Showa University

Shinagawa-ku, Japan

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Department of Internal Medicine
1,229
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16
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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
267
Total Impact Points
14
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Department of Medicine
1,563
Total Impact Points
8
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  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pneumonia is a leading cause of death among elderly patients. Although aspiration pneumonia (AP) commonly occurs with aging, its clinical features and outcomes are still uncertain. The aims of this study were to describe the clinical features and outcomes of AP and to assess whether presence of AP affects clinical outcomes in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP). We retrospectively analyzed patients with CAP and HCAP hospitalized in our institution in Japan from October 2010 to March 2012. We compared clinical features and outcomes between AP and non-AP, and investigated risk factors for recurrence of pneumonia and death. Of 214 consecutive patients, 100 (46.7%) were diagnosed as having aspiration pneumonia. These patients were older and had lower body mass index, more comorbidities, and poorer Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) than the patients with non-AP. Patients with AP had more severe disease, required longer hospital stays, and had a frequent recurrence rate of pneumonia and higher mortality. In multivariate analyses, AP, age, and ECOG PS were related to recurrence of pneumonia, and the prognostic factors were CURB-65 score and ECOG PS. AP was not a significant indicator for prognosis but was the strongest risk factor for recurrence of pneumonia. Clinical background and outcomes including recurrence and mortality of AP were obviously different from those of non-AP; therefore AP should be considered as a distinct subtype of pneumonia, and it is important to prevent the recurrence of pneumonia in the patients with AP.
    Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic expanding hematoma is a relatively rare complication of soft tissue trauma and often clinically mistaken for a malignant neoplasm. A 71-year-old female presented with a chronic expanding hematoma that ruptured through the buttock skin 53 years after the original contusion. The diagnosis of CEH was made based on the results of the biopsy, physical examination, and CT. The tumor was completely excised, and the defect was covered with a rhomboid flap. There are no reports of lesions rupturing through the skin. Almost all instances of chronic expanding hematoma previously reported in the English literature have a history ranging from 1 month to 20 years. There is a report of a thorax CEH that ruptured into the lung parenchyma after 24 years, so it is conceivable that other subcutaneous CEHs could break through the skin several decades after their inception. Once this lesion has ruptured, its differentiation from other entities becomes more complicated.
    International journal of surgery case reports. 03/2014; 5(6):342-344.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The mechanism of quinolone-resistance is considered to be amino acid mutations in the type II topoisomerase. We validated the genetic mechanisms of quinolone resistance in Haemophilus influenzae. We obtained 29 H. influenzae strains from a nationwide surveillance program in Japan (including 11 quinolone-resistant strains [moxifloxacin: MFLX or levofloxacin MIC ≥2 μg/ml]). We analyzed the sequences of the Quinolone Resistance-Determining Regions (QRDRs) in GyrA, GyrB, ParC and ParE. Furthermore, we induced resistance in susceptible strains by exposing them to quinolone, and investigated the relationship between mutations in the QRDRs and the MICs. Five amino acid substitutions in GyrA (at Ser84 and Asp88) and ParC (at Gly82, Ser84 and Glu88) were found to be closely related to the MICs. The strains with a MFLX MIC of 0.125-1 and 2-4 μg/ml had one and two mutations, respectively. The strains with a MFLX MIC of ≥8 μg/ml had three or more mutations. The strains with induced resistance with MFLX MICs of 0.5-1 and ≥2 μg/ml also had one and two mutations, respectively. We confirmed that these five mutations strongly contribute to quinolone resistance and found that the degree of resistance is related to the number of the mutations. In addition, the three strains of 18 susceptible strains (16.7%) also had a single mutation. These strains may therefore be in the initial stage of quinolone resistance. Currently, the frequency of quinolone-resistant H. influenzae is still low. However, as has occurred with β-lactams, an increase in quinolone use may lead to more quinolone-resistant strains.
    Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy 01/2014;

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    Shinagawa-ku, Japan
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Top publications last week by downloads

 
Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery: official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia 04/2003; 9(2):98-104.
11 Downloads
 
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition 11/2009; 45(3):329-34.
11 Downloads

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