Seoul National University

Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
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Department of Materials Science and Engineering
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Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
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    ABSTRACT: We purified a fraction that showed NAD(+)-linked methylglyoxal dehydrogenase activity, directly catalyzing methylglyoxal oxidation to pyruvate, which was significantly increased in glutathione-depleted Candida albicans. It also showed NADH-linked methylglyoxal-reducing activity. The fraction was identified as a NAD(+)-linked alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH1) through mass spectrometric analyses. In ADH1-disruptants of both the wild type and glutathione-depleted cells, the intracellular methylglyoxal concentration increased significantly; defects in growth, differentiation, and virulence were observed; and G2-phase arrest was induced.
    FEBS letters 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Here, we report the effect of structure on the biological properties of photoresponsive carbon nanomaterials. Poloxamer 407-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (PSWCNT) and poloxamer 407-functionalized graphene nanosheets (PGNS) exhibited similar physical stability and heating capacities after irradiation with an 808 nm near-infrared (NIR) laser. Despite sharing common physical properties, the cellular uptake of the PSWCNT and PGNS differed significantly. Cancer cells treated with PGNS took up a higher quantity of the nanosheets than of the PSWCNT and displayed a higher rate of cancer cell killing upon laser irradiation. Structure of carbon nanomaterials also affected the in vivo behaviors. PGNS could circulate in the blood 2.2 times longer than that of the PSWCNT. PGNS accumulated in the SCC tumor tissues to a greater degree than did PSWCNT over 7 days. NIR irradiation resulted in the complete ablation of tumor tissues in the PGNS-treated group but not in the other groups. After NIR irradiation, 100% of the PGNS-treated and NIR-irradiated mice survived until day 70. These results suggest the importance of structure in controlling the in vivo behaviors of carbon nanomaterials. Moreover, the results indicate the structural advantages of nanosheets over nanotubes in the enhancement of photothermal anticancer effects.
    Biomaterials 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Rice stripe virus (RSV), which belongs to the genus Tenuivirus, is an emergent virus problem. The RSV genome is composed of four single-strand RNAs (RNA1 to RNA4) and encodes seven proteins. We investigated interactions between six of the RSV proteins by yeast-two hybrid (Y2H) assay in vitro and by bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) in planta. Y2H identified self-interaction of the nucleocapsid protein (NP) and NS3, while BiFC revealed self-interaction of NP, NS3, and NCP. To identify regions(s) and/or crucial amino acid (aa) residues required for NP self-interaction, we generated various truncated and aa substitution mutants. Y2H assay showed that the N-terminal region of NP (aa 1-56) is necessary for NP self-interaction. Further analysis with substitution mutants demonstrated that additional aa residues located at 42-47 affected their interaction with full-length NP. These results indicate that the N-terminal region (aa 1-36 and 42-47) is required for NP self-interaction. BiFC and co-localization studies showed that the region required for NP self-interaction is also required for NP localization at the nucleus. Overall, our results indicate that the N-terminal region (aa 1-47) of the NP is important for NP self-interaction and that six aa residues (42-47) are essential for both NP self-interaction and nuclear localization.
    Virus Research 01/2014;


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Operations Research-Spektrum 31(1):1-3.
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 05/1999; 105(4):2499-507.

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