interpretation of the activity of science as implicitly predicated upon natural and social realism as well as the concepts of structures and generative mechanisms. This interpretation provides greater explanatory power vis-a`-vis current research practices and resolves the theory-practice contradictions highlighted above. Consequently, it is a powerful logical argument for accepting this new conceptualization as an improvement upon the former. To illustrate, this paper recasts one such debate in light
    Information and Organization 09/2006; 16:191-211. DOI:10.1016/j.infoandorg.2005.10.003
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    ABSTRACT: IT-based government reform projects form an integral part of policy-making. These projects include a variety of different types of applications, each of which has a different scope and rationality according to what type of governemt reform is intended. Looking back over a 17-year period, the author describes the evolution of IT-based government reform initiatives in the Indian state of Gujarat. The findings reveal the interrelatedness of back-end and front-end IT-based government reform initiatives and provide insights into the kinds of institutional support and activities required in order for these initiatives to lead to governance reform. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Journal of International Development 08/2006; 18(6):877-888. DOI:10.1002/jid.1320
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    ABSTRACT: Freud's paper on the Schreber Case is considered from a contemporary perspective drawing on the object relations theorists. Some of Winnicott's ideas are used to illustrate how one might understand Schreber's predicament today. Although Freud's views on the role of repressed homosexual longings in the aetiology of Schreber's illness are not endorsed his prescience in the search for meaning in the patient's discourse is applauded.
    British Journal of Psychotherapy 06/2006; 22(4). DOI:10.1111/j.1752-0118.2006.tb00304.x
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    ABSTRACT: This article presents an analysis of UK legislation on the retention of communications data that was introduced in the aftermath of the attacks of September 11, 2001. It presents a review of the discourses surrounding this legislation in parliament, in the wider international policy arena, in business and in terms of technology. The review of these discourses demonstrates that, in understanding policies involving a significant technological component such as communications data retention, policy alternatives may be evaluated only with an appreciation of technological characteristics alongside the traditional concerns of legislators, civil society and the business community. While academia has developed many forms of analysis for political, international, and regulatory discourses, the same must be undertaken for technological discourse, i.e. the interactions between the policies in question, the actors, and the technologies. Developing forms of analysis for technological discourses will likely lead to further understanding of both the policy problem and the actors’ interests. The paper also shows how current institutions are slowly developing the necessary skills to incorporate the technological aspects of policy into political debate, and calls for a similar development for the law.
    Telecommunications Policy 12/2005; DOI:10.1016/j.telpol.2005.06.012
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    ABSTRACT: Bringing transactions to an end constitutes a crucial stage of market activity: the detachment between the counterparties engaged in a trade must be guaranteed. In financial markets, this operation relies on organisational technologies, such as clearinghouses, that can reach a high degree of sophistication. In this paper, we use financial clearinghouse mechanisms to explore how such detachment technologies are constructed. Based on several historical examples, our review shows that clearinghouse mechanisms developed on the basis of an increasingly IT-enabled organisational separation between the trading and clearing stages of market activity were a crucial factor that enabled clearinghouses to calculate the mutual obligations of the counterparties and perform the consequential steps. Our analysis goes on to reveal a paradoxical thread in the evolution of clearing: increasing informational and calculative capacity have lead clearing mechanisms to breach the separation on which their ability to operate was dependent – the boundary between trading activity and clearing processes. These findings shed a new light on the reflexive nature of IT-enabled market innovations and emphasise their role in re-introducing new forms of disorganisation back into contemporary financial markets.
    Information and Organization 07/2005; DOI:10.1016/j.infoandorg.2005.02.003
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