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    ABSTRACT: Numerous teaching and learning methods have been used in this information age especially in distance learning and online learning platforms. Since online portals are mostly designed for online learning, there is a need to investigate students’ readiness in using online portal in traditional universities. This study aims to examine students’ readiness in using Mathematics online portal among undergraduates in Universiti Putra Malaysia. A set of questionnaires, which consists of 22 items, was distributed to 94 respondents. The findings revealed that respondents were satisfied with the facilities provided by the university and responded positively towards the Internet. The respondents are ready to use the online portal based on their technical skills. The findings also showed that students are dissatisfied with Internet connection provided by the university; therefore, the management of the university needs to improve the quality of Internet connection.
    Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 01/2010; 2(2):677-681.
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    ABSTRACT: Creativity is an important entity in developing human capital while computer games are the current generation’s contemporary tool. This study focused on the teaching of computer games development in order to enhance the creative perception of secondary school children. The study applied randomised subjects, with control group experimental design, which involved 69 Malaysian form one students, aged 13–14 year-old. Different pedagogical strategies were being investigated on the abilities to enhance students’ creative perception. Treatment group adopted appreciative learning approach, which was based on Appreciative Inquiry (AI) theory. Meanwhile, control group adopted self-paced learning, followed by do-it-yourself session. Previous studies indicated that although appreciative learning approach is still in its infancy development, the approach is gaining its momentum in educational settings as it focuses on strengthening a person’s capacities and potential. Students’ creative perception was assessed using Khatena-Torrance Creative Perception Inventory (KTCPI). It was found students in treatment group gained a mean score of 71.82, which was significantly higher at .05 level of significance compared to the mean score of 50.49 exhibited by the control group. Yet, both treatment and control groups showed significant increases in pre-to-post-test scores. Dimensions within KTCPI were further analysed in order to present a better picture of students’ creative perception. As a conclusion, different pedagogical strategy generated different level of creative perception enhancement.
    Computers & Education. 01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: Nurturing children into thinking creatively needs to take account of what interest them. Therefore, the study conducted engaged students with computer games development as it corresponded with the young generation’s habits and interests. This was done with the purpose to enhance the creative process experienced by students. It involved 69 Malaysian form one (grade seven) students, aged 13–14 year-old. Appreciative learning approach, which consisted of discover, dream, design and destiny stages, was applied in treatment group whiles control group applied self-paced learning, followed by do-it-yourself session. Findings showed students in treatment group gained accelerated mean score in creative process experienced on the second week and stabilized thereafter for the following weeks. These mean scores were significantly higher than control group, throughout the study. Although students in control group exhibited significantly lower mean scores in creative process, yet these mean scores gradually getting higher and higher each week significantly. As a conclusion, appreciative learning approach contributes significantly on the level of creative process experienced by students. However, creative process experienced did not happen in a clear-cut order of inspiration, clarification, evaluation, distillation, incubation, perspiration (ICEDIP). In addition, it is not true that without appreciative learning approach, students will not experience any creative process. Creative process happens all the time when the mind is active but the level can be accelerated by appropriate pedagogical approach. Caution is warranted, as this article is just part of the action research being carried out in applying appreciative learning approach as a teaching practice in computer games development class.
    Computers & Education. 01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: This study assesses the pre-service teachers’ self-reported future intentions to use technology in Singapore and Malaysia. A survey was employed to validate items from past research. Using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) as a research framework, 495 pre-service teachers from Singapore and Malaysia responded to an 11-item questionnaires containing four constructs: intention to use (ITU), attitude towards computer use (ATCU), perceived usefulness (PU), and perceived ease of use (PEU). Structural equation modelling (SEM) was employed as the main method of analysis in this study. A multi-group analysis of invariance was performed on the two samples. The results show that configural and metric invariance were fully supported while scalar and factor variance invariance were partially supported, suggesting that the 11-item measure of the TAM may be robust across cultures and that the factor loading pattern and factor loadings appeared to be equivalent across the cultures examined. While all the paths in the structural model were significant, the variance accounted for in the dependent variable (ITU) was much larger in the Malaysian sample relative to the Singaporean sample.
    Computers & Education. 01/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: With rapid emergence to the birth of the knowledge era, an active and interactive learning environment is fundamental to any teaching and learning process. Over time, negative implications of traditional learning environment are mounting, and measures must be taken to challenge it. With extensive research on available learning tools, it has become more feasible to provide our students with better learning opportunities. Such was the anticipation in the Malaysian educational context. Hence, this paper aims to address qualitative findings of a study on self-regulated learning strategies conveyed through the proposed interactive e-learning community (iELC). In duration of eight weeks, students (n=50) from regular national secondary schools were subjected to online learning tasks aimed to advance strategies on self-regulated learning. To date, strategies of self-regulated learning have been perceived as key to learner to succeed academically and after the schooling years. By means of semi-structured interview, data were collected from small group and one-to-one perception. Results were directed at the overall development of self-regulated learning strategies and its diffusion in the iELC discussion platform. Conclusively, these findings add significantly to the understanding of self-regulated learning strategies in an online learning environment.
    Computers & Education. 01/2009; 53:94-103.
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    ABSTRACT: Agriculture extension primarily deals with human resource development (HRD) and the transfer of technology and knowledge from agricultural research centres to farmers. Improving human resource development (HRD) within rural community is essential for agriculture and community development. Extension workers are professionals in the extension system responsible for developing individuals in the community. Hence, as the profession of extension work continues to expand, it is necessary to identify leadership skills possessed by the agricultural extension workers in order to gauge their performance in the extension system. Therefore, there is a need first to gauge performance of extension workers and a need to determine predictors of performance. This article examined the relationship between leadership competencies and organizational commitment with performance as perceived by the agricultural extension workers and the predictors of performance. The leadership competencies variables and commitment are important attributes of a leader. Data were collected from 290 respondents who were selected based on stratified sampling technique. The stratification was based on highlands, coastal and desert regions. The findings showed that four variables were significantly contributed to the level of extension workers’ performance. The variables are competencies in program implementation, program evaluation and program planning as well as organizational commitment. These predictor variables explain 45.3 % of the variance in the job performance of extension workers. The study suggests that relevant ministry such as the ministry of agriculture should take into account the leadership characteristics of extension workers and how to improve those competencies as well as organizational commitment in order to upgrade their performance in developing rural communities through extension services.
    Journal of International Social Research. 01/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research was to measure pre-service teachers' attitudes toward information technology (IT) following their participation in a discrete IT course. The IT course was taught in a constructivist learning environment where the students collaborated to achieve their learning goals and problem solve on tasks [Educ. Technol. 35 (1995) 25]. The results of the study revealed that with the constructivist learning approach infused in the IT course, there was a positive shift in the participants' attitudes toward IT. Pretest results showed that participants who were competent had regarded IT as more useful; and they had more confidence and less aversion toward technology. The posttest results showed increased mean scores on all three dependent variables (e.g., usefulness, confidence, and aversion) with no differences between competent and incompetent participants by the end of the course. The responses obtained from interviews of course instructors indicated that participants were more independent, more creative, and used their collaborative learning skills. While an exploratory study, the results provide support for the premise that infusing constructivism into a discrete IT course can enhance positive attitudes towards IT and enable students to be active participants in their own learning process.
    The Internet and Higher Education 01/2003;
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    ABSTRACT: This is a survey of 139 virtual students enrolled in undergraduate programs from the faculties of Business Administration, Information Technology and Social Science and Humanities in Universiti Tun Abdul Razak (UNITAR). The main objective of the study is to determine the students' readiness and attitudes towards online learning. Online learning is a new phenomenon in many institutions of higher learning in Malaysia. However many universities in the world have capitalized on the tremendous advancement in ICT to enhance their students learning. With this new technology, UNITAR is able to establish itself as the first virtual university in the region. It promotes itself with a new learning environment driven by the latest technology and proposes a more flexible learning, that is, learn from anywhere, anyplace and at your own pace. The questions asked in the research are: (1) Are the students ready for online learning? (2) What is their attitude towards online learning? (3) What is their level of computer knowledge on selected computer applications and its relationship to readiness and attitude towards online learning? (4) What are the relationships between some selected personal characteristics and readiness and attitude? This research attempts to answer these questions and forward some recommendations on improving online learning.
    01/2002;
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    ABSTRACT: The main purpose of this study was to identify the processes of entrepreneurial learning that contribute to university students’ entrepreneurial leadership learning and development. Fourteen undergraduates were purposefully selected as the participants. Analysis of the data obtained through semi-structured interviews indicated entrepreneurial leadership learning diversity among the students. Furthermore, social interaction, observation, and reflection emerged as the processes that significantly contribute to students’ entrepreneurial leadership learning.
    Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 7:470–479.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research is to specify whether there is any influence of school climate towards counselor's self-efficacy. The subject of this research consists of 100 counsellors that were chosen randomly in secondary school in Malaysia. The instrument use for the research is based on questionnaire which is containing 3 sections. Section A contains of respondent background. Section B contains of “School Level Environment Questionnaire” (SLEQ). Section C contains of questionnaire regarding “School Counsellor Self-Efficacy Scale” (SCSE) and Section D contains of “Counselling Self-Estimate Inventory” (COSE). Pearson Product Moment Coefficient and Vicariate Linear Regression were used to analyze the data. The finding shows there is a significant relationship between school climate and counsellor's self-efficacy. The Vicariate Linear Regression Analysis also showed that the school climate was a significant predictor towards counsellor's self-efficacy. Pertaining to the research findings, several implications and recommendations were put forward.
    Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 5:445–448.
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