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School of Engineering and Materials Science
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School of Biological and Chemical Sciences
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School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science
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    ABSTRACT: This study presents a thermodynamic and energy analysis of the discharge behaviour of a single-stage pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) process which is then expanded into a proposed two-stage process to enhance total energy extraction in a practical application. A thermodynamic model describing the operational conditions for the optimal power density and the extraction of energy from a single-stage PRO process is introduced. The discharge behaviour of the power generated from the process is analysed and the profiles of water flux, power density, and extracted energy are obtained. The membrane consumption is also studied with respect to different hydraulic pressures on the draw solution, and the flows of both the draw and feed solutions. The inherent inconsistencies in the operational conditions with regard to achieving maximal power density and available energy is discussed and interpreted based on the discharge behaviour. A two-stage PRO process with two alternative feed arrangements (continuous feed and divided feed) is then proposed and its operations are simulated and analysed. The results indicate favourable energetic performance of the two-stage versus the one-stage PRO process in terms of the reduced frictional loss and unused energy involved in the process.
    Desalination 10/2014; 350:86–94.
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    ABSTRACT: Calcitonin (CT) has recently been shown to display chondroprotective effects. Here, we investigate the putative mechanisms by which CT delivers these actions.
    Biochemical pharmacology. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Emotions and feelings are the bricks of our social life and yet we often forget that they have a significant impact on our physical wellbeing. Indeed, a growing number of studies have shown that both an imbalanced or improved emotional state can significantly influence the way our immune system responds. In this commentary, we have summarized the most recent studies on the effects of different types of emotional states on the immune system and we have also explored the effects of mood modulator approaches on the immune response. We hope this commentary will prompt scientists and clinicians to think about the therapeutic value and potential of emotions and feelings in immune-related diseases. At the same time, we think that this commentary will shed some light on the scientific truth behind the very famous expression "It's in my blood" when we talk about feelings and personality.
    Biochemical pharmacology. 08/2014;


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Top publications last week by downloads

The Journal of trauma 07/2008; 64(6):1638-50.
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 01/2005; 11(6):988-1010.

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See how the RG Scores of researchers from Queen Mary, University of London are distributed.